Trophy hunting

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Trophy hunting

  1. 1. SOCIO ECONOMIC IMPACTSOCIO ECONOMIC IMPACTOF TROPHY HUNTING ONOF TROPHY HUNTING ONCOMUNITIES IN GILGITCOMUNITIES IN GILGITBALTISTANBALTISTANBYBYSHER BAHADUR (M.Sc) ZOOLOGYSHER BAHADUR (M.Sc) ZOOLOGYKARAKORAM INTERNATIONALKARAKORAM INTERNATIONALUNIVERSITY,GILGITUNIVERSITY,GILGIT
  2. 2. SUPERVISOR:SUPERVISOR:MRS. JAMILA BAIGMRS. JAMILA BAIGCO-SUPERVISOR:CO-SUPERVISOR:MR. SABIR HUSSAINMR. SABIR HUSSAINDepartment of Biological SciencesDepartment of Biological SciencesKARAKORAM INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITYKARAKORAM INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITYGilgit - BaltistanGilgit - Baltistan
  3. 3. INTRODUCTIONINTRODUCTIONTrophy HuntingTrophy Hunting Trophy hunting is a form of sportTrophy hunting is a form of sporthunting where people enjoy naturehunting where people enjoy naturewith fulfilling their desire of huntingwith fulfilling their desire of huntingwild animals. The animals selected aswild animals. The animals selected astrophies have large horns (36” ortrophies have large horns (36” ormore).more).
  4. 4. Hunter with trophyHunter with trophy
  5. 5. (CTHPs(CTHPs))inin GILGIT BALTISTANGILGIT BALTISTAN CTHPs were developed by IUCN between 1995CTHPs were developed by IUCN between 1995and 1999 . A CTHP involving two species ofand 1999 . A CTHP involving two species ofCaprinaeCaprinae (wild goat and sheep), markhor and(wild goat and sheep), markhor andAsiatic ibex, was developed to provide anAsiatic ibex, was developed to provide aneconomic incentive for communities to conserveeconomic incentive for communities to conservebiological diversity, including habitat for wildlife.biological diversity, including habitat for wildlife.Programs have been implemented in each of thePrograms have been implemented in each of theareas the Hushey Community Conservationareas the Hushey Community ConservationArea (CCA) in eastern Baltistan, the SKB trophyArea (CCA) in eastern Baltistan, the SKB trophyhunting area along the Indus River in westernhunting area along the Indus River in westernBaltistan, the area of Gojal, and the nearbyBaltistan, the area of Gojal, and the nearbyKVO CCA to be opened for blue sheepKVO CCA to be opened for blue sheep (Pseudois(Pseudoisnayaur)nayaur) hunting.hunting.
  6. 6. CCHA IN G.BCCHA IN G.BName of CCHAName of CCHA Area (Sq km)Area (Sq km) Khyber HunzaKhyber Hunza 323323 Bar GilgitBar Gilgit 906906 Shinaki GilgitShinaki Gilgit 233233 Gulkin HunzaGulkin Hunza 103103 Karumber GhizerKarumber Ghizer 647647 Hoshey GhancheHoshey Ghanche 582582 Astore DiamerAstore Diamer 696696 S.K.B SkarduS.K.B Skardu 19811981 K.V.OK.V.O 650650 Gulmit/MinapinGulmit/Minapin 210210 Sakwar/Jutial/BarmasSakwar/Jutial/Barmas 7575 Sikanderabad/JafferabadSikanderabad/Jafferabad 4444
  7. 7. HUNTING AREASHUNTING AREAS: (G.B): (G.B) Bunji,Bunji, Skardu,Skardu, Astore,Astore, Shimshal,Shimshal, Krumber,Krumber, Bar,Bar, Shinaki,Shinaki, Kvo,Kvo, Khyber,Khyber, Gulkin,Gulkin, Hushe,Hushe,
  8. 8. Hunting SeasonHunting Season The hunting season for ungulate species shall beThe hunting season for ungulate species shall beform 1form 1ststNovember to 31 March as per theNovember to 31 March as per theprovision in the Northern Areas Wildlife Actprovision in the Northern Areas Wildlife Act1975.The Chief Wild life warden amended this1975.The Chief Wild life warden amended thisrule in 2006 and extended the hunting period uprule in 2006 and extended the hunting period upto 20to 20ththapril.april.
  9. 9. Size of Trophy.Size of Trophy. The minimum male trophy size forThe minimum male trophy size for Himalayan Ibex, is 36inch.Himalayan Ibex, is 36inch. Astore Markhore 40inch.Astore Markhore 40inch. Blue sheep shall be 25 inch;Blue sheep shall be 25 inch;Shooting of undersize, females and year lings is anShooting of undersize, females and year lings is anoffence as per the Northern Areas Wildlife Actoffence as per the Northern Areas Wildlife Act1975.1975.  
  10. 10. MARKHORMARKHOR Permit Cost: Government permit cost is US$Permit Cost: Government permit cost is US$40000-00 for each markhor.40000-00 for each markhor.
  11. 11. IBEXIBEX Permit Cost: Government permit cost isPermit Cost: Government permit cost isUS$ 2500-00 for each ibex.US$ 2500-00 for each ibex.
  12. 12. BLUE SHEEPBLUE SHEEP Permit Cost: Government permit cost is US$Permit Cost: Government permit cost is US$6000 for each Blue Sheep6000 for each Blue Sheep
  13. 13. Objective of the studyObjective of the studyThe study was carried out to find out the followingThe study was carried out to find out the followingpoints.points. Socio –economic condition of communities ofSocio –economic condition of communities ofG.B.G.B. Impact of trophy Hunting on ecosystem andImpact of trophy Hunting on ecosystem anddevelopment of area.development of area. Protection and conservation of endangeredProtection and conservation of endangeredspecie.specie.
