Fundació CTM Memoria 2010 eng
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Fundació CTM Memoria 2010 eng Presentation Transcript

  • 1. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c 01
  • 2. indexF u n d a c i ó c T M 03 06c e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c GreetinGs from the President 08 Who are We? orGanisation 14 Professional team 18 What does fundació ctm centre tecnolòGic do? 20 areas of Work 77 area of materials technoloGY area of forminG Processes 96 area of simulation and innoVatiVe desiGn area of enVironmental technoloGY area of suPPort to innoVation 116 area of enerGY 128 most outstandinG ProJects PuBlications, conGresses and thesis 134 headlines 2010 138 international unit BioenGineerinG diVision 140 QualitY at the fundació ctm 148 aGreements economic rePort 152 clients 154 future stePs neW BuildinG 157 02
  • 3. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c 1 greetings from the President Josep Camprubí i Duocastella 03
  • 4. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c GREETINGS FROM THE W PRESIDENT e leave behind the year 2010, a year full of opportunities that have taken shape; of ideas that have turned into projects, of initiatives that have borne fruits, of efforts that have become successes. We are talking about opportunities, ideas, projects, initiatives and successes that account for the daily routine of the centre that seeks excellence starting from rigorous and methodical work and also for the systematic research work on ambitious long-range milestones. It has been a year in which Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològichas had many chances for showing the scope of its scientific potential and its technological expertise. The fact is that in the past few months, Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic has carried out very significant projects both because of their dimensions and their complexity. FORMA0 is the project that has had a greater media impact nevertheless and fortunately, there have been many other projects at the same level of academic and professional demand. We have taken advantage of every research line, every assignment and every new objective for testing and showing the capacities of Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. There have been many acknowledgements throughout the city and the region. 04
  • 5. President’s greetingsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c On the other hand, the year that we leave behind has allowed us to fine-tune the schedule for the moving of the centre and all its human and technical units to the Parc Central. Once we have gone beyond the stage of willing, of the creation of alliances and the search for support, the time for realisation has come, for preparing the facilities and getting ready for taking advantage of the boost of a change, not only of location but also of horizons. Parc Central´s capacity for attracting intensive economic activities in the use of knowledge and technology is closely related with Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic´s potential for offering advanced services, leading high level scientific and technological projects and being the connecting link with other excellent centres in the field of research and innovation. Finally, I would like to highlight Fundació CTM´s crucial role in the awarding of the distinction of “city of science and innovation” to Manresa. The organisation holds many of the virtues that the award acknowledges: the will for making the local productive model progress towards a more intense use of knowledge; the combination of efforts and resources of different public and private actors; the long-term vision that combines with an everyday work committed with excellence; the firm vocation for becoming present in the global economy taking advantage of the productive know-how of the business network of the area. Altogether, a great asset for the city and the region both because of the actual capacities and the future potentials. 05
  • 6. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Who are we? 06
  • 7. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c WHO ARE T WE? he Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic is a non-profit private foundation. Its aim is to efficiently contribute to the improvement of competitiveness and to the technological development of companies by providing specialised services and carrying out R+D + IT projects. The team of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic works for companies, organisations and institutions in the fields of Materials Technology, Simulation and Innovative Design, Forming Processes, Environmental Technology, Support to Innovation and Energy. The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic is part of the net of technological centres of the Generalitat de Catalunya (XCT) with registration number CT03/04; it is registered in the CICYT as Technological Innovation Centre (CIT) number 46 and it is also registered as OTRI (Oficina de Transferencia de Resultados de Investigación- Office for Transference of Research Results) by the Ministry of Education and Science with number 158. The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic, together with other centres of Catalonia, has participated in the creation of ACT (Association of Technological Centres) over which Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic first presided. The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic is a member of TECNIO, a brand created by ACC1Ó which agglutinates the main expert agents in applied research and technological transfer of Catalonia. 07
  • 8. Who are we?F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c organisaTion The areas of activity of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic in 2010 have been: Area of Materials Technology, Area of Simulation and Innovative Design, Area of Forming Processes, Area of Environmental Technology, Area of Support to Innovation and Area of Energy. The organisation of the centre remains as follows: download organisation F u n d a c i ó c e n T r e c T M T e c n o l ò g i c chart gENERAL MANAgER J.M. Prado INTERNAL SALES MANAgEMENT MANAgER DIRECTOR SCIENTIFIC J. Martí X. Codinach MANAgEMENT J.M. Prado J. de Pablo hEAD OF MARkET RESEARCh X. Vicas hEAD OF hEAD OF hEAD OF hEAD OF hEAD OF hEAD OF ACTINIDES COATINgS TRIbOLOgY MICROSTRuC- STEEL ShEET TEChNO- J. de Pablo J. Caro M. Vilaseca TuRES AND bEhAvIOuR LOgICAL MEChANICAL T. Lara SERvICES PROPERTIES C. Abad S. Molas hEAD OF INNOvATIvE PRODuCTS hEAD OF MANAgE- X. Vicas MANRESA´S MENT OF LAbORATORY PROjECTS N. Bahí A. Beltrán S AN S NI CI AN NI CI AN S TE Ch TE Ch NI CI EC T EC T TE Ch PR Oj PR Oj EC T AN S AN S PR Oj NI CI NI CI RY TE Ch RY TE Ch RATO RATO CI AN S LA bO LA bO TE Ch NI E RATIv NI ST AD MI AN S AN S AN S AN S NI CI NI CI NI CI NI CI TE Ch TE Ch RY TE Ch TE Ch EC T EC T RATO EC T hEAD OF bIO- PR Oj PR Oj LA bO PR Oj ENgINEERINg DIvISION S. Idelsohn 08
  • 9. Who are we?F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c general Manager Dr. Jose M. Prado Manager of the area of Materials technology Dr. Daniel Casellas Manager of the area of Environmental technology Dr. Miquel Rovira Manager of the area of support to innovation Mr. Antoni Fargas Manager of the area of simulation and innovative design Dra. Ma Dolors Riera Manager of the area of Forming Processes Dr. Jose Ma Cabrera Manager of the area of Energy Dr. Luis Romeral commercial Manager Sr. Jordi Martí internal Management director Sr. Xavier Codinach scientific Management Dr. Jose M. Prado Dr. Joan de Pablo 09
  • 10. Who are we?F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c goVerning Bodies Board of trustees President Most Illustrious Mr. Josep Camprubí Duocastella CITY COuNCIL OF MANRESA Vice-president Most Excellent Mr. Antoni Giró Roca UNIVERSITAT POLITÈCNICA DE CATALUNYA second Vice-president Mr. Manel Rosell Martí CAIXA D’ESTALvIS DE MANRESA secretary Mr. Josep Alabern Valentí COL·LEgI OFICIAL D’ENgINYERS INDuSTRIALS Members CITY COuNCIL OF MANRESA CAIXA D’ESTALvI S DE MANRESA CAMbRA DE COMERC I INDuSTRIA DE MANRESA COL·LEgI D’ENgINYERS TECNICS INDuSTRIALS DE MANRESA CIDEM COL·LEgI D’ARQuITECTES DE CATALuNYA COL·LEgI OFICIAL D’ENgINYERS INDuSTRIALS CONSELL COMARCAL DEL bAgES CONSTRuCCIONS SALIDO, S.A. FEDERACIÓ D’EMPRESARIS CATALuNYA CENTRAL FuNDACIÓ uNIvERSITÀRIA DEL bAgES PIMEC UNIVERSITAT POLITÈCNICA DE CATALUNYA vILARDELL PuRTÍ, S.A. 010
  • 11. Who are we?F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c executive committee The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic´s board of Trustees appointed the following representatives of different companies and institutions to make up the Executive Committee: President Mr. Manel Rosell CAIXA D’ESTALvIS DE MANRESA secretary Mr. Josep Alabern COL·LEgI OF.D’ENgINYERS INDuSTRIALS Members · Mr. Alain Jordà CITY COuNCIL OF MANRESA · Mr. Enric Perramon AuSA CENTER, S.L. · Mr. Pere Casals CAMbRA DE COMERÇ I INDÚSTRIA DE MANRESA · Mr. Xavier Ferras ACC1Ó · Mr. Pablo de Lastres IbERPOTA Sh, S.A. · Mr. Jaume Claramunt MAPRO SISTEMAS DE ENSAYO · Mr. Francesc X. Gil UNIVERSITAT POLITÈCNICA DE CATALUNYA 011
  • 12. Who are we?F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c corporate advisor council President Mr. Manel Rosell CAIXA D’ESTALvIS DE MANRESA AMPhOS 21 AuTOMOvILES uTILITARI OS (AuSA) AuTOTECh ENgINEERINg bODEgAS ROQuETA CENTRE CORPORATI u INI6 CONSTRuCCIONES SOMIC CONSTRuCCIONS COTS I CLARET CONSTRuCCIONS SALIDO DENSO bARCELONA EDICIONS INTERCOMARCALS FuNDACIÓ PER L’ECONOMIA I EL MÀRQuETINg FuNDERIA CONDALS hAYE S LEMMERZ MANRESA INDÚSTRIAS PONSA L. OLIvA TORRAS LEAR AuTOMOTIvE MÚTuA INTERCOMARCAL PILAgEST PujOL MuNTALÀ RECICLATgE , TRACTAMENT, DIPÒSIT S.L. SkIS ROSSIgNOL DE ESPAÑA SuMMA vILARDELL PuRTÍ 012
  • 13. Who are we?F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c scientific committee Most Excellent Mr. Antoni Giró Roca UNIVERSITAT POLITÈCNICA DE CATALUNYA Dr. Ferran Laguarta Bertran CENTRE DE DESENvOLuPAMENT DE SENSORS, INSTRuMENTACIÓ I SISTEMES - CD6 Mrs. Elena Guijarro CENTRO PARA EL DESARROLLO TECNOLÓgICO INDuSTRIAL - CDTI Dr. Rafael Colás UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE NUEVA LEÓN Dr. Yvan Houbaert uNIvERSITEIT gENT - DEPARTMENT MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENgINEERINg 013
  • 14. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Professional Team 014
  • 15. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c PROFESSIONAL T TEAm he working teams of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic consist of researchers and technicians with practical experience in industrial cases; they are committed professionals who guarantee total confidentiality in the works carried out. In addition, this team of scientists and technicians has an important presence in national and international congresses and publications which guarantees a direct access to the knowledge on the latest tendencies and results in our fields of work. staff The team is made up of both, our own staff and uPC staff; this is so because the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic is a company connected to uPC of the type 1. because of this link, the research doctors of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic are considered as researchers linked to the university and in the same way, the staff of uPC which carries out its researching work in a permanent manner in the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic are considered staff linked to the centre. 015
  • 16. Professional TeamF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c In the year 2010, the staff consisted of a total of 127 professionals with the following profiles: 50 evoluTTIoN 4 46 40 UPC FUNDACIÓ CTM 30 20 10 20 21 Historical evolution of the staff 9 10 12 The following graphic 5 shows the evolution of the staff of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic from the beginnings. The increase in the number of graduated staff or staff with PhD´s has been constant what has allowed the increase of the research potential of the centre. 016
  • 17. Professional TeamF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c 140 uPC 120 108 19 FuNDACIÓ CTM 100 93 18 77 19 80 59 24 60 46 25 39 26 40 21 25 19 23 20 26 20 22 17 20 20 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic bets resolutely on the generation of knowledge which is after transferred to companies. because of this, the increase in the number of qualifications attached to our foundation is constant. 140 127 120 SChOLARS 111 TEChNICIANS 100 gRADuATED STAFF (3 YEARS) 96 gRADuATED STAFF (5 YEARS) DOCTORS 83 80 71 65 60 46 42 46 42 40 37 20 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 017
  • 18. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c WHaT does Fundació cTM centre Tecnològic do? 018
  • 19. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c WHAT DOES T IT DO? he Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic works for companies, organisations and institutions in R+D/IT projects of their own or together with companies, in studies and technical support, in analysis and essays, in the support to innovation and in technical training. Its activity revolves around six areas of work. AREA OF MATERIALS TEChNOLOgY AREA OF FORMINg PROCESSES AREA OF SIMuLATION AND INNOvATIvE DESIgN AREA OF ENvIRONMENTAL TEChNOLOgY AREA OF SuPPORT TO INNOvATION AREA OF ENERgY 019
  • 20. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c areas of work 020
  • 21. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c MaTerials TecHnologY materials T he Area of Materials Technology (ATM) is the area of the Fundació CTM which specialises in the research teCHNOlOGY into the relation between the microstructures and the mechanical properties of materials. ATM is structured into the following main units of activities: · ThE MEChANICAL bEhAvIOuR OF MATERIALS · FORMAbILITY AND MEChANICAL ChARACTERISATION OF STEELS ShEETS · SuRFACE ENgINEERINg · TRIbOLOgY · TEChNOLOgICAL SERvICES 021
  • 22. MaterialsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The main lines of work of the unit of Mechanic Behaviour of Materials are: Materials for tools used in the forming processes of materials (cold forming, hot stamping of metallic sheets, light alloys injection, extrusion and forging): · Mechanical characterisation · Micro-mechanical design · Determination of failure micromechanisms · Effect of the characteristics of the process on the properties of the component Fatigue and fracture of structural materials: · high Strength Steels · Aluminium alloys · Castings · Elastomeres Determination of internal defects in structural pieces behaviour in fatigue of structural components Evaluation of the interaction with the environment: corrosion resistance, tension corrosion and fatigue corrosion The main lines of work of the unit of formability and mechanical characterisation of steel sheets are: · Characterisation of mechanical properties of steel sheets and high strength steels: mechanical resistance, behaviour in fatigue, impact resistance 022
  • 23. MaterialsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c · Formability characterisation of steel sheets and high strength steels · Determination of formability curves and evaluation of deformations in real pieces The main lines of work of the unit of surface engineering are: · Study of technological coatings for functional decor applications · Study and development of coated systems and/or superficial modifications for forming tools · Development of metallic and non metallic coatings over different substrates by means of PvD technique · Mechanical and topographic characterisation of surfaces and coatings The main lines of work of the unit of Tribology are: · Characterisation of the surface damage micromechanism · Non destructive inspection of the forming tools · Development of experimental methodologies for the evaluation of friction and wear in industrial systems with and without coatings · Evaluation of the behaviour in fatigue by contact The main lines of work of the unit of Technological services are: · Failure and degradation analysis in metallic and ceramic components by- Corrosion, Fracture, Wear, Soldering, Chemical microstructural and mechanical characterisation of the materials 023
  • 24. MaterialsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c as an infrastructure for the support to the development of projects, aTM counts with a complete laboratory for the microstructural analysis and mechanical evaluation of materials: · uniaxial tests (traction, flexion, compression) with electromechanic machines of 200 and 250 kN in various environments (saline, neutral) and at different ranges of temperature (from -40ºC up to 1200 ºC) · behaviour under cyclic loads: servo-hydraulic machines from 15 and 250kN (with devices for amplifying loads up to 500 kN), resonance fatigue machine of 150kN (frequency of 250 hz) · Evaluation of the tenacity for different kinds of materials · Laboratory hydraulic press of double effect and 150 Tm of capacity with optical equipment capable of measuring deformations in test tubes at real time without contact for the determination of the conformability of steel sheets. It counts with experimental facilities for the cutting of steel sheet in moulds so as to evaluate the behaviour of tools and the quality of the cut · Tribometers for the evaluation of the coefficients of friction and wear resistance, abrasive and adhesive, up to 900ºC · Nanoindentator for the evaluation of the mechanical properties of coatings and of multiphase materials at a nanometric scale · PvD reactor with pulsed filtered and non filtered cathodic arc for the preparation of coatings with the possibility of applying nitruration treatments · Optical microscopes, a confocal microscope and an electronic microscope with field emission (FE-SEM) with EDX and EbSD · Emission spectrometry, LECO C-S 024 · Saline fog camera and kesternic · Thermographic camera
  • 25. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c ForMing FORMING Processes T PROCESSES he Area of Forming processes of the Fundació CTM is the one specialised in the development and research into forming industrial processes. The Area of Processes works on the optimisation of industrial processes for the forming of materials with the objective of obtaining materials with improved characteristics. The main lines of work of the Area of Forming Processes are: · Study and characterisation of the behaviour of metallic materials at high temperatures · Optimisation of the industrial forming processes · Superficial protection of steels against oxidation and corrosion · Development of processing routes for obtaining materials with nanometric grain size by mechanical milling and severe plastic deformation by ECAE · Forming of compound materials All the above mentioned lines are supported by advanced scientific equipment for thermomechanical, microstructural and thermodynamic characterisation. Next, we offer a brief explanation of each of them. 025
  • 26. Forming ProcessesF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c study and characterisation of the behaviour of metallic materials at high temperatures One of the strong points of the Area of Forming Processes of the Fundació CTM is in fact, the description of the characterisation of the behaviour of metallic materials at high temperatures. It is well known that during hot deformation materials have to undergo some antagonistic phenomena such as hardening by deformation or softening by restoration and/or dynamic recrystallisation. The correct description and quantification of these phenomena is still subject of discussion in the scientific community, in spite of the outstanding developments of the last decades. From the Fundació CTM, we have put special emphasis on the prediction of hot flow curves according to the initial microstructure and the deformation temperatures and speed, using for this purpose equations with a physical foundation. This approach is complemented with the capacity of predicting even the microstructure resulting from hot plastic deformation. All of this can be implemented in a numerical simulation software. The results obtained have been applied to all kinds of alloys such as carbonated steels, microalloyed steels, stainless steels, copper, super-alloys and alloys with a low fusion point (Sn-Pb). On the other hand, there are industrial processes such as continuous casting that are carried out under conditions of temperature and deformation speed that can favour the appearance of fragility mechanisms and consequently, the superficial cracking of the 026 product.
