What is MOOC?
• MOOC stands for Massive Open Online Course.
It is free non-degree online courses with open limitless global
enrolment to anyone who needs to learn, and regardless of their
current educational level.
• It has freely accessible online resources such as video
lectures, written materials, and community social. It is free to
everybody and it can reach thousands of the students at the same
History of MOOC
• The first Mooc was launched in 2008, it was called ‘Connectivism
and Connective Knowledge/2008’ (CCK8), created by educators
Stephen Downes and George Siemens.
• Building off a for-credit course at the University of
Manitoba, Canada, this was the first class designed behind the
acronym of ‘MOOC’ and used many different platforms to engage
students with the topic, including Facebook groups, Wiki
pages, blogs, forums and other resources.
• Around 2,200 people signed up for Connectivism and Connective
Knowledge/2008, and 170 of them created their own blogs. The
course was free and open, which meant that anyone could join,
modify or remix the content without paying.
• More than 160,000 students in 190 countries signed up, and for the
first time, an open online course was truly ‘massive’. This led Thrun
and Norvig to build a new business model for online knowledge, the
• It did not take long until other professors adapted their ideas using
own resources. Within one year, two more American start-ups for
MOOCs appeared: Coursera and EdX.
• In 2013, the the Open University is building its own MOOC
platform, Futurelearn, which will feature universities from the United
• And there are many other independent MOOC initiatives
appearing, including Open2Study in Australia and iversity in
• These MOOC start-ups might have different goals, but what they
have in common is the connection between learners and teachers.
• We’ve come a long ways from the one-way conversation of
correspondence courses and educational videocassettes, but whatever
is eventually written about the history of MOOCs, academic
knowledge will never be seen the same way.
• More and more, knowledge and information can be easily reduced
into small bits and rapidly transmitted to anywhere in the world, to
Different types of MOOCs
• There are two types of MOOCKs which are cMOOC and
• In thinking about the pedagogy involved, cMOOCs tend to focus on
constructivist and connectivist approaches to learning.
• Learning happens when students interact with authentic materials, in
• These learner-controlled spaces often take the form of a personal
learning environment, and in such spaces learners choose their
connections and sources of materials.
• cMOOCs encourage active exploration on the part of the learner,
sharing with other learners, generating knowledge, and reflecting on
• If one were to compare a cMOOC to an on-campus course, the most
similar type of course is the seminar.
• Another interesting note is that the cMOOC, more often than not,
tends to be a collaborative effort in design and implementation.
xMOOCs, up to this time, have tended to focus mostly on
instructivist approaches to teaching.
• The instructor, along with a support team, record and serve video
lectures to learners.
Field of interest and topics I would
pursue in my future MOOC experience
• My field of interest is teaching Mathematics.
• The topics I am going to pursue in my future MOOC is Financial
Mathematics, Trigonometry and Geometry.
• I chose these topics, because they carry lot of marks and many
learners perform badly on them.
• So I hope MOOC will help me to make these topics easily and