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Blood donation powerpoint Blood donation powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • Blood DonationThe facts, history, and issues regarding blood transfusion and donation
  • OutlineBlood Transfusion FactsRisksScreening and SupplyBlood DonationBlood products and treatmentsAdvantages and Disadvantages of Donation and Transfusion
  • Blood Transfusion Basics Blood transfusion is the process of transferring blood or blood components from one person to another Transfusions are used to treat massive blood loss due to trauma or surgery Also used to treat people suffering from blood disease(Octboer 30, 2008). Blood: the global need for donation. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/story/2008/10/30/f-blood-donation.html.
  • History of Blood Transfusion Blood transfusion began in the mid 1600s Was banned in europe because few people survived Doctors were using animal blood In the 1900s, doctors discovered that people needed blood of the same type for transfusions to be safe Doctors also discovered how to preserve blood(Octboer 30, 2008). Blood: the global need for donation. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/story/2008/10/30/f-blood-donation.html.
  • Parts of the Blood Today, blood transfusions can involve specific parts of the blood instead of whole blood Red blood cells White blood cells Platelets Plasma(Octboer 30, 2008). Blood: the global need for donation. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/story/2008/10/30/f-blood-donation.html.
  • RisksWhile we have become more advanced, there are still risks toblood transfusion, these risks include:FeverAllergic reactionHemolytic reactionDisease(Octboer 30, 2008). Blood: the global need for donation. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/story/2008/10/30/f-blood-donation.html.
  • Supply and Screening Blood supplies are often low, and drop usually in the summer This is due to strict screening methods and a lack of donors All donated blood in Canada is tested for HIV, Hepatitis, and other diseases Canada has very specific screening requirements(Octboer 30, 2008). Blood: the global need for donation. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/story/2008/10/30/f-blood-donation.html.
  • The Donation ProcessBefore DonationDuring DonationAfter Donation (2010). Blood Donation. Retrieved from http://www.hema-quebec.qc.ca/donner/don-de-sang/index.en.html.
  • Before DonationChecking of your pulse, blood pressure, temperature andhemoglobin;Questions about risk behaviours related to diseasesSignature of your application to confirm that you have readand understood the information.(2010). Blood Donation. Retrieved from http://www.hema-quebec.qc.ca/donner/don-de-sang/index.en.html.
  • During DonationThe blood donation itself only lasts about 10 minutesThe needle, like all of the materials used for collecting blood,is new, sterilized, sealed and used only once. (2010). Blood Donation. Retrieved from http://www.hema-quebec.qc.ca/donner/don-de-sang/index.en.html.
  • After DonationApply pressure for about five minutes to stop any bleeding.Keep the bandage that covers the puncture on for six hours.Avoid any intense physical activity for six to eight hours.Depending on your job or the sport you practice, you mayneed to wait a while before being active. (2010). Blood Donation. Retrieved from http://www.hema-quebec.qc.ca/donner/don-de-sang/index.en.html.
  • Labile Blood ProductsLabile blood products are perishableOpen 24/7, blood services are always ready to distributeblood productsIt takes at least one day to deliver fresh productsEach day, Quebec handles 200 blood orders from differenthospitals (2010). Blood Donation. Retrieved from http://www.hema-quebec.qc.ca/donner/don-de-sang/index.en.html.
  • Stable Blood ProductsStable blood products last much longer than Labile ones. Thisexplains its name. Stable products are extracted from bloodplasma.Stable products are purchased from suppliersSome of the plasma produced from whole blood donations issent to a facility that extracts stable products from it. (2010). Blood Donation. Retrieved from http://www.hema-quebec.qc.ca/donner/don-de-sang/index.en.html.
  • TreatmentsHemophiliaLeukemiaSurgeryTrauma/AccidentsBurns (2010). Blood Donation. Retrieved from http://www.hema-quebec.qc.ca/donner/don-de-sang/index.en.html.
  • Advantages and DisadvantagesThe advantages and disadvantages of blood donation andtransfusions
  • AdvantagesPeople who donate blood do so out of a sense of goodness,to help friends, and because of social duty. Doing so satisfiesthese people.Lets face it, blood transfusions and are necessary. Every dayhundreds of orders for blood are made by hospitals.Blood donations are completely safe. The needles used aresterile and new, and are used only once. Sojka, Nilsson. (January 2008). The blood donation experience: self-reported motives and obstacles for donating blood. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail? hid=14&sid=841b6463-6a45-40b9-8f20-8b96100d4cfe%40sessionmgr4&vid=3&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=27894049.
  • Disadvantages Blood transfusions cannot be 100% safe, even with the strict screening rules. There are risks involved with all transfusions. Some people have a fear of needles, and this prevents them from donating blood. Blood donation can only be done 6 times a year per person, and this limits the amount of blood given per year. Sojka, Nilsson. (January 2008). The blood donation experience: self-reported motives and obstacles for donating blood. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?hid=14&sid=841b6463-6a45-40b9-8f20-8b96100d4cfe %40sessionmgr4&vid=3&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=27894049.Kamel, Hany. (March 2010). Delayed adverse reactions to blood donation. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?hid=14&sid=841b6463-6a45-40b9-8f20-8b96100d4cfe%40sessionmgr4&vid=3&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=48346063.
  • Bibliography(Octboer 30, 2008). Blood: the global need for donation. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/story/2008/10/30/f-blood-donation.html.(2010). Blood Donation. Retrieved from http://www.hema-quebec.qc.ca/donner/don-de-sang/index.en.html.Sojka, Nilsson. (January 2008). The blood donation experience: self-reported motives and obstacles for donating blood. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?hid=14&sid=841b6463-6a45-40b9-8f20-8b96100d4cfe%40sessionmgr4&vid=3&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=27894049.Kamel, Hany. (March 2010). Delayed adverse reactions to blood donation. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?hid=14&sid=841b6463-6a45-40b9-8f20-8b96100d4cfe%40sessionmgr4&vid=3&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=aph&AN=48346063.Smith, Joanna. (january 27, 2011). Blood donor agency wants lifetime ban lifted for gay men. Retrieved from http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/article/928904--blood-donor-agency-wants-lifetime-ban-lifted-for-gay-men.(1998). The Donation Experience. Retrieved from http://www.bloodservices.ca/centreapps/internet/uw_v502_mainengine.nsf/page/The+Donation+Experience?OpenDocument.Mikkelsen, Niels. Promoting Voluntary Blood Donation. Retrieved from http://www1.clubrunner.ca/crgeneric/data/1152%5C100292%5CHTML%5C4267%5CGNBD%20FIODS%20%20Promotion%20activities%20in%20blood%20donation%20%20ARTICLE%20(2).pdf.Calgary and Edmonton Streets Are Taken Over By "Good Deed Do-ers." Retrieved from http://www.blood.ca/centreapps/internet/uw_v502_mainengine.nsf/page/E_Operation-LifeBlood-NR-2006-09-26?OpenDocument.