The people of the portuguese and spanish colonies


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The people of the portuguese and spanish colonies

  1. 1. The people of the Portuguese and Spanish Colonies in America<br />By: Tommy Marinelli<br />Professor Arguello<br />History 140<br />
  2. 2. Portuguese America: Antonio de Gouveia<br />Lived during the 16th century. <br />From the Azores<br />Social group was constantly changing. <br />He was an Azorean priest, among many other things.<br />
  3. 3. Portuguese America: Antonio de Gouveia<br />Born in 1528, to a Christian family in Terceira.<br />He then went to Libson at 21 years of age.<br />Within two years, he was ordained into the holy priesthood.<br />He was shipwrecked and had to practice medicine to support himself back home. Practicing medicine was against priesthood beliefs.<br />The reason for his first encounter with the Inquisition was uncertain, for there were no records.<br />He was released on bail and escaped to Portugal.<br />1557, He was arrested by the Inquisition, on charges of superstition, divination, witchcraft, and commerce with the devil.<br />After being banished from Portugal, he returned a decade later from Brazil, to the mercy of the Inquisition.<br />He was shown none and in 1571, he was never granted a trial and spent the rest of his life imprisoned.<br />
  4. 4. Portuguese America: Catarina de Monte Sinay<br />Lived from the late 1600s to the mid-1700s.<br />From Brazil<br />Social group was a convent<br />She was a nun.<br />
  5. 5. Portuguese America: Catarina de Monte Sinay<br />In 1696, in Bahia, Brazil, she became the bride of Christ.<br />Her original name was Catarina de TellesBarretto.<br />The town she was from was really big on sugar sales and slave trade. <br />She was very much devoted to the religious culture and the spectacle of the culture is what drew her to her faith.<br />She took comfort in the elaborate daily rituals.<br />She made lots of money with loans, slave sale, house rentals, preparing, and selling suites.<br />She died, leaving a will full of gifts of money to her fellow sisters, and one slave, paying of loans, and giving away houses.<br />She waited on her death bed for permission from the Arch Bishop to give these things away; which she was never granted and died August 1758.<br />
  6. 6. Spanish America: Diego Vasicuio<br />Lived during the 1600s.<br />From Salamanca.<br />Social group: chief priest among the Indian community and custodian of the god, Sorimana.<br />
  7. 7. Spanish America: Diego Vasicuio<br />He was an influential member of the Indian community to hand down gods and gospels from one generation to the next.<br />In May 1671, when he was over 90 years old, he was taken by “visiting inspectors” who were commissioned by the hierarchy to detect and punish violators.<br />He was charged with heresy and he appeared before Father de Prado.<br />As a protector of the old gods Sorimana, Diego’s punishment was to denounce his god, ask for the true god’s help, and hand over the fake god.<br />
  8. 8. Spanish America: Juan de Morga and Gertrudis de Escobar<br />From the middle of the 17th century.<br />From Central Mexico/New Spain.<br />They were mulatto slaves.<br />
  9. 9. Spanish America: Juan de Morga and Gertrudis de Escobar<br />Juan was a born slave and served an accountant in Mexico city.<br />He was sold to a Mestizo named Diego de Arratia.<br />He insulted the new master and was beaten and poorly treated until he finally escaped to Jilotepec. <br />Upon reaching Jilotepec, he attempted to convince the holy office to allow him to be enslaved to someone else because of the poor treatment he received.<br />After witnesses testified to Arratia’s tortures, the Inquisition sold Juan to Mateo Dias de La Madrid.<br />Gertrudis de Escobar was born a free woman and was sold as a slave by her aunt and cousins years after her parents passed.<br />She was sold to Don Mateo who beat her and chained her for not filling quotas of experienced men laborers.<br />She ran away and returned to the same beatings numerous times until she escaped to a holy office of Santa Ana de Amanalco.<br />A priest named Andres Gamero took her in, paid her wages, and sent her case to Mexico City.<br />When word came back from the holy office, they said to “moderate” her by putting her in chains once more, then setting her free.<br />
  10. 10. Spanish America: Isabelle Moctezuma<br />Lived in the 1500s.<br />She was from Tenochtitlan, Central Mexico<br />She was an Aztec princess.<br />
  11. 11. Spanish America: Isabelle Moctezuma<br />Born to the Aztec emperor Moctezuma II in 1509 or 1510.<br />During the Spanish invasion, and an Aztec uprising, her father died.<br />At age 11, the princess married her uncle, who became emperor after her father’s death and died of smallpox within 60 days of their marriage.<br />She then married her cousin, shortly after, who was captured in 1521 by Cortez and then killed in 1526.<br />Cortez saw the importance of Isabelle to Christianization and wrote home of her importance.<br />He recommended that land be granted back to her and her family.<br />He did this to arrange her marriage to Alanso de Grado, in hopes that she would convert to the Faith, and by her example, hasten evangelization of the country.<br />She wed her 5th husband, Juan Cano, and had five of her seven children with him. <br />She was the only Indian woman to testify as the witness against the governors of Mexico.<br />In her will she freed the slaves that served her and her husband.<br />
  12. 12. Spanish America: Francisco Baquero<br />Lived in the 18th-19th century.<br />From Buenos Aires, Argentina<br />Social group: Mestizo<br />He was a shoe maker and organizer.<br />
  13. 13. Spanish America: Francisco Baquero<br />He was a master shoemaker, but was not successful at this.<br />He worked to create a union that would have regulations to control quality and a customer base.<br />He formed a union of negro and mulatto shoemakers, but was rejected.<br />He traveled to Madrid to fight for a segregated union.<br />