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UW Comm Video workshop 2012

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  • Welcome
  • Your instructors Started as photoj. video for about 5 years. Just finished making a feature length doc
  • There are a lot of different kinds of movies you might want to make. We’re going to focus on the documentary form since it’s a good jumping off point for the others. And its what I know how to do! Gonna watch a short: We’re trying to learn the language of video. All know how to understand it b/c we watch it all the time, but we don’t know how to speak it. Pay attention to what goes into making it. What elements are there? Its a tiny proj about rap groups in Syria. A bit outdated b/c obvs there’s civil war going on there now.
  • Ambitious agenda. People might say we’re crazy, But why not aim high? W/ patience you’ll walk away knowing the basics. There are a lot of different kinds of movies you might want to make. We’re going to focus on the documentary form since it’s a good jumping off point for the others. And its what I know how to do! 1:00-1:30 looking at examples 1:30-2:15 getting ready to shoot 2:15-2:45 shooting interviews/talking heads 2:45-3:00 back together more talking about b roll 3:00-3:30 shooting b-roll/scenes 3:30-4:00 editing project setup 4:00-5:15 hands on editing 5:15-6:00 export and upload Gonna watch a short: We’re trying to learn the language of video. All know how to understand it b/c we watch it all the time, but we don’t know how to speak it. Pay attention to what goes into making it. What elements are there? Its a tiny proj about rap groups in Syria. A bit outdated b/c obvs there’s civil war going on there now.
  • We watch videos all the time but might not think very hard about what’s really there. Elicit: What are the two main components of any video? Visuals and Sounds Brainstorm a list on the board Sounds without visuals:
  • Elicit: what did you see This is why Audio is so important -- you can cover good audio with any visual, but you can’t hide bad audio
  • One of basic components of any non-fiction video is person talking on screen -- aka Interview What we’ll do first today
  • Sometimes they overlap (B roll over interviews) B roll can be places, object, people doing things. Pretty much anything other than sit down interview.
  • When we watch this one, start thinking about those elements. How was it different? Interview was more like a direct address Only one scene
  • What do these to shots have in common? Lit from the side, subject looking across, rule of thirds, not looking at camera Lighting -- there are lighting setups but easiest to use natural or ambient light. Generally light from the side. Rule of thirds Deep background is better. Diagram of how to set that up Here’s the rules, now you can break them.
  • Has anyone heard of this? Divide the canvas into thirds both ways.
  • Lighting -- there are lighting setups but easiest to use natural or ambient light. Generally light from the side. Rule of thirds -- What video we just watched broke this rule? Deep background is better. Diagram of how to set that up Here’s the rules, now you can break them.
  • What we record today can either be an interview, or more of a monologue, but if you do an interview, here are a few tips: What’s an example of an open question? Not ‘do you like going to UW’ “ Why do you like going to UW’ or Do you like going to UW, and why or why not’ What’s your name? Introduce yourself and tell me one thing you like about UW
  • In a minute you’ll have to choose, so start thinking about which you prefer. We’re going to have a pretty even split, so please be flexible. Both HD, both perform well, we’re not going to get that deep into the more advanced stuff you can do with a DSLR anyways
  • Here are the steps we’re going to go through. Today we’re just doing step one, don’t need to think too much about the others but we need to do it right so that steps 2-6 are easier
  • We need to know a little more about our recording setup: Two sizes of HD, One size of SD (also widescreen SD) Still photos Everything is moving into 16:9 world. Best way to go. What bout Kid Prez? Super wide. Cropped in post. 2.35:1
  • Long story short, it doesn’t really matter, just keep it the same This p means progressive i means interlaced Don’t worry about it!
  • Always shoot the same and match the way you shot when you import and edit.
  • Walk through these steps with them on Zi8 Pair Up and decide which camera you want. We’ll bring it to you. Credit it people should be paired w/ credit people and v/v Lets go through setup together using Handout If there are T2i people stogs takes them next door
  • 2:15-2:45pm Finally you get to do it! (Until 2:45) Pair people up. Capture at least 10 full sentences Why about this -- because that’s what we can get b-roll of! Remember to listen to what they say so you know what’s good later. We have to get good audio, so go out in the hall
  • How was the interview shot different? What B roll did you see?
