Chairperson Sonia GandhiLeader in Lok Sabha Pranab Mukherjee (Finance Minister)Leader in Rajya Sabha Manmohan Singh (Prime Minister)Founded 1885ECI Status National PartyAlliance United Progressive Alliance (UPA)Seats in Lok Sabha 205 / 545Seats in Rajya Sabha 70 / 250
• One of the oldest parties of the world.• Founded in 1885.• Largest party with 145 members in the Lok Sabha elections in 2004.• Played a dominant role in Indian politics at the national and state level.• Under Jawaharlal Nehru’s leadership, the party sought to build a modern secular democratic republic in India.• Ruling part at the centre from 1947-1977 and 1980- 1989.• A centrist party in its ideological orientations, the party espouses secularism and welfare of the weaker sections of the society.• Supports new economic reforms but with a human face.
Chairperson Nitin GadkariLeader in Lok Sabha Sushma SwarajLeader in Rajya Sabha Arun JaitleyFounded 1980ECI Status National PartyAlliance National Democratic Alliance(NDA)Seats in Lok Sabha 116 / 545Seats in Rajya Sabha 51 / 250
founded in October 21, 1951 by Syama Prasad Mookerjee as the political wing of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Singh. Wants to build a strong and modern India by drawing Inspirations from India’s ancient culture and values. Cultural nationalism or Hindutva is an important element in its conception of Indian nationhood and politics. Wants full territorial and political integration of J&K with India ,Ban on religious Conversions, Uniform civil code for all people living in the country Irrespective of religion. Came to power in 1998 as the leader of the NDA including state and regional parties. Lost elections in 2004 &now the Principal opposition party in the Lok Sabha.
Secretary-General Prakash KaratLeader in Lok Sabha Basudev AchariaLeader in Rajya Sabha Sitaram YechuriFounded 1964ECI Status Recognized PartyAlliance Left FrontSeats in Lok Sabha 16 / 545Seats in Rajya Sabha 15 / 250
• FOUNDED in 1964.• Believes in Marxism-Leninism.• supports socialism, secularism and democracy.• Opposes imperialism and communalism.• Accepts democratic elections as useful and helpful means for securing the objective of socio-economic justice in India.• Holds strong support in West Bengal(30 years), Kerala and Tripura.• Critical of the new economic policies that allow free foreign trade in the country.• In 2004 Lok Sabha elections, it polled about 6 % votes and secured 43 seats.
Chairperson MayawatiSecretary-General Satish Chandra MishraLeader in Lok Sabha Rajesh VermaLeader in Rajya Sabha Urmilesh Kumar BhartiFounded 1984ECI Status National PartyPolitical Position CenterSeats in Lok Sabha 21 / 545Seats in Rajya Sabha 18 / 250
• Founded in 1984 under the leadership of Kanshi Ram.• Seeks to represent and secure power for the party which included dalits, adivasis, OBC’s and religious minorities.• Inspired from the ideas and teachings of Sahu Maharaj, Mahatma Phule, Periyar Ramaswami Naicker and Babusaheb Ambedkar.• Main base in U.P and substantial presence in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Delhi and Punjab.• Formed government in U.P several times.• In 2004 Lok Sabha elections, it polled about 5% votes and secured 19 seats.
• Formed in 1999.• Supports democracy, Gandhian secularism, equity, social justice and federalism.• Wants the high officials in government be confined to Indians.• A major party in Maharashtra and significant presence in Meghalaya, Manipur and Assam.• A coalition partner in Maharashtra in alliance with the Congress.• Since 2004, a UPA member.• In 2004 Lok Sabha elections, it polled about 1.80% votes and secured 9 seats.
Chairperson Sharad PawarFounded 1999Alliance United Progressive AlliancePolitical Position Center/ Center leftSeats in Lok Sabha 9 / 545Seats in Rajya Sabha 7 / 250