Matt Cockerill
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Matt Cockerill Presentation Transcript

  • 1. How Science Addresses Developing World Issues
  • 2.
    • Introduction Dr Matthew Cockerill - BioMed Central
    • Knowledge as a weapon in the struggle against malaria in sub-Saharan Africa Dr Colin Sutherland - London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
    • The role of the media in tackling disease in the developing world Mr David Dickson - SciDev.Net
    • Building a generation of future environmentalists in developing countries Mr Jib Hagan - CARE Computers for Developing Countries
    • How open access research has been adopted in the developing world Ms Barbara Kirsop - Electronic Publishing Trust for Development
    Outline of session
  • 3. Sharing knowledge
  • 4. Knowledge is power
  • 5.
    • “ Many developing countries remain poor largely because they let the Industrial Revolution pass them by. They can ill afford to miss the information technology revolution.”
    • M. S. Swaminathan, “Father of the Green Revolution”
  • 6. Digital divide or digital bridge?
  • 7.  
  • 8. Mobile phones in Africa Source: African Mobile Factbook 2008
  • 9. SMS messaging for trading
  • 10. Increasing use of PDAs and mobile phone networks for data gathering
  • 11. The founders of 03b Networks recently helped pioneer the first commercial 3G mobile and fibre-to-the-home networks in Rwanda The company said the system will enable the spread of locally generated content and e-learning, encouraging social and economic growth in the developing world. It aims to tap into booming mobile phone usage in the developing world
  • 12. In what areas can increased access to knowledge help?
  • 13. UN Millenium Development Goals
    • Reduce child mortality,Improve maternal health
    • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
    • Ensure environmental sustainability
    • Develop a global partnership for development
  • 14. Who needs access to the results of research? Public Professionals Researchers
  • 15. What is open access publishing?
    • Traditional journals
      • take ownership of the research
      • provide access to subscribers only
    • Open access journals
      • have no subscription barriers
      • take advantage of the economics of the internet to allow universal access
      • research is openly licensed to allow reuse
  • 16. Who pays?
    • Open access journals do have costs
    • Publication fee is a very small fraction of the cost of doing research
    • Most open access publishers, including BioMed Central, give waivers to developing countries
    • In other cases, open access journals have central support, so no charges for authors or readers
  • 17. About BioMed Central
    • Pioneer of open access model
    • Launched first journals in 2000
    • Now publish >180 OA titles
    • >40,000 peer-reviewed OA articles published
    • All research articles published under Creative Commons licence. Reuse and redistribution is encouraged.
  • 18. Research on global health issues is expanding
    • Resources channeled into research on developing world health issues have increased significantly in recent years
    • A direct and an indirect result of philanthropic initiatives
  • 19. Why use is the research if the people it is most relevant to don’t have access?
  • 20.
    • US National Institutes of Health
    • Howard Hughes Medical Institute
    • Wellcome Trust
    • Medical Research Council
    • European Research Council
    • EC Seventh Framework Program
    Funders are now requiring open access
  • 21. Open Access in practice
  • 22. Repositories of open content
  • 23.  
  • 24.  
  • 25. Open Access journals
  • 26. Malaria Journal home page
  • 27. A highly accessed Malaria Journal article 10,000+ downloads 22 citations
  • 28. Where are papers on malaria published ?
  • 29. How accessible is malaria research as a whole?
    • Looking at the biomedical literature, around 9% of articles are immediately “open access”
    • 18 months ago it was 6%
    • For malaria research it has been rapidly increasing and is now 27%!
  • 30. Other tropical diseases….
  • 31. The latest open access research on global health issues
  • 32. A knowledge commons
  • 33. Malaria Journal’s author-base is geographically diverse
  • 34. Local journals are going global via Open Access
  • 35.  
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38. Stories from the developing world
  • 39. The benefits of open access for the developing world
  • 40. Zambia
  • 41. Nigeria
  • 42. The Gambia