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How do governments distribute power pink

  1. 2. <ul><li>On the inside flap, draw an illustration that represents each type of government. </li></ul><ul><li>Write 1 or 2 facts about the government type. </li></ul><ul><li>Give an example of a country or organization in Southwest Asia with that type of government. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><ul><li>They are organized ways for creating laws/rules designed to protect the well-being of the general public and to help manage conflict. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They determine the power structure (who has the power) within a country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In some countries, only one person or party maintains centralized control of the government, while in other countries power is shared between individuals and factions. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>All countries require governments to function. </li></ul><ul><li>Governments provide laws, structure, public services, and national defense. </li></ul><ul><li>There are different types of governments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>democracies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>republics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>monarchies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dictatorships </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Federal </li></ul><ul><li>Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>Unitary </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Federal – Power is shared by a powerful central government and the state or local governments. </li></ul><ul><li>States or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Israel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. State Governments Power is Shared
  7. 9. <ul><ul><li>Unitary – a system in which the power is held by one central authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All power is given to the one branch of government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saudi Arabia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United Kingdom (U.K.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Former Soviet Union </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. Central has ALL power State Governments
  9. 12. <ul><ul><li>Confederation - a system in which power is shared by an alliance or union of political organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent states voluntarily work together for some common purpose and agree to certain limits on their freedom of action as a confederation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OPEC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>League of Arab States </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European Union </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 13. State/Local governments have ALL the power
  11. 14. <ul><ul><li>Let’s get in groups of three. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number yourselves one, two, and three. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ones explain to the twos and threes how a unitary government system distributes power. </li></ul><ul><li>Twos explain to the ones and threes how a confederation government system distributes power. </li></ul><ul><li>Threes explain to the ones and twos how a federal government system distributes power. </li></ul>
  12. 15. Image from Center of Civic Education. 2008