( Antonio Tramontin Professor of Architecture - Università degli Studi di CagliariSardinia Region’s Committee for the Landscape and the quality of the Architecture)Agricultural lands’ waste and the loss of identity of the Sardinian landscapesAt present, a severe warning for the identity’s loss of the Sardinian landscapes is arising inthe whole Region, comparable to the heavy coastal speculation of the Sixties.The Regional area, even the inner lands, is affected by a huge urban sprawling, actually out ofplanning control, with serious effects of diseconomy dued to the agricultural lands’waste.Moreover, after a millennium era of agropastoral civilization, the Insular model of settlementshaped in close textured villages (Las Villas – Sas Biddas)is going to be definitely destroyed.Cultural and historical heritage’s lasting values may perhaps recall to common lifestyles , in arural word of renewed ecologies, construction materials and shared landscapes.
LANDSCAPE PLANNING IN SARDINIAThe new social awareness about the cultural heritage and the ecological behavior, raisedactually to a defence strategy, shared by the majority, towards a really conservativelandscape planning.Any land reclamation inside the urban sprawl sectors, asks for a different attitude by thepeople ,of rethinking their places’ identity, entrusting to contemporary landscapes in betweennature, land and dwelling communities.
NEW LANDSCAPES IN BETWEENMoving from the interstitial spaces, we can drive to landscapes in between, lying along theland in the shape of botanical rhizomes. The rhizomatic planning may move the stratificationof the territorial marks from an invasive action (to build upon the field) to a joined activity(living in the field).
URBAN SPRAWL PLANNING – GUIDELINESANALYSIS OF THE CONTEXT : Interpretation of the urban sprawling trends. Physical andsocial evaluation of the regional networks, including historical and existing marks and paths.EUROPEAN CONVENTION OF THE LANDSCAPE: The landscape as the result of thehuman behavior and identity, between town and countryside, to sustain the ecologicalbiodiversity.CONNECTION: The area suitability to be connected in the infrastructural network and in theregional links.IDENTITY: Sharing of the behaviours and the social choices ,related to the local andhistorical traditions among plants, animals ,people and their environment.ECOLOGY: The pervading naturality in the land, in order to reduce the fragmentation offields and cultivations, supporting the biodiversity.AGRICULTURE: Soil suitability and sustainable farming, to shape and maintain thelandscape.
SEVEN TRANSITION PLANNING EXERCISES APPLIED TO URBAN SPRAWLAREAS IN SARDINIAIn terms of introductory and experimental exercises, seven Sardinian exemplary areas havebeen taken to consideration: the cities of Sassari, Alghero, Olbia and Quartu S. Elena, thetowns of Bosa, S. Gavino Monreale and Pula. For each of them, a diachronic comparisonhas been carried out, on the basis of the photo aerial maps surveyed in the years 1954-1977-2000-2006-2011.In the whole Region, from the coastal settlements to the center, agricultural areas havebeen consumed by uncontrolled urban sprawling everywhere, with uniform typologies, as inOlbia, Arzachena, Sassari, Alghero, Bosa, S.Gavino Monreale, Pula, until Quartu S.Elena inthe gulf of Cagliari.Planning guidelines have been applied, following the issued statements, in order to simulatea possible landscape development.
Territorio di Sassari Sassari centro, Piazza dItalia Sassari ovest, periurbano sugli oliveti di Caniga - San Giorgio
Bosa. Ortofotocarte. 1954 - 2011 Bosa: Area vasta di Bosa e valle del Temo 2011
New ecologies for the Sardinian rural landscape3The significance of Sardinian rural space is changing. Nowadays we can point outa likely different set of landscapes related to a new ecological everyday life, to arenewed care regarding building materials and agricultural tools.The countryside is tending to take on the primary role of a resource of agriculturallandscapes that are again to be contemplated and enjoyed.Peaceful scenery of open fields along the land, freedom of moving, biodiversity ofplants and animals, pure water and an average good conservation of ruralarchitecture.A new market for material and immaterial goods related to nature and thelandscape, seems to become accessible for the symbolic sharing of agriculturalactivities, that demand the real presence of farming along the new communities’everyday life.3) From a conversation with A. Aru, Cagliari, 10-2011