Photography in the Digital Age

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Tips for juicing up your photographs, from composition to technical skills, to editing.

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  • Here’s what we’re going to do today:
    Composition techniques
    Equipment
    Apps
    Settings (if we have time)
  • Welcome -- Who are we Alex and Chantal
  • We have an ambitious plan! But please stop us if with questions and concerns
  • We have an ambitious plan! But please stop us if with questions and concerns
  • How Many Brought a Camera?
    How many are DSLRs?
    How many are Point and Shoots?
    How many are Phones?
    In a minute we’re going to divide up, for now, all stay here. Not sure which group? If you know rule of thirds, you’re in group A
  • Look at how many pics on GP site!
    Think about where your eyes go first!
  • This is not a coincidence -- its what people respond to
    Look at Trendland, Again totally saturated
  • This guy has a really funny website that has no decoration (I’m doing the same with my slide)
    People can tell between real folks and models
    Let people click for a bigger version
    Informative Images of the product you’re selling work -- Fluff doesn’t
  • You probably start by taking snapshots
    - Posed
    - Everyone Looks at Camera
    - Smile!
    - Something behind you maybe
    Watch what you put online -- I’ll pull it off and put it in my slideshow
  • Lets go beyond the snapshot to interrogate what we’re photographing
    So lets talk through some new ways to think about it.
  • We can start by thinking about levels we shoot them from, and mix those up.
    Guy walking backwards to get peoples feet in!
  • Get really close!
    In general, even with
    What about the girl on the right -- is this a mess up?
  • Camera Awareness
  • Lots of things we can photograph
  • Not just pictures of people. Also landscapes
  • But really, what’s the most interesting thing to look at? What do people engage with most?
  • This is a portrait -- vs Snapshot
    Whats the same? -- Looking at Camera, Posed
    Whats different? -- thoughtful expression, thoughtful composition
  • Eyetracking -- look where peoples eyes go first
  • When should I snap my picture? During action
    We said take photos of people, but even better when they’re doin stuff.
    Look for settings with actions
  • Or feeling stuff
    Why is this picture more fun?
    Because something genuine is happening.
    Candid! -- Solicit what does Candid mean
    Not acknow. the photographer, acting natural.
    People forget about you after awhile
    Or if they’re your family or friends they get used to you.
    How does Sarah feel here?
  • People!!!
    Whats the diff betwn portrait and snapshot
  • Has anyone heard of this?
    Divide the canvas into thirds both ways.
  • How was positioned I when I took this?
    Try putting your head down on your desk and closing the higher up eye. You can do that w the camera. Lying on the floor
    The way you move your body around is important -- stay moving!
  • Kneeled Down
  • Look, my foot.
  • Or just put the camera on the ground
    Why all this moving? To show us something our eyes don’t usually see!
  • Think about depth -- more than one element in the photo
  • Think about depth -- more than one element in the photo
    Good example of commentary
    What you can achieve with more photos
  • Think about framing
    Look at professional photos, almost always many layers and stuff cut out of the frame.
  • Other secret tips
  • Not looking through the viewfinder.
    This will start showing what eyes don’t usually see.
  • Don’t be shy! -- Its a good way to get over being shy
    Make a plan for what you want to get, then push youself to get it.
    How much do you spend on film? Nothing? So shoot a lot!
  • The way you shoot essays is very different than single photos
    Diversity of angles, depth of shots, follow the story through time, represent different aspects of the story,
    Example: Domestic servitude
    Indian Laundry
    Headscarfs
  • What do we think of when we see this
    Its not just the image, its the context created by the words.
    With this context we see the blues more darkly, its more somber
    Framing — in the Kip Fullbeck example info from two sources, the photog and the subject both provided context and meaning
  • When is technology too much?
    What can’t phones do? Well, a lot:
    Low light, action, telephoto, go really wide, depth of field
    But until you build those skills, simpler is sometimes better. What you have with you is impt
  • When is technology too much?
    What can’t phones do? Well, a lot:
    Low light, action, telephoto, go really wide, depth of field
    But until you build those skills, simpler is sometimes better. What you have with you is impt
  • What do we think of when we see this
    Its not just the image, its the context created by the words.
    With this context we see the blues more darkly, its more somber
    2:15: Break into Groups
  • Filtering is filtering. Much more likely your phone photos will need them.
  • A couple good resources for J photos
    If you want to become a good photog, shoot a lot, but also, look a lot.
  • What do we think of when we see this
    Its not just the image, its the context created by the words.
    With this context we see the blues more darkly, its more somber
    2:15: Break into Groups
  • What do we think of when we see this
    Its not just the image, its the context created by the words.
    With this context we see the blues more darkly, its more somber
    2:15: Break into Groups
  • 2:30
    If you know rule of thirds, you’re in group A
    Small group on 304 w/ Chantal
    Big group in 302 w/ Alex
  • What do you notice about focus in the picture?
    Thats what depth of field means
    You can control it with the F Stop. Size of the little hole light goes through.
    Bigger, more light, less depth of field
    Don’t need to know why, just know it will make you look pro.
  • Compare these two. Which has a shallower “depth of field”
    You can control it with the F Stop. Size of the little hole light goes through.
    Bigger hole, more light, less depth of field. Don’t need to know why, just know it will make you look pro.
  • Lower F stop number or use the flower icon.
    Also allows for low light shooting
    Again here, showing something our eyes can’t see.
  • What shutter speed did I take this picture at? (Hint -- not on a tripod)
    Answer: About 1/30 -- I could hold it steady, but the runners still blurred.
  • (They should have cameras out at this point) Breeze past this with the Advanced Group
    These aren’t universal, but common
    Stick with one brand and you’ll be able to carry over from camera to camera
  • (They should have cameras out at this point)
    Go through changing the F stop and the Aperture
  • Shoot JPEGs.
    File size (how many Megapixels.  Shoot Largest on a cell phone, Smaller on a DSLR.  Get some volunteers to tell you size (in pixels) of their settings.
    Shoot JPGs
    Go over how to change these
  • Refresher on what these mean
  • Another draw of photos (and of SN sites in general) is that they enable a form of voyeurism. In real life there is a strong norm against prying into other people's lives. But online enables "a very delicate way for me to pry into your life without really prying,"
    How to share on Twitter?
  • Don’t just go take posed pics of each other,
    Look for people!
    Come back in :30 minutes
    (It should be 3:00)
  • We have an ambitious plan! But please stop us if with questions and concerns
  • Walk through how to do each step
  • Photography in the Digital Age

