Help save the_world_with_bamboo


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By Dr. Segundino U Foronda Phd
Forester, Inventor & Forest Products specialist

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Help save the_world_with_bamboo

  1. 1. Help Save the World with Bamboo By Dr. Segundino U. Foronda, Ph.D. Forester, Inventor & Forest Products Specialist E-mail: Democracy M. Icawalo INBAR Alumnus & Bamboo Advocate E-mail:
  2. 2. What is Climate Change?
  3. 3. • Climate Change refers to any change in climate over time whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity or changing levels of Green House Gases (GHGs). • It describes the short and long term effects on the earth’s climate as a result of human activities such as fossil fuel combustion and vegetation clearing and burning. • It is also now referred to as GLOBAL WARMING. CLIMATE CHANGE
  4. 4. Causes of Climate Change • Wanton utilization of fossil fuels • Deforestation
  5. 5. Effects of Climate Change • Pollution of water, air and soil • Polar ice caps melting • Negative economic consequences • Increased extreme weather conditions • Spread of diseases • Landscape changes • Adverse effects on agriculture and food supply
  6. 6. Solutions 1. Re-greening with trees and bamboo Bamboo is more recommended, however, considering its natural characteristics as follows: - Bamboo absorbs 35% more carbon dioxide compared to trees. It also emits 35% more oxygen. Even in finished products form, it will not release its C02 contents for decades. - It is much more sustainable and easier to plant. Even when burned, it will just grow back unlike trees. - Its maximum maturity period is only 5 years while the minimum time for trees to mature on the average is 10 years.
  7. 7. 2 . Use of clean & sustainable fuel substitutes Fossil Fuels vs. Bio-oil & Bio- coal Non-renewable - Renewable Grey CO2 - Green CO2 Dirty - Clean Not cheap - Cheaper than fossil fuels
  8. 8. Bio-oil What is bio-oil (BO)? • Not oil in traditional sense • Liquid biomass, molecular composition resembles the feedstock • Clean burning, carbon dioxide neutral fuel • Aka: pyrolysis oil, bio-crude oil • Can be co-fired in furnaces, boilers, gas turbines, and diesel engines
  9. 9. Bio-oil Green substitute to conventional fossil fuels in power generation for now. ( Soon, for transportation fuels! )
  10. 10. Benefits of Bio-oil • Reduce dependence on fossil fuel • Establish land cover • Reduce GHG emissions • Create jobs • Motivate economic activity in the countryside • Save foreign exchange • Cheaper than fossil fuel
  11. 11. Cost of Bio-oil “Even more importantly, bio-oil is priced at $25 - $35 a barrel…” (Zeman, 2007) Equiv crude oil: US$ 45.45 – 63.64 a barrel CDM benefits when factored will increase bio-oil’s competitiveness!
  12. 12. Bio-oil Processing Fast Pyrolysis
  13. 13. Products of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil - Liquid biomass - Can be stored, pumped and transported Non-condensable gas - Re-circulated into the pyrolysis process Char - Black powder - Incompletely combusted biomass
  14. 14. Feedstock Any lignocellulosic or cellulosic material Forestry, agricultural and processing residues • Wood, sawdust, bark, forest slash, waste paper • Rice straw & husk, corn stalks & cobs, bamboo • Cellulosic residues from bio-diesel/ bio-ethanol production, e.g., coco shell & husk, bagasse, etc. • Poultry litter, animal dung No competition with food supply!
  15. 15. Bio-fuel Crops Compared
  16. 16. • Indigenous plant species • Easier to establish than tree species • High regenerative capacity, even when burned • High capacity to withstand extreme environmental conditions • Fast growing and high-biomass yield • Short maturity period • Co-products: - Bamboo shoots - High quality pole segments Bamboo – Most Favorable Feedstock
  17. 17. Bamboo BO Plant Capacity 1000 ha plantation = 100TPD BO Facility Daily BO output = 70-75 TPD
  18. 18. Moving Forward Invest in Bamboo Bio-oil Production and make money! Reduce dependence on fossil fuels Reduce GHG emissions Protect the environment Create jobs
  19. 19. Bio-coal What is bio-coal? • Torrefied biomass • Aka: e-coal, green coal • No smoke/ odor, clean • HHV = 22-26 MJ/kg • Easy to mill, friable • Hydrophobic • Decay resistant
  20. 20. Benefits of Bio-coal • Stores and handles like fossil coal • Requires no retrofitting for coal-fired plants • Consistent and uniform fuel efficiency • Generates electricity as efficiently as fossil coal • Enables immediate GHG emissions reduction • Fossil coal will emit (+/-) 300% more carbon dioxide compared to bio-coal • Cost of bio-coal is only (+/-) 40% of the cost of fossil coal
  21. 21. Bio-coal Processing Torrefaction • 200-300 °C • zero oxygen • (+/-) 30 minutes Densification • milling/ grinding • pelletizing
  22. 22. Feedstock  Bamboo
  23. 23. We need to move from this to this!
  24. 24. Remember, we need to save our world for our children. Help save the world with bamboo!!!