People of portuguese & spanish colonies in america


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People of portuguese & spanish colonies in america

  1. 1. People of Portuguese & Spanish Colonies in America<br />By Tiffany Jacobs<br />HIST 140 (#50607)<br />
  2. 2. Diego Vasicuio(Spanish)<br />Male<br />Early-mid 17th Century<br />Climax of story takes place in May, 1671<br />From the Village of Salamanca<br />In Southern Peru<br />Chose to live under the influence of Spanish rule<br />Wanted to be near sacred hillside cave of Canuea<br />Participated in the Mita System<br />Forced by Spanish into labor program<br />On a 2 month rotation<br />Paid to work at dangerous mines, or haciendas, or textile workshops<br />
  3. 3. Diego Vasicuiocontinued<br />Religious Chief Priest<br />Custodian of his ‘god’, “Sorimana”<br />Enthusiastic supporter of his cult<br />Performed religious ceremonies, offered sacrifices & prayers<br />Subject of a heresy charge by Spanish Catholic priest<br />Father de Prado demanded surrender of his ‘god’<br />Demanded repentance from witchcraft and idolatry<br />Diego preserved his ritual, religion & ‘god’<br />Surrender a fake idol and acted repentant<br />Adapted to the demands of the Catholic church to survive<br />
  4. 4. Francisco Baquero(Spanish)<br />Male<br />Mid-Late 1700’s, beginning about 1776<br />Born in Buenos Aires <br />Lived in Buenos Aires until death or migration by 1810<br />Mestizo<br />Non-white, dark skinned, claimed to be Indian at times<br />Conveniently indecisive about his social/race group<br />Shoemaker<br />Started as apprentice at 12 years old<br />Became a journeyman 4 years later<br />Failed at attempts to organize/influence shoemaker guild<br />
  5. 5. Francisco Baquerocontinued<br />Master Shoemakers and Artisans try to form a guild<br />Repeated attempts at elections & drafts of constitutions<br />Three major groups and leaders at war<br />Romero & anti-foreigner group<br />Baquero & non-whites<br />Foreigners & recent immigrants from Spain<br />Baquero’s conflict<br />Wanted social standing that guild membership provided<br />Did not care which race or group was excluded as long as he was a part of the other group<br />Was unsuccessful at final attempt to establish a casta guild for non-whites/mestizos/blacks<br />Died a bitter and angry man in isolation<br />
  6. 6. Beatriz de Padilla (Spanish)<br />Female, 30 years old, unmarried<br />Mid 1600’s, 1650 was time of inquisition<br />Born in Lagos<br />Near Guadalajara in New Spain (Mexico)<br />Mulatta<br />Although she claimed to be a lighter-skinned Morisca<br />Daughter of a white man and mulatta mother<br />Housekeeper and Mistress<br />She was born a slave and given her freedom<br />Excelled at being a mistress!<br />
  7. 7. Beatriz de Padilla Continued<br />Accused Murderess and Sorceress<br />Accused of poisoning her lover/father of her child, a priest, Diego Ortiz Saavedra<br />Accused of sorcery in maddening of her lover/father of her children, lord mayor of Juchipila, don Diego de las Marinas<br />Trial was a convoluted, complex “soap opera”<br />Witnesses were embittered ex-servants<br />Many involved had a connection to Beatriz or her lovers, their brothers/sisters/wives, etc. <br />Beatriz the saint?<br />Her story is glorified by explanation that Beatriz guaranteed the survival of her race by “breeding” with whites<br />She did not conform to cultural & social regulations because her skin color did not require her to<br />She was obstinate & flippant about her charms being “between her legs”<br />She was considered a “Jezebel” by others but this story portrays her as a hero<br />
  8. 8. Micaela Angela Carrillo (Spanish)<br />Female, married to Juan Tapia y Luna, later widowed<br />Mid to Late 1700’s<br />Nuestra Senora de Asuncion Amozoque<br />Modern-day Amazoc<br />Large Indian population compared to the rest of Mexico<br />Spanish & Indian – she operated and was respected in both circles<br />Daughter of Spaniard, Diego Carrillo & Indian cacique of Amozoque, Maria Gutierrez<br />Not being an Indian, she had greater freedom<br />Landowner & Manufacturer of Pulque<br />Performed “man’s labor”, rode horses, worked in fields<br />Hard working, purchased land, contributed to religious groups, provided for her children<br />Retained her independence<br />
  9. 9. MicaelaAngela Carrillo Continued<br />Property battle between son & illegitimate daughter<br />Three children with husband & three illegitimate daughters<br />Distributed most of her property prior to her death to guarantee her illegitimate daughter’s could receive property<br />Divided property according to Indian law<br />After her death, son Estaban, who had received largest share of Micaela’s property, filed lawsuit against sister, Maria Antonia<br />He won but later an appeal overturned the decision<br />Micaela’s industriousness guaranteed her independence<br />Despite patriarchal society<br />Provided for all of her children & daughters too<br />
  10. 10. Damiana da Cunha (Portuguese)<br />Female<br />18th Century, baptized in 1780<br />Goiasof Brazil <br />She lived in Sao Jose or Maria Primeria<br />Member of the Caiapo<br />Granddaughter of Angrai-Oxa Indians<br />Lived in the Aldeia<br />Many roles, no occupation<br /> Heroine, teacher, missionary, mediator, expedition leader<br />
  11. 11. Damiana da Cunha Continued<br />Adapted to Settled Way of Life<br />Intelligent, well spoken, brave, Christian<br />Wanted the Caiapo to adapt to the new civilized way of life offered in the Aldeia<br />Acted on her Christian beliefs to bring Caiapo back repeatedly to civilization<br />Catechized Indians of the Goias<br />Died trying to keep the dream of Christian peace alive<br />Believed the civilized life was the way to save her people from extinction<br />
  12. 12. Catarina de Monte Sinay(Portuguese)<br />Female, nun<br />Late 1600’s to Late 1700’s<br />Bahia, Brazil<br />Desterro Convent<br />Father born in Portugal and emigrated to Brazil<br />Nun and entrepeneur<br />Sold sweets<br />Made loans<br />Rented houses<br />Gave gifts<br />Owned slaves<br />
  13. 13. Catarina de Monte SinayContinued<br />Deeply committed and content<br />Spent her life doing business<br />Attributed that talent to her father<br />Amassed significant wealth in her lifetime<br />Made generous gifts to the chapel<br />Was proud the gifts were functional and decorative<br />At her death she was deeply concerned about confessing her sins of entrepreneurialism <br />All was done without the permission of the archbishop<br />Applied her talents for the good of others and was so humble she doubted her salvation – truest form of religion!<br />