Unit 3 Forms Of Governnt Systems Powerpoint

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  • 1. Forms of Governments
  • 2. To study governments, geographers look at the following:
    • Types – Who rules and who participates.
    • Systems – How the power is distributed.
  • 3. Systems of Government are based on one question: How is the power distributed?
    • There are three ways governments distribute power:
      • Unitary
      • Confederation
      • Federal
  • 4. Unitary
    • One central government controls everything.
    • Power is not shared between states, counties or provinces.
    • Examples : United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, and Spain
  • 5. Confederation
    • A voluntary association of independent states that agrees to follow a powerful central government.
    • Nations can choose to follow or not follow the lead of the weak central government.
    • Examples: Confederate States of America
    • ( 1861-1865), Russian Federation.
  • 6. Federal
    • Power is shared by a powerful central government.
    • States or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures.
    • Examples: United States, Germany
  • 7. Putting it all together….
    • The United Kingdom is an autocratic constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy and a unitary system.
    • The United States is a presidential democracy with a federal system.
    • What do those statements mean?
  • 8. What do you remember?
    • What are the three types of governments?
    • What are the three systems of government?