    1. 1. Photography
    2. 2. Snapshot
    3. 3. Show us what our eyes can’t see. "Photography is not all seeing in the sense that the eye sees… Our vision is in a constant state of flux, while the camera captures and fixes forever a single, isolated, condition of the moment." —Edward Weston 1932
    4. 4. Wide Shot
    5. 5. Medium Shot
    6. 6. Close-Up
    7. 7. Closer
    8. 8. Extreme Close-Up
    9. 9. “Camera Awareness”
    10. 10. Animals
    11. 11. Landscape
    12. 12. Flowers
    13. 13. Stuff...
    14. 14. People!
    15. 15. How do we view images? •The bigger the image, the more time people take to look at it. •Clean, clear faces in images attract more eye fixations. • Multiple faces attract more attention. --Poynter Institute
    16. 16. Action
    17. 17. Emotion
    18. 18. Rule of Thirds
    19. 19. Rule of Thirds
    20. 20. Rule of Thirds
    21. 21. perspective
    22. 22. Kneel Down
    23. 23. Climb on a Chair
    24. 24. Look Up
    25. 25. Look Down
    26. 26. Lay Down
    27. 27. Many Layers
    28. 28. Repetition/Patterns
    29. 29. Cropped
    30. 30. Confusion
    31. 31. “Magic Hour”
    32. 32. Shooting Tips Be Bold! Make a Plan Waste Film
    33. 33. Photo Essays Variation/Repres entation “Coverage”
    34. 34. Other attributes of photo essays/series •Well Planned •Intentional •Cohesive
    35. 35. Words Matter This is the last picture Van Gogh painted before he killed himself. --John Berger, Ways of Seeing
    36. 36. Fancy vs. Basic
    37. 37. Fancy vs. Basic
    38. 38. Editing Apps Instagram (airplane mode to edit w/o sharing) VSCO Cam Pixlr
    39. 39. Instagram
    40. 40. Instagram
    41. 41. Laptop Editing Pixlr Free online photo editing and apps Picnik Free online photo editing: www.picnik.com Photoshop Pro Photo Editing: www.photoshop.com Lightroom/Aperture Batch Photo Editing:
    42. 42. If you forget everything else: •Get close! •Take lots of photos! •Faces and Action
    43. 43. Depth of Field
    44. 44. Determined by fstop
    45. 45. F stop=Aperture (size of the hole that the light goes through)
    46. 46. Lower F number or
    47. 47. Shutter Speed Slow Fast
    48. 48. Basic Shooting Modes Green Square..............Fully Automatic P..................................Automatic Face............................Portrait Flower.........................Macro (Extreme Close Up) Mountain.....................Landscape Running Guy...............Action Lightning.....................Flash (On/Off)
    49. 49. Advanced Shooting Modes P.............Automatic................you do nothing M............Full Manual.............use light meter Av...........Aperture Priority......you Set F Stop Tv...........Shutter Priority........you set shutter speed
    50. 50. Other Important Settings File Type........................JPG, RAW, TIF File Size........................Small, Medium, Large ISO................................As low as possible White Balance...............AWB
    51. 51. Displays Light Meter ISO Shutter Speed F-Stop
    52. 52. Sharing Socially "People just love to look at pictures. That's the killer app of all online social networks. Seventy percent of all actions are related to viewing pictures or viewing other people's profiles." •Use pictures (of yourself) to strengthen your online profile •Show off how popular you are --Harvard Business School

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