Most people live in cities mining Climate is not too hot or too cold
Where Australians live
Where Australians Live… Location, Climate, & Natural Resources in Australia
Location Of AustraliaBoth a continent & a countryLies about 2,000 miles southeast ofAsiaIn the southern hemisphere– Literally the “land down under”!
LocationCoastal areas are the most populatedMost people live along east coastMost populated city is Sydney, in NewSouth WalesAnother populated city: Brisbane,Queensland
LocationNearly 80% of Australians live in urbanareas– Australia is one of the world’s most urbanized countries70% of all Australians live in cities ofmore than 100,000 people– Sydney has 3 and a 1/2 million people– Melbourne has about 3 million people
Climate of AustraliaVaries across the continentIt’s south of the equator, so climate isopposite North America:– Summer: December through March– Winter: June through September
Climate: North AustraliaNorthern part of Australia is closest tothe equatorTropical climate and is warm-to-hot allyear round– Gets more rain than any other part of the countryWinter: wet and coolSummer: hot and dry
Climate: Central AustraliaDesert is the largest part of AustraliaLittle rain falls here– Most of this area gets less than 10 inches of rain per year!
Climate: CoastsOnly the southeast and southwestcorners have a temperate climate– Summers aren’t too hot & winters aren’t too cold (similar to Georgia)Climate in these regions is the one thatAustralians prefer the most– Most Australians live along southeastern coast
Natural Resources of Australia Outback refers to the dry interior – Mainly open countryside, including vast expanses of grazing land Few widely scattered settlements in the outback – Many of them grew up around mining operations…
Natural Resources: MiningAustralians mine for coal, iron ore,copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel,tungsten, mineral sands, zinc, oil, andnatural gas– Lead the world in the production of diamonds, lead, & bauxite (used to make aluminum)!
Natural Resources: MiningMinerals are often found in areas thatare difficult to reach– Roads are expensive to build, but they are needed to get workers & equipment to remote locations– Expensive equipment is needed to move minerals to populated cities to trade
Natural Resources: Arable LandLand that is good for farmingEnough areas with good land andrainfall to make farming an importantbusiness in Australia– Farmers here produce more than Australians can consume, so the food is traded and sold around the world
Questions to Consider:Where do most Australians live?What important business is done in theoutback?Why do most Australians live insoutheastern Australia?
Postcard Directions:Front: Illustration of your favorite Australiandestination (must be colorful!)Back: Write a greeting to one of your friendsthat describes Australia. Be sure to include: • Location • Climate • Land • Resources