Council for Agricultural
Science and Technology
John M. Bonner, Ph.D.
Executive Vice President, CEO
The CAST Mission
CAST assembles, interprets, and communicates credible,
science-based information regionally, nationally, ...
Primary Objective
•The primary work of CAST is the
publication of task force reports,
commentary papers, and issue papers
...
Website
Visit CAST Online
www.cast-science.org

The above map depicts: 26,311 visits from 17 Jan 2008 to 17 Jan 2009
Friday Notes
•Published 48 times each year
•More than 60 current agricultural
news items-- gleaned from 100+
sources
•News...
Agricultural Productivity Strategies
for the Future:
Addressing U.S. and Global Challenges

West view of the U.S. Capitol ...
Issue Paper Authors
•

Gale Buchanan (Chair)
–
–

•

Robert W. Herdt
–
–

•

College of Agricultural and Environmental Sci...
Issue Paper Reviewers and CAST Liaison
Issue Paper Reviewers
•

Charles F. Connor
–
–

•

Charles E. Hess
–
–

•

National...
Dr. Norman E. Borlaug
1914 - 2009

Agricultural Science and the Public.
1973. CAST Paper No. 1
9
Introduction
•
•
•
•

Success of agriculture
Issues this paper addresses
Issues not addressed
Correcting pathologies in th...
Future Demands Facing Agriculture
• Principal drivers of global demand for
agricultural output
• One billion people who to...
Bioenergy and Bioproducts Bring About
a New Paradigm for Agriculture
• We can visualize, if not see, the end of cheap
petr...
Emerging Constraints on Future
Agricultural Productivity in the U.S.
• We are aware of present
constraints; others are eme...
Soil, Water and Crop Issues
• Soil erosion is a long-term problem
• Water quality and quantity are
affected by farming and...
Animal Welfare Issues
• Most people recognize that animal
agriculture is “under fire” in some areas
• Society as a whole w...
Challenges in Animal Agriculture
• Reduction of green house gas (GHG) emissions
• Balancing types of confinement with free...
Endangered Species Act
• Preserving diversity comes at a
price
• We must weigh costs vs. benefits

17
Fertilizer Resources
• Sustainability of agriculture requires
a sustainable source of plant
nutrients
─ Nitrogen
─ Potassi...
Global Warming
• Global warming will have an
influence on agriculture by affecting
the demand for natural resources
─ the ...
Major Issues Facing Agricultural
Productivity Outside the U.S.
• Must consider agriculture from a global
perspective
– Chi...
Strategies to Meet Future Agriculture
Needs for Agricultural Output
• Success requires a supportive
institutional structur...
Assist Less-Developed Countries (LDC)
• Approaches
– Provide food and medical support
– Help build institutional and
intel...
The “Next Green Revolution”
• Strong commitment to science is
necessary to meet future challenges
• Remember Dr. Borlaug’s...
Commitment of ALL branches of Science
• Basic science
• Applied science
• Classical genetics
• Biotechnology
• Other areas...
A Few Ideas That We Suggest
Should Be Considered
• Enabling C3 plants to utilize the C4 photosynthetic
pathway
• Nitrogen ...
What is the Commitment to Agricultural Research
to Bring about Another Green Revolution?

• Few signs the nations of the w...
Conclusions

• Challenges are real
• Agriculture’s challenge is food,
feed, fiber, flowers, and now fuel
or energy
• Conve...
Strategies for Meeting the Challenges
• Meeting the challenges of maintaining and
enhancing agricultural productivity
requ...
Thank you for your attention!

29
Questions/Discussion

For a free download of
the entire
Issue Paper 45:
Visit the
CAST Website @
www.cast-science.org
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Dr. Gale Buchanan - Agricultural Productivity Strategies for the Future: Addressing U.S. and Global Challenges

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Agricultural Productivity Strategies for the Future: Addressing U.S. and Global Challenges - Dr. Gale Buchanan, Dean and Director Emeritus, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, The University of Georgia; former Under Secretary, U.S. Department of Agriculture, from the 2010 Animal Ag Alliance Stakeholder's Summit: Truth, Lies and Videotape: Is Activism Jeopardizing Our Food Security?, April 28 - 29, 2010, Washington, DC, USA.

More presentations at http://www.trufflemedia.com/home/conference/2010-animal-ag-alliance-stakeholders-summit

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Dr. Gale Buchanan - Agricultural Productivity Strategies for the Future: Addressing U.S. and Global Challenges

