PARTY STRUCTURE   (La on political parties no. 294 adopted on 21.12.2007) <ul><li>Central bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Regiona...
Governing bodies <ul><li>General Assembly of members or delegates </li></ul><ul><li>Executive body </li></ul><ul><li>Gener...
Decision makers in political parties (system average),  in the expert coumminity’s view Official leader  of the party Cent...
Decision makers in political parties (system average),  in the party officials’ view Informal  Groups  within the party Pa...
Decision makers in Communist Party, experts’ view Informal  Group  within the party Parliamentary faction Unofficial  lead...
Decision makers in Liberal Democratic Party, experts’ view Informal  Group  within the party Parliamentary faction Local  ...
Decision makers in Liberal Party, experts’ view Informal  Group  within the party Parliamentary faction Unofficial  leader...
Decision makers in Democratic Party, experts’ view Informal  Group  within the party Parliamentary faction Unofficial  lea...
Decision makers in Our Moldova Alliance party, experts’ view Informal  Group  within the party Parliamentary faction Congr...
Decision makers in Christian Democratic People’s Party, experts’ view Informal  Group  within the party Parliamentary fact...
Decision makers in Social Democratic Party, experts’ view Informal  Group  within the party Congress  of the  Party  Centr...
Methods to inform the public, used by Democratic Party Party  press Journalistic  articles for fee  Independent  journalis...
Methods to inform the public, used by Our Moldova Alliance Party Party  press Journalistic  articles for fee  Independent ...
Methods to inform the public, used by Christian Democratic People’s Party Party  press Journalistic  articles for fee  Ind...
Methods to inform the public, used by Social Democratic Party Party  press Journalistic  articles for fee  Independent  jo...
Financial resources of the parties,   according to the Law no. 294 adopted on 21.12.2007 <ul><li>Article 25. Funding sourc...
Legal framework for donations: <ul><li>It is a patrimony offered free of charge and unconditional to the party and accepte...
Membership fees: <ul><li>The amount and the mode of payment of membership fees should be determined by the political party...
The distribution of budgetary allocations: <ul><li>The total amount of subsides is 0.2% of budget revenues </li></ul><ul><...
Party funding sources (system average),  experts’ view Membership  fees Members’  donations External  Grants (for projects...
Party funding sources (system average),  in the party officials’ view Membership  fees Members’  donations External  Grant...
Funding sources of Communist Party, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from  Business people  Contribution of ca...
Funding sources of Liberal Democratic Party, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from  Business people  Contribut...
Funding sources of Liberal Party, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from  Business people  Contribution of cand...
Funding sources of Democratic Party, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from  Business people  Contribution of c...
Funding sources of Our Moldova Alliance, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from  Business people  Contribution ...
Funding sources of Christian Democrats, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from  Business people  Contribution o...
Funding sources of Social Democratic Party, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from  Business people  Contributi...
Audiovisual Code <ul><li>Offering airtime to a party for promoting its positions, the broadcaster must also provide, in th...
Law on political parties <ul><li>Political parties have the right to establish and to have their own mass-media and to hav...
Methods to inform the public, used by political parties (system average),  experts’ view Party  press Journalistic  articl...
Methods to inform the public, used by political parties (system average),  party offcials’ view Party  press Journalistic ...
Methods to inform the public, used by Communist Party Party  press Journalistic  articles for fee  Leaders’  meetings  wit...
Methods to inform the public, used by Liberal Democratic Party Party  press Journalistic  articles for fee  Independent  j...
Methods to inform the public, used by Liberal Party Journalistic  articles for fee  Independent  journalistic  analysis an...
Patrimony of parties (from Law on political parties, nr.294 adopted on 21.12.2007) <ul><li>Article 24. Party patrimony: </...
Party estate, system average Regional structures with headquarter Regional structures without headquarter
Party estate Regional structures with headquarter Regional structures with headquarter communists Liberal democrats Libera...
Party staff remuneration, system average Remunerated party officials Non-Remunerated party officials
Remuneration of the party offcials Remunerated party officials Non-Remunerated party officials communists Liberal democrat...