  14. 14. Material and MethodsMaterial and Methods The study was carried out in the trophy huntingThe study was carried out in the trophy huntingareas of G.B which comprised of 97347 person.areas of G.B which comprised of 97347 person. The study was conducted through randomThe study was conducted through randomsampling of communities and owners with thesampling of communities and owners with thehelp of list prepared from voters list .help of list prepared from voters list . 10 communities were randomly selected to10 communities were randomly selected tocollect the data from entire area.collect the data from entire area. Interviews were conducted on the basis ofInterviews were conducted on the basis ofespecially designed questionnaires and schedule.especially designed questionnaires and schedule. The questions were asked and filled in by anThe questions were asked and filled in by aninterviewer in a face to face interview withinterviewer in a face to face interview withrespondent.respondent.
  15. 15. Map of Study AreaMap of Study Area
  16. 16. RESULTSRESULTS There is no apparent difference in opinion ofThere is no apparent difference in opinion ofrespondents. almost all respondents have samerespondents. almost all respondents have sameperceptions about general effect of the conservationperceptions about general effect of the conservationof wildlife and trophy hunting projects upon theof wildlife and trophy hunting projects upon thearea.area. Majority 90% of the the local community membersMajority 90% of the the local community memberswere the view that the project had brought positivewere the view that the project had brought positivechange in the income of the project area.change in the income of the project area.
  17. 17. Trophy hunting trend of Ibex inTrophy hunting trend of Ibex inGilgit Baltistan.Gilgit Baltistan.051015202530Ibex Quota 5 5 15 15 15 20 20 30 30 30 30 30 30 30Hunt 5 1 4 14 5 6 8 11 24 23 29 30 26 111995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
  18. 18. THE HUNTING SEASON2007-2008THE HUNTING SEASON2007-2008Name ofCCHANameofSpp.Nationality Govt Share(20%) Community Share(80%)PakisaniHunting Fee. Foreigner. Hunting Fee(US$0 Rs US$ Rs US$KVOKVOShamshalIbexBlueSheepBlueSheep5---250000---631120015000500050000 240030001000200000 9600120004000Khyber Ibex 3 150000 3 6000 30000 1200 120000 4800Gulkin Ibex - 3 6000 1200 4800Karaber Ibex 3 150000 3 6000 30000 1200 120000 4800Bar Ibex 1 2000 400 1600Hushay Ibex 2 2400 800 3200Kachuar Ibex 1 2000 400 1600Basho Ibex 1 2000 400 1600SKB Markhore 1 25000 5000 20000Bunji Markhore 1 25000 5000 20000Total 09 450000 20 110000 90000 22000 360000 88000
  19. 19. THE HUNTING SEASON2008-2009THE HUNTING SEASON2008-2009Name ofCCHANameofSpp.Nationality Govt Share(20%) Community Share(80%)Pakistani Hunting Fee. Foreigner. Hunting Fee(US$ Rs US$ Rs US$KVOKVOShamshalIbexBlueSheepBlueSheep5---275000---5412002600050000 25005200200000 100020800Khyber Ibex 1 5000 1000 4000Gulkin Ibex - 2 500 100 4000Karaber Ibex 3 150000 3 6000 30000 1200 120000 4800Hushay Ibex 3 7500 1500 6000Basho Ibex 1 2500 500 2000SKB Markhore 1 40000 8000 32000Bunji Markhore 1 40000 8000 32000Jutial Markhore 1 40000 8000 32000Total 7 375000 19 176000 75000 35200 300000 140800
  20. 20. Wildlife Census, Community ControlledWildlife Census, Community ControlledHunting AreasHunting Areas..Name ofAreaIbex IbexTrophySizeMarkhore MarkhoreTrophySizeBlue sheepK.V.O 220 15 ---- ---- ----Khyber 215 12 ---- --- ---Hoshey 1100 90 ---- ----- --SKB 60 15 50 02 ---Astore/Bunji100 10 85 06 95Shinaki 80 10 --- --- --Gulkin 160 25 --- --- ---Bar 350 50 ----- ---- ----Karumbar 407 35 ------ ---- ----Total. 2672 262 135 08 95
  21. 21. ConclusionConclusion Through the study we concluded that these typesThrough the study we concluded that these typesof project are very beneficial for the localof project are very beneficial for the localcommunities and also for the improvement ofcommunities and also for the improvement ofenvironment.environment. Through the conservation of wildlife and trophyThrough the conservation of wildlife and trophyhunting projects the people are well aware abouthunting projects the people are well aware aboutthe wildlife and environment.the wildlife and environment. The people want to protect the animals forThe people want to protect the animals forrecreational value.recreational value. The Local person gets employment through theThe Local person gets employment through theTrophy hunting.Trophy hunting. The Local people are also getting training inThe Local people are also getting training inhunting and conservation activities.hunting and conservation activities.
  22. 22. RecommendationsRecommendations Communities are to be involved in theCommunities are to be involved in themanagement of natural resources like trophymanagement of natural resources like trophyhunting considering them to support thehunting considering them to support theconservation.conservation. The distribution of quota should be madeThe distribution of quota should be madethrough a transparent mechanism involvingthrough a transparent mechanism involvingcommunity representatives.community representatives.
  23. 23. DUCMENTRY FILMSDUCMENTRY FILMS
  24. 24. movimovi
  25. 25. AcknowledgmentI am grateful toMrs.Jamila Baig (Supervisor)Mr.Sabir Hussain SDFO (Co-Supervisor)Ghulam Tahir (Directore)KNP GBGhulam Muhammad (D.F.O)WILD LIFE DEPARTMENT G.B
  26. 26. THANKTHANKYOUYOU

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