PPT on Political Parties


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PPT on Political Parties

  1. 1. PPT ON Political parties MADE BY NAME -SAGAR CLASS-10 ROLL NO-23
  2. 2. • A political party is a group of like-minded people who hold similar views on political issues of the country. • It is an organised group seeking to gain power through democratic means. • In pursuit of this objective, political parties field their candidates in the election held for the public offices of the country
  3. 3. • Unity of purpose: A political party can only function when all its members are united on basic issues and policy matters. • Organised system of working: The political party should follow some rules and regulations and maintain a certain discipline. • Constitutional means: It should work through democratic means to attain its objective. • National interest: The parties working for groups such as scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, factory workers are considered as political parties because they work on nonsectarian issues. • Programme & policy: A political party should have certain aims and objectives.
  4. 4. The Election Commission grants recognition to a political party. A political party is recognised as a national party if it is already recognised in four or more states. Besides this, the candidates set up by a party should secure 6% of the total valid votes. The Fundamental Right to form associations of citizens is guaranteed under Article 19 of the Constitution, which protects the political parties from undue harassment.
  5. 5. Chairperson Sonia Gandhi Leader in Lok Sabha Sushilkumar Shinde Leader in Rajya Sabha Manmohan Singh (Prime Minister) Founded 1885 ECI Status National Party Alliance United Progressive Alliance (UPA) Seats in Lok Sabha 206 / 545 Seats in Rajya Sabha 70 / 250
  6. 6. • One of the oldest parties of the world. • Founded in 1885. • Largest party with 145 members in the Lok Sabha elections in 2004. • Played a dominant role in Indian politics at the national and state level. • Under Jawaharlal Nehru’s leadership, the party sought to build a modern secular democratic republic in India. • Ruling part at the centre from 1947-1977 and 19801989. • Supports new economic reforms but with a human face. • Increase in allocation on education to 6% of the GNP. • Revival of Public Distribution System • Revival of the sick Public Sector Industries.
  7. 7. Chairperson Rajnath Singh Leader in Lok Sabha Sushma Swaraj Leader in Rajya Sabha Arun Jaitley Founded 1980 ECI Status National Party Alliance National Democratic Alliance(NDA) 116 / 545 Seats in Lok Sabha Seats in Rajya Sabha 49/ 250
  8. 8.  Founded in December 1980 by Syama Prasad Mookerjee as the political wing of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Singh.  Wants to build a strong and modern India by drawing Inspirations from India’s ancient culture and values.  Cultural nationalism or Hindutva is an important element in its conception of Indian nationhood and politics.  Wants full territorial and political integration of J&K with India ,Ban on religious Conversions, Uniform civil code for all people living in the country Irrespective of religion.  Came to power in 1998 as the leader of the NDA including state and regional parties.
  9. 9. Secretary-General Prakash Karat Leader in Lok Sabha Basudev Acharia Leader in Rajya Sabha Sitaram Yechury Founded 1964 ECI Status Recognized National Party Alliance Left Front Seats in Lok Sabha 16 / 545 Seats in Rajya Sabha 11 / 250
  10. 10. • FOUNDED in 1964. • Believes in Marxism-Leninism. • supports socialism, secularism and democracy. • Opposes imperialism and communalism. • Accepts democratic elections as useful and helpful means for securing the objective of socio-economic justice in India. • Holds strong support in West Bengal(30 years), Kerala and Tripura. • Critical of the new economic policies that allow free foreign trade in the country. • In 2004 Lok Sabha elections, it polled about 6 % votes and secured 43 seats.
  11. 11. Chairperson Mayawati Secretary-General Satish Chandra Mishra Leader in Lok Sabha Rajesh Verma Leader in Rajya Sabha Mayawati Founded 1984 ECI Status National Party Political Position Center- Left Seats in Lok Sabha 21 / 545 Seats in Rajya Sabha 16 / 250
  13. 13. Chairperson Sharad Pawar Founded 1999 Alliance United Progressive Alliance Political Position Center/ Center left Seats in Lok Sabha Seats in Rajya Sabha 9 / 545 7 / 250
  14. 14. • Formed in 1999. • Supports democracy, Gandhian secularism, equity, social justice and federalism. • Wants the high officials in government be confined to Indians. • A major party in Maharashtra and significant presence in Meghalaya, Manipur and Assam. • A coalition partner in Maharashtra in alliance with the Congress. • Since 2004, a UPA member. • In 2004 Lok Sabha elections, it polled about 1.80% votes and secured 9 seats.
  15. 15. SecretaryGeneral Founded S. Sudhakar Reddy 26 December 1925 Alliance Left - Front Seats in Lok Sabha 4 / 545 Seats in Rajya Sabha 3 / 250