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Intelligent building

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A move towards smarter future, making infrastructure smarter.

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Intelligent building

  1. 1. INTELLIGENT BUILDING - PRESENTED BY: KHYATI SAGGU 31502325
  2. 2. CONTENTS  DEMAND FOR INTELLIGENT BUILDINGS  OBJECTIVES  FEATURES  HISTORY  GOALS  INTELLIGENT BUILDING MODEL  PRESENT TECHNOLOGY  SYSTEMS  CASE STUDY  FUTURE TRENDS  CONCLUSIONS
  3. 3. 1/3 1/2 136 MILLION TONNES3/4 ELECTRICITY CO2 EMMISION RAW MATERIALS WASTE IN UNITED STATES BUILDING ACCOUNTS FOR….. + 58000 MEGAWATTS ELECTRICITY SHORT FALL EQUATING TO DEVELOPING OF POWERPLANT EVERY MONTH FOR TEN YEARS…
  4. 4. THIS CONDITION IS ALARMING……….
  5. 5. SOLUTION LIES IN ELABORATING EXISTING IT INFRASTRUCTURE TO CREATE INTELLIGENT BUILDING…. ORDINARY BUILDING IT APPLICATIONS SMART BUILDING
  6. 6. WHAT IS AN INTELLIGENT BUILDING? A building incorporating : information systems that support the flow of information Allowing business automation Monitoring management and maintenance Ensuring flexibility ,simplicity and economy ……......IS AN INTELLIGENT BUILDING
  7. 7. OBJECTIVES OF INTELLIGENT BUILDINGS 1) Energy management 2) Indoor Comfort  Thermal comfort  Visual Comfort  Indoor air quality
  8. 8. ENERGY MANAGEMENT Residential / Commercial 41% Industry 28% Transport 31% Energy Demand in the US in 2000 Healthcare Buildings 28% Water Heating 23% Space Heating 16% Lighting 6% Office Equipment 27% Other Retail Buildings 37% Lighting 30% Space Heating 10% Space Cooling 6% Water Heating 17% Other Intelligent Building aims at design involving clean and efficient technologies that could reduce energy consumption as well as provide a better quality of life for citizens.
  9. 9. INDOOR COMFORT To ensure Intelligence everywhere in buildings : for usages optimization, for comfort, for health, for services
  10. 10. FEATURES OF INTELLIGENT BUILDING 1. Intelligent Building are flexible and responsive to different usage and environmental contexts. 2. It is able to change states with respect to functions and user demands over time and building spaces as its easy to program and re-program during use 3. It supports human communication between individuals and groups 4. It has a distributed long term and short term memory
  11. 11. FEATURES2 5. It contains tenant and administration service systems 6. It is equipped with sensors (stationary and mobile) for direct or indirect input and manipulation of signals from users, systems and the building structure 7.It is equipped with actuators for direct or indirect manipulation installations and the building structure 8. It is well documented available in Virtual Reality with physical structure overlay
  12. 12. HISTORY YEAR MOVE TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT 1980 Yoneji Masuda writes the book 'Information Society' about changes in society, information and knowledge industries, participatory democracy, examples from Japan. 1982 AT&T establish the concept "INTELLIGENT BUILDINGS" due to marketing reasons. The INFORMART building is erected in Dallas 1984-1985 The Smart House Development USA 'Automated Buildings', 'High Tech. Buildings', 'Smart Houses'. STS, Shared Tenants Services (using PABX, private automatic branch exchange, is an automatic telephone switching system within a private enterprise, Communication Service Management.
  13. 13. HISTORY2 YEAR MOVE TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT 1986 Seminar in Lund 1987 N.Y. Times "I.B. is a dumb idea". 1990 LonWorks technology work starts 1999 Bluetooth wireless communication Lon Works use : Home Automation, 15% Industry Automation, 35% Building Automation , 35% Transport, etc.., 15%
  14. 14. GOALS OF INTELLIGENT BUILDINGS Building management Space management Business management
  15. 15. INTELLIGENT BUILDING MODEL The IB model structure has been subdivided into seven systems These systems are... Heating Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) system Lighting System Electrical Power Distribution system Vertical Transport System Security System Life Safety System Communications System
