Rebecca McGehee research paper


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Rebecca McGehee research paper

  1. 1. McGehee 1Rebecca McGehee17 November 2011AP LitMrs. Corbett Senior Project For my senior project, I am running a blood drive. The Healthcare Science class atCreekview High School hosts two blood drives every year. So, for my project I will be planningand organizing one. This project will help me with my future career goals. After graduation, Iplan on attending college and then nursing school. Following nursing school, I plan to become aNurse Anesthetist. Arranging a blood drive will help prepare me for the nursing field. The company the blood drive will be held through is LifeSouth. In 1974, in Gainesville,Florida, the Civitan Club was asked to organize a community blood bank to support the localhospitals.The club consisted of less than thirty members and eight of the members quit becausethey believed that the project would fail. The Civitan Club received a $50,000 loan to help startup the blood bank. The Civitan Regional Blood Center first opened up in an old house on August28, 1974. “The little local blood center, which Scroggie admits he never imagined would everexpand beyond the city limits of Gainesville, eventually grew into LifeSouth, which now hasmore than 800 employees and supports more than 110 medical facilities” (Our History). In order to have a successful blood drive, advertisement is important. A couple weeksbefore the blood drive, posters and other types of advertisements to influence people to sign up
  2. 2. McGehee 2to donate should be visible around the community. The advertisement should include the date ofthe blood drive and where to sign up to donate. The person in charge should have a book ofsignup sheets with time slots. When donors signup they need to know what times are availablefor donation. If someone under the age of seventeen signs up, they must receive a parent consentform. The parent consent form must be completed in order for that person to give blood.“Theearlier you start organizing, the better! Theres a lot to do and much to think about, but if youfollow a specific checklist provided by the blood center, you will be very well prepared and notoverwhelmed when your blood drive dates arrive.Delegation of the tasks involved in organizinga blood drive not only makes the job easier, it builds teamwork and gives more people theopportunity to get involved. Create a committee by nominating four responsible students. Thesestudents in turn nominate other students to help them” (Organize a Blood Drive). On the day of the blood drive, a sign in table, waiting area, nurse stations, donationchairs, and a hydration station will be set up. Donors must sign in with their ID and will bedirected to the waiting area. Once a nurse station is open, the donor will report to one and answera series of questions. If the donor is eligible they will then be put in a donation chair to giveblood. “Healthy and well screened donors are allowed to donate at least one pint or one unit ofblood volume. You do not have to worry if you donate this amount because it can be easilyreplenished by your body in just one day and in a couple of weeks the bone marrow will be ableto replace blood cells that were lost during the transfusion” (American Red Cross).Next, thedonor will be escorted to the hydration station for juice and snacks. Someone in America needs blood about every two seconds. “Each year, nearly fivemillion Americans need a blood transfusion. To meet our responsibility, we need to collect266,000 blood donations a year. That’s 728 donors a day. With over 30 donor centers, 37 blood
  3. 3. McGehee 3mobiles and over 1,000 blood drives a month, our LifeSouth team is committed to making surethe blood is there when you or your family member is in need. We are your community bloodcenter. The blood supply collected from our donors directly serves the needs of patients at over100 medical facilities throughout our footprint. The blood donated here will stay in ourcommunity for local patient transfusion. Only if our local supply is met will LifeSouth share ourblood resources with other communities” (About LifeSouth).Accident victims, patients withcancer or having surgery, and those with anemia need blood for their treatment. One of everyseven people who go into the hospital will need blood. Blood and donors will always be needed.There must always be enough blood available for when unexpected situations occur. Blood ismade up of three important components: plasma, platelets, and red cells. Plasma replaces volumeand transports cells (What is Blood?). It assists with clotting and helps to maintain bloodpressure. Platelets also help the blood to clot and are often used in transplants, and cancerpatients. Red cells carry oxygen to organs and tissues throughout the body. Also, they are used insituations where blood is lost from surgery or trauma (About Donating Blood). People may believe that donating blood is not safe. However, there are multiple safetyprocedures to protect the donors and recipients of blood.