Design Meets Data (Linked, Open, Heterogeneous)
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Design Meets Data (Linked, Open, Heterogeneous)

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The tide of available information continues to rise.The opportunities that come from open access, linked data, sharing resources with other institutions, and standards-based data are enticing - and ...

The tide of available information continues to rise.The opportunities that come from open access, linked data, sharing resources with other institutions, and standards-based data are enticing - and perhaps overwhelming? Emerging design approaches help you find ways to make the most of your opportunities for new types of interactions and engagement with Information Objects. They focus on:

- Exploration, serendipity, use: Rich, relevant design requires an intimate understanding of information and the way people interact with it. It's more than attractive styling - although that's important. It's about people engaging in ways that stimulate the intellect and the experience. People need to find information, use it, relate other information to it, and share it for decades to come.

- Scalability, persistence, authority: Rich, relevant design also takes the long view. Understanding that the integrity of the information matters. This is increasingly important as we move toward more linked, open, and born digital cultural information.

Your institution becomes a gateway to an ecosystem of artistic imagery, scholarly insights, history, perspectives, and related objects. Other people will use your information to create new interpretations and works, which then build on what you hold. Curating information may be perceived as a burden (to be made easier!), yet it is a significant opportunity to reinforce the value and authority of institutions that enhance the information ecosystem.

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    Design Meets Data (Linked, Open, Heterogeneous) Design Meets Data (Linked, Open, Heterogeneous) Presentation Transcript