  1. 1. Council for Agricultural Science and Technology John M. Bonner, Ph.D. Executive Vice President, CEO
  2. 2. The CAST Mission CAST assembles, interprets, and communicates credible, science-based information regionally, nationally, and internationally to legislators, regulators, policymakers, the media, the private sector, and the public • CAST is a nonprofit organization composed of scientific societies and many individual, student, company, nonprofit, and associate society members • CAST uses volunteer key scientific authors and reviewers • CAST provides credible, understandable science-based information to your staff and to the public
  3. 3. Primary Objective •The primary work of CAST is the publication of task force reports, commentary papers, and issue papers written by scientists from many disciplines •The wide distribution of CAST publications to nonscientists enhances the education and understanding of the general public
  4. 4. Website Visit CAST Online www.cast-science.org The above map depicts: 26,311 visits from 17 Jan 2008 to 17 Jan 2009
  5. 5. Friday Notes •Published 48 times each year •More than 60 current agricultural news items-- gleaned from 100+ sources •News articles are categorized in areas of emphasis that parallel the three CAST work groups, and the “page 1” stories often feature CAST activities •Washington, D.C. congressional updates from Meyers and Associates
  6. 6. Agricultural Productivity Strategies for the Future: Addressing U.S. and Global Challenges West view of the U.S. Capitol Building in Washington D.C. (Photo courtesy of the Architect of the Capitol.) CAST Issue Paper 45 January 2010
  7. 7. Issue Paper Authors • Gale Buchanan (Chair) – – • Robert W. Herdt – – • College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences The University of Georgia, Tifton Campus Department of Applied Economics and Management Cornell University, Ithaca, New York Luther G. Tweeten – – Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics The Ohio State University, Columbus Preface Author • Norman E. Borlaug, Professor Emeritus (1914 – 2009) – – Texas A&M University College Station
  8. 8. Issue Paper Reviewers and CAST Liaison Issue Paper Reviewers • Charles F. Connor – – • Charles E. Hess – – • National Council of Farmer Cooperatives Washington, D.C. Department of Plant Science University of California, Davis Per Pinstrup-Andersen – – College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Cornell University, Ithaca, New York CAST Liaison • Henry L. Shands – Fort Collins, Colorado
  9. 9. Dr. Norman E. Borlaug 1914 - 2009 Agricultural Science and the Public. 1973. CAST Paper No. 1 9
  10. 10. Introduction • • • • Success of agriculture Issues this paper addresses Issues not addressed Correcting pathologies in the U.S. economy • Future role of agriculture in meeting the energy and climate control challenge • Future success of agriculture through enhanced productivity 10
  11. 11. Future Demands Facing Agriculture • Principal drivers of global demand for agricultural output • One billion people who today rarely get enough to eat • Projections show 2025 demand for farm products will be 143% of 2000 demand 11
  12. 12. Bioenergy and Bioproducts Bring About a New Paradigm for Agriculture • We can visualize, if not see, the end of cheap petroleum • Harvesting the sun’s energy is one approach to meeting the energy challenge • Competition for resources will require hard choices • Unfolding of this process will mean an almost limitless demand for agricultural output 12
  13. 13. Emerging Constraints on Future Agricultural Productivity in the U.S. • We are aware of present constraints; others are emerging • It is prudent to plan for all 13
  14. 14. Soil, Water and Crop Issues • Soil erosion is a long-term problem • Water quality and quantity are affected by farming and irrigation practices • Bioengineered crops offer benefits to agriculture but raise concerns in some countries 14
  15. 15. Animal Welfare Issues • Most people recognize that animal agriculture is “under fire” in some areas • Society as a whole will largely determine and set social and moral standards in animal agriculture • Certain production practices, if implemented, will place further demands on agriculture 15
  16. 16. Challenges in Animal Agriculture • Reduction of green house gas (GHG) emissions • Balancing types of confinement with free range systems • Developing alternatives to antibiotics and addressing antibiotic resistance • Identifying more effective means of handling animal waste • Enabling the public to gain a better understanding and appreciation for the importance of animal agriculture • Developing better animal health products • Food security • Capturing the power of biotechnology 16
  17. 17. Endangered Species Act • Preserving diversity comes at a price • We must weigh costs vs. benefits 17
  18. 18. Fertilizer Resources • Sustainability of agriculture requires a sustainable source of plant nutrients ─ Nitrogen ─ Potassium ─ Phosphorus 18
  19. 19. Global Warming • Global warming will have an influence on agriculture by affecting the demand for natural resources ─ the crops we grow ─ the location of crop production ─ the availability of water: some areas too much, other areas too little 19
  20. 20. Major Issues Facing Agricultural Productivity Outside the U.S. • Must consider agriculture from a global perspective – China: expected growing demand for food has not affected global ecosystem in past decade – India: great potential for increased production – Brazil: continued growth of agriculture is possible, but there are environmental concerns – Sub-Saharan Africa: recent increases in agricultural GDP, but significant challenges remain 20
  21. 21. Strategies to Meet Future Agriculture Needs for Agricultural Output • Success requires a supportive institutional structure • Generally, this support must come from the public sector 21
  22. 22. Assist Less-Developed Countries (LDC) • Approaches – Provide food and medical support – Help build institutional and intellectual capacity – Develop international agreements and trade • Must be greater commitment for sustained support for research 22
  23. 23. The “Next Green Revolution” • Strong commitment to science is necessary to meet future challenges • Remember Dr. Borlaug’s challenge • How do we go about making the Next Green Revolution happen? 23
  24. 24. Commitment of ALL branches of Science • Basic science • Applied science • Classical genetics • Biotechnology • Other areas such as nanotechnology 24
  25. 25. A Few Ideas That We Suggest Should Be Considered • Enabling C3 plants to utilize the C4 photosynthetic pathway • Nitrogen fixation in non-legumes • Incorporating the process of apomixis into crop plants • Improving pest resistance in plants • Improving energy efficiency of plants • Effectively and efficiently capturing all animal waste • Eliminating all respiratory diseases of livestock • Utilizing the power of genomics and biotechnology to improve food animals 25
  26. 26. What is the Commitment to Agricultural Research to Bring about Another Green Revolution? • Few signs the nations of the world are making the commitment to the research needed to bring about a second Green Revolution • Linkage between agricultural research and productivity is unquestioned • Bottom line: “We (all nations) must strengthen our commitment to research!” 26
  27. 27. Conclusions • Challenges are real • Agriculture’s challenge is food, feed, fiber, flowers, and now fuel or energy • Convergence of so many challenges at one time is unprecedented – “The Perfect Storm” 27
  28. 28. Strategies for Meeting the Challenges • Meeting the challenges of maintaining and enhancing agricultural productivity requires broad-based support • It will require constant public commitment to acquire adequate funding for agricultural research and education • Greatest concern felt by the authors • Remain hopeful and confident 28
  29. 29. Thank you for your attention! 29
  30. 30. Questions/Discussion For a free download of the entire Issue Paper 45: Visit the CAST Website @ www.cast-science.org

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