  • 27. Forming ProcessesF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c These fragilisation mechanisms depend on the alloy and the metallurgic phenomena that may occur. In microalloyed steels for example, the fragilisation can be related with the precipitation on the limits of the grain, with the transformation of austenite into ferrite or, because of low deformation speeds and high temperatures or with diffusion phenomena such as the flow. So as to be able to carry out a suitable design of the manufacturing operations that minimise the risk of appearance of cracks one needs to know the nature of these mechanisms for each alloy. In general, the study involves the carrying out of traction tests at high temperatures with the corresponding fractographic and metallographic evaluation of the samples tested in fracture. The results developed by the group with regards carbonated steels are of special interest. optimisation of the industrial forming processes As a result of the knowledge acquired in the characterisation of the behaviour of materials at hot temperatures and in collaboration with the Area of Materials Technology and the Area of Simulation and Innovative Design of the Fundació CTM, it is working on the simulation and optimisation of numerous industrial forming problems. Processes such as: · Continuous casting processes (handcraft and mould) · Lamination · Forging · Extrusion 027 · Stretching
  • 28. Forming ProcessesF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c · Cladding · Stamping · Spinning and cylindrical and conical lamination · Forming by electromagnetic pulsation Most of these processes are developed at high temperatures but some of them, such as stamping and stretching, are developed at cold ones. We must highlight the study that the Fundació CTM is carrying out and which seeks to improve the definition of the elastic recovery by including the variations presented by the modulus of Young during the deformation itself. superficial protection of steels against oxidation and corrosion The layer of scale forms continuously during the process of hot lamination. The layer of rust (secondary) is eliminated just before the sheet enters the rolling mill. Nevertheless, the time that goes by between the pickling stage and the first roller is enough for giving way to the formation of another layer of rust, the tertiary, which is unavoidable. Its properties, which depend on the chemical composition of the steel and the conditions of the process, have a great impact on the final superficial quality of the steel. The requirements of the customers regarding the properties of the layer of scale are especially strict with the aim of being able to guarantee a suitable answer of the material in subsequent steps of the process such as pickling, stamping or direct coatings. Studies carried out by qualified staff from the Fundació CTM on the growth and mechanical behaviour of the scale layer, show that its properties can be controlled up to the point that its 028 behaviour does not have to be the expected one, that is to say,
  • 29. Forming ProcessesF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c fragile and abrasive (detrimental for the determination of aspects such as the lamination rollers) but in suitable conditions, it could present characteristics such as ductility and great adhesiveness and evenness to steel; this would bring about many advantages i.e. reduction of the pickling costs, increase of the productivity, etc. given its versatility and low cost, steel is the material most used worldwide. Therefore, it constitutes a determinant factor in the development of industry. Its main handicap is that in the presence of aggressive atmospheres, a high level of corrosion may appear. It is for this reason that steel has to be conveniently protected with a proper coating. These coatings have to present excellent forming properties and a good adhesion to the steel substrate. The processes of transformation such as galvanizing make it possible to offer global, agile and versatile solutions which are adapted to the global and changing environment in which we find ourselves. The Fundació CTM accumulates an extensive experience in the study and characterization of the processes of galvanization as well as in the proper identification and microstructural characterisation of the coatings. obtaining materials with nanometric grain size by mechanical milling and severe plastic deformation The Area of Forming Processes has been developing several techniques for obtaining nanostructured materials so as to be able to obtain them massively. During the past 15 years, 029
  • 30. Forming ProcessesF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c the process for obtaining nanostructured materials (or with nanometric grain size) has captured the attention of researchers, this is so, because these structures modify not only the mechanical and physical properties (electric, magnetic, hardness, elastic limit) but also the chemical ones (reactivity). At present, there are two approaches so as to obtain nanometric materials: the techniques “bottom-up”and “top-down”. The first group of techniques present problems of massivity of the manufactured pieces and a difficult control of the porosity and internal oxidation. The “top-down” techniques are the ones that have more possibilities of having an industrial scalable potential; the ones with which, more massive materials can be obtained. The approach that is being used consists basically in starting from the microstructured material and then, through several methods (mechanical milling and ECAE) carrying out the microstructural tuning with the consequent increase in the mechanical properties. Forming of compound materials This area of the Fundació CTM that has been created recently is structured within the Area of processes and focuses its activities on the following issues: · Forming of fibbers pre-impregnated with resins · Microtopographical inspection (confocal) of plastics strengthened with fibbers · Mechanical characterisation of compound materials · Implementation of laser ultrasound techniques for the detection of defects 030
  • 31. Forming ProcessesF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c laboratory units specifically orientated to the area of Forming Processes dilatometer dil 805 BÄhr thErMoanalYs unit for the study of phase transformations (TTC and CCT curves) suffered by materials during the heating and cooling cycles (with and without deformation); flow curves at constant temperature and speed, both in traction and compression; tests of relaxation of tensions or interrupted tests. All of these tests are essential for the knowledge of their behaviour during the forming processes. Advanced microstructural characterisation by EbSD (Electron back Scattering Diffraction) FE-SEM and TEM techniques; including second phase particles, mi c ro t e x t u re s , cr yst a llography, dislocation density, recrystallisation degree,... 031
  • 32. Forming ProcessesF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Microtopographical inspection (confocal) The Fundació CTM counts with a confocal microscopy unit (Sensofar PLµ2300) for the inspection of sheets of up to 300mm x 300mm of plastics strengthened with Carbone fibre (Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer CFRP) or glass (graphite Fibre Reinforced Polymer). The confocal microscopy can detect defects near to the surface, even if it is the apparently flat surface what was in contact with the cured mould. laser ultrasounds The Fundació CTM together with CD6 carries out research work on the application of laser-generated ultrasounds. The Fundació CTM transfers this technology to companies which specialise in ultrasound inspection and collaborates in the simulation of the propagation of the transverse and longitudinal acoustic waves which generates the incident laser. The inspection with laser-generated ultrasounds (Lu) is a technique which has the applications of a conventional ultrasound unit but that works without having contact with the inspected piece; this is so because it has two lasers, one for the generation of acoustic waves and the other, for the detection of superficial vibrations through interferometry. The direction of the propagation of these transverse and longitudinal waves is important for the determination of the physical properties of the material such as the elastic modulus, and it is necessary to resort to simulation by finite elements so as to know where to position the other laser of the interferometry unit. 032
  • 33. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c siMulaTion and SIMULATION innoVaTiVe design T AND INNOVATIVE he Area of Simulation and Innovative Design is the area of the Fundació CTM that specialises in numerical simulation, both in engineering and in research and it has the following missions: · give service to all the projects of companies that may need DESIGN numerical simulation in different fields of engineering · To design and develop tools and small machinery and to collaborate in the design of productive and experimental systems Simulation is a tool in constant development that makes it possible to efficiently analyse different physical phenomena. It has contributed significantly to the improvement of design in engineering and of the methodology of the design cycle of different industrial applications. It constitutes an essential technique in the development of new processes, mechanisms and phenomena in the field of materials and furthermore, it allows generating products with a high added value. 033
  • 34. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c PROJECTES INTERNAL PROjECTS INTERNS DISSENY INNOvATIvE DESIgN INNOVADOR PROJECTES EXTERNAL PROjECTS EXTERNS SERVEIS SERvICES At present, the main activities of the Area of Simulation and Innovative Design can be classified as shown in the following diagram: Simulation and Innovative Design works with commercial calculation programs by the finite elements method such as AbAQuS ANSYS and PROCAST; it counts with experience in simulation of mechanical and thermomechanical behaviour, static and dynamic calculations, heat transfer, stationary and transitory calculations, fluid dynamics, electromagnetism and multi-physical calculations (coupled fields). For the group, simulation has a double interest: to analyse systems and processes as well as, to achieve a deeper knowledge of the behaviour of materials. 034
  • 35. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The main activities of the Area of Simulation and Innovative Design are: · COLD FORMINg · hOT FORMINg · ELECTROMAgNETIC FORMINg · CASTINgS · vIbRATIONS · ELASTOMERS · FLuIDS. OPTIMISATION OF COOLINg SYSTEMS · INNOvATIvE DESIgN · uLTRASOuNDS 035
  • 36. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c cold Forming The main lines of work within the unit of cold forming are the following: Estimate of the elastic recuperation: The objectives in this field focus on the proposal of a methodology for the correct estimation of the elastic recovery (springback) as well as, on the compensation of the forming tools, so as to obtain pieces within the tolerances in the forming of sheets with high strength steels by studying the parameters which influence the process. For this reason, numerical simulation by finite elements is the tool most used, since it´s proven by a rigorous experimental validation. It has been proven that, so as to achieve a correct prediction of the elastic recovery, it is essential to have the knowledge of the variation of the modulus of elasticity depending on the plastic deformation and the cyclic behaviour of the AhSS under study. A method for the compensation of springback using Abaqus has been designed. This method makes it possible to obtain the geometry of the compensated tools (punch, mould and pusher) in such a way that the piece obtained after the elastic recovery coincides with the geometry originally designed. Progressive forming The progressive forming processes are a set of forming techniques in which the preform is deformed locally until obtaining the final shape. This kind of process has the 036 important advantage of reducing considerably the strength
  • 37. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c and size of the machinery needed so as to obtain certain final geometries. An important family of progressive forming processes is the one known as spinning. This family includes the traditional spinning and the conical and cylindrical laminations. In the first two processes, a circular preform of sheet goes around at great speed and is deformed by applying pressure with a tamper on an also revolving mould. With one or various passes, the preform achieves the desired shape. In the cylindrical lamination, a tube of a certain thickness spins around at great speed while a certain number of tampers, generally three, reduce locally its thickness. At the end of the process we obtain a tube with its thickness evenly reduced. The fine-tuning of the parameters of the spinning processes is still to this day, a matter of experience, trial and error. Computer simulation makes it possible to obtain not only a deeper knowledge of the process (because we have a complete image of the state of tensions and deformations of the material) but also, a tool for predicting the effect of the change of parameters of the process. Recently, the group has worked on the simulation of the cylindrical lamination process of steels with a high elastic limit. This work has included the characterisation of the materials for this kind of processes and the development of experimental techniques for validating the simulations. Prediction of the breaking At the same time that the development of new high strength 037 steels grants many advantages, it also generates new
  • 38. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c inconvenients during their forming process. The complexity of the present geometries of work induces nonlinear deformation paths in multiple-step operations. The simulation methods used up to this moment for the prediction of possible fractures of the material during its forming process are way too conservative. The FLD (Failure Limit Diagram) criteria are a clear example. There are several criteria for the prediction of the fracture of sheets that have been, up till now, in phase of being validated and also an agreement by the scientific community. Among these stands out the Forming Limit Stress Diagram (FLSD). This method has been used by the Fundació CTM obtaining very good results. The simulation by finite elements makes it possible to introduce the FLSD criterion for determining if the piece that has to be inlaid will present restriction or not. Finally, all this procedure makes it possible to greatly reduce the experimental tests, which in many occasions are difficult to carry out and mean a great initial cost (forming tools). The following figure shows the same piece experimentally inlaid and simulated by finite elements (FLSD criterion). wear The evolution of the materials being used in the steel forming industry has put die stamping tools under high mechanical requirements, which result in an important wear of these and in many cases in fractures that render them useless. Faced with these problems, the group of simulation and innovative design has worked on the development of simulation strategies 038 capable of modelling the wear and failure of forming tools.
  • 39. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c These techniques consist in programming a script for post- processing the simulation results and in the modelling of tools with deformable elements. At present, the group has the capacity for carrying out the design of tools presenting calculations of the life span that make it possible to make a correct selection of the material and adjust the maintenance plans of the productive systems. Hot Forming The forming of sheets at high temperatures has gained prominence in recent years, especially in the car industry. It makes it possible to obtain pieces with high mechanical properties in relation to the weight and to reduce negative phenomena related to the cold forming process, such as springback. Numerical simulation using finite elements in this field is an essential tool for the adjustment of this kind of process, as well as for other processes such as forging, extrusion, lamination, etc. Numerical simulation using finite elements allows us to study, among others, the following aspects of the hot forming process: thermomechanical study of the tools: · Distribution of temperatures and tensions in the tools during the forming cycles · Design and analysis of the cooling systems · Selection of materials · Stabilisation cycles of the process thermomechanical study of the piece: · Study about the conformability and selection of the suitable format 039
  • 40. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c · Prediction of the distribution of temperature and final mechanical strength research into new hot forming processes electromagnetic forming The electromagnetic forming technique is based on the generation of high intensity transitory magnetic fields through a rapid discharge (20-150µs) of electric energy on a specially designed coil. The transitory magnetic field induces eddy currents on the piece (good electrical conductor); the interaction between the coil currents and the ones induced on the piece, generate forces of repulsion that accelerate the piece and make it deform. This forming technique presents important advantages regarding conventional techniques; some of these advantages are: reduction of the elastic recovery and the speed of the process. The nature of the process in which electromagnetic, mechanical and thermal phenomena in transitory regime are developed, involves the need of using calculation tools by the finite elements method in the design stages of the process. Simulation makes it possible to evaluate the electromagnetic efficiency of the coil, obtaining the evolution of the electromagnetic fields and forces developed during the electrical discharge. This analysis, solved together with the thermal and mechanical analysis, makes it possible to determine the temporary evolution of the distribution of strains, temperatures and deformations of both the piece and the coil. The results obtained in the simulation together with the proper selection of materials, have allowed us to obtain a robust and 040
  • 41. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c suitable design of the forming tools and the final deformation and shape of the piece. casting In the last few years simulation has joined the workflow of the foundry companies helping to optimise the components and manufacturing processes while reducing the time and costs that characterise the test and error method. The Simulation department counts with a set of programs which make it possible to simulate a wide range of casting processes such as: · Casting by gravity · high Pressure Die Casting (hPDC) or Low Pressure Die Casting (LPDC) · Continuous casting With these tools the department can carry out a complete analysis of the casting process that includes: · Cast steel flow in the cavity until is full · Profile of temperatures and stresses on the pieces and the moulds during the process · Evolution of the solidification front · Detection of the appearance of different kinds of defects · Determination of the microstructure of the component All these data make it possible to approach the design or improvement of a casting process without having to actually manufacture pieces until very advanced stages of the process. At the same time, the reasons for the appearance of defects in an already established industrial process can be detected quickly facilitating (this way) the correction and improvement. 041
  • 42. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The tests carried out at the experimental facilities of Fundació CTM allow us to validate the predictions made by the simulations. Vibrations One can consider a vibration the temporary periodical variations of different magnitudes. In fact, a mechanical vibration is the movement of a body that oscillates around a point of equilibrium. The causes of mechanical vibrations are many but basically, they are closely related to mechanisation tolerances, calibration, relative movements between touching surfaces or the balance of rotating or oscillating parts. The phenomena we have just listed almost always produce a movement of the system from its point of stable equilibrium originating a mechanical vibration. The majority of the vibrations in machinery and structures are undesirable because they increase the strains and for the loss in energy that accompanies them. Furthermore, they are the source of the wearing down of materials, damage due to fatigue as well as of annoying movements and noises. Simulation by finite elements makes it possible to obtain the intrinsic modes of a structure, i.e. the intrinsic resonance frequencies of the structure with the representation of the deformation of the said frequencies (MODAL MODEL). The knowledge of the intrinsic modes of the structure enables the evaluation of its usage independently of its area of operation. Furthermore, the results of the modal analysis facilitate the definition of structural improvements on contributing a numeric and graphic model of mechanical behaviour. 042
  • 43. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c For the determination of the dynamic behaviour of a mechanical structure, 3 different models exist: · Spatial model: All structures can be modelled spatially by means of a set of mass systems, a shock absorber and an equivalent mould. For this purpose, we define a series of characteristic matrices of the system (matrix of the mass, matrix of the shock absorber, matrix of stiffness) that is under analysis · Modal model: given the said matrices, the modal analysis is limited to the resolution of a problem of autovalues · Response model: Mathematical expression which, based on the modal model and the shock absorbency value, enables us to obtain the FRFs of a structure, i.e. what its behaviour is in relation to the excitation frequency Fatigue of the components The application of loads or periodic movements on a component can lead it to fail at load levels that are much lower than it would be expected in a monotonic load situation. Predicting life under fatigue of a component can be dealt with using two very different strategies: · To reproduce the working conditions in the laboratory and cycle until the part fails · To study the properties of the material under fatigue and estimate its life according to the loads it has to bear In the study of behaviour under fatigue simulation is a very effective tool given that it enables the determination of the states of tensions and deformations of the components in service under very different load states. These tensions and deformations can 043
  • 44. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c combine with the characterisation of the material and the existing theoretical models with the aim of obtaining a life under fatigue estimation of the component. This way, we can greatly reduce the experimental and economic expenses of the first strategy. elastomers characterisation and simulation of elastomeric components Elastomers are a family of polymers with very special mechanical properties that require specific lab tests and simulation techniques. In this field the results obtained through the simulation by finite elements are utterly dependent on the model used on characterising the material. The convenient method for defining a hyperelastic material is to feed the software the results of the necessary experimental tests according to the requirements to which the part being studied is submitted. The lab tests that can be adapted are the following: · Traction and uniaxial compression · Traction and equibiaxial compression · Traction and flat compression (pure shear) · Traction and volumetric compression The simulation group has experience in the characterisation of elastomeric materials and in the simulation of components manufactured with these materials. Likewise, the centre is equipped to carry out the necessary experimental tests. Fluids. optimisation of cooling systems The mechanics of fluids is the science that governs the movement of a fluid and the forces that cause it. The set of 044
  • 45. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c general equations that model its behaviour is called Navier- Stokes: · Continuity equation · Amount of movement equation · Energy equation The physical and variable properties that are studied with this type of analysis are: speed, temperature, pressure, enthalpy, viscosity, convection coefficient, aerodynamic coefficient, working systems (laminar – turbulent) In many cases, to obtain an exact solution to the problem of fluids is an ambitious challenge. given the complexity of these systems, the simulation of fluids by finite elements (CFD) is presented as an able tool which, in the majority of situations, allows the determination of an approximate solution. The group has carried out the calculation of fluids of diverse types; some are as follows: · Simulation of climatisation units · The obtaining of aerodynamic coefficients for different given geometries, calculation of singularities in pipes and valves · Simulation of hot forming and forging (with refrigeration circuits) · The obtaining of the mechanical requirements of a solid after a flow of fluid innovative design The department of innovative design comes up from the need to create customised tools, objects and small machinery. The integration of the calculating power of simulation by finite 045
  • 46. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c elements in the design makes it possible to obtain a product with less experimental load, optimised and with a shorter production time. Some of the projects in which we have worked are the following: · Water injection experimental equipment for the validation of numerical simulation · hot stamping experimental equipment for adjusting the different critical parameters inherent to the process · Feasibility study about the innovative designs of cooking tools in collaboration with the foundation ALICIA ultrasounds Initially the optical applications were the greater impact of lasers nevertheless, they have started to have more important contributions in the field of ultrasounds. The ultrasound inspection methods are routinely used in non destructive tests for structures and engineering materials; the diagnosis through ultrasounds is constantly used in medicine, while the measurement of movements and dimensions by this technique is widely used in industry. The combination of the laser and ultrasound techniques means a wide range of applications in many fields of engineering. The simulation by finite elements makes it possible to study the two most important phenomena that concur in the method of ultrasounds by laser: · Thermo-elastic generation · Ablative generation One of the many applications of this method is the determination of internal defects in materials without having 046
  • 47. simulation/designF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c to destroy the components. by way of illustration, we now present the results obtained in two aluminium test tubes, one of them with an internal notch. 047
  • 48. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c enVironMenTal TecHnologY TENVIRONMENTAL he Area of Environmental Technology works with the objective of generating new products and processes related with environmental technology, at the same time that it tries to help improve the environmentalTECHNOLOGY quality contributing to a more sustainable industrial and social development. It counts with technological facilities at Manresa and Flix. The environmental sector is guided mainly by the need that society has for guaranteeing the resources and minimising the effects that the human activity has on the environment. This circumstance together with the demand of social wellbeing involves the adoption of more restrictive legal and economic measures, which translate into the need of generating technological advances. 048
  • 49. environmentalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The activities of the area include the value chain of environmental technology, in other words: engineering, consultancy, services as well as the design of new capital goods and processes. Thus, the area works with both private demands, like for example those related with companies that produce and after market their own products, as well as with public groups for which the administration represents the demand. All this, assuming a commitment with technological and scientific progress. The Area of Environmental Technology focuses a large part of its activity taking as a reference the needs and opportunities of industries and companies from the sectors that present interaction with the environment, channelling the work through the execution of R+D/IT projects and offering advanced services. The main current environmental threats are, among others: the emission of greenhouse gases, the hydric stress and the quality of water, the treatment and management of wastes, the degradation and contamination of the soil, the quality of the air and the use of natural resources in general. More specifically, the activities of this area are focused on industrial and nuclear residues, contaminated soil, the quality and technology of water and industrial ecology thanks to applied research and technological innovation. The Area of Environmental Technology counts with a state- of-the-art scientific and technological equipment distributed among the laboratories in Manresa and Flix: experimentation and environmental analysis, microbiologic analysis and membrane technology and pilot plants for the treatment of waters that are 049 often used in-situ such as is the case of industrial companies, which are locations where there usually are pilot plants.
