Seventh International Conference onINFORMATICS AND URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING Planning Support Tools: Policy Analysis, Implementation and Evaluation Department of Land Engineering University of Cagliari (Italy) 10-12 May 2012Territory diachronic maps for the Regional Landscape Plan Cialdea Donatella, Maccarone Alessandra University of Molise, L.a.co.s.t.a. Laboratory, Faculty of Engineering, Italy
The regional contestIn the Molise Region the vast areaplanning policy has always beenlacking. The only tool for vast areaplanning is the Landscape Plan whichhad, and still has, a major role inregional planning. The drawing up ofthe regional landscape plans began in1987 and concluded with the creationof eight plans through the regionallaws No 24 of 1989.The Code of Cultural andLandscape Heritage (2004)introduced a new planning tool for theprotection of the landscape in Italy: theRegional Landscape Plan.In response to the new concept oflandscape planning the Molise Regiondecided in 2010 commissioned theUniversity of Molise’s L.a.co.s.t.a.laboratory to draw up the newRegional Landscape Plan.
Metodology Territorial Analysis Sample area Five Diachronic mapsResource Systems GRID Quality Landscape Aims
Five Resource SystemsPhysical-Environmental R. S. VALUES Natural Zones, Protected Areas DETRACTORS Seismic, hydrological, Landslide, restrictions Landscape-Visual R. S. VALUE Landscape areas restrictions Residual areas DETRACTORS Landscape detractors elements Visibility
Five Resource Systems Historical-Cultural R. S. VALUES Archaeological, Urban and Architectural Restrictions DETRACTORS Accessibility State of conservationAgricultural-Productive R. S. Demographic-Tourism R. S.
Case study areaThe case study area chosen to test the analysis methodology is the one of LowMolise, including coastal and pre-coastal municipalities. Is one of the most importantlandscape area of all the Molise Region.This is an area that suffered a great number of territorial transformations.
Diachronic mapsThe Actual State (A) starts with the present state of territorial planning abovemunicipal level and, therefore with the P.T.P.A.A.V. In particular it was decided totake into consideration the “map of territorial qualities” which identifies the elementspresent within the territory whose importance is such to have warranted theirlocalisation and selection, characterisation and appraisal by the design groups.
Diachronic mapsThe Evolutional State (E) is described through a comparison between tworepresentations of the territory made forty years apart. The aim is to highlight themain changes in land use within the region. The vegetation map of the Moliseregion was created according to two temporal horizons/two different periods: thepost-Second World War period (indicative reference date: 1954) and thebeginning of the 1990s (indicative reference date: 1992).
Diachronic mapsThe final is the Previsional State (P), created for reading the territorial data inrelation to the previsions indicated by the planning tools presently in force.
The GRID modelSTATE GRID SYSTEM GRID (A, E, P) (S1, S2, S3, S4, S5) SYSTEM GRID FOR EACH STATE A_S1 … A_S5 E_S1 … E_S5 P_S1 … P_S5
Conclusions• The methodology is now forecasting to integrate each system evaluation toresult a single assessment system.• The next step will be to integrate assessments of the 5 systems to havea map of the quality of the territory.• The three landscape quality objectives will be identified in this grid using analgorithm which will result as applicable to all the territory.• The research is developing innovative spatial analysis methodology.• This methodology aims to provide an important innovation in this researchfield: in the stage just described the methodology want to "read" the territory interms of three time horizons. Then combine them in each of the identifiedresource systems in order to give equal importance to all spatial data.• The final result of this process will be a methodology for the reading andanalysis of the territory which can be applied to the entire region in order togenerate a regional landscape plan based on the same method of reading andinterpreting the all territorial data.• The universality of this methodology will be one of the new plan’s majorstrengths.