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Ambient Assisted Living Roadmap. Technology and Innovation for Ageing Well

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  1. 1. “Ageing Well. How technologies can help” European Workshop Salón Avante. Barcelona, 3rd June 2010 AALIANCE Ambient Assisted Living Roadmap Technology and Innovation for Ageing Well Mari Satur Torre Fundación Vodafone
  2. 2. FACTS on AALIANCE - The European Ambient Assisted Living Innovation Alliance FP7 Coordination action (CA) THEME ICT-1-7.1 ICT and Aging Duration: 01/2008 – 03/2010 Partners: 14 Volume: 1.646.170 € EC Contribution: 1.070.000 €
  3. 3. Members No. Name Country Type 1. VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbH Germany SME 2. AGE - the European Older People's Platform Europe Association 3. Robert Bosch GmbH Germany Industry 4. Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Germany Research 5. Fundación Vodafone España Spain Research 6. Institute for Microelectronics and Microsystems - CNR Italy Research 7. Luleå University of Technology Sweden University 8. Nokia Research Center (until 31.12.2008) Finland Industry 9. Philips Electronics Netherlands Industry 10. Scuola Superiore S. Anna Italy Research 11. Sorin Group France Industry 12. University of Newcastle UK University 13. Vermon SA France SME 14. VTI Technologies Oy Finland Industry 15. Deutsche Telekom (from 1.4.2009) Germany Industry
  4. 4. General Objectives • Provide a framework for stakeholders, led by the industry, for the definition of research and development priorities, timeframes and action plans on strategically important issues in the field of AAL • Play a key role in ensuring an adecuate focus of research funding for AAL, in fostering effective public-private partnerships and in developing a European research policy, in particular FP7 and current activities launch by EU member states (AAL Joint Programme)
  5. 5. Immediate Objectives • Setting-up a sustainable network – from 14 to be extended to approx. 35 (technology providers, systems integrators, service providers, research organizations and user associations) • Coordinating and maintaining a R&D roadmap and strategic research agenda for AAL with a mid to long perspective • Defining stardadisation requirements • Providing recommendations for a European RTD policy on AAL • Supporting European and national entities in increasing the political awareness and in intensifying activities for the enhancement of new AAL technologies
  6. 6. 38 Associated Partners
  7. 7. Outcomes March 2009 March 2010 AALIANCE Ambient Assisted Living - Strategic Research Agenda
  8. 8. Table of Contents • Introduction • AAL for persons • AAL in the community • AAL at work • Enabling Technologies • AAL systems composition
  9. 9. Ageing population scenario • A growing number of older people living alone and in need of (intensive) care. • An ageing workforce. • A rapid growth in the number of persons with physical disabilities. • More financially well-appointed and wealthy senior citizens ready to enjoy their third age and to spend money on products securing and enhancing wealth, safety, security and not forgetting entertainment and communications needs.
  10. 10. HA & AAL AAL – Ambient Assisted Living HA – Home Automation DOMOCASA • From the present to the future – Technologies – Users – Perspectives – Exploitation – Challenges – Properties – Developments – Etc… – Business – Barriers
  11. 11. Home Automation • Home automation* may designate an emerging practice of increased automation of household appliances and features in residential dwellings, particularly through electronic means… • Possible Classification in six function domains** Electronics Automation Informatics Telecommunication Comfort Energy Saving Meccanics Well being Building Industry Person Architecture Home Security … Communication Person Security * Wikipedia definition ** G. Del Zanna, M. Malavasi, and G. Vaccari, “Manuale illustrato per la domotica ad uso sociale”, Tecniche Nuove
  12. 12. AAL context • “Ambient Assisted Living” (AAL) denotes concepts, products and services that interlink and improve new technologies and social systems, with the aim of enhancing the quality of life for all people in all stages of their lives. • AAL could be best translated as “intelligent systems of a specific assistance for a better and safer life in the home environment”.
  13. 13. AAL vs HA Automation Comfort Energy Saving Well being Person Home Security Communication Person Security • AAL has concepts wider than HA. • AAL is referred to specific applications and needs of users.