  • 50. environmentalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The area counts with high level technological tools such as modern analytical and experimental equipment among which we should highlight: · Induced Coupled Plasma - Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) · Induced Coupled Plasma - Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) · Atomic Absorption Spectometer (AA) · gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (gC-MS) · Ionic Chromatography · high Performance Liquid Chromatography (hPLC) · Total organic carbon analyser (TOC) · Continuous analyser for nitrogen and phosphorus · The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) · Time Resolved Laser Fluorescence Spectrometer (TRLFS) · Microwave Digestor · glove camera under inert purified gas · Waste water respirometry Soil and residues Respirometry · Pilot plant for experimenting with membranes · Cross-flow units for experimenting with membranes at the laboratory · glove camera for working with modified and controlled atmospheres · Carbonation reactor · Pilot plant for the treatment of waste waters · Pilot plant for nanofiltration 050
  • 51. environmentalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c T he Area of Environmental Technology is structured in the following working units: · WATER TEChNOLOgY · EvALuATION OF RISkS AND IMPACTS ON ThE ENvIRONMENT · SOILS AND SubTERRANEAN WATER · INDuSTRIAL ECOLOgY · ACTINIDES ENVIRONMENTAL · TRANSFER OF TEChNOLOgY AND R+D+I TOgEThER WITh COMPANIES TECHNOLOGY 051
  • 52. environmentalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Water technology The research into technologies related to processes in the cycle of water such as desalinisation, obtention of potable water and drainage, as well as the regeneration and reuse of water, is becoming more and more important and necessary. In the case of Mediterranean countries, research is considered a priority because of their geographical and climatic context in which non conventional sources of water must be made fundamental to mitigate the effects of the lack of water. The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic uses advanced techniques to improve the effectiveness of these processes and contribute to close the cycle of water. These techniques are mainly based on membrane technology, as well as on ionic exchange resins and selective absorbents among others. The lack of water makes it necessary for water to be obtained from non conventional sources; in other words, from sources that come from some sort of anthropogenic production different from the natural hydrological sources of the cycle itself. It is possible to obtain these resources through the application of membrane technology; mainly the desalinisation and regeneration of residual waters by means of the Membrane bioreactors (bRM). Furthermore, membrane technology also makes it possible to greatly improve the quality of conventional water resources. The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic counts with the most advanced techniques for the characterisation of the membranes used in water treatment processes. For example, the joint use of Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and the analysis by Energy- dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) allows us to determine the 052 characteristics of the layer that contaminates the surface of the
  • 53. environmentalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c membranes and propose modifications which will allow users and manufacturers to improve the output of present processes. evaluation of risks and impacts on the environment Anthropogenic activities disperse many pollutant agents and stressors (chemical organic and inorganic products, invader species, radiations…) that might have an important impact on the environment and human health. given the circumstances, it is important to evaluate the state of the environment, determine the pressures that affect the unfavourable state and determine the impact or risk that might come from it; as well as to determine the methodologies for the treatment of this condition and to carry out a follow up of their implantation. The research that is being carried out covers all these stages and is mainly focused on: · Analytical characterisation (physical, chemical and microbiological) and follow up on the state of the affected environment · Study of the interaction and transfer between pollutants and environmental vectors at different scales (laboratory, pilot, etc ...) and for modellisation · Evaluation of the risk for determining the possibility of adverse effects on human health and ecosystems in contaminated locations and design recovery actions · Evaluation of the impact indicators and modellisation of the reactive transportation of pollutants (river basins, dumps, soils) · Follow up studies of methodologies for the treatment and 053 recovery at different scales, from laboratory to field (i.e. follow
  • 54. environmentalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c up on invader species, reagents for the treatment of the environment, microbiology) soils and subterranean water The contamination of different environmental vectors such as soil, subterranean water, surface water and sediments as a consequence of industrial, agricultural and livestock farming activities is quite common in many countries. In Catalonia alone, the number of registered contaminated soils is around 1000, which need and will need recovery projects during the period 2007-2012. The current legislation regarding contaminated soils gives priority to those recovery methods that make it possible to reduce the contaminants in situ using low cost technologies that minimise the removal of the contaminated vector (soil, sediment, subterranean water) to special waste sites. In this context, research and development is being carried out on several recovery technologies that include treatments for contaminated soils, sediments and subterranean waters through biological methods (bioremediation, natural attenuation), physical (vapour extraction, tensioactives) and chemical treatments (advanced oxidants, reactive barriers). These recovery methods are potentially very important, which is a fact to be taken into account and which makes them highly competitive and sustainable environmental technologies The most common typology of contaminants that are treated includes mineral oils, heavy metals, bTEX (benzene, toluene, etilbenzene and xylene), hAPs (aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons), chlorinated hydrocarbons (perchloroethylene, trichloroethylene 054
  • 55. environmentalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c and byproducts) and other compounds such as nitrates, different types of pesticides and cyanides. based on these alternatives, research and development of recovery technologies is being carried out in the laboratory to obtain a full scale evaluation of the best recovery alternatives. In order to carry out these studies, ATA counts with modern instruments that make it possible to count with physical, chemical and microbiological analysis for characterising the contaminating agents, as well as the means for designing reactive transportation of contaminants. industrial ecology The different types of wastes constitute a great loss, which should be minimised, of raw materials and energy. In fact, so much that they can be considered resources that have gone to waste. Traditionally, R+D activities have been more concerned with the manufacture of products and the management of final waste materials than with the minimisation of wastes and the prevention of pollution. On the other hand, the increase in manufacturing activities, the growing concern for the environment and the lack of resources force us to see waste materials as potential resources. In such a context, the area of Environmental Technology is working on the application of new technologies for the valorisation of wastes or by-products, combining eco-efficiency and profitability. This makes it possible to keep on with the productive structures that are necessary for creating wealth while at the same time provide greater protection for the environment. Despite the fact that the production of wastes will never cease altogether, no matter how hard we try, the ATA also has experience in the study 055
  • 56. environmentalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c of the behaviour of wastes and how to stabilise them prior to depositing them in controlled dump sites. As well as that, they carry out activities related with the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of products and processes that takes into account the fact that its impact on the environment is not only linked to the beginning and end of the life cycle, but also to the time it is in use - “from the cradle to the grave”. Studies about the LCA follow a methodology that consists basically of drawing up an inventory of the consumption (material and energy) and emissions during each of the stages in the life cycle, an Evaluation of the Impacts that such consumption and emissions could have on the environment. actinides The countries that use nuclear energy have to be able to manage the wastes that come from it. One of the areas of expertise of the Area of Environmental Technology is the study of the behaviour of actinides; products of fission and activation produced in nuclear power stations under the expected conditions in the safety repositories of radioactive wastes. Research is mainly focused on the behaviour of nuclear fuel irradiated in a geological deep repository. The research group is developing theoretical models to predict radionuclide release resulting from the interaction between spent fuel and subterranean water. It has also studied the uranium mineral dissolution used as a natural substitute for spent fuel as well as actinide and fission product migration in natural systems. In the mentioned studies different experimental techniques 056 are used; some of these are: x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
  • 57. environmentalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c (XPS), x-ray absorption spectroscopy (EXAFS, XANES), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and of atomic force (AFM), Time- Resolved Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopy (TRLFS) or mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The Actinides Research group belongs to the European Network of Excellence ACTINET-6, and collaborates with the most important European Research Institutes in this field: ITu (joint Research Centre, karlsruhe), INE (Forschungszentrum karlsruhe) Institute of Radiochemistry (Forschungszentrum, Rossendorf) and CEA Commissariat à l’Enérgie Atomique (France). Most of its projects are financed by ENRESA (Empresa Nacional de Residuos Radiactivos S.A) and are for the European union. Transfer of technology and r+d+i together with companies by means of its own R+D lines, the area of Environmental Technology makes firm technological bids in the medium term and later on, once they have ripened, finalises the corresponding transfer of technology. The constant contact that the Fundació CTM has with the different companies and entities guarantees the approach of this R+D and that these technologies meet the strategic needs and requirements of the target sectors. Parallel to this, the Area of Environmental Technology of the Fundació CTM is placed as a technological point of reference for companies that need and wish to carry out R+D in similar areas. Thus, the area’s team of professionals with experience in the private sector and insights into their inherent values, works in 057 the projects according to the customers’ needs, and proposes
  • 58. environmentalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c collaboration in a diverse and competitive working group company – Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. In the realisation of these research projects with companies, the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic endeavours to obtain financial backing whether state, autonomic or European. They also inform the customer of the deductions that are applicable in the case of R+D+I. 058
  • 59. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c suPPorT To innoVaTion T SUPPORT he Area of Support to Innovation (ASI) develops its activity in different fields that are considered to be crucial for those companies that want to take a step forward and get ahead their competitors: innovation, environment, technical advice in management and training. TO INNOVATION It is of paramount importance that the research work carried out by the different research centres reaches the business network. The Area of Support to Innovation lays the foundations so that this transfer of technology can be carried out efficiently, thus providing customer companies with a qualitative IMPROvEMENT of their capacities. With this aim, the centre establishes a set of internal and external objectives: internal objectives: · Create a product portfolio of specific and differential products with a high added value · Develop solutions for complex problems at a global level external objectives: The centre wants companies to achieve, through this Area, the following objectives: 1. generation of their own products 2. Improvement of their innovation process 059 3. Reduction of their environmental management costs 4. Improvement of their organisational systems
  • 60. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c These objectives are developed in different projects of support for companies, which have an eminently practical character and are directed to results. These projects are carried out taking into account the necessities of companies and in close Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic -company collaboration. The projects can be summed up in the following activities: · The generation of their own products, both internally and externally · Innovation and transfer of technology so as to increase the added value of our clients So as to perform these activities, the Area of Support to Innovation has carried out in 2010 a structural reorganisation; this way it will be able to achieve the objectives in a way that is more focussed on the client: suPerVise selecT inTernal rinG TesT deVeloP MarKeT ProducTs iMPlanT eXTernal iMProVe rinG cHecK 060
  • 61. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The Internal Ring is structured in the following Lines of Work that provide an answer, both to the internal and external objectives and which, the external ring, has to be able to take to the market: 1. generation at the company of products of their own (i-PRODuCT) 2. Industrial Eco-innovation (ECO-i) 3. Creation of organisational models and ones for the management of innovation 1. gENERATION AT ThE COMPANY OF PRODuCTS OF ThEIR OWN A high percentage of the manufacturing companies that form the business network have, as social objective, the transformation of materials so as to grant them certain characteristics with regards composition, shape or functions, according to the requirements set by a third party. In other words, their function is about executing a series of more or less complex operations so as to be able to provide their orders with the characteristics defined by another company, in a way that it will be the latter one who will carry out the development of the products. For this reason, companies act in fact as subcontractors, complying with the every time more demanding requirements of a third party, while competing with other companies for carrying this task in the most efficient manner, focussing all their efforts in the reduction of the lead time and the price. For this reason, none of these lines of work, that would otherwise seam essential at a short term, grant companies a solid position when facing the possible fact of the contractor deciding to externalise his services to a third party because 061
  • 62. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c of better economies or the logistic facilities, or even because of their own relocation. A possibility that together with the increase in the number of companies that are closing due to the present economic situation, will happen more often in the next few years. For this reason, in 2010 started this Line of Work, which is aware of the need that many companies have to incorporate to the market their own high added value products. The objectives are: · To become a partner that offers support globally throughout the creation process of the product · To become a referent in the creation of their own products among the companies of Catalonia The following could be customer-companies: · Companies with little-differentiated products or with little added value · Companies that act as third party contractors. No products of their own · Companies with a turnover that concentrates in a small number of clients · Spin-off’s / Start up’s with a lack of business view 2. INDuSTRIAL ECO-INNOvATION (ECO-I). Projects focused towards innovation and the transfer of technology for solving problems and environmental challenges related to the processes and products of companies. These projects not only seek an environmental improvement of the processes and products but also a cost reduction for making possible an increase of competitiveness. 062
  • 63. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Fields of action: · Technological transfer and innovation in the treatment and valorisation of wastes · Development of technology and creation of environmental products of their own · Development of methods and implementation of solutions for the environmental optimisation and cost reduction for companies · Strategic advice in environmental legislation · Environmental innovation projects, transfer of technology and sustainability Some examples of ECO-i projects are: · Project for the valorisation of residual green moulding sand that comes from the process of iron casting · Project for the valorisation of the fine fraction of residual green moulding sand that comes from the iron casting process in different industrial applications · Project for the valorisation of the slag that comes from the iron casting process · Resolution of problems related to the minimisation and valorisation of different kinds of industrial wastes · Collaboration in the design of an innovative productive process based on sustainability criteria and kick off of a pilot plant for the production of biodiesel · Project for the synthesising and industrialisation of liquid copper-citrate for using it as an algaecide (CITCO) · Advice on environmental legislation (REACh regulation, Environmental responsibility, etc) 063
  • 64. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c International Collaborations: · Eco-Design for Eco-Innovation: the green-Car case (green- Car Eco-Design) 3. ECO-DESIGN for ECO-INNOVATION: the GREEN-CAR CASE (GREEN-CAR ECO-DESIGN) The ECO-i unit takes part in the project green-Car Eco-Design, which is coordinated by the Centre Tecnològic Cartif and was approved by the Programa de Cooperación Territorial del Espacio Sudoeste Europeo (SuDOE) from 2010. This initiative for transnational cooperation has obtained a FEDER aid for the development of a study on the subject of eco-innovation about the new sustainable mobility paradigm: the electric vehicle. The development of the project involves the incorporation of the environmental variable in the design stage of the main components of the electric vehicle, in a way that we will obtain safer vehicles that are more respectful with the environment. The project is being developed in collaboration with partners from other regions of the SuDOE: Cartif (Castilla y León, Spain), Mondragón Goi Eskola Politeknikoa S.Coop. (País vasco, Spain), IAT (Andalucia, Spain), ITA (Aragón, Spain), École Supérieure des Technologies Industrielles Avancées (Aquitània-France) and Instituto Politécnico de Setúbal (Lisbon- Portugal). CREATION OF ORgANISATIONAL MODELS AND MODELS FOR INNOvATION MANAgEMENT The objective of this line of activities is to provide companies with the concepts, methodologies and tools for improving their competitiveness through innovation allowing them to 064
  • 65. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c incorporate and improve the innovation management systems and the projects related with R&D&IT activities. The aim is to guide these activities towards developing processes and products that anticipate the current necessities and problems of companies and customers and situates them at the avant- garde of the market at a technological level. The field of action of this line of the area is very wide. From the start it has worked in numerous sectors and different geographical spaces providing the area with extensive experience in the field of innovation. At present, the sorts of projects that are being carried out are mainly projects for the creation of methodologies that will help companies to systematise their innovation activities. The Area of Support to Innovation has extensive experience in advice and implementation of management systems, product development, services and technical support and therefore, it offers support in different fields such as: · Quality Control Management · Environmental Management · Risk Prevention Management · Management of Corporate Social Responsibility · Industrial Security · Technical information Work has been carried out in these fields for the implantation of reference norms, development and implantation of their own methodologies, design of computer applications in the fields of quality, environment, risk prevention and machine safety 065 management, as well as for the design of specific references.
  • 66. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c These services allow companies to improve and optimise different parts of their processes such as: · Implantation of the norm UNE-EN ISO 9001: Advice on the implantation of a quality management system · Implantation of the norm UNE-EN 9100: Advice on the implantation of a quality management system in the aerospace sector · Implantation of the norm ISO/IEC 17025: Advice on the implantation of a management system for laboratories in accordance with ISO/IEC 17025 · Implantation of the norm EN-UNE 13816: Advice on the implantation of a quality management system of public transports in accordance with uNE-EN-uNE 13816 · Implantation of the norms BRC, IFS and ISO 22000: Advice on the implantation of management systems for food safety and food inocuity in accordance with regulations IFS, bRC and ISO22000 · Implantation of the norm ISO 14001:04 o EMAS: Advice on the implantation of environmental management systems in accordance with the ISO regulation 14001:04; elaboration of environmental licensees or environmental audits for evaluating the degree of fulfilment of the regulation. Study of the adequacy of the regulation to the company · Risk prevention: The projects that have been carried out have been executed in several sectors. A management system based on the regulation OhSAS 18001:07 has been implanted · CE Marking: Support to companies in the CE marking of machines · Environmental risk: Implantation of methodologies for 066 the analysis and evaluation of the environmental risk (uNE 150008)
  • 67. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Likewise, the area carries out audits on all these points of reference by request of the company. The integration of the processes of the management systems of companies in this field of work has been carried out with advanced characteristics by developing different methodologies and computer applications with the objective of optimising these management systems; providing that way a new working approach eminently orientated towards processes. Projects carried out by the area of support to innovation in 2010 P rojects for the implantation of self-developed metho- dologies as a result of the willingness for moving for- wards and providing companies with high added value support from its different fields of knowledge. These methodologies have been developed within the frame of dif- ferent programmes financed by the administration and have been implemented and tested at first stage, in a number of companies so as to be validated. At present, these methodologies are part of a portfolio of self- developed methodologies that can be implemented with the advice of the technical staff of the Area in the frame of a project in any kind of company, regardless of its sector or size. Next, we present a list with a description of the self-developed methodologies implanted during 2010: INNOvACIÓN gLObAL II It is a project that proposes the implementation of a software platform with a modular structure of global management. The 067
  • 68. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c function of this platform is the systematisation and optimisation of the process for obtaining information from the different management systems of the company and from the resources used in this process. The implementation of this tool means an improvement of the flow of information between the different management systems, minimising the resources used in the transmission of information and the risks of losing it. With this tool companies will have firstly, a guide for the implementation of R+D/IT and technological surveillance management systems and also for the execution of R+D/IT projects; secondly, it will achieve an optimum and efficient management of its R+D/IT and of its technological surveillance management systems, as well as of their R+D/IT projects. The main advantages are the following: · Implementation, easy and structured management of the management systems · Improves the flow and filing of information · Facilitates the creation and subsequent management of the R+D/IT department · Provides the company with a technological surveillance system · guides the company in the management of its R+D/IT projects ECOINNOvA It is a Project in the field of eco design for the design of industrial products where environment is taken into account at the moment of making decisions during the development process of products as an additional factor to the ones that 068
  • 69. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c have traditionally been considered (costs, quality, safety, ergonomics…). The aim is to reduce the environmental impact of the product throughout its life cycle, from the obtaining of raw materials and components, to its elimination once it has been rejected. This tool has the aim of promoting the development of the management of ecodesign, so as to improve competitiveness and to increase the innovation factor of companies. So as to achieve the objectives of this project, from the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic we have designed and developed a software support tool for ecodesign projects. Its implementation follows regulation uNE 150301:2003 of environmental management of the process of design and development - Ecodesign. AMbIgEST It is a project with the objective of improving the environmental management of companies through the monitoring and computerising of their activities and environmental processes through a computer application. With this application companies will be able to collect, organise and control the data, documents and activities of a whole environmental management system. This tool has the objective of improving the environmental management of companies by monitoring and computerising its activities and environmental processes through a computer application. This application software follows regulation NORMA-uNE-EN-ISO 14001:2004. Among other advantages, we should mention: · Improvement of the environmental management of companies and of the performance of their activities 069
  • 70. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c · Cost savings in the short/long term through the control and reduction of raw materials, energy, water, wastes, etc. · Image improvement and marketing possibilities ECOTEC This tool allows the automatic safety evaluation of a machine with a view to fulfilling the applicable legislation (machine directives 98/37/CE, 73/23/CEE low tension, 89/336/CEE electro- magnetic compatibility, 94/9/CE ATEX) with two basic aims: to carry out the CE marking through a standardised method and to be able to control the technical records of the machines. With this tool unnecessary costs can be avoided through the validation of prototypes during the design phase; we have access to the documentation; we control versions and drawings; it facilitates the realisation of new machines built from modifications of other machines and it integrates in the design process, regulation uNE-EN ISO 9001:2008. SYSTEMS FOR ThE MANAgEMENT OF INNOvATION During 2010 the centre has developed a methodology for the management of the innovation activities carried out in the organisation. This methodology systematises the following activities: · Technological surveillance and creativity: The objective of this part is to establish a methodology for systematic production, observation and search for signs of change and novelties, focussed towards the capture of information, selection and analysis, spreading and communication for turning it into knowledge. On the other hand, it also 070
  • 71. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c systematises the generation of a suitable environment so as to facilitate the creativity of the people that form the organisation · Definition and analysis of project proposals: Starting from the ideas generated in the Technological Surveillance and Creativity process, the system that has to be followed is established by defining and analysing the project proposals that will be used for the subsequent development of innovation projects · Elaboration, planning and execution of innovation projects: The objective of this process is the definition, execution and evaluation of the innovation projects of the company, which have emerged from the process of definition and analysis of project proposals. On the other hand, this process has the aim of regulating the planning, organisation, assignment of resources, control and follow-up and closing and revision of the portfolio of projects of the company · Protection and exploitation of results: This activity has the aim of systematising the process of protection of the results of the company´s innovation process. On the other hand, it also systematises the process for the transfer of the results of the innovation process, observing the possibility of acquiring knowledge outside the company IN ThE FIELD OF TEChNICAL ADvICE IN MANAgEMENT From the Area of Support to Innovation the centre has carried out many projects for technical advice: · Quality Management: design of specific references and working methodologies. Quality Sg: ISO 9001, EN 9100 071 (aerospace), TS 16949 (automotion), ISO 17025 (laboratories), etc.
