Tale of Two Codes: A New Approach toForm Based Codes in New England Towns          Jane Lafleur, Friends of Midcoast Maine...
where do you     want to   live   ?
anywhere?
Anywhere?
Anywhere?
or somewhere?
Or Somewhere?
how do we keepsomewhere    from becominganywhere?
tools      technologyresearch             methods                publications
Orientation
Why Form Based Codes? “Setting the stage and then preparing for the actors, the script, the audience…and the reviews….”   ...
Traditional Zoning vs. Form Based Code                       Conventional Zoning                    Form Based Codes    Re...
Advantages of a Form Based Code•   Are prescriptive.•   Create a predictable result.•   Can shape a high quality physical ...
Damariscotta MaineThe Process before the Code
The retail size cap initiative
Heart & Soul Planning Project
Story-telling andIdentifying Community Values
Damariscotta Values                                              We value having culture and nature in       We value work...
Developing a Community Vision throughthe Charrette Process
A concept for DowntownA concept for Piper Common                                    A concept for                         ...
Newport, Vermont:The Process before the Code
Growing Community through Partnerships-The Community As Expert
The Beginnings - Sleeper Place
R/UDAT – Bringing the Community Together
Form Based Code – Could it work here?
The Code Writing Process
“Begin with the map and end with the map…”
On the ground • The power of the pen in the   hands of the community…
On the ground… The Code Product
Using the Code:Damariscotta, Maine & Newport, Vermont
Lessons Learned • No heroic leaders…instead community ownership   and shared leadership • Time and number of workshops • C...
An empowered community
Listening to the Community
Forming Partnerships
Activating the place-Community Ownership
Damariscotta, Maine –“We did not choose this specific code…we built community.”
Newport, Vermont:from “Can’t happen here” to “Anything is possible”.
For more information•   The Orton Family Foundation    Ariana McBride, NE Projects Senior Associate    152 Maple Street, P...
A Tale of Two Codes
A Tale of Two Codes
A Tale of Two Codes
A Tale of Two Codes
A Tale of Two Codes
A Tale of Two Codes
A Tale of Two Codes
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

A Tale of Two Codes

323

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
323
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • IntroductionsAriana – Senior Associate for Northeast Projects at OFF, advises the Foundation’s partner communities on project design and implementation strategies and develops resources on the Foundation’s Heart & Soul Community Planning approach. Jane - is the Executive Director of Friends of Midcoast Maine (FMM), a regional smart growth organization. In 2008, FMM partnered with the Town of Damariscotta, Maine and the Orton Family Foundation in a Heart & Soul Community Planning project where Jane served as project coordinator.  Paul – is the Director of Zoning and Planning for the City of Newport, Vermont and is the owner of Dreherdesign. He also assisted Damariscotta, Maine with the public process for developing its code. Brief survey of audience:Familiarity w/FBC? I eat it for breakfast or I’m quite familiar with it, I know about it but am fuzzy on the details, Form Based what?How many of you are interested in or already working on adopting FBC in your community?
  • Place – every community has a “heart and soul”
  • People – local wisdom matters and can improve a planning and decision making process. Need for robust community engagement.
  • Action – planning efforts must lead to real action on the ground – from policy to smaller actions.
  • Will just note that we use a particular process (won’t go into details).Will note that we use a specific set of principles to guide planning.This leads us to the stories of Newport and Damariscotta – a tale of two towns working to reinvent a code writing process.Both communities went through similar processes – the results turned out differently for each community but the common result was community empowerment - where locals were able to make a choice about what they wanted.Both processes saw “community as the expert”. Both experimented with how to make Form Based Code fit their communities.In today’s session you’ll hear the stories of Damariscotta and Newport and listen to what worked and what was challenging in these code writing processes. At the end we’ll have time for Q&A. Turn it over to Jane to talk about Damariscotta.
  • Do we still want to highlight VT?
  • Paul
  • Paul
  • Jane – highlight a few bullets, refer to hand-out
  • 2005
  • DPAC’s origins and the Heart & Soul application
  • We began with the story-telling component of our project..To talk to and listen to people in town. We asked for personal histories and stories about town.It was the combination of the Neighbor to Neighbor story-telling, the candy corn voting, the community forums that helped is to reach our values.
  • From this process over two years, using multiple methods, we came down to six values that represent the Heart and Soul of Damariscotta.
  • Bill Dennis Town Design and partners and volunteers
  • Paul
  • PaulBoth of us:Natural Expectation after Heart & Soul to have a community built code in Damariscotta; began consultation with Paul Dreher and Patricia Sears from Newport VT, after connecting through Orton Family FoundationDamariscotta attempted to adapt a template and Newport developed a code from scratch.Community organizations involved in both communitiesThe code itself is user friendly to administrators, developers, property owners.
  • PaulImportance of the regulatory map.Difference between Newport and Damariscotta: Newport regulated by street typology and building envelope standards. Smart code does not use a building envelope standard. A traditional FBC does use BES typically.End results are the same. (Dama did not want a max lot width. They would not have minded a BES.)
  • Giving the pens to the community
  • What was the product?Make sure to discuss the Smart Code template here.
  • No Heroic leaders: In both communities there were unlikely partnerships between the property owners, the builders, developers, environmentalists and code purists.Time: Newport: 4 times/month for 6 months to draft code plus public hearingsDamariscotta: 41 public workshops and hearings over 7 monthsCode Education vs Political Campaign: more relevant to Dama but we are impacting property rights, and in Dama there was a town wide vote. It was not just a City Council who had to learn the benefits of the code.Nature of the Code: It is a technical code but it is user friendly.Keeping diverse people involved: this is critical. You must work with everyone and keep them involved. It is work but it must be done and you must always go back and ask their opinions.Vision to Policy to community building to place making: this is the processCapacity Building: community based code making—you get a code but more importantly you get a strengthened community!
  • We need more time”, “We want to add more controls” or “It was not right for us at this time”.
  • In Newport
  • A Tale of Two Codes