    • www.designforcontext.com   Duane  Degler    Principal,  Design  for  Context    duane@designforcontext.com    @ddegler   Design  Meets  Data   (Linked,  Open,  Heterogeneous)               The  LAM  (Libraries,  Archives,  Museums)  Digital  InformaDon  Ecosystem   MUSEUMS  AND  THE  WEB   5  April  2014  •  BalDmore,  MD  USA          
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  2   Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  2   What  is  happening  in  cultural  insDtuDons?   •  Digital  strategies   •  Significant,  wide-­‐ranging  digital  iniDaDves   •  Dispersing  digital  responsibiliDes  within  insDtuDons   •  Open  access   •  Linked  data   Open v
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  3   Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  3   FRAMING:   The  “InformaDon  Object”     and  the  LAM  Ecosystem   (Libraries,  Archives,  Museums)  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  4   Physical  Object   A  thing  held  in  trust  by  an   insDtuDon   •  Work  of  art,  book,  arDfact,   archival  record   Informa@on  Object   The  aggregate  set  of  informaDon  in  the   insDtuDon  that  illustrates,  describes,   interprets,  or  references  a  physical  object   Images   Structured  Data   NarraDve  DescripDon   Provenance  /  History   InterpreDve  InformaDon  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  5   Why  is  informa@on  object  cura@on  important  ?   •  LAMs  hold  the  physical  object  and  key  informaDon  objects     in  trust  for  society  .  .  .  in  perpetuity     •  We  don’t  know  to  what  uses  something  will  be  put  .  .  .   We  only  know  it  is  significant,  and  must  be  available   •  Findable   •  Usable   •  Shareable   •  Connectable  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  6   From:  “Designing  for  InformaDon  Objects”,  Degler  &  Johnson,  EdUI  2013   hfp://www.designforcontext.com/publicaDons/designing-­‐for-­‐informaDon-­‐objects     PARTNER   INSTITUTION   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   External-­‐facing  informa@on  object   Images   Structured  Data   NarraDve  DescripDon   Provenance  /  History   DATA   CARETAKER   CURATOR   METADATA   STORE   DAM   PROVENANCE   HISTORIC   REFERENCES   InterpreDve  InformaDon   CONTROLLED   VOCABULARY  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  7   PARTNER   INSTITUTION   CONSERVATOR   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   Internal-­‐facing  informa@on  object   Images   Structured  Data   NarraDve  DescripDon   Provenance  /  History   DATA   CARETAKER   CURATOR   METADATA   STORE   DAM   PROVENANCE   HISTORIC   REFERENCES   InterpreDve  InformaDon   LAB  NOTES  /   REPORTS   From:  “Designing  for  InformaDon  Objects”,  Degler  &  Johnson,  EdUI  2013   hfp://www.designforcontext.com/publicaDons/designing-­‐for-­‐informaDon-­‐objects     CONTROLLED   VOCABULARY  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  8   Digital   Cultural   Ecosystem   Curate     InsDtuDonal  curaDon     of  InformaDon  Object   Extend     RelaDonships     &  enhancement   Enrich     ParDcipate  in  cultural  ecosystem   n  HumaniDes  /  Cultural  relaDonships   n  Societal  /  Contextual  relaDonships  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  9   [Digital  &  linked]  cultural  ecosystem   Cultural  Ins@tu@ons   Holding  or  exhibi@ng  Objects   Search  &  Aggrega@on   Federated  access  to  DH  informa@on   Cultural  Educa@on   Conduc@ng  &  promo@ng  scholarship   Vocabulary     Standardized  discovery   Historical  &  Social  Sites   Access  to  broader  contexts   Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  9  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  10   Design  requirements   •  Discovery  &  Serendipity   •  Discover  relevant  informaDon  objects  –  known  and  unknown  –    through  search/browse    (and  foster  that  serendipitous,  “A-­‐ha!”  moment)   •  Extend  use     •  Take  away  informaDon  objects  relevant  to  my  interest   •  Conveniently  re-­‐use  informaDon  in  my  own  work  products   •  Persistence     •  Conveniently  link/reference  my  work  and  source  informaDon  objects   •  Trust  that  informaDon  objects  to  which  I  link/reference  will  remain  available     •  Sustainability   •  Flexibility  in  design  and  data  modeling  to  adapt  to  future  capabiliDes  and  topics     •  Scalability   •  Comfortably  adapt  to  ever-­‐growing  collecDons  and  different  working  styles  across   insDtuDons  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  11   Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  11   USABLE  DESIGN   Is  Linked  Open  Data   a  nice-­‐to-­‐have     or  a  game  changer  ?  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  12   The  role  of  linked  open  data   Subject   Object  Predicate   played   Verb v painted   Netherlands   born  in   lived  in   “Which  famous   non-­‐Scojsh   arDsts  painted   bagpipes?”  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  13   Bal@more   Rembrandt   Peale   R.  Peale   Museum   Has   museum   Founded  by   Displays   Roman   Daughter   Smithsonian   Displays   D.C.   Has   museum   1812  Flag   Displayed   Ft.  McHenry   Flew   Has  site   Painted   Reubens  P.   w/Geranium   Displays   NGA   Has   museum  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  14   Bal@more   R.  