  • 72. support innovationF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c · Environmental Management: execution of diagnosis and internal audits. Permanent advice on environmental legislation and technical support. Development of environmental programmes and implantations of management systems according to regulation ISO 14001 and EMAS regulation · Risk prevention management: Implantation and design of risk prevention management systems according to regulations OhSAS 18.001 and uNE 81.900 EX · Corporate social responsibility management: Implantation of ethical management according to regulations SA8000 and SgE21 · Environmental risk: Implantation and design of methodologies for the analysis and evaluation of the environmental risk (uNE 150008) · Industrial safety: Advice on the certification and CE marking for machines to comply with machine regulations regarding mechanical and electrical security and electromagnetic compatibility. Adaptation of old machines as part of the production process. Advice and elaboration of safety cards for products. Advice on the correct storing of toxic, dangerous and inflammable products · Projects execution: Support and advice on the execution of technical projects and on the development of management and organisational systems for the improvement of the existing quality management systems. Advice on the design phase of machines and processes of quality control systems. Development of design and R&D organization systems · Technical information: Support to companies on issues regarding norms and standards, compliance of technical questions and ways to access finance programmes for different kinds of projects: I+D/IT, FORCEM, CIRIT-CIDEM... 072
  • 73. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c energY T he Area of Energy of the Fundació CTM has the objective of proposing and developing projects which have the mission of improving the competitiveness of companies through the transfer of technology and knowledge in the field of energetic efficiency and renewable energies, making this way a record of their needs. The mission of the Area of Energy is: · Work together with companies for the optimisation of products and processes through the improvement of energetic efficiency · Favour the integration of renewable energies in society and industry The Area of Energy integrates knowledge in different fields such as: electrical technology, electronic technology, thermo- energetic technology and chemical technology. The area counts with the use of high quality commercial simulation tools for working on the design and simulation of electrical, electronic and thermo-energetic systems and with technicians and the necessary equipment for the development of the facilities The lines of activity of the area are focused on the following subjects: · Improvement of the energetic efficiency of components and systems 073
  • 74. energyF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c · Application of power electronics, control and communications in the management of energy · Research and development of systems for the management of the energetic demand in buildings and industrial sites · Integral use of Energy and integration of distributed generation systems · Development and implementation of renewable energies · Conceptualisation, design, control and supervision of electric distribution micronets · Development and integration of technologies for electric vehicles The main activities carried out by the Area of Energy in 2010 are: · CONCEPTION OF SYSTEMS FOR ThE ENERgETIC MANAgEMENT IN buILDINgS AND INDuSTRIAL SITES · CONCEPTuALISATION, DESIgN, CONTROL AND SuPERvISION OF ELECTRIC DISTRIbuTION MICRONETS · INTEgRATION OF TEChNOLOgIES FOR ELECTRIC vEhICLES 074
  • 75. energyF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c conceptualisation of systems for the energetic management in buildings and industrial sites The Energy Management Systems seek to improve the safety of the energy supply and efficiency by the acquisition, processing and intelligible presentation of consumption data, development of tools for the global diagnosis of the system, automatic management of the consumption, adaptation of the consumption to the instantaneous conditions of the plant through automatic modelling of consumption rates and self generation, expert systems, management of records by statistics and proposals for improvements of the system and generation and notification of alarms. conceptualisation, design, control and supervision of electric distribution Micronets This line of work seeks to make progress in the study, knowledge, design and application of distributed generation Micronets by feeding resistive, inductive and harmonic loads present in buildings of the tertiary sector, groups of individual homes or small production plants, increasing this way the knowledge on the operation of these Micronets so as to facilitate their implantation in the market. The objectives include the determination of the methodologies for the conception, design and practical implementation of low power (lower than 5MW) Micronets with renewable distributed generation and loads with an arbitrary profile and the development of the control 075 and maintenance algorithms of the Micronet for its application in residential environments.
  • 76. energyF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c integration of technologies for electric vehicles The Fundació CTM is working on the technologies that will allow the future integration of commercial Electric vehicles and their introduction in the market. In this field, the Area of Energy of the Fundació CTM works on the integration of mechanical and electrical technologies, the conception and development of electric traction systems, load balancing systems for chemical batteries, development of the net of electric vehicles CAN and the study and conception of the new charging infrastructures in both, public environments and private homes. 076
  • 77. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c MosT ouTsTanding ProjecTs T he most important projects carried out by the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic during 2010 are: projects Verde v ERDE is a CENIT project lead by SEAT´s Technical Centre and coordinated technically and administratively by the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. The project is dedicated to the study and development of technologies that will enable the future integration and introduction of electric vehicles into the Spanish state. The 7 activities of the project tackle different subjects ranging from the study of the different topologies of electrical vehicles and their actuation systems to their interaction with the distribution network. The project has a global budget of 34 million Euros. The 20 companies that participate in the project include car manufacturers, manufacturers of car components, technological companies and even distributors of Electrical energy. 077
  • 78. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic, from its area of Management of Projects, will be in full charge of the management of the project and the consortium. The Area of Energy of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic will be in charge of the scientific management of the project and it will be the one responsible for drawing up the technical report that has been approved by CDTi and the Ministry of Science and Innovation. The project counts with the participation of 15 different research organisations including universities, Technological Centres and Research Centres. The project is being carried out in 7 communities and counts with the participation of 6 technological SMEs. The main activities of the project vERDE are: · Study and definition of mechanical and electric technologies in the electric vehicle · Research and development of energy storage systems (batteries) · Research and development of electrical traction systems for PhEv/Ev (traction) · Design and control of battery charge and discharge convertors for PhEv/Ev (chargers) · Local infrastructure systems for recharging energy for PhEv/ Ev (infrastructure) · Integration of the charge of the electric vehicle in the electric system: infrastructures, nets and services (nets) · Integration and validation in electric vehicles of the technologies developed: energetic and environmental balances (integration) 078
  • 79. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The team of the Area of Environmental Technology works on the quantification of the change on the environmental impact of the PhEvs and Evs defined in the project vERDE with regards conventional vehicles with similar features through the Life Cycle Analysis technique from the perspective “from the cradle to the grave”. TailorTool T ailorTool, “Development of New Tool Materials with Tailored Thermomechanical Properties” is an R+D project that has the objective of developing a new generation of materials whose thermomechanical properties vary gradually (i.e. Functionally graded Materials, FgM). TailorTool has been designed with the aim of finding a solution for the use limitation of ultra high Strength Steels (uhSS) in structural components in the field of automotion. This limitation is mainly due to the fact that the tools used in the forming processes of these steels have to undergo harsh thermomechanical requirements that reduce their lifespan drastically. 079
  • 80. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Two families of FgM materials are going to be developed with the aim of solving this issue and therefore, significantly improving the lifespan of tools as well as offering the possibility of producing, by hot forming processes, components with mechanical properties (tenacity, mechanical resistance …); these mechanical properties vary gradually thanks to a gradual variation of the thermal conductivity of the tools. The two families of FgM materials are: · Materials with variation of the thermal conductivity for hot stamping moulds of uhSS steels and injection of aluminium and magnesium · Materials with optimisation and variation of the microstructure for cold forming moulds and hot forging The budget of this Project is of 4.5 million Euros and it is financed by the European Commission in its competitive program NMP within the 7th Framework Program of R+D. Its time of execution will be three years. TailorTool is led by the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic and it will count with the participation of the following companies, Technological Centres and European universities: Rovalma, S.A. (Spain), volkswagen, Ag (germany), ARMINES (France), Technische Universität München (germany), Metakus UniKassel Transfer gmbh (germany), OC Oerlikon balzers Ag (Liechtenstein), gestamp hardTech (Sweden), Lulea university of Technology (Sweden), Fundación Inasmet (Spain) and Fundación Labein (Spain). 080
  • 81. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c deMeTer I s a CENIT project lead by Bodegas Torres and coordinated by the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. The project focuses on the study of new wine making processes so as to better adapt the wine industry to the climatic change as well as to mitigate the impact that this industry has on the environment. This project will not only study the purely genetic components of grapes that should allow their adaptation to a changing climate but also the reuse of water and mud generated during the wine making process by reducing the impact of this kind of industry. The team of the Area of Environmental Technology works on the study of the reuse of water and wastes through membrane technologies. The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic will work for the companies Bodegas Torres and hERA-AMASA. sosT co2 I s a CENIT project lead by Carburos Metálicos and coordinated by the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. The aim of the Project is to develop new uses for CO2. If there is consensus regarding the possible causes of the changes in climate it is that these are the result of the emission of gases that produce the greenhouse effect, which increase the temperature of the planet. One such gas in particular is carbon dioxide, CO2. The team of the Area of Environmental Technology works, together Carburos Metálicos, on the study and analysis of the life cycle of the different alternatives studied. These alternatives will make it possible to find new uses for CO2. The area also works with Agbar on the development of new processes for the 081
  • 82. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c treatment of waters in which CO2 has a relevant role. It also works with Amphos 21 on the modification of residues through their reaction with CO2. This fundamental work of the project will be directed to guaranteeing that the capture of CO2 actually takes place. concreT C ONCRET is a two-year SME cooperation project with a budget of 2.5 million Euros that focuses on the development and production of a ceramic coating system for the manufacturing of moulds and/or tools for sheet forming. This project, which is coordinated by the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic, counts with the participation of a consortium of 5 companies and the collaboration of two Research and Innovation Centres specialised in surface technology. The project not only studies the development of new high performance ceramic materials but also the coating which is responsible for the mechanical solicitations of the ceramic coating system in the forming processes. The consortium is led by the company ROvALMA, which leads the development of tool steels and also counts with the participation of AuTOTECh, AXIAL, FORMINSA and TECMAR2000. The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic participates in tasks of simulation of the forming processes of deep drawing or high strength steels; in the mechanical characterisation of the high performance ceramic materials and the ceramic coating system, as well as in the experimental validation in laboratory press of 082 experimental moulds with the ceramic coating system.
  • 83. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c iMMediaT-os I s a two-year project from the Núcleo Estratégico de lnnovación Cooperativa (ACC1Ó, CIDEM-COPCA) with a budget of 1.26 million Euros. The project focuses on the development of immediate charge dental implants with osteoinductive surfaces and biological sealing. This project coordinated by the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic counts with the participation of a consortium of three companies and 3 Research and Innovation Centres. The project is led by the company kLOCkNER, which is the leading manufacturing company of dental implants as well as of different accessories used in dental implantology and restoration and it also counts with the participation of TTC (Thermal Treatments Carreras) and Talleres Mecánicos Comas. The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic participates in tasks of design through simulation by the finite elements method and of preparation and characterisation of bioactive coatings by Physical vapour Deposition techniques (PvD). The Centre de Projecció Tèrmica of the Universitat de Barcelona and the Grup de Biomaterials, Biomecànica i Enginyeria de Teixits of the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya constitute the rest of the research groups of this Project. noFalleu I s a project Nucli promoted and lead by the company AuTOTECh that focuses on the development of new calculation methodologies for predicting the behaviour in fatigue of automotion components. The main objective of the project is the optimisation of the car parts that have to undergo cyclic strains, mainly parts from the 083
  • 84. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c shock absorbing system of the car, using the tools that simulation by finite elements offers and taking into account the effect of the forming process in the properties of the material. Apart from AuTOTECh, in the project take part TECMAR2000 and APPLuS+. The latter is in charge of carrying out durability tests on real components so as to validate the numerical simulations. The Area of Materials Technology of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic will evaluate the properties in fatigue of different kinds of steels. sinTesT T he project SINTEST (“A rapid non-invasive instrument for determining the global and local porosity of parts manufactured by powder metallurgy”) is a two-year project financed by the European Commission within the scheme Research for the benefit of SMEs. In this project participate, 3 RTD performers: MFkk (hungary), which is also the coordinator; Grup Sistemes Sensors from the Department of Electronic Engineering of the uPC and the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic; 3 technical SMEs: gammatec (germany), M-INg (Málaga-Spain) and Multitest (bulgaria); and 4 PYMEs as end users: Sinterpres S.L: (barberá del vallés, Spain), Tozmetal (Turkey), TkI-Ferrit (hungary) and Danalco (Denmark). The main objective of the project SINTEST is the development of a new three-dimensional inspection tool for pulvimetallurgical parts at an industrial scope based on the technology of ultrasounds. With the development of this technology the project seeks to obtain 3D density maps and also to detect cracks and defects in synthesized parts (final product). Therefore, this new ultrasound device is meant to be a non-invasive, 084
  • 85. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c rapid and efficient inspection tool of the quality of the final product that has to enable companies in the pulvimetallurgical sector to provide quality final products within the safety levels, comparable to the ones of fully dens materials. The results of SINTEST will be mainly applicable to the sectors of automotion and aeronautics. The role of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic within the project focuses mainly on two tasks: Characterisation of the quality of synthesized parts and Research about the corrosion developed on synthesized parts during the ultrasound inspection and measures for avoiding it. In the first task, the centre will determine the distribution of densities and it will carry out the characterisation of defects and determination of the critical values of porosity that can lead to the forming of cracks. It will also try to correlate the parameters of the compacting and synthesising processes with the forming of defective areas in a component. In the second task, the centre will evaluate the level of corrosion reached by synthesised parts that are submerged in different water- based baths that contain different corrosion inhibitors during the inspection with the ultrasound device developed by uPC. Vieco T he project vIECO (Development and validation of integrated platforms for biological and chemical surveillance optimised economically) evolves from the Directiva Marc de l’Aigua (Water Framework Directive) 085
  • 86. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c according to which, all water masses should present a good ecologic state in 2015. This is evaluated based on chemical criteria (basically the concentration of priority substances in the water) and ecological parameters. It is a project in which take part other research centres and companies and which is being financed by the Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino (Ministry of the Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs). The main objective of the project is to contribute to the improvement of the quality of water by developing a platform for modular, profitable, fast and efficient miniaturisation, capable of offering environmental indicators of the ecologic state of surface waters taking as a reference the basin of the river Llobregat. aQuareHaB T he objectives of the project are to develop a variety of rehabilitation innovative technologies for different representatives kinds of pollutants (origin areas, feather contaminants, diffuse contamination) and worrying compounds in deteriorated water bodies (pesticides, nitrates, CAhs, bTEX). Another objective of the project AQuAREhAb is to develop methods (feasibility tests), tools (numerological models) and policies for the design of rehabilitation technologies and also for the determination of their impact (long-term) on the local flows of pollutants. It also seeks to develop a management tool “WATERPROTECT, which the collaborators and management bodies will be able to use so as to evaluate the ecological and economical effects of several corrective measures at the river basins. Moreover, it seeks to develop a method for linking the 086
  • 87. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c effects of the rehabilitation technologies with this tool. Finally, the project evaluates and spreads the generic rehabilitation policies, the approaches and the application tools at other river basins with other pollutant conditions. recosY R ECOSY (Redox Phenomena Controlling Systems): Project presented at the call for proposals EuRAT OM (The Seventh Framework Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community). Its main objective is the improvement of the knowledge on redox processes that control the mobility of the radionuclides that come from the elimination of nuclear wastes so as to create the necessary tools for evaluating and guaranteeing safety in the final management of nuclear wastes. This project includes advanced analysis techniques; determination of the responsible processes that govern the redox potential of the systems taken into account, not only by means of kinetic and thermodynamic studies but also of microbial processes among others; and also, the answer to the disturbances in waste confinement systems. The issues tackled in this project are the development of advanced systems for the determination of the redox state; improvement of the databases for the interpretation of the microbial impact on the redox state of the system and of radionuclides; understanding the responsible processes of the measured redox potential of the corresponding systems, both on the near-field and on the far-field. The project Recosy has a duration of 4 years. 087
  • 88. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c icaro I CARO is the CENIT project lead by AIRbuS that focuses on the development of new manufacturing methods of structural components based on composite materials. The automatic manufacturing of components with composite materials is a very interesting matter for the aerospace industry. Nowadays, thanks to its high specific rigidity, composite (carbon fibre + Epoxy Resin) is the material most used in the aerospace industry. The main handicap of this sort of material is that, as opposed to what happens with metallic materials, its forming process is still in the present day manual, following several handmade procedures. The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic will work for developing new strengthening components based on the pultrusion technique. aMFFe T he general objective of the project AMFFE is to analyse and model the behaviour in fatigue of elastomers by integrating the already existing models of behaviour and the ones that will be developed throughout the project, in a computer application for the prediction of the long term behaviour of this kind of materials using a methodology based on the use of the Finite Elements Method (FEM). So as to achieve the general objectives of the project, we propose the following specific objectives, which moreover, seek to solve the shortages previously mentioned: · Analyse through experimental tests the mechanical behaviour of the elastomers of interest and determine the constitutive models that represent all the phenomena and mechanisms 088