    1. 1. Tale of Two Codes: A New Approach toForm Based Codes in New England Towns Jane Lafleur, Friends of Midcoast Maine Paul Dreher, City of Newport Ariana McBride, Orton Family Foundation
    2. 2. where do you want to live ?
    3. 3. anywhere?
    4. 4. Anywhere?
    5. 5. Anywhere?
    6. 6. or somewhere?
    7. 7. Or Somewhere?
    8. 8. how do we keepsomewhere from becominganywhere?
    9. 9. tools technologyresearch methods publications
    10. 10. Orientation
    11. 11. Why Form Based Codes? “Setting the stage and then preparing for the actors, the script, the audience…and the reviews….” Setting the stage… • Visioning and capacity building • Community code writing • Community building and place-making
    12. 12. Traditional Zoning vs. Form Based Code Conventional Zoning Form Based Codes Regulatory • Use focus • Form focus Approach • Individual uses of property • Fit with nearby buildings and public realm Use Focus • Single use districts • Mix of uses Building • Uniformity in neighborhoods • Diversity in neighborhoods Focus • Limited design standards • Focus on architectural form and • Setbacks public spaces • Build to lines Street • Little emphasis on right-of-way • Attention to streetscape Focus
    13. 13. Advantages of a Form Based Code• Are prescriptive.• Create a predictable result.• Can shape a high quality physical environment.• Encourage independent development by multiple property owners, reducing need for large land assemblies and mega-projects.• Define and codify a neighborhoods or community’s existing "DNA.”• Are easier to use by non-professionals - shorter, more concise, and organized for visual access and readability.• Are easier for non-planners to determine compliance.
    14. 14. Damariscotta MaineThe Process before the Code
    15. 15. The retail size cap initiative
    16. 16. Heart & Soul Planning Project
    17. 17. Story-telling andIdentifying Community Values
    18. 18. Damariscotta Values We value having culture and nature in We value working locally and close proximity, where we might see a growing locally owned businesses. seal or a moose but we also have restaurants, art galleries, local theater and a library, all within walking distance. We value an accessible community We value living locally, being able where we have easy access to goods and to afford to live and shop in Town. services, to local government and information. We value community involvement where people participate in We value a strong sense of community schools, organizations, churches and where people trust one another and community events and festivals. feel safe.
    19. 19. Developing a Community Vision throughthe Charrette Process
    20. 20. A concept for DowntownA concept for Piper Common A concept for Business Route 1
    21. 21. Newport, Vermont:The Process before the Code
    22. 22. Growing Community through Partnerships-The Community As Expert
    23. 23. The Beginnings - Sleeper Place
    24. 24. R/UDAT – Bringing the Community Together
    25. 25. Form Based Code – Could it work here?
    26. 26. The Code Writing Process
    27. 27. “Begin with the map and end with the map…”
    28. 28. On the ground • The power of the pen in the hands of the community…
    29. 29. On the ground… The Code Product
    30. 30. Using the Code:Damariscotta, Maine & Newport, Vermont
    31. 31. Lessons Learned • No heroic leaders…instead community ownership and shared leadership • Time and number of workshops • Code education versus a political campaign • The nature of a code: technical but user friendly • Keeping diverse people engaged throughout the process • From vision to policy to community building and place making • Capacity building - community building and the community as the expert
    32. 32. An empowered community
    33. 33. Listening to the Community
    34. 34. Forming Partnerships
    35. 35. Activating the place-Community Ownership
    36. 36. Damariscotta, Maine –“We did not choose this specific code…we built community.”
    37. 37. Newport, Vermont:from “Can’t happen here” to “Anything is possible”.
    38. 38. For more information• The Orton Family Foundation Ariana McBride, NE Projects Senior Associate 152 Maple Street, PO Box 111 Middlebury, VT 05753 (802)388-6336, ext 205 www.orton.org brosenbluth@orton.org• Town of Damariscotta, Maine • City of Newport, Vermont Tony Dater, Town Planner Paul Dreher, Zoning Administrator 21 School St., Damariscotta, Maine 04543 222 Main Street, Newport, Vermont 05855 (207) 563-5168 (802) 334-6992 www.damariscottame.com www.newportvermont.org townplanner@damariscottame.com dreher.zoning@gmail.com• Friends of Midcoast Maine • Newport City Renaissance Corporation Jane Lafleur, Executive Director Patricia Sears, Executive Director 5 Free Street, Camden, Maine 04843 194 Main Street #208, Newport VT 05855 (207) 236-1077 (802) 323 1056 www.friendsmidcoast.org www.discovernewportvt.com jblafleur@friendsmidcoast.org patricia.sears@discovermewportvt.com

    ×