Peale   Museum   Has   museum   Ar@llery   memorabilia   Displayed   Paherson   Park   Has  site   Site  of   Volunteer   Arch.  Dig   Bal@more   Heritage   Organizes   Has   event   April   15th   On  date   Find   Philadelphia   Charles  W.   Peale   Son  of   Lived   in  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  15   ENGAGE   •  NavigaDng  relaDonships   •  Viewing  content   •  Discovering  relevant  informaDon   •  Applying  to  broader  context  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  16   ENGAGE              Naviga@ng  rela@onships    MOMA  “Inven@ng  Abstrac@on”  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  17   Individual’s  Network   Which  person  to  choose?     How  does  their  work  relate?     What  other  related  works?   Specific  Work   Can  I  learn  more?     What  is  the   context?     How  does  this   relate  to  others   in  the  network?   Big  Picture   What  types  of   relaDonships   can  I  explore?   ENGAGE              Naviga@ng  rela@onships    MOMA  “Inven@ng  Abstrac@on”  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  18   ENGAGE              Naviga@ng  rela@onships   HENDRICK  TER  BRUGGHEN   1588  –  1629     BIRTHPLACE      THE  HAGUE     PLACES                      UTRECHT   WORKED            ROME   more… Hendrick  ter  Brugghen  was  born  in  1588,  probably  in  The   Hague.  His  parents,  Jan  Egbertsz  ter  Brugghen  and  Feysgen   Dircx,  came  from  Utrecht,  but  lived  for  a  Dme  in  The  Hague   because  of  Jan’s  career  as  a  civil  servant.  He  served  as   secretary  to  the  court  of  Utrecht  in  1581  and  became  bailiff  of   the  States  of  Holland  in  1585.  By  1603  the  family  was  living  in   Abcoude,  a  village  midway  between  Utrecht  and  Amsterdam.   During  these  years,  Ter  Brugghen  may  have  been  apprenDced   to  the  Utrecht  mannerist  Abraham  Bloemaert  (1566–1651).     all   school   influencers   patrons   locaDons   mediums   galleries      1619                                                          1621                                                              1623                                                1625                                                    1627                                                                    1629   RELATED  ARTISTS   Gerard  van  Honthorst           Frans  Hals         Type  of  work  icon   LocaDon  during  creaDon  icon  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  19   ENGAGE              Naviga@ng  rela@onships   The  Bagpipe  Player   HENDRICK  TER  BRUGGHEN,  1624   12   7   Gallery  Flow   Time  Browse  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  20   ENGAGE              Naviga@ng  rela@onships   The  Bagpipe  Player   HENDRICK  TER  BRUGGHEN,  1624   1628-­‐29  1625-­‐27  1618-­‐20   1621-­‐23   Gallery  Flow   Time  Browse   12   7  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  21   ENGAGE          Viewing  content  Rijksmuseum  “RijksStudio”  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  22  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  23  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  24  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  25   ENGAGE              Viewing  content    Na@onal  Gallery  of  Art,  DC  “Dutch  Online  Edi@ons”  (OSCI)  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  26   ENGAGE              Applying  to  broader  context    Cleveland  Museum  of  Art  “Gallery  One”   An  immersive  experience  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  27   ENGAGE              Applying  to  broader  context    Cleveland  Museum  of  Art  “Gallery  One”   Users  take  their  selecDons  with  them  through  the  museum’s  galleries  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  28      Engage:      Applying  to  Broader  Context   1   2   1  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  29   Engage:      Applying  to  Broader  Context   Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  29  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  30   CREATE   •  Establishing  relaDonships   •  Applying  descripDons  &  classificaDon  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  31   SITUATION  SIGNALS   SITUATION  SIGNALS   LocaDon   Co-­‐occurring  events   Date  /  Dme   CondiDons   Devices  /  connecDvity   SITUATION  SIGNALS   USER  SIGNALS   Usage  paferns   Experience   Interests  /  profile   History   Community   CONTENT  SIGNALS   Link  relaDonships   Text  paferns   Categories  /  keywords   Metadata   TASK  SIGNALS   Outcomes  /  goals   Rules  /  requirements   CriDcality   Sequence  /  status   Frequency  for  user   From:  “SupporDng  Relevance  for  Users:  A  Design  Challenge”   Degler,  SemTechBiz  6.2013   hfp://www.designforcontext.com/publicaDons/supporDng-­‐relevance-­‐for-­‐users   CREATE   Models  support     rela@onships  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  32   CREATE              Establishing  rela@onships    Conserva@onSpace  (PI:  NGA,  DC)   EXAMPLE  ONLY:  Design  wireframes  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  33   CREATE              Establishing  rela@onships    Conserva@onSpace  (PI:  NGA,  DC)   EXAMPLE  ONLY:  Design  wireframes  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  34   CREATE            Applying  descrip@ons  and  classifica@on  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  35   CREATE            Applying  descrip@ons  