  • 89. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c involved. Implement the defined models in a finite elements calculation program. Practically no author models properly the static behaviour of elastomers and this is the most important information for the correct determination of the behaviour in fatigue. The use of the finite elements method for reproducing the mechanical phenomena characteristic of the static behaviour of elastomers is not widespread either · Analysis through experimental tests for the determination of the models that represent the phenomena characteristic of the behaviour in fatigue of elastomers. As happens in the static case, the behaviour in fatigue of elastomers is characterised by numerous phenomena that have to be studied and integrated in one single model · Implement the models of fatigue of elastomers in a computer application. This application will integrate the already existing models and the ones developed throughout the project Moreover, this application together with the programs of finite elements will make it possible to know the long-term behaviour of elastomers according to their mechanical requirements. The achievement of these three partial objectives will mean the achievement of the general objective of the project. With all this, we will have generated and integrated the necessary knowledge for making possible the proper development of elastomeric components with requirements that can vary in time, in other words, in fatigue. cuna This is a Nucli project with the objective of studying and 089 developing new qualities of copper alloys with high mechanical
  • 90. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c and electrical features. In the project CuNA we find two convergent lines; on the one hand, an accurate selection of the microalloying elements and on the other, the application of continuous and cold Severe Plastic Deformation techniques for obtaining copper with nanometric or submicrometric structures; more specifically, the application of ECAP (Equal Channel Angular Pressing). In the project take part La Farga Lacambra, Rovalma and Mapro. Different laboratory tests will be carried out in the frame of the project so as to evaluate the castability of the alloys and characterise their behaviour when being deformed through the ECAP process. With the data obtained the project seeks to carry out several simulations at a laboratory scale of the process and of the continuous, cold demonstrator and it will determine the optimum refrigeration system. Finally, the different coppers generated will be compared with the standard alloys and they will be characterised at a microstructural, mechanical and thermodynamic level. arTsea T he project ARTSEA is an industrial research project that deals with the implementation of innovative technologies for the generation of new processes that will substantially improve present life support systems (LSS) so that they can be applied in artificial aquatic systems. The improving actions will be based on environmental sustainability and cost minimisation criteria, what implies the maximum efficiency in the use of the resources. LSSs require an important energetic expense for the treatment and recirculation of water. Thus, the project will make it possible to optimally manage hydric resources, reduce energetic consumption 090
  • 91. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c and improve the quality of artificial ecosystems; at the same time that it will try to guarantee that the units have the most compact conception possible. The new LSS will be optimised as a whole and not specifically in each of the units that form it. So therefore, it not only means the necessity for developing and applying new technologies but also for globally integrating them. oilca O iLCA is a European project financed by the European program Interreg in the frame of the second call for proposals for projects of the territorial cooperation programme for south-west Europe 2007-2013 (Interreg Iv b SuDOE). The project, which counts with a total budget of 900.000 €, will start at the beginnings of 2011 and will have a duration of 24 months. The project seeks to improve the competitiveness of the oil sector of the SuDOE region by reducing the environmental impact of the production of oil through the application of the principles of eco- efficiency. 091
  • 92. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c For this reason OiLCA will develop a methodological specific tool, which through the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of the processes that integrate the production of olive oil and its environmental management, will identify and evaluate those actions that reduce its Carbone traces. Moreover, the tool will make it possible to evaluate the costs associated to each possible action so as to take them into account at the moment of identifying the best opportunities for a change. On the other hand, the tool will offer the possibility of generating an environmental indexed label for the product that will convey to the customer the effort and contribution on the part of the sector for protecting and mitigating the climatic change. The Project OiLCA is promoted by the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic and lead by the Fundación CITOLIVA (Centre for the innovation and technology of the olive grove and oil), which is a technological centre of reference in the field of olive oil. The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic participates in this project together with three partners from Spain, France and Portugal: CvR (Centro para a Valorização de Residuos - Centre for the valorisation of Wastes), Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse LCAI (Laboratorie de Chimie Agro-Industrielle- Laboratory for Agro-industrial Chemistry) and the IAT (Instituto Andaluz de Tecnología - Technology Institute from Andalucia). AOTAD (Associação de Olivicultores de Tras-os- Montes e Alto Douro - Association of Olive grove growers of Tras- os-Montes and Alto Douro) also participates in the Project as an associated partner. coMForMaBo The general objective of the project is to develop new manufacturing processes for the mass production of high 092
  • 93. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c structural responsibility components for cars with horizontal gradients of mechanical properties. So as to achieve the main objective of the project, we also have to achieve a series of specific objectives that are most of the times closely related between them, though here we present them separately. Specific objectives related to the hot stamping process with sectors for soft areas: · Establish the variables that control the physical phenomena involved in the hot stamping with soft areas of boron steels and their inter-relation · Define the system for regulating the stable regime temperature of the sectors that correspond to the soft areas · To tune up the numerical simulation strategy for designing the stamping process · Define and elaborate materials with low thermal conductivity · Define mechanising strategies and build the sectors for producing soft areas · Obtain the desired gradient of microstructures and therefore, of mechanical properties in the part · Study the evolution of the superficial state of tools Specific objectives related to the conventional hot stamping process and laser tempering: · Develop the know-how on tempering martensitic boron steels using laser technology · Define in detail the laser unit for tempering martensitic boron steel parts 093 · Obtain structural parts, such as shock absorbers, with
  • 94. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c horizontal gradients of properties through conventional hot stamping and later laser tempering Specific objective applicable to both lines of forming technologies: · Reduce the manufacturing costs of the parts formed through hot stamping processes by implementing and adjusting new laser cutting technologies Fordani T he aim of this Iberoeka project, in which take part FRISA AEROSPACE, INDuSTRIAS PuIgjNAER and the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo Léon (México), is not to design a new product, since both the geometry of the parts and the material will be maintained with regards the present ones. The aim of the project is to look for an alternative processing route for superalloys that will focus on the reduction of the losses of material associated with the process, a reduction of the stages of the same process and as far as possible, to improve the mechanical properties of the rings formed through the new processing route. At present, the rings for aeronautical components are manufactured through a process by which the parts are forged, punctured and laminated at hot temperatures; the process finishes with a cold expansion that makes it possible to carry out a dimensional control of the parts. This means a substantial loss of material and on top of that, for achieving the necessary dimensional tolerances, several stages are needed. The objective is to develop a machine that will make it possible 094 to manufacture rings for the aeronautical industry through an
  • 95. ProjectsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c alternative processing route to the one used at present, which will allow a reduction on the losses of material as well as on the stages needed for carrying out the production. nanocarBonaT T his project, which is being carried out by the company Reverteminerals S.A, seeks to find processes for obtaining calcium carbonate (CaCO3) nanoparticles with the aim of improving its optical properties. Physical properties experiment great variations with the reduction of the size of particles. In general these variations still have to be determined but we expect them to be of application to specific industrial processes almost immediately. At the same time, the project proposes different ways for obtaining compounds that come from calcium carbonate (CaCO3) and which are obtained by mechanosynthesis. Apart from a nanometric particle size, these compounds present optical properties which show an improvement in comparison to those of the initial material. 095
  • 96. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c PuBlicaTions... Oxidation of ultra low carbon and silicon bearing steels L. Suarez, P. Rodriguez-Calvillo, Y. houbaert and R. Colas PUBLICATIONS, Corrosion Science, vol.52, pp 2044-2049 (2010) ISSN: 0010-938X Al-Si-Fe intermetallics on Fe-substrates during hot-dipping CONGRESSES AND P.R.Calvillo, L.Suarez and Y. houbaert Defect and Diffusion Forum, vol. 297-301, pp 1042-1047 (2010) ISSN: 1012-0386 THESIS The influence of deformation on microstructure evolution of low alloy TRIP steel L. Suarez, j. A. benito, P.R.Calvillo, D. Casellas, Y. houbaert, R. Petrov and j.M. Prado Materials Science Forum, vol. 638-642 ,p. 3531-3536, (2010) ISSN: 0255-5476 Galvanized coatings produced in a hot dip simulator (HDS) L. Suarez, D. Warichet and Y. houbaert Defect and Diffusion Forum, vol. 297-301, pp 1048-1052, (2010) ISSN: 1012-0386 Laser assisted conical spin forming of dual phase auto- motive steel. Experimental demonstration of work harde- ning reduction and forming limit extension P. Romero, N. Otero, j.M. Cabrera and D. Masagué Physics Procedia, volumen 5, pp 215-225, 2010 ISSN: 1875-3892 096
  • 97. Publications...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Enhancing ductility of ECAP processed metals N. Llorca-Isern, T. grosdidier and j.M. Cabrera Materials Science Forum Vols. 654-656, pp 1219-1222, 2010 ISSN: 0255-5476 Tensile and compressive test in nanocrystalline and ultrafine carbon steel R. Rodriguez-baracaldo, j. A. benito and j. M. Cabrera Journal of Materials Science, vol 45,nº 17, pp 4796–4804, Sep- tember 2010 ISSN: 0022-2461 (printed version) ISSN: 1573-4803 (electronic version) Thermal stability of ultrafine grains size of pure copper ob- tained by equal-channel angular pressing N. Lugo, N. Llorca, j.j. Suñol and j. M. Cabrera Journal of Materials Science, vol 45, nº 9, pp 2264–2273, May de 2010 ISSN: 0022-2461 (printed version) ISSN: 1573-4803 (electronic version) Cobre nanocristalino y ultrafino obtenido por molienda mecànica R. Rodriguez-baracaldo, j. A. benito and j. M. Cabrera Ingeniería e Investigación, vol. 30, nº. 1, pp 141-145, April 2010 ISSN 0120-5609 Analysis of hot tensile and compression curves to assess the hot ductility of C-Mn steels g. varela-Castro, j. Calvo and j. M. Cabrera Materials Science Forum, vols. 638-642, pp 3158-3163, 2010 ISSN: 0255-5476 097
  • 98. Publications...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Hot deformation and ductility analysis of continuous cast C40 steel by means of tensile and compression tests P. R. Calvillo, A. hernandez-Exposito, A. boulaajaj and j. M. Cabrera Materials Science Forum, vols. 638-642, pp 3152-3157, 2010 ISSN: 0255-5476 Influence of manganese on the hot working behaviour of construction steels g. varela-Castro, j.M. Cabrera and j. M. Prado Journal of Advanced Materials Research, vols. 89-91, pp 580- 585, 2010 ISSN: 1662-8985 Ductility of bulk nanocrystalline and ultrafine grain iron and steel j.A. benito, R. Tejedor, R. Rodríguez-baracaldo, j.M. Cabrera and j.M.Prado Materials Science Forum, vols. 633-634, pp 197-203, 2010 ISSN: 1662-9752 I. Picas, N. Cuadrado, D. Casellas, A. goez, L. Llanes.; Microstructural effects on the fatigue crack nucleation in cold work tool steels Procedia Engineering, 2 (2010) 1777-85 L. Suarez, j. A. benito, P.R.Calvillo, D. Casellas, Y. houbaert, R. Petrov and j. M. Prado, The Influence of Deformation on Microstructure Evolution of Low Alloy TRIP Steel. Materials Science Forum, 638-642 (2010) 3531-3536. D. gutiérrez, A. Lara, D. Casellas, j.M. Prado.; Effect of strain paths on formability evaluation of TRIP steels 098 Advanced Materials Research, 89-91 (2010) 214-219
  • 99. Publications...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Romeral, L.; Rosero, j.A.; Espinosa, A.g.; Cusido, j.; Ortega, j.A.; Electrical monitoring for fault detection in an EMA IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, (25) (2010), 4-9 Espinosa, A.g.; Rosero, j.A.; Cusido, j.; Romeral, L.; Ortega, j.A.; Fault Detection by Means of Hilbert–Huang Transform of the Stator Current in a PMSM With Demagnetization IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion (25) (2010), 312 - 318 Romeral, L.; urresty, j. C.; Riba Ruiz, j. R.; garcia Espinosa, A.; Modeling of Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Synchro- nous Motors With Stator Winding Inter-Turn Faults IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics (61) (2010) E. k. Zholkovskij, A. E. Yaroshchuk, j. h. Masliyah, j. de Pablo Ribas.; Broadening of neutral solute band in electroosmo- tic flow through submicron channel with longitudinal non- uniformity of zeta potential. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physi- cochem. Eng. Aspects 354 (2010) 338–346 099
  • 100. Publications...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c j. giménez, X.Martínez-Lladó, M.Rovira, j. de Pablo, I. Casas, R. Sureda, A. Martínez-Esparza.; Cesium sorption on studtite (UO2O2 ·4H2O) Radiochim. Minutes 98 (2010) 1-5 M. Calderer, O. gibert, v. Martí, M. Rovira , j. de Pablo, S. jor- dana, L. Duro, j. guimerà, j. bruno.; Denitrification in presence of acetate and glucose for biore- mediation of nitrate-contaminated groundwater Environmental Technology 31, (2010) 799-814 j. giménez, j. de Pablo, M. Martínez , M. Rovira, C. valderrama.; Reactive transport of arsenic(III) and arsenic(V) on natural hematite: Experimental and modeling Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 348, (2010) 293–297 O. gibert , j. de Pablo, jL. Cortina , C. Ayora.; In situ removal of arsenic from groundwater by using per- meable reactive barriers of organic matter/limestone/zero- valent iron mixtures Environmental Geochemistry and Health 32, (2010)373-378. DOI: 10.1007/s10653-010-9290-1 R. Sureda, X. Martínez-Lladó, M. Rovira, j. de Pablo, I. Casas, j. giménez.; Sorption of strontium on uranyl peroxide: Impli- cations for a high-level nuclear waste repository Journal of Hazardous Materials 181, (2010) 881–885 M. Calderer, I. jubany, R. Pérez, j. de Pablo, v. Martí.; Modelling Enhanced Groundwater Denitrification in Batch Microcosms Tests Chemical Engineering Journal 165, (2010) 2-9 0100
  • 101. Publications...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c j. Oliva, j. De Pablo, j.L. Cortina, j. Cama, C. Ayora.; The use of Apatite II (TM) to remove divalent metal ions zinc(II), lead(II), manganese(II) and iron(II) from water in passive treatment systems: Column experiments Journal of Hazardous Materials 184, (2010) 364-374 The elastic behavior of non-sintered metal powder compacts M. D. Riera and j.M. Prado.; Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part E. Journal of process mechanical engineering. vol. 224. Pg. 195- 201. 2010. ISSN: 0954-4089. DOI: 10.1243/09544089jMPE375 0101
  • 102. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c ...congresses... Caracterização das curvas de escoamento plástico do aço inoxidavel austenítico do aço inoxidável austenitico ISO 5832-9 E.S. Silva, R.C. Sousa, j. M. Cabrera and O. balancin.; 19 CBECiMat : Congresso Brasileiro de Ciencia e Engenharia dos Materiais, 21st-25th November 2010, Campos do jordão-SP, brazil Oral and written presentation Síntesis y caracterización mecánica de cobre submicrométrico obtenido por molienda mecánica y consolidación uniaxial CONGRESSES R. Rodríguez-baracaldo, j.A. benito y j.M. Cabrera.; XI IBEROMET y X CONAMET/SAM, 2nd-5th November 2010, viña del Mar, Chile Oral and written presentation Efecto de la composición química sobre el coeficiente de difusión de la austenita en aceros estructurales g. varela−Castro, j. M. Cabrera y j. M. Prado.; 18ª Conferencia de Laminación, 2nd-4th November 2010, Rosario, Argentina Oral and written presentation High temperature behavior of a high manganese steel j. Calvo, I. Mejia and j.M. Cabrera.; 2nd International Conference Super-High Strength Steels, 17th-20th October 2010, Peschiera del garda, Italia. Oral and written presentation 0102
  • 103. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Laser assisted conical spin forming of dual phase automotive steel. Experimental demonstration of work hardening reduction and forming limit extension P. Romero, N. Otero, j.M. Cabrera and D. Masagué 6th International Conference on Laser Assisted Net Shape En- gineering (LANE) 20th-24th September 2010, Earlangen, germany Oral and written presentation Characterization of plastic flow curves of austenitic stainless steel ISO 5832-9 used in orthopeadic applications E.S. Silva, R.C. Sousa, j. M. Cabrera and O. balancin. The Brazilian Stainless Steel Conference, 10th edition, 20th-22nd Septembre 2010, Rio de janeiro, brazil. Oral and written presentation High temperature behavior of a twip steel R. Pineda, j. Calvo, I. Mejía and j.M. Cabrera XIX International Materials Research Congress 15th-19th August 2010, Cancún, Mexico Oral presentation Enhancing ductility to ECAP processed metals. N. Llorca-Isern, T. grosdidier and j.M. Cabrera The 7th Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing (PRICM 7) 1st-5th August 2010, Cairns, Australia 0103 Oral and written presentation
  • 104. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Diffusion Annealing of Al/Si PVD Coatings on Iron Substrates P.R Calvillo, R. bonet, j. Caro and j.M. Cabrera.; 6th International Conference of Diffusion in Solids and Liquids DSL2010, 5-7 july 2010, Paris, France, Oral and written presentation Continuous hot dip galvanizing on steel sheets L. Suarez and j.M. Cabrera.; 6th International Conference of Diffusion in Solids and Liquids DSL2010, 5-7 july 2010, Paris, France, Oral presentation Tensile and compressive test in nanocrystalline and ultrafine carbon steel R. Rodriguez-baracaldo, j. A. benito and j. M. Cabrera.; TMS 2010 UFG VI Sixth International Symposium on Ultrafine- Grained Materials, February 14th-18th, 2010, Seattle, uSA Oral and written presentation Identification of undeformed/deformed FeSi oxides scales by EBSD L. Suarez, P. Rodríguez-Calvillo, j.M. Cabrera, j. Schneider and W. jungnickel.; 4th International Conference Magnetism and Metallurgy, june 9-11, Freiberg, 2010. Oral and written presentation Comportamiento termomecánico de un acero microaleado al Nb-V E.A. Cartaya, g. varela, j.M. Cabrera y j.M. Prado.; XII Congreso Nacional de Tratamientos Térmicos y de Superfi- cie, TRATERMAT 2010, 20th-22nd October, 2010, Pamplona Poster and written communication 0104
  • 105. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Deformación plástica en aceros con tamaño de grano nano- cristalino y ultrafino obtenidos por molienda mecánica R. Tejedor, R. Rodríguez-baracaldo, j.A. benito, j.M. Cabrera y j.M. Prado.; III Congreso Nacional de Pulvimetalurgia, 14th-15th june, 2010, valencia Oral and written presentation E. Martínez-gonzález, j. Romeu, I. Picas, D. Casellas.; Aplicación de Emisión Acústica (EA) al estudio del compor- tamiento micro-mecánico de los AHSS XVII Congreso Nacional de Ingeniería Minutes from the XvII Congreso Nacional de Ingeniería Mecánica Ciudad Real 11/2010 Oral participation M. vilaseca, j. Pujante, S. Molas, D. Casellas.; Comportamiento tribológico a alta temperatura de aceros de herramienta: aplicabilidad de recubrimientos en moldes de inyección de aluminio Congress TRATERMAT 2010. XII Congreso Nacional de Trata- mientos Térmicos y de Superficie TRATERMAT 2010 (Eds. R Rodríguez, j.A. garcía) pp 113-122 Pamplona 10/2010 Oral participation I. Picas, N. Cuadrado, D. Casellas, A. goez, L. Llanes Influence de la microstructure dans les mécanismes de nu- cléation de fissures de fatigue dans des aciers pour outils de travail à froid Congress MATÉRIAUX 2010, Nantes (France) 10/2010 Oral participation 0105
  • 106. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c E. Martínez-gonzález, I. Picas, D. Casellas, j. Romeu.; Analysis of fracture resistance of tool steels by means of Acoustic Emission Congress EWGAE 2010 viena (Austria) 09/2010 Oral participation N. Cuadrado, D. Casellas, M. Anglada, j. Caro.; Fracture toughness measurements in small hard particles by nanoindentation using cube-corner indenters Congress Nanomeasure 2010 Cracovia (Poland) 6/2010 Poster participation M A. Montealegre, g. Castro, j.L. Arias, P. vázquez, F. bouzada, D. Casellas, j. Caro.; Aumento de las propiedades en superficie de un acero estructural median recargue laser de satellite 6, inconel 625 y acero 1.3343 XI Congreso Nacional de Materiales Summaries of the XI Congreso Nacional de Materiales Zaragoza, Spain 6 / 2010 Poster participation A. góez, I. Picas, I. valls, D. Casellas, L. Llanes.; Efecto de la microestructura en la anisotropia a fractura y fatiga de aceros e herramientas para trabajo en frío XI Congreso Nacional de Materiales Summaries of the XI Congreso Nacional de Materiales Zaragoza, Spain 6 / 2010 0106 Oral participation
  • 107. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c S.Molas, g. Ramirez, D. Casellas, I. valls, F. Montalà, L. Llanes.; Estudio de la resistencia al rayado de aceros maraging recubiertos XI Congreso Nacional de Materiales Summaries of the XI Congreso Nacional de Materiales Zaragoza, Spain 6 / 2010 Poster participation I. Picas, N. Cuadrado, D. Casellas, A. goez, L. Llanes.; Microstructural effects on the fatigue crack nucleation in cold work tool steels Congress FATIGUE 2010 Procedia Engineering, 2 (2010) 1777-1785 Praga (Czech Rep.) 06/2010 Oral participation M. vilaseca, S. Molas, D.Casellas.; High temperature tribological behaviour of tool steels during sliding against aluminium 14th Nordic Symposium on Tribology NORDTRIB 2010 Proceedings of 14th Nordic Symposium on Tribology NORDTRIb 2010 Storforsen (Sweden) 6/2010 Oral participation D. gutiérrez, A. Lara, D. Casellas, j.M. Prado.; Application of optical strain measuring systems to determine plastic anisotropy and theoretical forming limit curves in AHSS IDDRg 50th Anniversary Conference: Tools and Technologies 0107 for the Processing of ultra high Strength Steels