  16. 16. KEY PHONE SPEAKER POWER DUCT ELEVATOR COMPUTER CORR- DET FLUOR EXITS GOALS OF BUILDING AUTOMATION
  17. 17. PRESENT TECHNOLOGY • Phones and intercoms • Home automation • Audio distribution (e.g. hi-fi speaker) • Video distribution (e.g. TV) • Video surveillance (e.g. security) • Structured wiring • Home theater, game station
  18. 18. SYSTEMS FOR INTELLIGENT BUILDINGS Traditional systems  Proprietary systems  Complex cabling Fieldbus systems  Reduced cabling  Standardisation  Higher accuracy
  19. 19. FIELDBUS EXAMPLES • LON • CAN • Profibus • Fieldbus Foundation • P-net • ASI • Interbus
  20. 20. LON TECHNOLOGY LonTalk protocol – optimised for control networks Neuron Chip – microprocessor with integrated network support Other – network transceivers – routers – software
  21. 21. THE LON NEURON
  22. 22. THE LON HOUSE
  23. 23. CASE STUDY
  24. 24. BACKGROUND • Consist of 35-storey tower and six- storey podium block • One of the earliest skyscraper in Kuala Lumpur • It was designed in a modern Islamic style • Has a shopping mall called City Point at podium block
  25. 25. LOCATION Dayabumi Complex Jalan Sultan Hishamuddin 50670 Kuala Lumpur
  26. 26. OWNER CONTRACTOR ARCHITECT CONSTRUCTION TYPES HEIGHT FLOOR COUNT COMPLETED GENERAL INFORMATION
  27. 27. BUILDING AUTOMATION Building Automation System (BAS) Fire Automation System (FAS) Security Automation System (SAS)
  28. 28. BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM  CHILLER SYSTEM  AIR HANDLING UNITS SYSTEMS  LIGHTING CONTROL  ELECTRIC SYSTEMS  LIFT AND ESCALATORS  DRAINAGE SYSTEM
  29. 29. FIRE AUTOMATION SYSTEM Computerized control monitor Siren on the control panel to alert the operator when there is an emergency The printer will print the detection of emergency for record automatically Lift Control Panel Lift Intercom
  30. 30. SYSTEM AUTOMATION SYSTEM Air Gate Access Gate CCTV System that is monitor from BAS Control Room
  31. 31. Lift Control Panel Access Gate Computerized control monitor Fire Safety System SYSTEMS
  32. 32. CCTV System that is monitor from BAS Control Room SYSTEMS ESCALATOR Network server for internet and intranet connectivity Siren on the control panel to alert the operator when there is an emergency
  33. 33. Dayabumi complex is now in a major renovation to improve the condition of the Dayabumi Tower and building a more sophisticated system in line with the current situation This is in line to make complex Dayabumi as green buildings with intelligent features RECEPTIVENESS TO CHANGES
  34. 34. JAMES LAW CYBER TECTURE INTERNATIONAL COMMISIONED BY VIJAY ASSOCIATES, MUMBAI , INDIA
  35. 35. FUTURE TRENDS The former Intelligent Building Institute (IBI) foundation advocated, a few years ago, a need to recognize, in future building designs, the transition from national economies to a combination of local and global economies and therefore the need to facilitate each employee’s access to global communication networks. They predicted that information technology access will provide the biggest single impetus for change in the office environment. This prediction has now become a reality…..
  36. 36. CONCLUSIONS “INTELLIGENT BUILDING IS MORE THAN BUILDING , IT IS LIVING SYSTEM” Following concept  provides adaptation to growing market and communication globalization  improve worker satisfaction and productivity  enhance flexibility and management capabilities  reduces energy consumption needs.  lead to positive Cost to Benefit  increased user satisfaction  as potential future savings over the projected life cycle of the building
  37. 37. REFERENCES A. Intelligent Building Concept Commissioned by PWGSC A&ES Technology ,Project manager Winston Hetherington B. CBA conference – Cambridge – May 2006 report by Jean-Christophe HUTT ,Innovation & Technology for Energy Efficiency, Services Division C. Intelligent Buildings International, CIB encouraged journal D. Intelligent Building Systems ,by Albert Ting-pat So, Wai Lok Cha
  38. 38. THANK YOU

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