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Copy Of Systems Of Government


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Copy Of Systems Of Government

  1. 1. Systems of Governments
  2. 2. To study governments, geographers look at the following: <ul><li>Types – Who rules and who participates. </li></ul><ul><li>Systems – How the power is distributed. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Systems of Government are based on one question: How is the power distributed? <ul><li>There are three ways governments distribute power: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unitary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confederation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Unitary <ul><li>One central government controls everything. </li></ul><ul><li>Power is not shared between states, counties, or provinces. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, and Spain </li></ul>
  5. 5. Unitary Diagram:
  6. 6. Confederation <ul><li>Two Options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. A voluntary or weak association of independent states that agrees to follow a powerful central government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B. Nations can choose to follow or not follow the lead of the weak central government. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: Confederate States of America </li></ul><ul><li>( 1861-1865), Russian Federation. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Confederation Diagram:
  8. 8. Federal <ul><li>Power is shared by a powerful central government. </li></ul><ul><li>States or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: United States of America, Federal Republic of Germany </li></ul>
  9. 9. Federal System Diagram: