oWHAT IS A MOOC?
oHISTORY OF MOOCS
oCHARACTERISTICS OF MOOCS
oTYPES OF MOOCS
oFIELD OF INTEREST IN STUDY OF
WHAT IS A
MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSE IS AN ONLINE COURSE AIMED AT UNLIMITED
PARTICIPATION AND OPEN ACCESS VIA THE WEB. MOOCS ALSO KNOWN AS
ONLINE COURSES PROVIDES INTERACTIVE USER FORA THAT HELPS BUILD A
COMMUNITY FOR STUDENTS, PROFESSORS AND TEACHING MATERIALS. MOOCS
CAN BE SEEN AS A FORM OF DISTANCE LEARNING THAT ARE CHANGING
EDUCATION AS WE KNOW IT.
A MOOC is a course in two important senses. First of all, it has assignments and
evaluations built in the way that a college class has assignments and exams.
Most MOOCs have quizzes along the way and exams at the end, but more
subjective assignments, such as written essays or creative projects, are also
HISTORY OF MOOCS?
The idea that there is knowledge to be taken advantage of within networks
inspired Canadian educator George Siemens to develop a theory called
Connectivism that could explain changes in education after the popularization
of technology inside and outside classrooms. Using this theory, Siemens
partnered with Stephen Downes to develop a new format of online course that
is open for anyone interested.
OF A MOOC?
• MOOCS HAVE EASY ACCESSIBLE CONTENT ONLINE DELIEVERY IN ANY FIELD
• COURSES ARE FREE AN ONLINE, AND REQUIRES ONE TO BE NA ACTIVE
PARTICIPANT IN THEIR FIELD OF INTEREST OF STUDY.
• PROVIDES RESOURCE MATERIALS RANGING FROM VIDEOS, READINGS AND
PROBLEM SETS TO FACILITATE LEARNING EFFECTIVELY.
• Connectivist MOOC is based on the idea that learning happens within a network,
where learners use digital platforms such as blogs and social media platforms to
make connections with content, learning communities and other learners to create
and construct knowledge.
• Within a cMOOC, learners are encouraged (though not required) to contribute
actively, using these digital platforms. Participants’ contributions in form of blog
posts, tweets etc. are aggregated by course organizers and shared with all
participants via daily email or newsletter.
• cMOOC are also not typically sponsored or funded by higher education institutions
but are organized by individuals with a passion for a specific content area.
Organizers commit their time to create a framework for learning where participants
from all over the world can connect share, contribute, collaborate to learn and
expand their network professionally and personally. cMOOC are also open and
flexible, responsive to needs of its participants which can provide a tailored learning
• xMOOC usually has one or more higher education colleges
or schools behind it, and, in some cases, a for-profit
company. A great deal of money is required to develop
video and other course content in a MOOC and to operate
the platform. Funds are provided either by the institution, by