  • 108. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c 50th Anniversary Conference: Tools and Technologies for the Processing of Ultra High Strength Steels, IDDRG 2010 Confe- rence Proceedings (ISBN 978-3-85125-108-1) graz (Austria) 06/2010 Oral participation I. Picas, R. hernández, D. Casellas, I. valls.; Strategies to increase the tool performance in punching operations of UHSS IDDRG 50th Anniversary Conference: Tools and Technologies for the Processing of Ultra High Strength Steels 50th Anniversary Conference: Tools and Technologies for the Processing of Ultra High Strength Steels, IDDRG 2010 Confe- rence Proceedings (ISBN 978-3-85125-108-1) graz (Austria) 06/2010 Oral participation T. Laumann, I. Picas, M. grané, D. Casellas, M.D. Riera, I. valls.; Hard cutting of tailored hardened 22MnB5 IDDRG 50th Anniversary Conference: Tools and Technologies for the Processing of Ultra High Strength Steels 50th Anniversary Conference: Tools and Technologies for the Processing of Ultra High Strength Steels, IDDRG 2010 Confe- rence Proceedings (ISBN 978-3-85125-108-1) graz (Austria) 06/2010 Oral participation Cusido, j.; Delgado, M.; Navarro, L.; Sala, v.M.; Romeral, L.; EMA fault detection using fuzzy inference tools IEEE 2010 Autotestcon. Minutes book (pages. 1-6). 0108 Orlando (uSA). Date: 13th-16th September 2010
  • 109. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Sala, v.; Cusidó, j.; Romeral, L.; PSC-PWM in fault tolerant drive system for EMA operation IEEE 2010 Autotestcon. Minutes book (pages. 10-15) Orlando (uSA). Date: 13th-16th September 2010 Navarro, L.; Delgado, M.; urresty, j.; Cusidó, j.; Romeral, L.; “Condition monitoring system for characterization of electric motor ball bearings with distributed fault using fuzzy inferen- ce tools” IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC), Minutes book (pages. 1159.1163). Austin (uSA). Date: 3rd - 6th May 2010 gestión sostenible de residuos, M. Rovira.; Desarrollo sostenible de nuevos procesos industriales a tra- vés del Análisis de Ciclo de Vida. MATgAS AIE 2000 bellaterra j. de Pablo, D. Serrano-Purroy, I. Casas, j. giménez, j-P glatz, D. Wegen, E. gonzález-Robles, F. Clarens, A. Martínez-Esparza.; Studies on Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Corrosion: effect of sample morphology and burn-up in IRF determination MRS Symposium, San Francisco, uSA Dynamic leaching studies of 48MW/d kg U spent nuclear fuel D. Serrano-Purroy, E. gonzález-Robles, F. Clarens, I. Casas, j. P. glatz, D. Wegen, j. giménez, j. De Pablo, A. Martínez-Esparza.; Spent Fuel Workshop, barcelona E. gonzález-Robles, D. Serrano-Purroy, F. Clarens, j. de Pablo, I. Casas, j. giménez, j-P glatz, D. Wegen, A. Martínez-Esparza.; Studies of radionuclide fast release from spent fuel pellets: Effect of different irradiation history Spent Fuel Workshop, barcelona 0109
  • 110. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c v Marti ; X Martinez ; j de Pablo ; O gibert ; F j giménez; I De Fays.; Statistical testing based methodology for the analysis of soil pollution evidence 11th International UFZ-Deltares/TNO Conference, on Mana- gement of Soil, Groundwater and Sediments Salzburg, Austria. Poster E. Orejudo; M. R. Espínola; M Rovira; v Marti ; j de Pablo ; M Rovira.; Generic values for groundwater restoration in aquifers contaminated by point sources 11th International UFZ-Deltares/TNO Conference, on Mana- gement of Soil, Groundwater and Sediments Salzburg, Austria. Poster C bosch; M. Calderer; I jubany; v Marti; O gibert; D Springael; j Aamand.; Natural attenuation potential of a groundwater-fed Danish Wetland Impacted by diffuse nitrate contamination 11th International UFZ-Deltares/TNO Conference, on Mana- gement of Soil, Groundwater and Sediments Salzburg, Austria. Poster I jubany; M. Calderer; C gonzález; D Corcho; A Muelle; v Marti.; Enumeration of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria by most probable number using resazurin as indicator 11th International UFZ-Deltares/TNO Conference, on Mana- gement of Soil, Groundwater and Sediments 0110 Salzburg, Austria.Poster
  • 111. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c I jubany, D Corcho, M. Rovira, A. Muelle, v Martí.; Easy respirometric method for the optimisation of Diesel contaminated soil bioremediation 11th International UFZ-Deltares/TNO Conference, on Mana- gement of Soil, Groundwater and Sediments Salzburg, Austria. Poster M. Calderer; v Marti ; j de Pablo ; M Rovira.; O gibert; F j giménez.; Assessment of heterotrophic and autotrophic denitrification in aquifers by using batch tests 11th International UFZ-Deltares/TNO Conference, on Mana- gement of Soil, Groundwater and Sediments Salzburg, Austria. Poster I jubany; A Meca ; R Pérez Magrané; v Marti ; j L Cortina ; S gonzález.; Screening indicators of stress and risk in fluvial ecosystems 11th International UFZ-Deltares/TNO Conference, on Mana- gement of Soil, Groundwater and Sediments Salzburg, Austria 2010. Poster A. guzmán, v. Martí.,O. gibert, j. giménez, j. de Pablo, M. Calderer, I. jubany, P. j. jiménez.; Wetlands with Phragmites australis degradation material as reactive zones applied to remediation of groundwater contaminated by nitrates PRb/RZ 4th International Symposium Antwerp, belgium Poster 0111
  • 112. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c M. Calderer, I. jubany, v., Martí, j. de Pablo.; Evaluation of enhanced denitrification under dynamic expe- rimental conditions IAHR International Groundwater Symposium valencia. Poster participation g. Ribera, L. Llenas, X. Martínez-Lladó, M. Rovira, j. De Pablo.; Trihalomethane formation potential along an hydric system: Nanofiltration in Drinking Water Treatment IWA World Water Congress & Exhibition. Montreal L. Llenas, g. Ribera, A. Yaroshchuk, X. Martínez Lladó, M. Rovira, j. De Pablo.; Characterization of nanofiltration membranes for scale pre- vention in seawater reverses osmosis IWA World Water Congress & Exhibition. Montreal Hard cutting of tailored hardened 22MnB5 Till Laumann, Ingrid Picas, Marc grané, Daniel Casellas, M. Do- lores Riera and Isaac valls 2010 IDDRG Conference: 50th anniversary conference: tools and technologies for the processing of ultra high strength steels graz (Austria) june, 2010 IDDRG conference proceedings: 50th anniversary conferen- ce: tools and technologies for the processing of ultra high strength steels. ISbN: 9783851251081. 2010 0112
  • 113. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Predicción del springback en el conformado asistido por láser de chapas de acero DP800 mediante simulación con Abaqus R. Cobo, A. brígido, j.A. benito, P. Romero, N. Otero, M.D. Riera.; XII Congreso Nacional de Tratamientos Térmicos y de Super- ficie, TRATERMAT 2010 Pamplona (Spain) October, 2010 Minutes from the XII Congreso Nacional de Tratamientos Tér- micos y de superficie, TRATERMAT 2010. ISbN: 978-84-693-6946-3. 2010 Modelling and simulation of stamping of high strength steels M.D. Riera and j.M. Prado. Invited conference: NAFEMS Awareness Seminar Finite Ele- ments and Numerical Simulation in Forming Processes Aveiro (Portugal) April, 2010. 0113 Published at: http://www.nafems.org/events/nafems/2010/forming/
  • 114. ...congresses...F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Metodología de determinación de la curva FLSD a partir de ensayos y simulación con ABAQUS. Simulación con ABA- QUS y AUTOFORM de la embutición de una pieza real y validación experimental X. gomez, A. Llobet, R. hernández.; Reunión nacional de usuarios de ABAQUS barcelona (Spain) November, 2010 Minutes from the XV Reunión nacional de usuarios de ABAQUS: Soporte CD Estimación de la influencia de la geometría de partículas duras embebidas en una matriz metálica en su respuesta mecánica X. Costa, X. gomez, R. hernández.; Reunión nacional de usuarios de ABAQUS barcelona (Spain) November, 2010 Minutes from the XV Reunión nacional de usuarios de ABAQUS: Soporte CD Supercomputación externalizada: Una solución para abordar grandes retos. A. Llobet, I. bàrcena.; Reunión nacional de usuarios de ABAQUS barcelona (Spain) November, 2010 Minutes from the XV Reunión nacional de usuarios de ABAQUS: Soporte CD Simulación del proceso de generación de ultrasonidos me- diante láser. Detección, posicionamiento y medición de gri- etas o ranuras superficiales en régimen termolástico R. Cobo, M.D. Riera.; Reunión nacional de usuarios de ABAQUS barcelona (Spain) November, 2010. Minutes from the XV Reunión nacional de usuarios de 0114 ABAQUS: Soporte CD
  • 115. ...ThesisF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c tHesIs ...docToral THesis Study of Denitrification and Reductive Dechlorination Processes Applied to Groundwater Bioremediation Montserrat Calderer Perich (2010) Evaluación del potencial de mitigación de gases de efecto invernadero en la gestión de residuos Mario Rafael giraldi Díaz (2010) Development of in vitro and in vivo Bioreactors for Bone Tissue Engineering Martin Andreas koch 0115
  • 116. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Headlines 2010 A research carried out at the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic offers solutions for the decontamination of groundwater On june 23rd Montse Calderer, a researcher from the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic, presented at the facilities of the centre her doctoral thesis “STUDY OF DENITRIFICATION AND REDUCTIVE DECHLORINATION PROCESSES APPLIED TO GROUNDWATER BIOREMEDIATION”. This thesis is based on the study of the bioremediation processes as techniques for the HEADLINES decontamination of aquifers. Aquifers that are contaminated with nitrates constitute an important and worrying problem in Catalonia and also in the bages region, though it is a problem that expands worldwide. groundwater is one of the main sweet water resources of our planet but in the last decades, massive industrialisation and agriculture have caused a gradual contamination turning it, in many cases, useless. bioremediation seeks to eliminate or reduce contamination down to acceptable levels in a reasonable time through the use of microbiologic processes of degradation of the contaminants. Many of these processes already occur in a natural way but with bioremediation, which integrates microbiological, hydrologic and chemical concepts, this process speeds up. 0116
  • 117. Headlines 2010F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The thesis was written during the last 4 years that the researcher has been in the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic and the 4 months that she has spent in vITO (Mol, belgium). She has focussed on the study of denitrification and reductive dechlorination as bioremediation technologies for respectively eliminating nitrates and aliphatic chlorinated hydrocarbons from contaminated groundwater. The thesis has been a multidisciplinary work where several advanced technologies have been developed and implemented. These technologies make it possible to improve the knowledge on these processes so as to being able to apply them at a real scale. Among the most significant results of this research work, we have observed the feasibility of adding organic matter as a bioremediation process for the nitrates in aquifers. The thesis has also proven the importance of designing, at a field scale, bioremediation technologies that integrate the implementation of advanced technologies such as modelling and molecular biology. Several experiments were also carried out, which simulated the flow of groundwater through the sediments of the river or through the aquifer contaminated with aliphatic chlorinated hydrocarbons. The results have proven the important degrading potential of sediments, which on a long term could be used as a natural biobarrier of the system for preventing contaminated groundwater from reaching the surface water. signing of the collaboration agreement ZEBrarEg at Flix On july 8th took place the signing of the collaboration agreement for the development of the project ZEbRAREg, which aim is to mitigate the affectations of the zebra mussel in the irrigation systems of the watering communities of the Ribera d´Ebre. 0117
  • 118. Headlines 2010F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The zebra mussel is an invading mollusc with an extraordinary reproductive capacity that can get into the water collection networks especially in their larvae phase, develop and grow in areas of low currents. The consequences of the attachment of thousands of specimens or of the accumulation of shells of dead ones, lead to the blocking of filters, valves and pipes making totally or partially useless the networks for water collection or distribution. The laboratory that the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic has at Flix was in charge of carrying out the first works at the watering communities of benissanet and Ascó. The project ZEbRAREg was created as a result of these works and with the aim of carrying out a project with a greater scope for getting to know the problems that arise from this invader mollusc. Among the most significant objectives of the project we must point out the follow up of the efficiency of the treatments of the watering communities of Ascó and benissanet; evaluate the degree of affectation of the rest of the watering communities of the Ribera del Ebro and to elaborate a simple guide of prevention actions and recommendations for the watering communities for improving the new facilities being designed and those already existing. The implantation of preventive and control systems against the proliferation of the zebra mussel in irrigation infrastructures is an strategic measure for the agricultural sector and it will mean maintenance cost savings for the networks affected by this and other invasive mollusc species. ZEbRAREg is a two- year project with a cost of 200,000 €. The project is the result of the collaboration agreement between 0118
  • 119. Headlines 2010F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c the administration and the private sector for facing an issue that is causing important economic damages to the watering communities. The technicians of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic at Flix will develop this project with the support of the Departament d’Agricultura, Alimentació i Acció Rural (DAR), ENDESA and the Associació Nuclear Ascó-Vandellòs II. At the signing of the agreement were present personalities such as the hon Mr. joaquin Llena i Cortina, councillor of Agriculture, Nutrition and Rural Action for the Generalitat de Catalunya; Mr. josé Manuel Prado Pozuelo, general Manager of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic; Mr josé M grávalos Lasuen, general Manager of the Associació Nuclear Ascó-Vandellós II A.I.E and Mr. Alfonso Arias Cañete, general Manager of Nuclear Energy for ENDESA. The signing of the agreement took place at the facilities of Fundació CTM Flix Tecnologia Ambiental located at the industrial site La Devesa de Flix (Tarragona), within the business centre La Ribera. 0119
  • 120. Headlines 2010F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic and the Club Emprendedores e Inversores ESADE Alumini sign a collaboration agreement for promoting of business initiatives On august 30th the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic signed a collaboration agreement with ESADE bAN. ESADE bAN is a network of private investors (business angels) promoted by the Club de Emprendedores e Inversores (CEI) of ESADE Alumini. The aim of this collaboration agreement is to improve the actions of both organisations aimed at promoting the enterprising and investing initiatives of private investors (business angels). The projects presented to the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic that may need finance, know-how or other kind of specific resources will be evaluated by the centre itself. Those that meet the set requirements will be promoted for their presentation at ESADE bAN, which will act as a network of preferential investors for these projects. ESADE bAN, in its turn, will inform all its members about the services that the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic can offer them in what regards R+D/IT projects in any of its areas of specialisation: Materials Technology, Environmental Technology, Energy, Simulation and Innovative Design, Forming Processes, Support to Innovation and bioengineering. Xavier Sánchez jiménez, Manager of ESADE Alumni and josé Manuel Prado Pozuelo, Manager of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic were in charge of the signing of the collaboration agreement 0120
  • 121. Headlines 2010F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c constitution of the Aliança Tecnològica (technological alliance) On October 25th an alliance that gathers Fundació CTM and the rest of Advanced Technological Centres of Catalonia was constituted with the objective of coordinating the actions of the main actors of the Catalan innovation system. It is a joint project of all the Catalan Advanced Technological Centres that are part of the network Tecnio, among which we find the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. The department of innovation of the Generalitat (Catalan government) informed yesterday in a press release that the objective of this alliance is to generate important technological projects that will grant competitiveness and added value to the companies, apart from promoting a greater collaboration and coordination with the rest of agents of the Catalan innovation system. On October 25th, the councillor josep huguet presided the signing of the constitution of the new organisation. In the event took part the most important representatives of the six centres that are part of the foundation: the vice-president of ASCAMM, josep Torrents; the president of Barcelona Digital Centre Tecnològic, Antoni Massanell; the president of Barcelona Media Universitat Pompeu Fabra, josep-joan Moreso; the president of CETEMMSA, Pere Merino; the president of the Centre Tecnològic LEITAT, Eusebi Cima; and the president of the Executive Committee of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic, Manel Rosell. The non-profit organisation will count with a small and much specialised management structure that will work for the cohesion and integration of the strategies and lines of action 0121
  • 122. Headlines 2010F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c of the different centres that are part of it. According to the Area of Innovation, the integration of these six centres constitutes the ideal way for competing for projects which are yet more ambitious. In 2009 the six centres that integrate the new foundation had a total turnover of 44.70 million Euros. The six centres have a total staff of more than a thousand workers, 71% of which hold university degrees (mainly engineers) and 21% are doctors. The network Tecnio, which is promoted by the government´s agency ACC1Ó, brings together the main experts on applied research and technological transfer of the Catalan industry and counts with more than a hundred specialised agents. the publishing company Elsevier gives an award to an article published by Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic Fundació CTM´s scientific article written by Thomas, A., El- 0122
  • 123. Headlines 2010F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Wahabi, M., Cabrera, j.M., Prado called “high temperature deformation of Inconel 718” that was published in the magazine “journal of materials Processing Technology” volume 177, Issue 1-2 (2006), pages 469-472 has been recognised by Elsevier as one of the most mentioned articles between the years 2005 and 2010. an important group of journalists visits the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic On November 16th the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic organised a visit for the Catalan and Spanish press. The organisation of this visit was possible thanks to the collaboration with FEDIT (Spanish Federation of Technological Centres), which choose Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic for this year´s press visit. It was also very important the collaboration of SEAT with which Fundació CTM shared the presentation of the Project vERDE. Headlines 0123
  • 124. Headlines 2010F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Next, josé Manuel Prado, manager of Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic, was in charge of carrying out a corporative presentation of the centre and Luís Romeral, manager of the Area of Energy, carried out a detailed presentation about the research and management of the Project vERDE. The Project vERDE is the first research project in the field of electro-mobility that has been launched in Spain. The project has the objective of developing technologies that should make it possible to introduce the electric vehicle in the state. The project is being lead by SEAT and fully managed from Fundació CTM. The project vERDE has the objective of carrying out research work and generating the necessary knowledge for the future manufacturing and marketing of ecologic vehicles in Spain, in particular of the pluggable and electric hybrids. This was followed by a question and answer session during which the journalists were able to pose technical questions and a visit of the different laboratories and working spaces of the centre, where the journalists were informed about the use of the different working units and working areas and were able to take pictures for their articles. The visit continued at the facilities of the Technical Centre that SEAT has in Martorell, space where the company leads the development of the electric vehicle in Spain. Among others, the company presented to the press the range Twin Drive (vehicles with an electric motor and a combustion one) that next year will start its trial period. The IbE prototype, a fully electric futurist vehicle, was also presented to the press. When the visit of the facilities of SEAT concluded, the journalists were taken to their cities of origin. The different media companies represented in the visit were: Agència Catalana de 0124 Notícies, Autobild, Cadena Ser, Canal Taronja, Cinco Días, El
  • 125. Headlines 2010F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Economista, El País, El Mundo, Expansión, La Gaceta de los Negocios, Regió7, Televisió de Manresa, Televisión Española (TVE) and Televisió de Catalunya (Tv3). the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic receives the XXXi award Premi Guillem Catà On Friday 1st December, the Col·legi d’Enginyers Industrials de Catalunya – from the district Cataluña Central, awarded the XXXI prize Premi Guillem Catà. The prize was awarded unanimously by the jury to the group of researchers of the Fundació CTM in recognisition of the daily work of the professionals that have made it possible to place the centre at the level of excellence of the centres of reference in Catalonia. Specifically, the areas that have stood out are the ones of Environmental Technology and Materials Technology, at which the centre has become a reference in Spain. The event took place at the Sala Petita of the theatre kursaal of Manresa. 0125
  • 126. Headlines 2010F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The award Premi Guillem Catà granted by the Col·legi d’Enginyers Industrials de Catalunya (district of Cataluña Central), is awarded to the technician or technical team in the area of Catalunya Central that has stood out because of its technical or scientific work. josep Alabern valentí, president of the Col·legi d’Enginyers Industrials de Catalunya of the district Cataluña Central, was in charge of the opening. Next, Antoni Miralles jorba, secretary of the jury of the Premi Guillem Catà read the verdict and everyone was able to see a corporative video of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. After this it was time for the institutional speeches; these were given by joan Torres Carol, president of the Associació d’Enginyers Industrials de Catalunya, Carme botifoll Alegre, managing director of ACC1Ó and Alain jordà Pempelonne, representative of Manresa´s City Council. Once the speeches were over Manel Rosell Martí, president of the executive committee of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic, took part in the event and thanked those involved on behalf of the centre. The speeches concluded with the intervention of jose Manuel Prado, general manager of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic and acc1Ó co-lead the cluster for advanced Materials of catalonia (cluster MaV) These organisations have noticed that the sector of Advanced Materials has an essential weight and represents a great volume of business in the whole of Catalonia, in terms of magnitude and innovation potentials. This is the 0126 reason why this initiative has been promoted.
