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Matt Cockerill
 

Matt Cockerill

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    Matt Cockerill Matt Cockerill Presentation Transcript

    • How Science Addresses Developing World Issues
      • Introduction Dr Matthew Cockerill - BioMed Central
      • Knowledge as a weapon in the struggle against malaria in sub-Saharan Africa Dr Colin Sutherland - London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
      • The role of the media in tackling disease in the developing world Mr David Dickson - SciDev.Net
      • Building a generation of future environmentalists in developing countries Mr Jib Hagan - CARE Computers for Developing Countries
      • How open access research has been adopted in the developing world Ms Barbara Kirsop - Electronic Publishing Trust for Development
      Outline of session
    • Sharing knowledge
    • Knowledge is power
      • “ Many developing countries remain poor largely because they let the Industrial Revolution pass them by. They can ill afford to miss the information technology revolution.”
      • M. S. Swaminathan, “Father of the Green Revolution”
    • Digital divide or digital bridge?
    •  
    • Mobile phones in Africa Source: African Mobile Factbook 2008
    • SMS messaging for trading
    • Increasing use of PDAs and mobile phone networks for data gathering
    • The founders of 03b Networks recently helped pioneer the first commercial 3G mobile and fibre-to-the-home networks in Rwanda The company said the system will enable the spread of locally generated content and e-learning, encouraging social and economic growth in the developing world. It aims to tap into booming mobile phone usage in the developing world
    • In what areas can increased access to knowledge help?
    • UN Millenium Development Goals
      • Reduce child mortality,Improve maternal health
      • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
      • Ensure environmental sustainability
      • Develop a global partnership for development
    • Who needs access to the results of research? Public Professionals Researchers
    • What is open access publishing?
      • Traditional journals
        • take ownership of the research
        • provide access to subscribers only
      • Open access journals
        • have no subscription barriers
        • take advantage of the economics of the internet to allow universal access
        • research is openly licensed to allow reuse
    • Who pays?
      • Open access journals do have costs
      • Publication fee is a very small fraction of the cost of doing research
      • Most open access publishers, including BioMed Central, give waivers to developing countries
      • In other cases, open access journals have central support, so no charges for authors or readers
    • About BioMed Central
      • Pioneer of open access model
      • Launched first journals in 2000
      • Now publish >180 OA titles
      • >40,000 peer-reviewed OA articles published
      • All research articles published under Creative Commons licence. Reuse and redistribution is encouraged.
    • Research on global health issues is expanding
      • Resources channeled into research on developing world health issues have increased significantly in recent years
      • A direct and an indirect result of philanthropic initiatives
    • Why use is the research if the people it is most relevant to don’t have access?
      • US National Institutes of Health
      • Howard Hughes Medical Institute
      • Wellcome Trust
      • Medical Research Council
      • European Research Council
      • EC Seventh Framework Program
      Funders are now requiring open access
    • Open Access in practice
    • Repositories of open content
    •  
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    • Open Access journals
    • Malaria Journal home page
    • A highly accessed Malaria Journal article 10,000+ downloads 22 citations
    • Where are papers on malaria published ?
    • How accessible is malaria research as a whole?
      • Looking at the biomedical literature, around 9% of articles are immediately “open access”
      • 18 months ago it was 6%
      • For malaria research it has been rapidly increasing and is now 27%!
    • Other tropical diseases….
    • The latest open access research on global health issues
    • A knowledge commons
    • Malaria Journal’s author-base is geographically diverse
    • Local journals are going global via Open Access
    •  
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    • Stories from the developing world
    • The benefits of open access for the developing world
    • Zambia
    • Nigeria
    • The Gambia