* Reading for a Purpose. *Cognates. BASIC READING COMPREHENSION SKILLS -Lesson 1- UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA-CALI FACULTY OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCESDEPARMENT OF COMMUNICATION AND LANGUAGE ENGLISH LEVEL II
Cognates are…. In a technical sense, two words that have a common origin are cognates. cognates are words in two languages that have a common etymology and thus are similar or identical. For example, the English "kiosk" and the Spanish quiosco are cognates because they both come from the Turkish kosk. Cognates often have a similar meaning, but in some cases the meaning has changed over the centuries in one language or another. An example of such a change is the English word "arena," which usually refers to a sports facility, and the Spanish arena, which usually means "sand."
Remember…..Cognates• Cognates are words in two languages that share a similar meaning, spelling, but with different pronunciation. objectivo = objective norteamericana = North American actor = actor difícil = difficult explorar = explore profesor = professor carácter = character música = music literatura = literature inteligente = intelligent
FALSE COGNATES…A false cognate is a Spanish word that looks or soundssimilar to an English word but has a totally different meaning.Some examples are shown below.Spanish English Confused SpanishWord Translation With Translationabandonar to quit to remove quitar absolutamente,absoluto absolute absolutely completamenteen absoluto not at all absolutely totalmente