  • Pop over to premiere to show b-roll covering cuts in interview We’re going to use it to cover up cuts in the audio see how he shows exactly what the sequence is narrating -- we’re can always be that literal though.
  • Shoot B-roll in sequences
  • We want to get a mix of these Ex: Wide shot of room, Medium Shot of Brad typing, Close of of hands on the keyboard
  • Another example, WS of guy rolling out of bed in the morning, Medium of him putting on tea kettle, close up of hands dipping the tea bag Compressing time.
  • Kneeled Down
  • Or just put the camera on the ground Why all this moving? To show us something our eyes don’t usually see!
  • Think about depth -- more than one element in the photo
  • Think about framing Look at professional photos, almost always many layers and stuff cut out of the frame.
  • Analyze the last B roll along these lines One last thing: Sequences. Narrative movies have them just like docs. A tiny story with a beginning middle and an end. Lets look at an example.
  • 3:00 until 3:30 Audio is a little less important here, and we don’t have the mics for it, so use the internal mic Come back as soon as you’re done to start editing. Definitely by 3:30
  • Copy files/keep the tapes
  • Don’t do this quite yet! This is most important thing you’ll do today Telling the program what kind of footage we want use
  • Go through difft windows Bins Source/Preview Viewer Timeline Effects Toolbar
  • @4:00 I want everyone to go through a few steps with me, and then I’ll let you loose: Importing Files, Setting in and out points editing clips on the timeline (w arrow tool) using the blade tool to split clips Zooming in and out on timeline Volume up and down Overlapping audio and video tracks Adding transitions Let em go crazy for a few minutes and ask questions Maybe come back together for text on screen, depending on how it goes.
  • @5:15
  • There are literally hundreds of these but H.264 is magic -- what lets the HDSLR’s work ProRes is for using H.264 footage in FCP So is DVCPRO HD 720p, so its smaller (remember -- what does 720p mean?)
  • There are a lot of others too. For today you probably want to end up with an mp4. Easy to upload to vimeo and youtube
  • You can use any of these to compress The settings will be the same
  • These are the settings vimeo recommends. (Vimeo is like classy Youtube) Premiere is going to do this for you
  • So thats all the theroy, heres what you’re actually going to do.
  • Go to one of these two. Log in or create a new account Upload your file Check privacy settings Put in Keywords
  • Upload your vids to the vimeo group and then we’ll publish them on the comm site (if you want...)
  • Transcript

    • 1. Video Bootcamp
    • 2. Alex Stonehill Visual JournalistUWComm & MCDM Faculty stonehil@uw.edu Sara Stogner Visual Journalist Seattle Globalist sarastogner@ seattleglobalist.com
    • 3. What We’re Doing Today★Video for the Web★Equipment Setup★Shooting★Capturing★Editing in Adobe Premiere★Export/Upload
    • 4. What’s it made of?Sounds:•People talking•Music•Voice Over•Ambient SoundAudio w/o Visuals?