  14. 14. Methodological Approach 1. Setting the scene • Identification of AAL application domains and technology axis • State of the Art overview per domain and technology axis 2. 1st level analysis • Plotting visionary scenarios • Pruning • Identification of the necessary enabling technologies 3. 2nd level analysis • Identification of current and future barriers to development • Drawing “rough” roadmaps of enabling technologies 4. Merging and Consolidation • Drawing Scenario roadmaps • Merging Scenario roadmaps into Domain roadmaps • Exploring synergies and cross-contamination and consolidating AAL roadmap
  15. 15. AAL4Persons • AAL for health, rehabilitation and care – Chronic disease management – Biorobotics for neuro-rehabilitation – Multi-disciplinary care teams • Impairments and monitoring – Motor disabilities • Personal activity management and monitoring – Physical and mental activity • Personal and home safety and security • Activities of Daily Life oriented support • Other common activities – Shopping – eat and drink – social interaction and communication
  16. 16. AAL@community • Social inclusion – Participation in community activities – Creativity, hobbies and sports – Cultural and experience exchanges • Entertainment and leisure – Training the brain – Exercise and gaming • Mobility – Supporting individual physical mobility – Driving – Public transport
  17. 17. AAL@work • Background – Work ability – Employers’ attitudes to older workers – Training in and for the workplace – Issues of work-life balance • Needs of older workers in the workspace • Access to working space • Assuring environmental working conditions • Support for working • Prevention of diseases and injuries • Safety and health regulations
  18. 18. Enabling technologies and functions 1. Sensing 2. Reasoning 3. Acting 4. Interacting 5. Communicating
  19. 19. Sensing (1) • In AAL applications, sensing is expected to take place in anything and anywhere: in- or on-body, in- or on- appliances or in the environment (home, outdoors, in vehicles, public spaces, etc.). • Smart sensors endow a network interface, a processor and a memory. • Applications: – Sensors for safety and security in the environments – Sensors for monitoring persons – Sensor networks – Low power and sustainable sensors
  20. 20. Sensing (2) Applications Enabling Technologies Detection, Faster Multimodal Interoperable authentication fingerprint ID Biometry and certificated ID and surveillance. Non invasive measurement Wireless Tele-monitoring of External and sensing systems Implanted patient status Biomarkers (movement, cardiac, respiration,…) biomarkers Internet connected sensors Sensor network and actuators Sensor technologies for indoor navigation and localization Camera with object Human state Biologically inspired Sensors detection, classification, detection sensor-actuator integration recognition 2015 2020 2025
  21. 21. Reasoning (1) • Knowledge about the activities of the user and the current situation in this environment from low-level sensor data (daily activities and situations, emergency situations, user’s mid-term and long-term behavior). Emergency situations: 1) Helplessness/lying on the floor 2) Indicators of falls 3) Motionlessness • Models 4) Critical values in vital parameters • Situations Activities of daily living: • Behaviours 1) Sleeping 2) Toilet usage • Activity / behaviour recognition 3) Personal hygiene 4) Preparation of meals • Reasoning process Motion: 1) Occupancy of rooms 2) Locomotion 3) Quality and quantity of motion Psychosocial behavior: 1) Going out 2) Meeting people 3) Communication
  22. 22. Reasoning (2) Applications Enabling Technologies Self adaptive model Static and dynamic User model interrelated Model: User including neuro- Information with context model psychological models Model: Context Environment, Objects Model evolution Semantic context fusion Integrated ontology Model: System Adaptive models Organic systems model driven models Separate domain Model: Domain Model evolution Inter-domain models models 2015 2020 2025
  23. 23. Reasoning (3) Applications Enabling Technologies Gesture, emotion, Activity Online activity Fine-grained online activity activity classification recognition recognition and monitoring Gesture, expression recognition Recognition of critical Prevention of critical Situations Situation awareness situations situations Integrated Integration of Reasoning Reasoning Optimized approaches multi-approach and Simulation reasoning 2015 2020 2025
  24. 24. Acting (1) • Systems and services, which proactively act for assisting, monitoring and providing well-being of elderly or not sufficient people in an assisted environment. – Service and companion robots – Robots for outdoor applications – Neuro-rehabilitation and prosthetic robots – Smart environments
  25. 25. Acting (2) Robotic platforms Vision Humanoid Robots Software Robots Prof. Sang-Rok Oh – Korean Institute of Science and Technology
