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Japan pm abe issues fresh warning to china
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Japan pm abe issues fresh warning to china

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PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW

PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW

Published in: Education
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  • 1. Japan PM Abe Issues Fresh Warning to China, Will Not Tolerate Use of Force on Island Row The Japan Daily Press Facts Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe implied that Japan militarily is ready to response against any use of force that aims to “changing the status quo” which term is frequently used by Japanese politicians to refer to China’s maritime expansion in the East China Sea and South China Sea. The dispute between both states centred especially on sovereignty over Senkakuisland. Recent act by China whose military aircraft has for three straight days flown near Japan border has spurred worries over possible violent sparks that may ignite if such hostile environment continues to hang over Sino-Japan relationship. Legal Principles Under UNCLOS, states are entitled to claim a territorial sea extending up to 12nm from a coastal state’s baseline where a state will have full sovereignty over the seabed, water column, surface and airspace though must permit innocent passage of vessels from other countries. Next, coastal states are further entitled to claim an exclusive economic zone extending up to 200 nautical miles from the baseline, in which they enjoy "sovereign rights" over the resources of the water column and the seabed. Finally, UNCLOS allows states to claim authority over the seabed of their continental shelves. Opinion The fact that UNCLOS allows the projection of maritime jurisdiction once sovereignty has been imposed over Senkakuisland for either Japan or China, has possibly causes the dispute to further deteriorate. Under the international law of the sea, control of the Senkakus may convey exclusive economic rights to nearly thousands of square nautical miles of undersea resources which experts believe to contain unearthed hydrocarbon reserves beneath surrounding seas of the islands.

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