Use of budgetary allocations (article 29): <ul><li>Maintanence of the headquarters </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel expenses  <...
Article 32 of the Law no 294 adopted on  27.12.2007 <ul><li>Entry into force of the law on budgetary subsidies: </li></ul>...
Recommendations: <ul><li>Changing electoral system in order to amend the method of election of the members of parliament <...
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Andrei Volentir, Head of the Legislative Information Division, Presidency of the Republic of Moldova - Party Structure

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  • Cifrele reprezintă opiniile experţilor intervievaţi, exprimate în %, asupra priorităţii următorilor posibili factori de decizie în partide
  • Cifrele reprezintă opiniile experţilor intervievaţi, exprimate în %, asupra priorităţii următoarelor posibile surse de finanţare
  • Cifrele reprezintă opiniile experţilor intervievaţi, exprimate în %, asupra priorităţii următoarelor posibile surse de finanţare Cifrele reprezintă opiniile experţilor intervievaţi, exprimate în %, asupra priorităţii următoarelor posibile modalităţi de informare a publicului despre activitatea partidelor
  • Datele rezultă din chestionarea funcţionarilor celor 7 partide
  • Datele rezultă din chestionarea funcţionarilor celor 7 partide
  • Andrei Volentir, Head of the Legislative Information Division, Presidency of the Republic of Moldova - Party Structure

    1. 1. PARTY STRUCTURE (La on political parties no. 294 adopted on 21.12.2007) <ul><li>Central bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Regional organisations </li></ul>
    2. 2. Governing bodies <ul><li>General Assembly of members or delegates </li></ul><ul><li>Executive body </li></ul><ul><li>General Assembly at the central level is the party's supreme decision-making body (article.15, Law no. 294/2007) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Decision makers in political parties (system average), in the expert coumminity’s view Official leader of the party Central Executive Body Congress of the Party Unofficial leader of the party Local orgranisations Parliamentary faction Informal Group within the party Other
    4. 4. Decision makers in political parties (system average), in the party officials’ view Informal Groups within the party Parliamentary faction Local orgranisations Unofficial leader of the party Congress of the Party Central Executive Body Official leader of the party
    5. 5. Decision makers in Communist Party, experts’ view Informal Group within the party Parliamentary faction Unofficial leader of the party Congress of the Party Central Executive Body Official leader of the party
    6. 6. Decision makers in Liberal Democratic Party, experts’ view Informal Group within the party Parliamentary faction Local orgranisations Congress of the Party Central Executive Body Official leader of the party Other
    7. 7. Decision makers in Liberal Party, experts’ view Informal Group within the party Parliamentary faction Unofficial leader of the party Congress of the Party Central Executive Body Official leader of the party Other
    8. 8. Decision makers in Democratic Party, experts’ view Informal Group within the party Parliamentary faction Unofficial leader of the party Local orgranisations Congress of the Party Central Executive Body Official leader of the party Other
    9. 9. Decision makers in Our Moldova Alliance party, experts’ view Informal Group within the party Parliamentary faction Congress of the Party Central Executive Body Official leader of the party Other Local orgranisations
    10. 10. Decision makers in Christian Democratic People’s Party, experts’ view Informal Group within the party Parliamentary faction Local orgranisations Congress of the Party Central Executive Body Official leader of the party
    11. 11. Decision makers in Social Democratic Party, experts’ view Informal Group within the party Congress of the Party Central Executive Body Official leader of the party Other
    12. 12. Methods to inform the public, used by Democratic Party Party press Journalistic articles for fee Independent journalistic analysis and news Public demonstrations and protests Leaders’ meetings with voters Local organisations work with voters Private Mass-media Press- conference
    13. 13. Methods to inform the public, used by Our Moldova Alliance Party Party press Journalistic articles for fee Independent journalistic analysis and news Public demonstrations and protests Leaders’ meetings with voters Local organisations work with voters Private Mass-media Press- conference State-controlled Mass-media
    14. 14. Methods to inform the public, used by Christian Democratic People’s Party Party press Journalistic articles for fee Independent journalistic analysis and news Public demonstrations and protests Leaders’ meetings with voters Local organisations work with voters Private Mass-media Press- conference State-controlled Mass-media