  26. 26. Acting (3) • Smart environments will proactively assist people and will be personalized in response to the occupant’s presence and behaviour and to the normal activities related to work, education, entertainment or healthcare. – Integration of automation, security, comfort, communication, energy – Recognition, awareness situations – Pervasive distribution of intelligence and sensing throughout the home environment – Internet-connected sensors and actuators (also cognitive robotics) – Exploitation of WSNs capabilities – House robotic appliances
  27. 27. Acting (4) – Mechatronic technologies for AAL, including operative and wearable robot for neuro-rehabilitation and assistive purposes. • Operational machines for upper and lower limbs • Exoskeleton-like machine • Prosthetic robots
  28. 28. Acting (5) Applications Enabling Technologies Innovative Human musculoskeletal New strengthened Actuators micro-macro System-based actuators bio-artificial muscles actuators Under-actuated robotic devices Developing high-complexity Human motion Human inspired Whole body human and fully bio-inspired control strategies robotic features motion control theories robotic limbs Back-drivable Patient’s stiffness Patient’s stiffness and Mechanical design under-actuated dependent Kinematics dependent mechanisms back-drivability back-drivability Operational machines Exoskeleton-like Rehabilitation robots for upper and lower machine for upper limbs and lower limbs 2015 2020 2025
  29. 29. Acting (6) – Service and companion robots. Adaptive Robotic Servant in Intelligent Homes. Objectives in this application area are identified as: • time saving in daily repetitive work; • having a companion and a servant/assistant; • personal robots adaptation to individual needs; • exercising robots; • medical support; • reaching high acceptance by inexperienced users; • 24-hour service in household environments; • robots in environments dangerous to humans; • mobility; • incremental development of robots.
  30. 30. Acting (7) – Service robots for outdoor applications: • Urban hygiene • Transportation • Support at mobility SmartCane DustBot Walker Robot Chair
  31. 31. Acting (8) Applications Enabling Technologies Reliable map-based Intension estimation Reliable learning-based Navigation navigation and -based selection of navigation in unstructured obstacle avoidance destination environments Supervised Fetch and carry Autonomous manipulation Manipulation manipulation of partially visible objects of unknown objects known objects Autonomous manipulation of known objects Robot for simple ADL Cognitive (humanoids) assistive robots Robotic support support in structured for enhanced ADL support for ADLs environments in unstructured environments Biorobotic assistant for mobility Robotic support (Modular) Robotic (robotic suites and wearable robots) for mobility assistant for mobility 2015 2020 2025
  32. 32. Interacting (1) • Human beings and machines will be surrounded by intelligent interfaces supported by computing and networking technology in everyday objects. – Initiative – Design process – Awareness – Situation – Modality – Connectivity
  33. 33. Interacting (2) Applications Enabling Technologies Autonomous intelligent User initiative, Mixed initiative, Initiative agents and service Adaptable interfaces Self-adaptive interfaces robots Co-creation of portable Design process intentional interfaces Adaptation and learning, Predefined factors and Social and emotional Awareness profiling and reasoning awareness stereotyping Avatar robots, Local (touch) Rich integration through Modality Brain-computer screen-based distributed objects interfaces Federated devices, Standalone devices, Connectivity Scalable contents Automatic adaptation Wireless charging Robust media 2015 2020 2025
  34. 34. Communicating (1) • In AAL systems, infrastructures and devices are becoming pervasive, with an increasing number of distributed devices that can communicate between themselves as well as with centralized services. Public area – Connectivity and protocols – Network Local or home – Understanding data Personal or body – Dynamic composition of systems and services Internet of People Communication Era 1900 - 2010 Internet of Things Service Era Internet of Presence 2010 - 2030 Virtual Presence Era 2030 
  35. 35. Main Achievements Community Building/Awareness  setting-up a network of more than 50 organisations, involving companies as technology providers and systems integrators, service providers, research organisations and user associations  increase awareness of new AAL technologies (e.g. the AALIANCE Malaga conference in March 2010) Policy Recommendations  publication of policy recommendations in the field of Ambient Assisted Living – in cooperation with representatives of the AAL Joint Programme Roadmapping/Strategic Research Agenda  Publication of the 1st Roadmap and Strategic Research Agenda on IT technologies for Ambient Assisted Living that aim to contributing to a coordinated European R&D approach Standardisation Requirements  Definition of standardisation requirements
  36. 36. ALLIANCE Conference AALIANCE Conference Málaga, 11th – 12th March 2010 Participants: Call for papers: Poster Exhibition:
  37. 37. “Ageing Well. How technologies can help” European Workshop Salón Avante. Barcelona, 3rd June 2010 AALIANCE Ambient Assisted Living Roadmap Technology and Innovation for Ageing Well Mari Satur Torre Fundación Vodafone