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  • 1. Jim Crow
  • 2.
    • “ Jim Crow” was a minstrel character from the 1830’s.
    • He was portrayed as an elderly, crippled and clumsy African American slave and his portrayal showed all the negative stereotypes of African Americans.
  • 3.  
  • 4. Jim Crow Laws
    • Jim Crow laws were laws that imposed racial segregation.
    • They existed mainly in the South and originated from the Black Codes that were enforced from 1865 to 1866
  • 5. Black Codes
    • In 1865, Southerners created Black Codes, which served as a way to inhibit the freedom of ex-slaves.
      • Relegate Blacks to Agricultural Labor and Domestic Work
      • Black Codes Restrict the Freedom of Movement
  • 6. Plessy v. Ferguson
    • In 1890, Louisiana passed a law that required blacks to ride in separate railroad cars.
    • Homer Plessy, a carpenter in Louisiana who was seven-eighths Caucasian, was chosen to test the constitutionality of the law.
  • 7.  
  • 8.
    • On June 7, 1892, Plessy boarded a train and sat in a car reserved for whites.
    • He refused to move and was arrested.
    • A local judge ruled against Plessy.
  • 9.  
  • 10. Decision
    • The case was appealed to the Supreme Court and in 1896, it upheld the lower courts ruling.
  • 11.
    • It held that "separate but equal" accommodations did not violate Plessy's rights and that the law did not stamp the "colored race with a badge of inferiority.“
    • This decision paved the way for segregation.
  • 12.
    • Jim Crow laws banned blacks from such places as restaurants, hospitals, parks, schools, and barber shops.
    • The outcome of these laws resulted in the creation of separate drinking fountains, public facilities, and entrances for blacks.
  • 13.
    • Signs that said "Whites Only" or "Colored" were posted at entrances and exits, water fountains, waiting rooms, and restrooms.
    • Laws were enacted that restricted all aspects of life and varied from state to state.
  • 14.
    • Georgia in 1905, passed a law requiring separate public parks.
    • In 1909 Mobile, Alabama created a 10 p.m. curfew for blacks.
    • In 1915, South Carolina blacks and whites were restricted from working together in the same rooms of textile factories.
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  • 24.
    • actual
    • postcard
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