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Introduction to Research Research Summer School RSS 2012

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A simple introduction, a talk that i give to Research Summer School students.

A simple introduction, a talk that i give to Research Summer School students.
A must have for beginners in research whether you are a medical or healthcare student, resident or practitioner

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Introduction to Research Research Summer School RSS 2012 Introduction to Research Research Summer School RSS 2012 Presentation Transcript

  • 1
  • INTRODUCTIONTO RESEARCHWESAM TALAL ABUZNADAH MD MED FRCS(C) RPVIASSISTANT PROFESSOR, CONSULTANT VASCULAR & ENDOVASCULAR SURGERYHEAD, RESEARCH PROMOTION& EDUCATIONKING ABDULLAH INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTERKING SAUD BIN ABDULAZIZ UNIVERSITY FOR HEALTH SCIENCESKING ABDULAZIZ MEDICAL CITY -JEDDAH 2
  • GOALUnderstand the basic aspects of research and its conduction 3
  • OUTLINE Introduction and background to research. Why do research….? Strategies of inquiry. Research methodologies. Steps in conducting research. 4
  • WHAT IS RESEARCH ?????? 5
  • RESEARCH IS……“DILIGENT ANDSYSTEMATIC INQUIRY ORINVESTIGATION INTO ASUBJECT IN ORDER TODISCOVER OR REVISEFACTS, THEORIES, APPLICATIONS, ETC.” 6
  • IN SIMPLE TERMS….RESEARCH IS FINDINGOUT WHAT YOU DON’TALREADY KNOW 7
  • WHAT ARE THE GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OFRESEARCH? ORGANIZED STRUCTURED 8
  • A WISEMAN ONCE SAID…..“IF YOU HAVENT LEARNEDMORE THAN YOUR AUDIENCEALREADY KNOWS, THERE ISNOTHING FOR YOU TOSHARE………………………….THUS YOU DO RESEARCH” 9
  • WHY DO RESEARCH? 10
  • WHY DO RESEARCH?• To get a degree• To get respectability• To serve society• To solve a problem• To face a challenge• To get intellectual joy 11
  • HISTORY 12
  • DEDUCTIVE REASONINGGeneralSpecific 13
  • DEDUCTIVE REASONINGGreen vegetables are a source of fiberSpinach is a green vegetableSpinach is a source of fiber 14
  • INDUCTIVE REASONINGSpecificGeneral 15
  • INDUCTIVE REASONINGSpinach, lettuce, and broccoli are sources of fiberSpinach, lettuce, and broccoli prevent constipationFiber prevents constipation 16
  • SCIENTIFIC METHODDeductive reasoningDevelop a theoryInductive reasoning(to support theory) 17
  • SCIENTIFIC METHODFiber prevents constipationSpinach, lettuce, and broccoli are sources of fiberRice, bread, and pasta are poor sources of fiberSpinach, lettuce, and broccoli prevent constipationRice, bread, and pasta do not prevent constipationFiber containing foods prevent constipation morethan foods which are a poor source of fiber 18
  • STRATEGIES OF INQUIRYGeneral procedures of research 19
  • STRATEGIES OF INQUIRY Quantitative Qualitative Mixed Methods 20
  • STRATEGIES OF INQUIRY Quantitative Qualitative Mixed MethodsNon-experimental Narratives Sequentialdesigns Phenomenologies ConcurrentExperimentaldesigns Ethnographies Grounded theory 21
  • METHODSDetailed procedures of data collection, analysis, and writing 22
  • Quantitative Qualitative Mixed Methods• Predetermined • Emerging methods • Both predetermined• Instrument based • Open-ended and emerging questions questions methods• Performance • Interview data, • Both open- and data, observation data, closed-ended observational document data & questions data, audiovisual data and census data • Multiple forms of • Text and image data drawing on all• Statistical analysis possibilities analysis • Statistical & text analysis 23
  • STUDY DESIGN 24
  • STUDY DESIGN• Systematic review and meta-analysis• Randomized controlled trial• Cohort study• Case-control study• Cross sectional survey• Case report/series 25
  • STEPS IN CONDUCTING RESEARCH 26
  • DETERMINE A THEORY 27
  • PERFORM ALITERATURE SEARCH 28
  • DEFINE THEVARIABLES 29
  • DEVELOP THEHYPOTHESIS 30
  • SELECT YOURPARTICIPANTS 31
  • TEST YOURPARTICIPANTS 32
  • ANALYZE THERESULTS 33
  • DETERMINE THESIGNIFICANCE 34
  • COMMUNICATETHE RESULTS 35
  • REPLICATE 36
  • WHAT GOVERNS RESEARCH? 37
  • QUESTIONS 38
  • THANK YOU 39
  • 40