    15. 15. Methods to inform the public, used by Social Democratic Party Party press Journalistic articles for fee Independent journalistic analysis and news Public demonstrations and protests Leaders’ meetings with voters Local organisations work with voters Private Mass-media Press- conference
    16. 16. Financial resources of the parties, according to the Law no. 294 adopted on 21.12.2007 <ul><li>Article 25. Funding sources: </li></ul><ul><li>Membership fees </li></ul><ul><li>Donations </li></ul><ul><li>Budgetary subventions </li></ul><ul><li>Incomes from publishing or from activity resulting from administration of the property </li></ul><ul><li>Public or private funding of political parties should not intend to limit their independence (article 25. (6) from Law) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Legal framework for donations: <ul><li>It is a patrimony offered free of charge and unconditional to the party and accepted by this </li></ul><ul><li>Annual income from the donations should not exceed 0.1% of the state budget revenues for that year </li></ul><ul><li>An individual can donate to one or more parties but the amount shall not exceed 500 avarage monthly salaries </li></ul><ul><li>A legal entity can donate to one or more parties but the amount shall not exceed 1000 avarage monthly salaries </li></ul><ul><li>It is prohibited the direct and indirect financing by foreign states and international organisations, by companies, by institutions and organisations financed by the state or that have state capital, by foreign capital, by non-comercial organisations, by trade-unions, by charity or religious organisations, by citizens of Moldova who are under age or are situated abroad, by anonymous individuals, as well as in the name of third parties. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Membership fees: <ul><li>The amount and the mode of payment of membership fees should be determined by the political party statute (Article 25 (3) of the Law No. 294) </li></ul>
    19. 19. The distribution of budgetary allocations: <ul><li>The total amount of subsides is 0.2% of budget revenues </li></ul><ul><li>50% are granted to parliamentary parties, proportionally with the number of seats obtianed at the moment of validation </li></ul><ul><li>50% are granted to parties that obtained at least 50 seats in district (raion) councils, proportionally with the number of seats </li></ul>
    20. 20. Party funding sources (system average), experts’ view Membership fees Members’ donations External Grants (for projects) Contribution of candidates for position in the list Sponsorship from Business people External donations Editorial and other activities Other
    21. 21. Party funding sources (system average), in the party officials’ view Membership fees Members’ donations External Grants Contribution of candidates for position in the list Sponsorship from Business people Editorial and other activities External donations Budgetary financial means
    22. 22. Funding sources of Communist Party, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from Business people Contribution of candidates for position in the list Members’ donations Membership fees Other
    23. 23. Funding sources of Liberal Democratic Party, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from Business people Contribution of candidates for position in the list External Grants (for projects) Members’ donations Membership fees
    24. 24. Funding sources of Liberal Party, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from Business people Contribution of candidates for position in the list External Grants (for projects) Members’ donations Membership fees Other
    25. 25. Funding sources of Democratic Party, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from Business people Contribution of candidates for position in the list External Grants (for projects) Members’ donations Editorial and other activities
    26. 26. Funding sources of Our Moldova Alliance, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from Business people Contribution of candidates for position in the list Members’ donations Editorial and other activities
    27. 27. Funding sources of Christian Democrats, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from Business people Contribution of candidates for position in the list External Grants (for projects) Members’ donations Editorial and other activities
    28. 28. Funding sources of Social Democratic Party, experts’ view External donations Sponsorship from Business people Contribution of candidates for position in the list External Grants (for projects) Members’ donations Membership fees
    29. 29. Audiovisual Code <ul><li>Offering airtime to a party for promoting its positions, the broadcaster must also provide, in the framework of the same kind of programs and at the same time, airtime to other parties </li></ul><ul><li>Founders of private broadcasters can not be political parties and political organisations (article 66) </li></ul>
