Reflections from the good practices of the Erhai Lake Basin Management Commission (ELBMC) in Integrated Watershed Manageme...
contents <ul><li>Rationale & Background </li></ul><ul><li>Research questions </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><...
Rationale & Background <ul><li>upriver part of the Lancang-Mekong River Basin (Xier river flows into the upper Mekong drai...
Rationale & Background <ul><li>One lake located nearby the big urban area with population of 650,000 </li></ul><ul><li>suc...
The roles of Erhai Lake Watershed Management Commission (ELWMC) has played?
Research questions 1 <ul><li>What political, economic, social and cultural factors enable and affect ELBMC ’ s role in ado...
Research questions 2 <ul><li>How is the  performance  of the ELBMC in terms of institutional transparence, accountability ...
Research questions 3 <ul><li>How to integrate  top-down  project interventions with the  local mobilization  and user-led ...
Research questions 4 <ul><li>How significant to establish  multiple incentive mechanisms , namely market-based or non-mark...
Methodology <ul><li>in collaboration with the Great Mekong Subregional Study Center (GMSSC) of Yunnan University  </li></u...
Methodology <ul><li>Field surveys and investigation:   </li></ul>
Methodology:  Semi-structural interview and focus groups interview
Methodology <ul><li>Project sites ’  visit and outcome evaluation   </li></ul>
Initial findings: Positive aspects <ul><li>ELBMC--powerful organizational supports for the sound integrated water manageme...
Two main elements contributed to its efficient management <ul><li>A:  practicable   laws and regulations specialized in IW...
Performance of ELBMC <ul><li>ELBMC is relatively transparent due to the fact that the  performance evaluation  of the gove...
PES mechanism has been established but mainly government driven, not market-based
<ul><li>Awareness promotion initiatives at the community level have had apparent outcomes;  </li></ul><ul><li>School educa...
Income from eco-Tourism has supplied the local livelihood in certain ways ( but tourism can be a double-edged sword )
Restriction and issues (ELBMC)
insufficient empowerment of ELBMC and insufficient capability of monitoring and implying the law
Human Resource, technical, financial constrains of ELBMC <ul><li>During last 5 years , more than 1.6 billion RMB has been ...
Insufficient consideration on local needs and the heterogeneous of stakeholders
weak in cross –basin water management
Lack of flexibility and proper mechanism to adapt to climate change
Restriction and issues <ul><li>remain government-driven intervention, </li></ul><ul><li>multiple incentive mechanisms, inc...
The lake ecosystem hasn’t been fully recovered due to the historical reason.
<ul><li>Insufficient bottom up approach and local mobilization, lack of user-led initiatives </li></ul>
Reflections
Solving non-point pollution issue needs multi-dimension efforts
<ul><li>The significance of the balance between conservation and development hasn ’ t been fully recognized by the governm...
The lack of organizing and mechanism at the community level has led to inappropriate resource use
<ul><li>Strong top-down approach can be very efficient, especially at some critical periods,  </li></ul><ul><li>However, c...
Next steps <ul><li>1, Writing up the mid-term report </li></ul><ul><li>2, Focus for the second field trip (Feb 2012) </li>...
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Reflections from the good practices of the Erhai Lake Basin Management Commission (ELBMC) in Integrated Watershed Management

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By Jianping Wang, Yunnan University, P.R. China, M-POWER Fellow

Presented at the Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
December 7-9, 2011
Session 8a: Presenting the work of the M-POWER Fellows

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Reflections from the good practices of the Erhai Lake Basin Management Commission (ELBMC) in Integrated Watershed Management