and  classifica@on  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  36   EVOLVE   •  Learning  from  use   •  Monitoring  paferns  and  driu   •  CollaboraDng  with  others  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  37   USE   EVOLVE            Enhancement  ecosystem   MANAGE   NEW   CONTENT   LEGACY   CONTENT   TAG   LINK   ANNOTATE   CRAWL   TRACK   COLLABORATE   From:  “Enhancement  Ecosystems”,  Degler  &  Vander  Wal,  SemTechBiz  10.2013   hfp://www.designforcontext.com/publicaDons/enhancement-­‐ecosystems-­‐enriching-­‐structured-­‐content-­‐with-­‐user-­‐tagging-­‐and-­‐annotaDon   EXTRACT  &   INDEX     •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   •  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   TAXONOMY   REVIEW  &   ASSESS   ENHANCE   &   EVALUATE  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  38   Focus  areas  for  Usable  Design   Engage:  Interact  with  content   •  Viewing  content   •  NavigaDng  relaDonships   •  Discovering  relevant  informaDon   •  Applying  to  broader  context     Create:  Manage  content  and  sites  using  data  and  vocabularies   •  Establishing  relaDonships   •  Applying  descripDons  &  classificaDon     Evolve:  Maintain/grow  data  and  vocabularies  over  Dme   •  Learning  from  use   •  Monitoring  paferns  and  driu   •  CollaboraDng  with  others  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  39   Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  39   Now  what  ?  
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  40   Think  Globally  .  .  .   Act  Locally  
    • www.designforcontext.com   Duane  Degler    Principal,  Design  for  Context    duane@designforcontext.com    @ddegler   Design  Meets  Data   (Linked,  Open,  Heterogeneous)               The  LAM  (Libraries,  Archives,  Museums)  Digital  InformaDon  Ecosystem   MUSEUMS  AND  THE  WEB   5  April  2014  •  BalDmore,  MD  USA          
    • Design  Meets  Data  |  Museums  and  the  Web  |  5  April,  2014  |  ©  Degler  42   References  and  image  notes   IMAGES     Slide  4:   hfp://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/CollecDon/art-­‐object-­‐page.144298.html     Slide  9:   hfp://www.hendrickbrugghen.org   hfp://www.khm.at/en/     hfp://www.louvre.fr/en   hfp://www.hermitagemuseum.org   hfp://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/book.asp?isbn=9780300074512   hfp://www.hendrickbrugghen.org/Woman-­‐Playing-­‐the-­‐Lute-­‐1624-­‐26.html   hfp://www.cambridge.org/sg/academic/subjects/arts-­‐theatre-­‐culture/ western-­‐art/golden-­‐age-­‐dutch-­‐painDng-­‐historical-­‐perspecDve   hfp://press.princeton.edu/Dtles/8513.html   hfps://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/explore-­‐the-­‐collecDon/Dmeline-­‐dutch-­‐history   hfp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Slag_bij_Nieuwpoort.jpg     Slide  12:   hfp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ File:P._Bodart_Portrait_of_Henric_Ter_Brugghen.jpg   hfp://www.music.iastate.edu/anDqua/bagpipe.htm     Slide  13:   hfp://explore.balDmoreheritage.org/items/show/78#.U0BUz1zQnA2     Slides  14  and  28:   hfp://openstreetmap.org       Slide  40:   Image:  Earth  from  Space,  10.17.2000,  NASA  Earth  Observatory   hfp://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=885   Quote:  AfribuDon  unclear.  hfp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Think_globally,_act_locally     Slides  4-­‐10  from:   “Designing  for  Informa@on  Objects”,  Degler  &  Johnson,  EdUI  2013   hfp://www.designforcontext.com/publicaDons/designing-­‐for-­‐informaDon-­‐objects       Slide  31  from:     “Suppor@ng  Relevance  for  Users:  A  Design  Challenge”  Degler,  SemTechBiz  6.2013   hfp://www.designforcontext.com/publicaDons/supporDng-­‐relevance-­‐for-­‐users     Slide  37  from:     “Enhancement  Ecosystems”,  Degler  &  Vander  Wal,  SemTechBiz  10.2013   hfp://www.designforcontext.com/publicaDons/enhancement-­‐ecosystems-­‐enriching-­‐ structured-­‐content-­‐with-­‐user-­‐tagging-­‐and-­‐annotaDon     EXAMPLES  IN  PRESENTATION     MOMA  InvenDng  AbstracDons  exhibiDon:  hfp://www.moma.org/interacDves/exhibiDons/ 2012/invenDngabstracDon/     Rijksmuseum  RijksStudio:  hfps://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/rijksstudio     NaDonal  Gallery  of  Art  (Online  EdiDons  -­‐  OSCI):  hfp://nga.gov   Cleveland  Museum  of  Art,  Gallery  One  and  ArtLens:  hfp://www.clevelandart.org/gallery-­‐one     ConservaDonSpace  project:  hfp://www.conservaDonspace.org     ADDITIONAL  SITES  USED  AS  BACKGROUND     eCulture  data  broswer  prototype:  hfp://e-­‐culture.mulDmedian.nl/demo/session/search   Smithsonian  cross-­‐selecDon  search:  hfp://collecDons.si.edu/search/     ResearchSpace  project:  hfp://researchspace.org   Kindred  Britain  person  relaDonship  browser:  hfp://kindred.stanford.edu/#     StackLife  book  browser:  hfps://stacklife-­‐dpla.law.harvard.edu       VisualizaDon  of  Museums  and  the  Web  AAT  LOD  hierarchy:  hfp://mafhewlincoln.net/ 2014/02/21/hierarchies-­‐of-­‐the-­‐Museums  and  the  Web.html     RKD  Dutch  art  search:  hfp://www.rkd.nl/en/     SerendipomaDc  enDty  extracDon  search:  hfp://serendipomaDc.org     mSpace  semanDc  browser:  hfp://mspace.fm   Parallax  data  relaDonship  browser:  hfp://parallax.freebaseapps.com   Smithsonian  community  transcripDon  site:  hfps://transcripDon.si.edu   NY  Times  topics  as  LOD:  hfp://data.nyDmes.com