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Water Users’ Associations
(WUAs/BCWUAs)
Meet Yazid Area
Research team:
Dr. Edwin Rap
Dr. François Molle
Dr. Doaa Ezzat
Eng...
Objectives
 Assess the functioning of WUAs at collective
pump stations in IIP and IIIMP projects
 Carry out a comparativ...
1
2
3
WUAs - Methodology
• Rapid Appraisal of 50 pump stations, IIP
and IIIMP in Meet Yazid command area
• Additional surv...
WUAs at pumping stations
Functioning of WUAs
1. Normative plans: no WUA functions as planned, # WUAs not formally active
2. Board not farmers consi...
BCWUA survey
Activity
• Methodology:
– Use earlier literature study on
successful cases and surveys
– Focus group with BCW...
Focus group with BCWUAs
BCWUA survey
Activities
• Comparative survey of 15
BCWUAs in Mit Yazid
• Discussion topics:
– Trajectory of the BCWUA
– El...
Main Findings I
• Laudable efforts of BCWUAs and irrigation staff to
deal with O&M problems at BC-level
• BCWUAs have no l...
Main Findings II
• BCWUA leaders selected to promote
improvement, cannot effectively represent users
with design & constru...
BCWUA representation
Main Findings III
• In sum, BCWUAs are financially,
representationally and institutionally weak
organizations, which poten...
Key-messages
• The need to adopt a law to recognize BCWUAs
with fee collection capacity and concrete
O&M responsibilities
...
Future investment
Water Users’ Associations (WUAs/BCWUAs) - Meet Yazid Area
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Water Users’ Associations (WUAs/BCWUAs) - Meet Yazid Area

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Presented by IWMI's Edwin Rap at the 4th African Regional Conference on Irrigation and Drainage (ARCID), on April 27 in Cairo, Egypt.

Presented at second session (Tools and techniques for improving land and water productivity -II) of the side-event on "Improving Salt and Water Management in the Nile Delta",

Published in: Science
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Water Users’ Associations (WUAs/BCWUAs) - Meet Yazid Area

  1. 1. Water Users’ Associations (WUAs/BCWUAs) Meet Yazid Area Research team: Dr. Edwin Rap Dr. François Molle Dr. Doaa Ezzat Eng. Ahmed Ismail Dr. Waleed Abu Hassan
  2. 2. Objectives  Assess the functioning of WUAs at collective pump stations in IIP and IIIMP projects  Carry out a comparative survey on the working of BCWUAs
  3. 3. 1 2 3 WUAs - Methodology • Rapid Appraisal of 50 pump stations, IIP and IIIMP in Meet Yazid command area • Additional surveys and literature review • 4 Masters students
  4. 4. WUAs at pumping stations
  5. 5. Functioning of WUAs 1. Normative plans: no WUA functions as planned, # WUAs not formally active 2. Board not farmers considered as WUA members, few re-elections, assemblies, or other (formal) meetings 3. Decision-making is often informal, fundamental role of the pumping station (PS) operator 4. Very little participation in design of PS and network; limited recollection of training; reception of PS often problematic 5. Large diversity of water distribution arrangements, with rotations only during peak summer time 6. Running costs and fee collection relatively un-problematic; investment decisions by consensus when needed 7. Conflicts happen when supply/demand ratio too low (tail-ends, or), which social relations can amplify/reduce
  6. 6. BCWUA survey Activity • Methodology: – Use earlier literature study on successful cases and surveys – Focus group with BCWUAs on management options – Interviews with key- informants – Survey of 15 selected BCWUAs Output
  7. 7. Focus group with BCWUAs
  8. 8. BCWUA survey Activities • Comparative survey of 15 BCWUAs in Mit Yazid • Discussion topics: – Trajectory of the BCWUA – Election & composition Board – The role of IIP improvement – BCWUA resources & responsibilities – Relations with Project and Irrigation Management Staff – Effectiveness of BCWUAs – Law for BCWUAs, etc. BCWUA presidents
  9. 9. Main Findings I • Laudable efforts of BCWUAs and irrigation staff to deal with O&M problems at BC-level • BCWUAs have no legal recognition, resource base (fee collection), office and records • BCWUAs have no large O&M role, even in success cases • Weak link between WUAs and the BCWUAs, which affects enforcement rotation • BCWUA leaders need the authority of district engineers to implement rotations
  10. 10. Main Findings II • BCWUA leaders selected to promote improvement, cannot effectively represent users with design & construction problems • How representative are BCWUAs when many water users along BCs are not aware of them? • Women in BCWUA appears a token measure, driven by donor pressures • Efforts focused on (re-)elections of BCWUAs and less on sustaining them • Egyptian Revolution discontinued regular interactions BCWUAs - engineers
  11. 11. BCWUA representation
  12. 12. Main Findings III • In sum, BCWUAs are financially, representationally and institutionally weak organizations, which potentially might, but presently do not play a significant role in the O&M of BCs • Even when a law and additional maintenance responsibilities would strengthen the legitimacy of BCWUAs, it is questionable whether they would be sustainable
  13. 13. Key-messages • The need to adopt a law to recognize BCWUAs with fee collection capacity and concrete O&M responsibilities or: • Give up the idea of BCWUA participation
  14. 14. Future investment

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