“It is virtually impossible to contract adisease from donatingblood. Only sterile, disposable equipment is used throughout the donationprocess. You cannot get AIDS or another infectious disease by donatingblood or blood products”(Blood Donor Center).Before a donor can give blood they have to meet the eligibility standards,have their records checked, and have laboratory testing done. Prior to donation, pulse, bloodpressure, body temperature, and hemoglobin are tested on each donor.For each unit blood labtests are done to confirm that the blood is safe. Thirteen tests, eleven for infectious diseases, anda screening process are included in the safety procedures (America’s Blood Centers). These tests
  4. 4. McGehee 4check for antibodies, Hepatitis, HIV, Syphilis, West Nile virus, and others. When abnormal testresults are received, the donor is notified and the blood must be discarded. Side effects afterdonating blood are common. “There are potential short-term side effects, however. These effectsdepend on the type of product being donated, your bodys tolerance to the procedure, youroverall health and your previous experiences with donations. Side effects can be minimized bybeing well-hydrated prior to donation, eating a well-balanced meal before and after donation, andgetting plenty of sleep the night before” (Blood Donation).Donors are recommended to reduceactivity afterwards. In teens and young adults it is very common to become lightheaded or dizzyafter donating. However, some blood donors report fainting, seizures, stiffness, and nausea.These symptoms should be reported to a physician if they are persistent. To reduce the risk ofside effects, before donating, consume a well-balanced meal and plenty of fluids. Also, it issuggested to be well rested. Donors may be deferred before donating based on some tests. Most deferrals aretemporary but there are also factors that can cause permanent deferrals.Some common reasonsfor deferrals include: low hemoglobin, and cold, flu, or other illness symptoms. “The mostcommon reason for low hemoglobin, especially in women, is low iron stores (e.g., irondeficiency anemia). For their own safety, donors must have a certain level of hemoglobin (orhematocrit) to be able to donate. Hemoglobin levels vary daily, and you may return to donate thenext day, provided your hemoglobin level is above the required threshold” (If You’re NotEligible to Give Blood). In order to increase iron levels iron-rich foods including: meat, greenvegetables, and seafood should be consumed. Also, an iron supplement is an option. If the donordoes not feel well or has illness symptoms, for the donor and recipients safety, should not donate.However, the donor may donate once all of the symptoms are gone.Other reasons for deferrals
  5. 5. McGehee 5could be based on certain travel done in the past, some medications being taken and medicalconditions that the donor may have(Am I Eligible?). By running a blood drive for my senior project I will learn what it takes to accomplishthis. Also, I will learn some aspects of nursing. Dealing with donors at the blood drive will helpprepare me for working with patients in the future. Organizing a blood drive will also help withmy management skills. Time management and managing a team or staff is very important. I candiscuss concerns or comments with the nurses working at the blood drive.Running andorganizing a blood drive could be beneficial to anyone wanting to pursue a career in nursing.
  6. 6. McGehee 6 Works Cited“About Donating Blood.” Gulf Coast Regional Blood Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. <>.“About LifeSouth.” LifeSouth Community Blood Centers. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. <>.American Red Cross. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. <>.“Am I Eligible?” Atlanta Blood Services. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. < gen_eligibility.htm>.“Blood Donation.” PubMed. NCBI, n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. < 15666658>.“Blood Donor Center.” St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. < index.jsp?vgnextoid=dcebfa2454e70110VgnVCM1000001e0215acRCRD&vgnextchannel=10c315 faf7118010VgnVCM1000000e2015acRCRD>.“If You’re Not Eligible to Give Blood.” American Red Cross. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. < not-meet-eligibility-requirements>.“Organize a Blood Drive.” My Blood, Your Blood. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. <>.“Our History.” LifeSouth. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. < index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=396&Itemid=243>.
  7. 7. McGehee 7“What is Blood?” United Blood Services. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2011. <>.