  • 127. Headlines 2010F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The cluster seeks to be a tool for communication, exchange and approximation for companies of this sector that take part in it by creating sessions of networking with the subjects that are interesting for the participants. The objectives of the cluster MAv are: · To promote among the companies that belong to the cluster, individual and collective projects for research, innovation and internationalisation · Improve the territory that gives support to innovation and in particular, to focus all the efforts on the creation of a network of public-private relations (triple hélix) and the attraction of talent, services and infrastructures with high added value Companies that are taking part in the cluster MAv at present: ROvALMA, ARAYMOND, LA FARgA LACAMbRA, PRYMIAN, gENERAL CAbLE, REFISA, MEL COMPOSITES, ATE COMPOSITES, AuTOTECh ENgINEERINg, POLISILk, TADIPOL, LAMICAT, AIRbORNE, AMADE, AMES, NEXuS PROjECTES, gRObER and TECALuM. 0127
  • 128. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c inTernaTional uniT T he Fundació CTM has clearly identified in its strategic plan the participation in international R+D projects as one of its priorities for the coming years. It is not a matter of statistics but a matter of future, essential strategy; participating in international consortium R+D projects with the aim of producing more and better knowledge and also new technologies. There is strength in numbers and the internationalisation of R+D and the promotion of collaboration in the shape of alliances or consortium projects is the path, not compulsory but necessary, for achieving this maturity. All of this with only one objective; the spirit of the Fundació CTM; the spirit of providing a service with high added value for the company and for the customer that will help them to prosper in a everyday more global and competitive environment. Thus the creation of the International unit (Iu) of the Fundació CTM was the answer to the necessity of executing high added value and high quality international projects. Since it was created,
  • 129. internationalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c in the heart of the Commercial Area of the Fundació CTM, the Iu has had the explicit support of the Management of the centre constituting a firm, strategic bid for the future of the foundation. The International unit of the Fundació CTM is responsible for the implementation of the international strategy as well as for the coordination of any European activity. During the year 2010 the Iu has continued the work for consolidating its working dynamic and the coordinating mechanisms established on previous years, which have proved to be efficient for all the multidisciplinary teams involved in the international activities carried out by the centre. Thanks to this approach, on 2010 the Fundació CTM received once again, the support from the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología (Ministry of science and Technology) of the National government through the competitive program InnoEuropa; acknowledging, supporting and promoting the activities of the International unit. For the Fundació CTM, 2010 has been a year of consolidation in the execution of international projects and also a year for the launching of new proposals for international projects. because of the forecast of a public resources shortage for the support of R+D, Fundació CTM has started to rely even more on European programs that support consortium R+D programmes such as the vIIth Framework Programme and the Research Fund for Coal and Steel. In the frame of the vIIth Framework Programme of the European union (vII PM) Fundació CTM has started working hard on the project AQuAREhAb, which is the first integrated project where Fundació CTM participates with centres of great renown in the field of environment at a European level. The projects 0129 SINTEST and RECOSY of the areas of Materials Technology and
  • 130. internationalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Environmental Technology respectively, have continued being executed. SINTEST has finished its execution successfully, becoming the first project Research for the benefit of SMEs in which Fundació CTM has participated. As a new project in the vIIth PM we should highlight the project PERA. This is a CSA INCO for Mediterranean countries in the field of water, in which Fundació CTM has consolidated its role of organisation of reference. PERA is expected to start its activity during the first trimester of 2011. 0130
  • 131. internationalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c We should also highlight the approval by the European Authority Interreg IIIb SuDOE of two projects in which the Fundació CTM takes part. On one hand the project OILCA, which is promoted by the Fundació CTM for the improvement of the competitivity and the reduction of the carbon trace in the production of olive oil. This project is financed by the programme Interreg SuDOE and it will start at the beginnings of 2011. The project green Car EcoDesign has been approved, also within this programme. The Fundació CTM participates in this project as a partner and it constitutes a continuation of the path started a few years ago by the centre in the field of electromobility. 2010 has also been the first year of execution of the Project TailorTool; first Project coordinated by the Fundació CTM in the vII PM that counts with the participation of outstanding European companies and organisations in the car industry sector among which we can find volkswagen from germany . In 2010 the Fundació CTM has also continued its work for participating in the Research Fund for Coal and Steel in the program CIP-EcoInnovation and in specific support programmes in the energetic field such as Intelligent Energy Europe. Fundació CTM has made a strong bet on international biddings in the fields of environment, innovation and competitivity participating in different proposals together with other companies and agents with a lot of experience in these channels. In this sense, Fundació CTM has started to work in the Latin- American market with the start of its activity in Mexico. 0131
  • 132. internationalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The Iu has coordinated each and every action that the Fundació CTM has carried out in this respect and has managed the technical teams and necessary resources for the preparation of proposals. The Iu has been actively involved in the drafting of proposals, their management, the relations with the European Commission and the National Contact Points, as well as in the signing of international consortiums and the budgeting of projects. In addition, the Iu has been the spokesman of the Fundació CTM in the technological platforms in which it participates: ESTEP- PLATEA, Manufacture, Sustainable Chemistry, Rapid Manufacturing, Eumat, Sernet and Water Supply and Sanitation (WSSTP). It is worth mentioning the important role played by Fundació CTM in the frame of the latest platform (WSSTP), in which Fundació CTM has participated very actively on the production of strategically important documents for the European positioning in the field of R+D. Likewise, throughout 2010, the Iu has kept watch and given support to the definition of the contents of the work programs of the Eu Framework Program in view of showing 0132
  • 133. internationalF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c clearly the R+D future necessities of the sectors related with the activity of the Fundació CTM and also to the necessities of its customers. All of this in order to have opportunities for suitable calls for proposals for the future strategic R+D projects. In this sense the Fundació CTM has obtained the support from Talencia and ACC1Ó for the coordination and start up of the work group Connect Eu Materials, lobby group that will organise and defend the R+D interests in the field of advanced materials of the Catalan companies, organisations and universities before the European Commission with the objective of obtaining finance instruments suitable for their necessities. Nevertheless, the Fundació CTM counted with the support of ACC1Ó and CDTI for participating in the technological missions Connect Eu London and germany. These expeditions were organised in view of getting networking opportunities in the field of advanced materials and electromobility. During the year 2010, the Iu has been the face of the Fundació CTM in international events: European presentation sessions of working programs; international and specific technical workshops; also, due to the experience that the Iu has accumulated with the intense work carried out, it was invited once more as a speaker in the course from the vII PM organised by ACC1Ó and La Salle. In the year 2010 the Iu continues with its projection in accordance with the strategic plan of the Fundació CTM and it will work more intensively in the working fields already mentioned. 0133
  • 134. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Bioengineering diVision T he bioengineering Division is an strategic line started on the year 2008. A work group has been created taking as a base different specific projects in the field of health that were previously developed by the centre and also the relation that the centre has with groups of reference in this field. This work group makes it possible to make the most of Fundació CTM´s real potentials at the same time that BIOENGINEERING it makes it possible to improve the offer of knowledge that we put at the disposal of the companies of the sector. The division is integrated by professionals that come from both, the academic and private spheres within the bioengineering sector. In addition to this, this division collaborates very closely DIVISION with the different areas of CTM, such as the Area of Materials Technology and the Area of Simulation and Innovative Design, as it is the usual practice of the centre. lines of action We have defined a strategy for profiting from our own know-how which takes into account the necessities of the environment. This way, the division will carry out work within the following lines of biomechanics and biomaterials: · Rehabilitation and technical aids · Prosthesis, implants and medical devices · Study of the behaviour of tissues (bones, cartilages, etc) 0134
  • 135. BioengineeringF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Within the line of Rehabilitation and Technical aids the division continues to work in the development of devices which will improve the bipedestation exercises of users with medullar injuries. With this purpose a project is being carried out in collaboration with the Fundación Step by Step which evaluates the degree of satisfaction, not only physical but also psychic and social, of the existing devices already in the marketplace. In the frame of this study, an agreement with the Institut Nacional de Educación Física de Catalunya (INEFC) has also been signed. This agreement is carrying out an end of Master´s Thesis. Once the first stage is over, prototypes of a new device developed in Fundació CTM will be manufactured. At the same time, the division has proposed a project in collaboration with companies and foundations of the sector for adapting natural spaces and making them more accessible to the different groups of society with special necessities. This way, the project will entail from the adaptation of paths or the establishment of areas where the user can experiment and receive information in a sensorial way, to the possibility of monitoring through gPS technology, which will grant greater safety to those who require it. Also within this line, the division is working for the development of a device that will improve the present conditions of rehabilitation through controlled passive movement. It works in collaboration with a specialised physiotherapist and with the hospital complex Althaia. At present we are at the stage of being patented. In what regards the line of Prosthesis, Implants and Medical Devices, the first year of the project Núcleo de investigación 0135 industrial “Immediat-os” (ACCIÓ, FEDER) has concluded. This
  • 136. BioengineeringF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c project is lead by the company specialised in dental implants klockner with the collaboration of other companies such as TM Comas and TT Carreras. Apart from Fundació CTM other research groups participate in the project, as is the case of uPC (bIbITE) and the ub (CPT). The project seeks to develop an immediate load implant which will make it possible for klockner to position itself in the world market with an innovative product. The bioengineering line coordinates the project in which also work the areas of Materials Technology and Simulation and Innovative Design. At the same time, this lines works in collaboration with the Area of Support to Innovation in a project started by a local company with the objective of introducing in the market a new line of prosthesis for the leg. In what regards innovation of the biomaterials used in this kind of devices, we have to mention the collaboration that the division has started with the group bIbITE (uPC) and which has developed several metallic alloys with low elastic modulus that optimise the load transfer towards the bone tissue. Taking as a base the relation started during 2010 with companies of the sector, the centre expects to start a project in 2011 that will make it possible to offer the market implants made using these alloys with the subsequent advantages they bring. Finally, within the line of behaviour of tissues, the division is making progress in the development of a process for the evaluation of fracture risk by osteoporosis through classifiers. In this project also collaborate the hospitality complex Althaia and the company specialised in bioinformatics Microart. At the same time, the division in collaboration with IbEC has 0136 proposed a consortium at a European level for the manufacturing
  • 137. BioengineeringF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c of a bioreactor that will make it possible to reduce the amount of rejections in heart transplants. strategic partners For the division, it is vital to collaborate with relevant groups in this field such as the division of Biomecànica, Biomaterials i Enginyeria de Teixits (bbITE, CREb, uPC) and the Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya (IbEC). In this sense the group has just finished a market research on the common technologies to the three organisations involved. This study will make it possible to increase the ability for transferring technology to the different companies of the sector (valorisation project “bIOTEC”, financed by ACC1Ó). Moreover, as has already been mentioned previously, they have posed different issues of common interest as well as possible collaborations with local organisations of the sector such as the Fundació Althaia, the Fundació Universitària del Bages (Fub) and the Escola Politècnica Superior d’Enginyeria de Manresa (EPSEM, uPC). They have continued with the working sessions with other TCs of the network with the objective of establishing a permanent collaboration which will lead to a new Centre of Medical Technologies. Finally, we have to point out the active participation in the Catalan cluster bIOCAT. Together with bIOCAT we have attended, for the second consecutive year, the worldwide fair bIO2010 in Chicago (EEuu) together with companies and different organisations from the sector as well as the conference for orthopaedic technologies Avante2010 (barcelona) and the most important fair at a European level in the field of medical devices Medica2010 in Dusseldorf (germany). 0137
  • 138. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c QualiTY aT THe Fundació cTM cenTre Tecnològic O n November 26th 2008 the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic obtained the certification uNE-EN ISO 9001:2000 for its quality management system for the activities of management and execution of R+D+IT projects, development of methodologies, consultancy, training and carrying out services by the laboratory of materials and environment. The certification was granted by the prestigious international organisation TÜv RhEINLAND. 0138
  • 139. QualityF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c having achieved this certification, the centre has kept working on the improvement of the management of the R+D+IT projects as the main activity of the centre, taking as a reference the requirements of the norm uNE 166001:2006 for the Management of R+D+IT: Requirements of an R+D+IT Project. The centre has also worked on the improvement of the processes of the laboratories of the Area of Environmental Technology according to the requirements of the norm uNE-EN ISO/IEC 17025:2005: general requirements of the Competence of Calibrating and Testing Laboratories and it has obtained the certification of the new norm uNE-EN ISO 9001:2008 of the quality management system, including the analysing activities of Fundació CTM´s laboratory at FLIX. On the year 2010 the centre has put special care on the analysing activities of the laboratory at FLIX so as to obtain the accreditation ISO 17025:2005 by ENAC (Entitat Nacional d’Acreditació -National Accreditation Entity) for mercury determination in quality residual waters and soils. We expect to obtain this accreditation throughout the first trimester of the year 2011. 0139
  • 140. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c agreeMenTs T he confidentiality agreement we have with our customers makes it impossible for us to list all the agreements that the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic currently has, but we can list some as an example of those signed during 2010: agreements and contracts with public organisations Collaboration agreement with the CITY COUNCIL OF MAN- RESA for the development of projects for the reinforcement of the business network. Collaboration agreement with the UNIVERSITAT POLITÈC- NICA DE CATALUNYA with the objective of framing and co- ordinating the performance of the Fundació CTM Centre Tec- nològic and the Centre XIT MCIA of the Department of Elec- tronic Engineering of the uPC in activities related to training, scientific research and technological development, and also in the transfer of technology, in the area of energetic efficacy and optimisation, renewable energies, industrial electronics and in- formation technologies through specific agreements within the departments, the institutes and the university centres. Collaboration agreement with the CENTRE DE FORMACIÓ PRÀCTICA DE LA FUNDACIÓ LACETÀNIA (CFP) for carrying 0140
  • 141. agreementsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c out different tests on the 5 axis machine and the industrial de- sign that CFP has in its centre. Collaboration agreement with the CONSORCI DE FORMA- CIÓ I D’INICIATIVES CERCS-BERGUEDÀ for promoting and carrying out several actions in the field of the policies of innova- tion, research and development within the estimates contem- plated in the Pla local d’Innovació (Local innovation Plan). agreements with companies Collaboration agreement with BOSCH SISTEMAS DE FRE- NADO, S.L.U. for the execution of the project: Proyectos de desarrollo y aplicación de servofrenos. Collaboration agreement with ENRESA for carrying out ex- perimental tests in hot cells with spent reactor fuel together with the Instituto de Transurànids de Karlsruhe (ITu). Collaboration agreement with ROVALMA, S.A., VOLKS- WAGEN AG, ARMINES, Technische Universität München, METAKUS Anwendungszentrum Metallformgebung, OC Oelikon Balzers AG, Gestamp HardTech AB, Fundación In- asmet and Luleâ University of Technology for carrying out the European project TAILOR TOOL: Development of New Tool Materials with Tailored Thermomechanical Properties. Collaboration agreement with Vlaamse Instelling voor Tech- nologisch Onderzoek NV (vITO) and other 18 companies for carrying out the European Project AQuAREhAb: Development of rehabilitations technologies for multipressured degraded waters and the integration of their impact in river basin mana- 0141 gement.