    30. 30. Law on political parties <ul><li>Political parties have the right to establish and to have their own mass-media and to have publishing (editorial) activity (article 17) </li></ul>
    31. 31. Methods to inform the public, used by political parties (system average), experts’ view Party press Journalistic articles for fee Independent journalistic analysis and news Public demonstrations and protests Leaders’ meetings with voters Local organisations work with voters Private Mass-media State-controlled Mass-media Press- conferences
    32. 32. Methods to inform the public, used by political parties (system average), party offcials’ view Party press Journalistic articles for fee Independent journalistic analysis and news Public demonstrations and protests Leaders’ meetings with voters Local organisations work with voters Mass-media (TV, Radio) Controlled by party State-controlled Mass-media Press- conferences
    33. 33. Methods to inform the public, used by Communist Party Party press Journalistic articles for fee Leaders’ meetings with voters Local organisations work with voters Private Mass-media State-controlled Mass-media Press- conferences
    34. 34. Methods to inform the public, used by Liberal Democratic Party Party press Journalistic articles for fee Independent journalistic analysis and news Public demonstrations and protests Leaders’ meetings with voters Local organisations work with voters Private Mass-media State-controlled Mass-media Press- conferences
    35. 35. Methods to inform the public, used by Liberal Party Journalistic articles for fee Independent journalistic analysis and news Public demonstrations and protests Leaders’ meetings with voters Local organisations work with voters Private Mass-media State-controlled Mass-media Press- conferences
    36. 36. Patrimony of parties (from Law on political parties, nr.294 adopted on 21.12.2007) <ul><li>Article 24. Party patrimony: </li></ul><ul><li>Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing house </li></ul><ul><li>Typography </li></ul><ul><li>Transport units </li></ul><ul><li>Other goods that are not prohibited by law </li></ul>
    37. 37. Party estate, system average Regional structures with headquarter Regional structures without headquarter
    38. 38. Party estate Regional structures with headquarter Regional structures with headquarter communists Liberal democrats Liberals Democrats Our Moldova Christian Democrats Social Democrats
    39. 39. Party staff remuneration, system average Remunerated party officials Non-Remunerated party officials
    40. 40. Remuneration of the party offcials Remunerated party officials Non-Remunerated party officials communists Liberal democrats Liberals Democrats Our Moldova Christian Democrats Social Democrats
    41. 41. Use of budgetary allocations (article 29): <ul><li>Maintanence of the headquarters </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel expenses </li></ul><ul><li>Expenses for media and promotional materials </li></ul><ul><li>Expenses for travel within the country and abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Expenses for telecommunication </li></ul><ul><li>Expenses for organizing political activities </li></ul><ul><li>Expenses for hosting foreign delegations </li></ul><ul><li>For payment of the membership fees in international organisations in which the party is member </li></ul><ul><li>Investments in estate and mobile units that are necessary for party activity </li></ul><ul><li>Protocol expenses </li></ul><ul><li>Office expenses </li></ul><ul><li>Expenses for electoral campaign </li></ul>
    42. 42. Article 32 of the Law no 294 adopted on 27.12.2007 <ul><li>Entry into force of the law on budgetary subsidies: </li></ul><ul><li>50 %, beginning with July 1, 2011 (after local elections) </li></ul><ul><li>50 %, beginning with July 1, 2013 (after parliamentary elections) </li></ul>
    43. 43. Recommendations: <ul><li>Changing electoral system in order to amend the method of election of the members of parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Setting a stricter legal framework for donations, lowering the maximum ceiling for donations offered by legal entity or individual, correlation of the donated amount with the incomes of the individual; </li></ul><ul><li>Until the entry into force of the norms regarding the budgetary subsidies, may be applied mechansims of indirect funding or of material support (eg. VAT-exemption of the party press, lowering the taxes on distribution of the party press, granting fiscal incentives for the donors, ceiling the taxes on political advertising in the public media, etc.); </li></ul><ul><li>Amend the audiovisual and electoral legislation in order to oblige public broadcasters to organize political debates in the pre-election period, ie several months before the start of the election period itself. </li></ul>

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