223 Romeo Juliet Act I 9038


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223 Romeo Juliet Act I 9038

  1. 1. The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare 1564-1616
  2. 2. PROLOGUE <ul><li>Verona, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Montagues & Capulets: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generations of hate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kids fall in love </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secret marriage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Families overcome the hate at tragic cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>* (Foreshadows the deaths of Romeo & Juliet) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Act I <ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exposition of the play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Act I, scene 1 <ul><li>Old hatreds are rekindled between: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The servants of Capulets & Montagues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tybalt and Benvolio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Capulets & Montagues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prince of Verona decrees: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“If ever you disturb our streets again, your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace” (I.1.94-95). </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Act I, scene 1 <ul><li>Romeo Montague is heart-sick because he’s been rejected by Rosaline. </li></ul><ul><li>He asks his friend Benvolio, “ …teach me how I should forget to think!” (I.1. 224) </li></ul><ul><li>Benvolio encourages, “By giving liberty unto thine eyes. Examine other beauties” (I.1.225-226). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Shakespeare’s Purpose <ul><li>Introduce the age-old feud between the Montagues & Capulets </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce Romeo as a romantic, moody teen who is sulking because of a breakup </li></ul>
  7. 7. Act 1, scene 2 <ul><li>Paris, a young count, related to the Prince, asks Lord Capulet permission to marry his daughter Juliet. </li></ul><ul><li>Capulet asks Paris to wait until Juliet is a bit older than her present age – almost 14. </li></ul><ul><li>He then invites Paris to a party at his home to woo Juliet. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Act 1, scene 2 <ul><li>Capulet asks his illiterate servant to deliver invitations to the party. </li></ul><ul><li>The servant happens upon Romeo and his pals, and asks them for assistance in reading the invitations. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo sees Rosaline’s name on an invitation and decides to attend. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Act 1, scene 2 <ul><li>Problem: The Capulets and Montagues are bitter foes. </li></ul><ul><li>Benvolio promises that he’ll assist Romeo in comparing Rosaline to other more beautiful women, and “. . .make thee think thy swan a crow” (I.2.89). </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo pouts that he’ll attend but have no fun . </li></ul>
  10. 10. Shakespeare’s Purpose <ul><li>Plot device: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to shape the love triangle, bringing Romeo, Juliet and Paris together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to bring Romeo into enemy territory – a Montague in the Capulet home </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Act I, scene 3 <ul><li>Lady Capulet asks her daughter, Juliet, to “check out” Paris as a potential husband. </li></ul><ul><li>Juliet obediently complies, but lets her mother know that marriage is not something she’s been thinking about. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Act I, scene 3 <ul><li>We meet Juliet’s nanny, the nurse, who is especially protective of her. </li></ul><ul><li>We also find out that Juliet’s 14 th birthday is approaching – Lammas Eve. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Shakespeare’s Purpose <ul><li>The audience knows that Juliet is aware of Paris’ intent to marry her. </li></ul><ul><li>The audience also knows that there may be a brawl at the party because Romeo and his friends are infiltrating enemy territory. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Act I, scene 4 <ul><li>Romeo, Benvolio, & Mercutio are about to crash the Capulet party. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo vows he won’t have any fun because he’s depressed about Rosaline’s rejection: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I am too sore enpierced with his [Cupid’s] shaft to soar with his light feathers. . .under love’s heavy burden do I sink” (I.4.19-22). </li></ul>
  15. 15. Act I, scene 4 <ul><li>A discussion ensues about love. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo’s interpretation of love: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional & Spiritual </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mercutio’s interpretation of love: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical & Bawdy </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Act I, scene 4 <ul><li>Romeo begins to tell his pals about an ominous dream he had. </li></ul><ul><li>Mercutio mocks him. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo rebukes him, and then tells about his dream, which makes him reluctant to go to the party. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Act I, scene 4 <ul><li>“ my mind misgives some consequence yet hanging in the stars shall bitterly begin his fearful date with the night’s revels and expire the term of a despised life, closed in my breast, by some vile forfeit of untimely death” (I.4.106-111). </li></ul>
  18. 18. Act I, scene 4 <ul><li>In other words, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Romeo feels Fate has predetermined that some event tonight will cost him his life. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Shakespeare’s Purpose <ul><li>Foreshadow Romeo’s death </li></ul>
  20. 20. Act I, scene 5 <ul><li>Lord Capulet begins the party, inviting all to dance. </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo spies Juliet, and immediately falls heavily in love with her, instantly forgetting about Rosaline: </li></ul>
  21. 21. Act I, scene 5 <ul><li>“ O, she doth teaches the torches to burn bright! It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night as a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear –Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear!” (I.5.45-48). </li></ul>
  22. 22. Act I, scene 5 <ul><li>Tybalt, Lady Capulet’s nephew, spies Romeo, recognizes him as a Montague, and prepares to kill him. </li></ul><ul><li>Lord Capulet orders Tybalt to “endure” Romeo’s presence, remembering the Prince’s decree. </li></ul><ul><li>Tybalt obeys begrudgingly, but will seek revenge at another time: </li></ul>
  23. 23. Act I, scene 5 <ul><li>Tybalt remarks after Lord Capulet has exited: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I will withdraw; but this intrusion shall, now seeming sweet, convert to bitt’rest gall*” (I.5.92-93) </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Act I, scene 5 <ul><li>The Infatuation </li></ul><ul><li>The Kiss </li></ul><ul><li>The Enemy </li></ul>
  25. 25. Act I, scene 5 <ul><li>Romeo and Juliet’s attraction is immediately electric – love at first sight! </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, when they kiss they do not know each other’s identity. </li></ul><ul><li>Juliet’s nurse breaks the news to each. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Act I, scene 5 <ul><li>Romeo’s reaction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Is she a Capulet? O dear account! My life is my foe’s debt” (I.5.118-119). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Juliet’s response: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“My only love, sprung from my only hate!... Prodigious of love it is to me that I must love a loathed enemy” (I.5.140-143). </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Shakespeare’s Purpose <ul><li>Foreshadow the death of Mercutio at the hands of Tybalt </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce the conflict that sets the plot in motion. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ironically Romeo & Juliet, whose families are embroiled in a bitter family feud, fall madly in love. </li></ul></ul>