  • 142. agreementsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Collaboration agreement with ECOCAT, S.L. for advice on the analysis of human health hazard in contaminated soils. Collaboration agreement for carrying out the European Pro- ject 2Redox Phenomena Controlling Systems (CP-ReCosy) within the vII PM. Collaboration agreement with GONVARRI I. CENTRO DE SERVICIOS, S.L. for carrying out the project: Defectos de recu- brimiento en el proceso de galvanizado en continuo: Mecanis- mos de formación, prevención y mejora (gALvA). Collaboration agreement with MIGUEL TORRES, S.A. for carrying out the Project DEMÉTER, within the CENIT program. Collaboration agreement with SGAB, ATLL, Amphos 21, CETaqua, CTM, Kemira, Simpple and Aguas Levante for car- rying out the project OPTIMECA. Collaboration agreement with MAPRO, SENSOFAR, ENER- TIKA and COMPOSITES ATE and 3 Research and innovation centres, which are CD6, AMADE and MCIA, for carrying out the applied research project of non-destructive testing met- hods for compound materials– Project MENDESMACO Collaboration agreement with CETAQUA, Centro Tecnológi- co del Agua Fundación Privada, AMPHOS 21 Consulting, S.L., ICRA Institut Català de Recerca de l’Aigua Fundació Pri- vada, LABAQUA, S.A., SOCIEDAD GENERAL DE AGUAS DE BARCELONA, S.A. and AQUAPLAN for carrying out the pro- ject vIECO: Desarrollo y validación de plataformas integradas de Vigilancia biológica y química optimizadas Económicamente. 0142 Collaboration agreement with the AGÈNCIA DE RESIDUS DE CATALUNYA for carrying out a study on the 10 years of
  • 143. agreementsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c follow-up work on the environmental quality of the Pont de Vi- lomara i Rocafort. Collaboration agreement with ROVALMA S.A., GEARBOX DEL PRAT S.A., TRATAMIENTOS TÉRMICOS CARRERAS S.A. and FLUEBETECH S.L. for carrying out, within the pro- gram NIC, a project for the research into new generation alloys with high thermo-mechanicals characteristics for optimising processes – PROjECT ALTERMO. Collaboration agreement with the Centro para la Investiga- ción y Desarrollo en Transporte y Energía (Centre for the Research and Development in Transport and Energy) , FUN- DACIÓ CIDAUT and the Instituto Tecnológico del Calzado y Conexas (INESCOP) for carrying out the project called: Análisis y Modelaje de Fenómenos de Fatiga en Elastómeros (AMFFE). Collaboration agreement with the company INFUN, S.A. for the development of the project: Investigación para la fundición nodular de cigueñales mediante moldeo vertical. Collaboration agreement with the companies SERVAQUA, S.A.U., ZONA LITORAL, S.L., ABM SERVEIS D’ENGINYERIA I CONSULTING, S.L., BARCELONA REGIONAL, S.A., FLUIDRA SERVICES, S.A.U. for the development of the project: Desarrollo e integración de nuevas tecnologías sostenibles en Sistemas de Apoyo Vital para Ecosistemas Acuáticos Atificiales (ARTSEA). Collaboration agreement with PROMOTORA DE ENLACE INDUSTRIA-UNIVERSIDAD, S.A. ( PEINUSA ) an the INS- TITUT QUÍMIC DE SARRIÀ-CETS FUNDACIÓ PRIVADA for carrying out studies about the synthesis and industrialisation of 0143 liquid copper citrate for being used as an algicide in swimming pools.
  • 144. agreementsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Collaboration agreement with TECH MEDIA TELECOM FACTORY, S.L. for carrying out the activities of the project CE- NIT INREDIS. Collaboration agreement with LGAI TECNOLOGICAL CEN- TER, S.A. for the research and development of the project: Automatización y optimización de procesos de fabricación de perfiles estructurales de CFRP, which is part of an activity of the project CENIT ICARO. agreeMenTs Collaboration agreement with BLUE REED, S.L. for the im- provement of the finishing of the textile cut with metallic strips (TALLTEX). 0144
  • 145. agreementsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Collaboration agreement with SEAT, S.A. for carrying out the project vERDE: Investigación de tecnologías que permitan el desarrollo de vehículos híbridos enchufables y eléctricos, within the program CENIT. Collaboration agreement with Klockner, S.A., Cial. De Trata- mientos Térmicos, S.A., Talleres Mecánicos Comas, S.L. for carrying out the project IMMEDIAT-OS: Implantes dentales de carga inmediata con superficies osteoinductivas y sellado bio. Collaboration agreement with Rovalma, S.A., Axial Maqui- naria, S.L., Tecmar 2000, S.L. and Formin, S.A. for carrying out the project CONCRET. Collaboration agreement with Fundación Cartif, Mondra- gon Goi Eskola Politeknikoa S. Coop., Fundación Instituto Andaluz de Tecnología, Instituto Tecnológico de Aragón, Ecole Supérieure des Technologies Industrielles Avancées and the Instituto Politécnico de Setúbal for carrying out the project gREEN-CAR ECO-DESIgN. Collaboration agreement with Mapro Sistema de Ensayo, S.A. for carrying out the project PROSAvE2: Investigación en sistemas avanzados para un avión mas eco-eficiente, within the program CENIT. Collaboration agreement with Mb Abrera, S.A., Rovalma, S.A., Mol-Matric, SCCL for carrying out the project CONFOR- MAbO: Investigació en processos de conformat per obtenir components estructurals de seguretat, amb propietats gradu- als, per l’automòbil. Collaboration agreement with Denn-Industrias Puigjaner, S.A., Frisa Aerospace, S.A. de C.V. and the Universidad 0145
  • 146. agreementsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Autónoma de Nuevo León for carrying out the project FOR- DANI: Desarrollo de procesos de forja en combinación con tornos de repujar y laminar incluyendo la caracterización y op- timización de aleaciones para aplicaciones en turbinas aeroes- paciales. Collaboration agreement with CITOLIVA, Centro de Inno- vación y Tecnología del Olivar y del Aceite for carrying out the project OiLCA: Mejora de la competitividad y reducción de la huella de carbono del sector del aceite de oliva mediante la optimización de la gestión de residuos e implantación de una ecoetiqueta. Collaboration agreement with Endesa, S.A., the Associació Nuclear Ascó-Vandellós II, A.I.E., the Department of Agri- culture, Food and Rural Affairs of the Generalitat de Ca- talunya (Catalan government) for carrying out the project ZE- bRAREg: Projecte d’avaluació de la vulnerabilitat, mesures de control i la seva efectivitat en la prevenció de la colonització per musclo zebrat de la xarxa de regs de la Ribera d’Ebre. Collaboration agreement with the City Council of Flix for carrying out the project TRANSTECFLIX: Creació d’un Centre de Documentació, Transferència Tecnològica i Cooperació en matèria de tecnologia i gestió ambiental a Flix. Collaboration agreement with the Institut Nacional d’Edu- cació Física de Catalunya for carrying out the project DPeu: Validar a nivel técnico y comercial un nuevo dispositivo bipe- destador tipo “parapodium” diseñado en la Fundació CTM. Collaboration agreement with ESADE BAN for promoting enterprising initiatives and the investment of private investors (business angels). 0146
  • 147. agreementsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Collaboration agreement with PRYSMIAN CABLES Y SISTE- MAS, S.A. in the frame of the project CENIT OCEAN LIDER: Lideres en energías renovables marinas. Collaboration agreement with La Farga Lacambra S.A.U., Rovalma, S.A. and Mapro Sistemas de Ensayo, S.A. for car- rying out the project CuNa: Estudio e Investigación Industrial de CU’S NANOMETRICOS. Collaboration agreement with AREMA for carrying out the project DRAAC: Dispositiu comptacte i modular per a la rege- neració d’aigües depurades amb control avançat del consum energètic i gestió del risc. Collaboration agreement with AMPHOS 21 CONSULTING, S.L. for the development of the project ICATCO2 for carrying out research work on the characterisation of deep aquifers for the storage of CO2. Collaboration agreement with AUTOTECH ENGINEERING AIE for carrying out the project NOFALLEu: Disseny a fatiga: metodologia per a la predicció del comportament a fatiga de peces d’automoció. 0147
  • 148. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c econoMic rePorT T he activity of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnolò- economic gic during the year 2010 generated an income of 7.368.584 Euros *. The biggest entry corresponds to R+D projects under contracts with companies and other entities. This meant an income of report 3.332.210 Euros which, together with the 3.260.198 Euros for R+D projects of our own, causes the total income for R+D acti- vities to mean an 89% of the total. 0148
  • 149. economic reportF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Fundació ctM Projects and services R+D of our own 3.260.198 € 22 R+D under contract 3.332.210 € 37 Technological Services and support to innovation 438.922 € 291 Divulging and Training 208.093 € 16 Other 129.161 € TOTAL 7.368.584 € (*) Data prior to the annual close for fis- cal 2010 and pending audit by the auditor registered in the “Regis- tro Oficial de Auditores de Cuentas de España” with number. 04884.
  • 150. economic reportF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c total incoME According to the source of finance the distribution of the TOTAL income was the following: Non-Competitive Public Funds 0€ Competitive Public Funds 3.457.907 € hiring companies and entities 3.781.516 € Others, not state-owned 129.161 € TOTAL 7.368.584 € incoME PEr actiVitY The invoicing to companies and organisations meant 57% of the income per ACTIvITY of the centre. TOTAL INCOME NON-COMPETITIvE PubLIC FuNDS COMPETITIvE PubLIC FuNDS hIRINg COMPANIES AND ENTITIES Y OThERS, NOT STATE-OWNED T T IVI AC R PE E OM INC 57% INCOME PER ACTIvITY - PRIvAT SECTOR INCOME PER ACTIvITY - PubLIC SECTOR 43% 0150
  • 151. economic reportF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c distribution of the public finance competitive non competitive Autonomic administration 62% 0% Central administration 30% 0% International programmes 8% 0% Others 0% 0% AuTONOMIC ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL ADMINISTRATION INTERNATIONAL PROgRAMMES We should point out that the collaboration from groups lin- ked to the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya generated an income of 346.975 Euros, basically by carrying out R+D pro- jects, making the total go up to 7.715.559 Euros 0151
  • 152. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c clienTs I n the year 2010 the Fundació CTM worked with 202 active companies. The different sectors for which we worked are the following: · Public administration · Food industry · Automotion · bioengineering · Construction · Production of units and machines · Energy · Engineering · Railway · Water Managers · Waste Managers and Environmental Consultants · Metal – mechanics · Naval · Chemical · Sanitary · Treatment of waters 0152
  • 153. clientsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Most of these companies signed contracts with the Fundació CTM related to technological services or R+D+I projects and some for services and training. The transversal technologies of the centre allow it to work with many different sectors and the will of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic is to continue working for companies from different sectors where its knowledge and experience can provide a dif- ferential value. 0153
  • 154. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c FuTure future sTePs T he main objective of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic is to foresee the technological necessities of companies so as to work on a specialised technological offer that can become a point of reference, not only in Catalonia but in the whole of Spain. The growth of the centre in recent years has meant that we have run out of space in the building where we are installed at the moment. Consequently, this is conditioning the growth in several areas. This situation has obliged the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic to consider the construction of a new building that would enable us to continue to grow. The new building is to be constructed in the Parc Central of Manresa, where it must constitute a fundamental part, becoming its driving force and in years to come, one of the city’s main hubs. This is what makes it a great challenge for us, as much for the social implications as for the economic implications that will result from it. Now we have to take forward the construction works, so that at the first trimester of 2013 we can inaugurate the new building. 0154
  • 155. Futur stepsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c All this is new and exceptional to us but nevertheless, we are really looking forward to taking on the challenge since the centre cannot be conditioned due to a lack of space. Apart from this, the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic is taking on new challenges within its usual activity. Some inherited from previous years, things that were set in motion over the last few years that need to be consolidated, such as the activation of the areas of bioengineering and energy; others that represent new technological challenges within the centre, such as making a bid for work on emergent forms of energy in the field of non destructive tests; and a few that need a certain amount of time to be materialised, such as the implementation of the uNE-EN ISO/ IEC 17025: 2005 in the laboratory at Flix. There also are some encouraging projects, such as the participation in the technological antenna of Amposta. The Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic wants to have a main role in this Project taking part in several TbCs that at present are under study. In the medium term, the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic has the following objectives: · Starting the construction works of the new facilities of the centre · Consolidation of the Area of Energy with the participation in relevant projects in the field of alternative energies · Consolidation of the bioengineering division with agreements and projects linked to relevant agents of the region, such as Althaia, Fub or EPSEM; or other important ones at a national and international level, such as IbEC or bIbITE · Implantation of the uNE-EN ISO/IEC 17025: 2005 in the laboratory at Flix 0155
  • 156. Futur stepsF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c · To consolidate its collaboration with companies, technological centres and other research centres so as to carry out important R+D projects, Spanish or international · Lead by companies from the water sector, it is actively working in new technologies for the treatment of waters that will allow the centre to lead new projects in the near future · To grow in our own lines of strategic research. To specially position the centre within the technologies of compound materials and elastomers · Creation of a working group in emerging technologies of non destructive tests · To grow in sales as well as in number of staff · To participate in the creation of companies with a technological basis by helping new entrepreneurs and promoting the appearance of spin-off companies from the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic · Development of our own technologies and products that will make it possible to carry out patents and to actively work in their licence · Continue with the increasing internationalisation of the activities of the centre 0156
  • 157. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c neW Building oF THe Fundació cTM cenTre Tecnològic I n the course of the year 2010 a series of events have taken place that will make it possible for the centre to count with a new building during the course of the year 2013. In the first place, on April 17th 2010, josep huguet, Minister of Innovation, universities and business (Innovació, Universitats i Empresa) presented the project for Fundació CTM´s new building at Manresa. he did this accompanied by Carme botifoll, general Manager of ACC1Ó; josep Camprubí, Mayor of Manresa and Manel Rosell, President of the Executive Committee of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic and President of Caixa Manresa, at present vice-president of CatalunyaCaixa. 0157
  • 158. new buildingF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The minister presented this project that counts with the support of ACC1Ó, Catalan agency for the support of the competitivity of Catalan businesses, which is attached to the Departament d’Innovació, Universitats i Empresa of the Generalitat and which will assign 11.6 million Euros of the FEDER fund to the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic for building the new facilities at the Parc Central of Manresa. This aid, which belongs to the FEDER line orientated to the promotion of strategically important research infrastructures, has been granted by the Ministry of Innovation thanks to the intermediation of the Departament d’Innovació, Universitats i Empresa. The new building will meet the needs of expansion of the centre, which in the past few years has been growing at a rate of 15 and 20 % and which has opened new research lines in bioengineering and energy. The FEDER aid that has been granted to the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic consists of a non-refundable, non recoverable part of 5.8 million Euros and another part at a zero interest rate of 5.8 further million Euros. Secondly, in the month of july, it was announced the publication of the technological specification sheet for hiring, by means of an open and ordinary procedure the following services: drafting of the basic and executive project , drafting and follow up of the project for the environmental licence, management of the building works, management of the execution of the building works, drafting and follow up of the quality control program, drafting of the safety and health study and of the safety and health during the execution stage of the building works of the new facilities of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic co- 0158 financed by the FEDER fund.
  • 159. new buildingF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The bidding process took place during the months of September and October and the resolutions were the following: The company Taller de Arquitectos Colaboradores, SLP was granted the following services: drafting of the basic and executive project, drafting and follow up of the environmental licence project, management of the building works, management of the execution of the building works, drafting and follow up of the quality control program, drafting of the safety and health study and coordination of the safety and health at the stage of execution of the building works of the new facilities of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. The company Marges BG Serveis d’Arquitectura i Gestió, SLP was granted the contract for the service of management and 0159 technical support of the building works of the new headquarters of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic.
  • 160. new buildingF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Finally, on November 12th took place the presentation of the project for the new building of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. The event was presided over by josep huguet, Minister for Innovation, universities and businesses and josep Camprubí, Mayor of Manresa and president of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. The speeches were given by Manel Rosell, President of the Executive Committee of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic, President of Caixa Manresa, and now vice-president of CatalunyaCaixa and josé Manuel Prado, general Manager of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic. The event was held at the hall of the present building of the Fundació CTM that is located at the Av. bases de Manresa, 1. The event counted with the attendance of its governing bodies: the members of the board of Trustees, the Executive Committee, the Company´s Advisory Council, the Scientific Committee and the managing staff of the centre. In the event were also present representatives from different institutions and companies from Central Catalonia. 0160
  • 161. new buildingF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The event started with a visit around the hall looking at the information panels about the project for the new building of the Fundació CTM and the Parc Central. All those present were able to observe the two representative models of the Parc Central and of the future building of the Fundació CTM. The managing staff of the centre was responsible for the explanations. The architects of the new building, Eduard gascon and jordi Roig, were also in charge of giving explanations and answering some of the questions of those present. Next, it was the turn for the institutional speeches. The Minister huguet explained the importance of the activities of the Fundació CTM, which have turned into a reference in the field of technological research and development of the country; all this within the current situation of R+D+i in Catalonia. about the new building of the Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic The land under the basic Project is placed within the sector Parc 0155 0161
  • 162. new buildingF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Central, which is situated at the north of Manresa just over the Ronda Nord at a location called El Serrat del Guix; is located between the factory of this same name, the line that establishes the limit of the municipality with Sant Fruitós de Bages and the border and path that goes along the Catalan railway lines. The technological park is placed at the end of Sallent Street, which is the main street of the industrial zone Dolors and which connects the future park with the city centre through the square Prat de la Riba. Moreover, the park is situated within an area of great scenic interest and quality since at the other side of the railway line we find the Parc de L´Agulla, which is the most important leisure equipment of Manresa and outskirts. This area is crossed by a secondary channel of the irrigation ditch that disappears under the factory Fàbrica del Guix. The main strategy for solving Fundació CTM´s wide and complex programme is to perforate a series of three patios arranged transversely to the main directrix of the building. This arrangement allows to incorporate natural light to the different premises of the building at the same time, as well as to organise the different areas in a modular and flexible way. The total floor area is of 8.200 m2. These patios take on a basic role both from the point of view of the extension of the different internal activities as well as from the point of view of the devices that will improve the climatic comfort and the savings on energetic consumption. A series of sheets and a transparent roof, as well as a ventilation system will make it possible to regulate the different comfort temperatures of the building. 0162
  • 163. new buildingF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c The different areas will develop both in horizontal levels and vertical partitionings that coincide with the interior volumes. Thus, in general terms, the programme will be organised in the following manner: On the ground floor, the area closest to the hall hosts the most public programme of the centre: the reception, the meeting rooms and the conference room. behind this area we find the Area of Materials Technology that is linked to the large-scale workshops and laboratories and the loading bays. Some of these laboratory-workshops are strategically situated at this level so as to avoid vibrations or acoustic interferences. On the second level and with a vertical relation, we find the rest of the programme of the Area of Materials Technology as well as the Area of Forming Processes and the bioengineering Department. Around the first patio and at the facade of the building we find the Area of Simulation and Innovative Design. 0163
  • 164. new buildingF u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c On the last level, halfway between the three patios and in a central position, we find the Area of Environmental Technology. On this level and at the facade of the building facing the Rambla, we can also find the Area of Support to Innovation and the Managing Area. Finally, the Area of Energy is situated along the north-east facade of the building. (*) Extract from the report of the basic project. 0164
  • 165. F u n d a c i ó c T Mc e n T r e T e c n o l ò g i c Av. de les bases de Manresa 1 08242 Manresa bCN T 93 877 73 73 F 93 877 73 74 info@ctm.com.es www.ctm.com.es Fundació CTM Centre Tecnològic 0165