    • 5. What’s it made of?Visuals: •People talking (Interview) •People doin’ stuff (Scenes) •Places/Objects QuickTime™ and a •Text on Screen H.264 decompressor are needed to see this picture. Visuals w/o Audio
    • 6. Interviews
    • 7. Scenes/B-roll
    • 8. Kid President
    • 9. Setting Up Interviews/Talking Heads★Keep it Steady -- Tripod/Table/Monopod★Light from the side★Subject looks across
    • 10. Setting Up Video Interviews★Keep it Steady -- Tripod/Table/Monopod★Light from the side★Subject looks across★Get good sound!★Consider what’s behind them
    • 11. Tips for Interview Questions ★Open Questions (not Yes or No) ★Two part questions ★Don’t talk over them
    • 12. Equipment Setup Kodak Zi8 Canon T4i Easier More Difficult Less Control More ControlFlash Memory DSLR Built in Lens Interchangeable Lenses
    • 13. Video Editing Workflow Workflow★SHOOTING -- getting in in the Camera★CAPTURING -- from Camera to Computer★EDITING -- manipulating footage★EXPORTING -- from editing software to file★COMPRESSING -- making file smaller★UPLOADING -- putting it online
    • 14. FRAME SIZE AND ASPECT RATIO1920 x 1080 1280 x 720 640 x 480 720 x 480 “Full HD” “720p HD” “SD” “Still Photo” 16:9 16:9 4:3 3:2 1.7777777 1.7777777 1.333333 1.5
    • 15. FRAME RATE24p = Cinematic 30p = Video 60i = SlowMo
    • 16. STAY CONSISTENT!!!DON’T CHANGE SIZE, FRAME RATE UNTIL YOU’RE COMPRESSING
    • 17. Equipment Setup See Handout!!!★Tripod Shoe★Check for SD card★Check recording format:★Kodak --720p (not60fps) Canon--1920x1080 30fps★Set up microphone (lavalier or shotgun)★Check Audio Levels★Record a little and playback test
    • 18. Exercise 1:Interviews/Talking HeadsInterviews/Talking Heads★Find a partner of equal skill level★15 minutes of set up★Find a quiet place★3-5 minutes of interview/monologue★About your UW experience, this workshop(or anything else you can get b roll of)
    • 19. What else do I shoot?:B-roll and ScenesB-roll and Scenes
    • 20. Why do I need B-roll?★To make it more interesting!★To hide cuts in the interview★Make sure to get B-roll thatmatches your interviews
    • 21. Rules of B-Roll★Use a Tripod/Table★Compose your shot carefully★Keep the Camera Still!★At least 10sec/shot★Get Lots!★Think in sequences
    • 22. Today’s B-Roll★at least 5 Shots★at least 10 seconds each★different distances★different angles★make it match the interview!
    • 23. When you’re finished... Copy Files onto a PC Put them in a new folder on desktop w/ your name
    • 24. Video Editing Workflow Workflow★SHOOTING -- getting in in the Camera★CAPTURING -- from Camera to Computer★EDITING -- manipulating footage★EXPORTING -- from editing software to file★COMPRESSING -- making file smaller★UPLOADING -- putting it online
    • 25. PROJECT SETUP
    • 26. EDITING
    • 27. •Importing Files•Setting In and Out Points•Editing Clip on the Timeline•Blade Tool•Zooming In and Out on the timeline•Turning Volume Up and Down•Overlapping Tracks•Adding Transitions
    • 28. COMPRESSING/EXPORTI NG
    • 29. CODEC THE ‘CONTAINER’•H.264•Apple ProRes 422 (LT)•DVCPRO HD 720p‘TRANSCODING’ = CHANGING THE CODEC
    • 30. FILE TYPE.MOV = Apple, Quicktime, Final Cut.AVI = PC, VLC Media Player, AdobePremiere.MP4 = Compressing
    • 31. COMPRESSION SOFTWARE★Adobe Media Encoder (Both) = Part of Premiere (in302)★QuickTime Pro (Mac) = $35★Compressor (Mac) = Part of Final Cut Suite(in 306)★MPEG Streamclip (Both) = Free!
    • 32. COMPRESSION MAKING THE FILE SMALLER FOR THE INTERNETVideo Codec: H.264Audio Codec: AAC AudioFrame Rate: Native (don’t change it)Data Rate: 2000 kbits/sec for SD or 5000 kbits/sec for HDResolution: 640 x 480 for SD or 1280 x 720 for HDDeinterlace: YesAudio: 320 kbps/44.1 kHz (or 48 kHz if that’s how yourecorded)Format: MP4 (or MOV)
    • 33. Exporting/Compressing•Check timeline for extra clips•File>Export Media•Set Format: H.264•Set Preset: Youtube Widescreen HD•Set Output Name and Destination (tosomething you’ll remember)•When Adobe Media Converter opens hit “StartQueue”•Wait...........
    • 34. Uploading Options
    • 35. Thank You! Evaluation Forms Pls. Upload video towww.vimeo.com/groups/uwcomm Alex Stonehill stonehil@uw.edu CMU 331

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