  1. 1. Reflections from the good practices of the Erhai Lake Basin Management Commission (ELBMC) in Integrated Watershed Management Dr.Jianping Wang Yunnan University, P.R.China
  2. 2. contents <ul><li>Rationale & Background </li></ul><ul><li>Research questions </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Initial findings </li></ul><ul><li>Reflections </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rationale & Background <ul><li>upriver part of the Lancang-Mekong River Basin (Xier river flows into the upper Mekong drainage system) </li></ul><ul><li>approximately 2,565km2 and 120 rivers which empty into the Lake </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rationale & Background <ul><li>One lake located nearby the big urban area with population of 650,000 </li></ul><ul><li>successful case of integrated watershed management presented in the 13th world congress of lakes in 2009 (class 3-to-class 2 seasonally) </li></ul>
  5. 5. The roles of Erhai Lake Watershed Management Commission (ELWMC) has played?
  6. 6. Research questions 1 <ul><li>What political, economic, social and cultural factors enable and affect ELBMC ’ s role in adopting integrated watershed management? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the main elements contributed to its efficient management and what are the main restrains facing ELBMC? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Research questions 2 <ul><li>How is the performance of the ELBMC in terms of institutional transparence, accountability and financial sustainability , and how efficient it is in balancing local development aspirations and the conservation goals in the context of Lake Basin management? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Research questions 3 <ul><li>How to integrate top-down project interventions with the local mobilization and user-led initiatives? </li></ul><ul><li>What roles the local community could possibly play in facilitating sustainable integrated watershed management and user-centered social learning process? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Research questions 4 <ul><li>How significant to establish multiple incentive mechanisms , namely market-based or non-market-based (politically or institutionally), to foster the integrated watershed management? </li></ul><ul><li>and what are the roles the lake basin organization could play in establishing such multi-layers incentive mechanisms? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Methodology <ul><li>in collaboration with the Great Mekong Subregional Study Center (GMSSC) of Yunnan University </li></ul><ul><li>A Literature review of latest approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Field investigation </li></ul>
  11. 11. Methodology <ul><li>Field surveys and investigation: </li></ul>
  12. 12. Methodology: Semi-structural interview and focus groups interview
  13. 13. Methodology <ul><li>Project sites ’ visit and outcome evaluation </li></ul>
  14. 14. Initial findings: Positive aspects <ul><li>ELBMC--powerful organizational supports for the sound integrated water management </li></ul><ul><li>4 Sectors (water resource; fishing; tourism and technology extension) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Two main elements contributed to its efficient management <ul><li>A: practicable laws and regulations specialized in IWM </li></ul><ul><li>B: the concept of IWM has been emphasized since the day one, embodied in all strategy -making </li></ul>
  16. 16. Performance of ELBMC <ul><li>ELBMC is relatively transparent due to the fact that the performance evaluation of the governmental officers had been linked directly to the outcome of the Erhai conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Letter of commitment , default fine </li></ul>
  17. 17. PES mechanism has been established but mainly government driven, not market-based
  18. 18. <ul><li>Awareness promotion initiatives at the community level have had apparent outcomes; </li></ul><ul><li>School education, advising campaign, </li></ul><ul><li>cabbage collector, 70% drinking water from Erhai </li></ul>
  19. 19. Income from eco-Tourism has supplied the local livelihood in certain ways ( but tourism can be a double-edged sword )
  20. 20. Restriction and issues (ELBMC)
  21. 21. insufficient empowerment of ELBMC and insufficient capability of monitoring and implying the law
  22. 22. Human Resource, technical, financial constrains of ELBMC <ul><li>During last 5 years , more than 1.6 billion RMB has been invested into the Erhai conservation and protection ,but most of them are from governmental funds </li></ul><ul><li>111people in charge of 250km 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Heavily depended on the other technological institutions. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Insufficient consideration on local needs and the heterogeneous of stakeholders
  24. 24. weak in cross –basin water management
  25. 25. Lack of flexibility and proper mechanism to adapt to climate change
  26. 26. Restriction and issues <ul><li>remain government-driven intervention, </li></ul><ul><li>multiple incentive mechanisms, including technical, political, institutional , market-based or legal approach, hasn ’ t been established; </li></ul>
  27. 27. The lake ecosystem hasn’t been fully recovered due to the historical reason.
  28. 28. <ul><li>Insufficient bottom up approach and local mobilization, lack of user-led initiatives </li></ul>
  29. 29. Reflections
  30. 30. Solving non-point pollution issue needs multi-dimension efforts
  31. 31. <ul><li>The significance of the balance between conservation and development hasn ’ t been fully recognized by the governmental officers </li></ul>
  32. 32. The lack of organizing and mechanism at the community level has led to inappropriate resource use
  33. 33. <ul><li>Strong top-down approach can be very efficient, especially at some critical periods, </li></ul><ul><li>However, considering the sustainability of all sorts of methods, bottom up approach needs further emphasized in Erhai lake, as well as in other Chinese watershed (such as public monitoring). </li></ul>
  34. 34. Next steps <ul><li>1, Writing up the mid-term report </li></ul><ul><li>2, Focus for the second field trip (Feb 2012) </li></ul><ul><li>Target one fishing village for in-depth investigation (ie. Haiying village) </li></ul><ul><li>Trace down to the downstream of Xier river and get more information about the water treatment and pollution control </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of the new 12.5 major plan for Erhai conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of more information about the way that the different governmental departments or private sector cooperated with ELBMC, such as environmental, agricultural and so on </li></ul>
  35. 35. Thanks for feedback!
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