The scene is Verona, Italy and this is the story of two wealthy families. Even though the families hate each other, their children fall in love. Their love meets many obstacles and because of a misunderstanding, they kill each other for love. Their death brings the two families together and mends the feud.
Romeo- the only son of the Montague household
is in love with Rosaline at the beginning of the show, but falls for Juliet at first sight
Juliet- the only daughter of the Capulet household
Also falls for Romeo instantly, but is pledged to wed Paris
Mercutio- a nobleman related to the Prince of Verona, this loud spoken man is one of Romeo’s closest friends
Benvolio- a relative of Romeo and another close friend, the most level headed of the group
Rosaline- Mentioned at the beginning of the play as Romeo’s love interest but she is soon forgotten when Romeo meets Juliet
Tybalt Capulet- Juliet’s blood thirsty cousin
He kills Mercutio
Romeo kills Tybalt
Paris- Juliet’s betrothed, he is Romeo’s foil, impassionate
Friar Lawerence- the Holy man that tries to advise the lovers, weds Romeo and Juliet and helps devise a plan to keep the couple together
Nurse- a confidant of Juliet, she also aides the lovers to keep their affair a secret
Prince of Verona- He only wants peace in his city, he represents the law, which has little affect on both households
Love and Hate Two main sources of strife in the play http://www.shmoop.com/romeo-and-juliet/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/flem007_uk/2686002470/in/photostream/
The whole play seems to be super charged with sex
Is Romeo and Juliet’s love “real love?”
The balcony. Painting by Ford Madox Brown, 1870. Public domain.
In Western culture, most people marry for love, however this was not the case for Romeo and Juliet
Keep in mind they are high school age
Romeo is about 16 and Juliet is only 13
Why is Juliet getting married so early in life to Paris?
What are some of the reasons her family is pressuring her to get married?
Religion as a Metaphor
Many of the text relates to love as a religion
"Call me but love and I'll be new baptized" (2.2.4).
Romeo calls Juliet a "saint" and implies that he'd really like to "worship" her body (1.5.2).
Romeo's "hand" would be "blessed" if it touched the divine Juliet's (1.5.1).
Years before Shakespeare wrote this play, love was considered as holy as religion
Just like religion, love can become life-consuming and change people
What is an Oxymoron?
is the combination of two terms ordinarily seen as opposites.
Shakespeare uses this literary device many times throughout the play
Can you name a few examples?
Why do you think he did this?
First the basics:
Queen Mab is a tiny fairy that preys on sleeping victims
She induces wild dreams
What concoct she do for lovers? Soldiers? Lawyers?
When she is in a bad mood she plagues women “that dream of ‘kisses’ ” with cold sores
Her name Mab, was slang in Shakespeare’s time for whore
Queen Mab (cont.)
Mercutio’s story about the infamous fairy is in response to Romeo’s moping about Rosaline
His crazy story pokes fun at how crazy Romeo is for loving this girl that doesn’t love him
Mercutio points out that dreams "are the children of an idle brain,” calling Romeo stupid for dreaming his life away
Even from the beginning is was clear Romeo and Juliet were going to die
The prologue mentions it clearly
Death is a theme throughout the play
Death eventually brings the two families together
Prince comments that it is “"glooming peace" (5.3.11).”
Mike_fleming Image on slide Nine <http://www.flickr.com/photos/flem007_uk/2686002470/sizes/o/in/photostream/>
Mabillard, Amanda. Sources for Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare Online . 21 Nov. 2001. February 27, 2011. < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/playanalysis/romeoplayhistory.html >.