Introduction Dr Matthew Cockerill - BioMed Central
Knowledge as a weapon in the struggle against malaria in sub-Saharan Africa Dr Colin Sutherland - London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
The role of the media in tackling disease in the developing world Mr David Dickson - SciDev.Net
Building a generation of future environmentalists in developing countries Mr Jib Hagan - CARE Computers for Developing Countries
How open access research has been adopted in the developing world Ms Barbara Kirsop - Electronic Publishing Trust for Development
Outline of session
Knowledge is power
“ Many developing countries remain poor largely because they let the Industrial Revolution pass them by. They can ill afford to miss the information technology revolution.”
M. S. Swaminathan, “Father of the Green Revolution”
Digital divide or digital bridge?
Mobile phones in Africa Source: African Mobile Factbook 2008
SMS messaging for trading
Increasing use of PDAs and mobile phone networks for data gathering
The founders of 03b Networks recently helped pioneer the first commercial 3G mobile and fibre-to-the-home networks in Rwanda The company said the system will enable the spread of locally generated content and e-learning, encouraging social and economic growth in the developing world. It aims to tap into booming mobile phone usage in the developing world
In what areas can increased access to knowledge help?
UN Millenium Development Goals
Reduce child mortality,Improve maternal health
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
Ensure environmental sustainability
Develop a global partnership for development
Who needs access to the results of research? Public Professionals Researchers
What is open access publishing?
take ownership of the research
provide access to subscribers only
Open access journals
have no subscription barriers
take advantage of the economics of the internet to allow universal access
research is openly licensed to allow reuse
Open access journals do have costs
Publication fee is a very small fraction of the cost of doing research
Most open access publishers, including BioMed Central, give waivers to developing countries
In other cases, open access journals have central support, so no charges for authors or readers
About BioMed Central
Pioneer of open access model
Launched first journals in 2000
Now publish >180 OA titles
>40,000 peer-reviewed OA articles published
All research articles published under Creative Commons licence. Reuse and redistribution is encouraged.
Research on global health issues is expanding
Resources channeled into research on developing world health issues have increased significantly in recent years
A direct and an indirect result of philanthropic initiatives
Why use is the research if the people it is most relevant to don’t have access?
US National Institutes of Health
Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Medical Research Council
European Research Council
EC Seventh Framework Program
Funders are now requiring open access
Open Access in practice
Repositories of open content
Open Access journals
Malaria Journal home page
A highly accessed Malaria Journal article 10,000+ downloads 22 citations
Where are papers on malaria published ?
How accessible is malaria research as a whole?
Looking at the biomedical literature, around 9% of articles are immediately “open access”
18 months ago it was 6%
For malaria research it has been rapidly increasing and is now 27%!
Other tropical diseases….
The latest open access research on global health issues
A knowledge commons
Malaria Journal’s author-base is geographically diverse
Local journals are going global via Open Access
Stories from the developing world
The benefits of open access for the developing world