Poll.zsp

227 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
227
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Poll.zsp

  1. 1. Occurrence of Insect Pollinators of BitterOccurrence of Insect Pollinators of BitterGourd and Their Relationship withGourd and Their Relationship withQualitative Yield of Fruits in TaxilaQualitative Yield of Fruits in TaxilaMohammad IrshadMohammad IrshadWaqar Ahmad & Elizabeth StephanWaqar Ahmad & Elizabeth StephanNational Agricultural Research Center, IslamabadNational Agricultural Research Center, Islamabad
  2. 2. IntroductionIntroduction Inadequate work in Pakistan on pollinationInadequate work in Pakistan on pollinationstudiesstudies Bibliography of work from 1947-2010 showsBibliography of work from 1947-2010 showsthat there are 95 research articles, 21 M.SCthat there are 95 research articles, 21 M.SCand 1PhD theses and 4 reportsand 1PhD theses and 4 reports
  3. 3. Material and MethodsMaterial and Methods The experiment was conducted onThe experiment was conducted on Momordica charantiaMomordica charantia ininthe village Gangu, Taxila.the village Gangu, Taxila. Just before the opening of flower buds, card tags were hangedJust before the opening of flower buds, card tags were hangedon the nodes. Each card was labelled with the flower numberon the nodes. Each card was labelled with the flower numberand the plot number.and the plot number. One hundred flowers were tagged in the last week of AugustOne hundred flowers were tagged in the last week of August2010.2010. The insect visitors coming on the bitter gourd flowers wereThe insect visitors coming on the bitter gourd flowers werecounted between 0800 and 0100 for one and half minute oncounted between 0800 and 0100 for one and half minute onalternate day.alternate day. The counting was done till shedding of flowers .The counting was done till shedding of flowers .
  4. 4.  At harvests the data was recorded forAt harvests the data was recorded for Percentage Fruit settingPercentage Fruit setting Fruit LengthFruit Length Fruit WidthFruit Width Fruit WeightFruit Weight Seeds per fruitSeeds per fruit Seed weightSeed weight
  5. 5.  Fruits ofFruits of M. charantiaM. charantia Fruit being weighedFruit being weighed
  6. 6. Seed being weighedSeed being weighed
  7. 7. Ceretaa binghamiCeretaa binghami
  8. 8. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONRESULTS AND DISCUSSIONSettingSetting LengthLength WidthWidth WeightWeight SeedSeed Seed Weight VisitsSeed Weight Visits%% cmcm cmcm gg NoNo gg NoNoII 7575 20.620.6 3.63.6 123.6123.6 18.918.9 0.170.17 219219IIII 6565 20.020.0 3.23.2 121.3121.3 18.318.3 0.150.15 182182IIII 7070 20.720.7 3.43.4 122.2122.2 19.019.0 0.170.17 223223IVIV 6565 19.219.2 3.33.3 109.3109.3 18.318.3 0.250.25 199199VV 6060 20.020.0 3.43.4 118.0118.0 18.418.4 0.240.24 184184
  9. 9.  The maximum no. of pollinators/ insect visitors wasThe maximum no. of pollinators/ insect visitors wasin plot-III.in plot-III. These pollinators fall under family Apidae, ScoliidaeThese pollinators fall under family Apidae, Scoliidae(Hymenoptera), Hesperidae, Papilionidae,(Hymenoptera), Hesperidae, Papilionidae,Nymphalidae, Pieridae (Lepidoptera), EmpidaeNymphalidae, Pieridae (Lepidoptera), Empidae(Diptera), Cleridae and Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera)(Diptera), Cleridae and Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) The maximum no. of insect pollinators belonged toThe maximum no. of insect pollinators belonged toApidaeApidae More than 10 species of insects visited flowersMore than 10 species of insects visited flowers
  10. 10. CONCLUSIONCONCLUSION These parameters cannot be significantlyThese parameters cannot be significantlycorrelated with no. of pollinators visiting thecorrelated with no. of pollinators visiting theflowers.flowers. Some more experiments are needed toSome more experiments are needed toestablish number of pollinators with fruitestablish number of pollinators with fruitquality and quantityquality and quantity
  11. 11. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The Technical and financial support of FAO,The Technical and financial support of FAO,GEF, UNEP is gratefully acknowledgedGEF, UNEP is gratefully acknowledged

×