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  1. 1. Butadiene Trade Technology & Project Information
  2. 2. What is it? •Butadiene is a colourless gas at room temperature and is extremely hazardous due to its high flammability and thus, difficult to store. •Butadiene is most commonly used to produce synthetic elastomers such as styrenebutadiene and polybutadiene rubber, which are used in the production of car tires.
  3. 3. Manufacturing Process • Butadiene is manufactured primarily as a by-product of steam cracking ethylene • Butadiene can also be made through several different dehydration processes and ethanol production processes • For butadiene to be used commercially, butene, butane, and acetylene impurities must be extracted from the compound in a purification process
  4. 4. Prices • Due to heavy reliance on feed stocks, the price of butadiene follows crude oil prices closely • over 80% between their 2011 highs and 2013 levels, reflecting weak underlying demand and increased supply from on purpose facilities based on butene feed.
  5. 5. Main Producers • The major butadiene producers include LyondellBasell, INEOS, Texas Petrochemical (TPC) and Shell Chemica • Asia remains the largest butadiene-producing region in the world, with 51% of total capacity in 2012, due to its reliance on heavy feedstocks in ethylene cracking. • Significant capacity additions are planned to occur in China by 2017. Elsewhere, BASF is planning a 155k mtpa expansion in Antwerp in 2014 and TPC in the US is committed to adding 270k mpta of capacity in 2016, based on butane dehydrogenation.
  6. 6. Market Scenario • The largest butadiene customers include Goodyear Tyre and Rubber, Michelin, DuPont, and Dow Chemical. • The largest end use for butadiene is elastomers • The majority of elastomers are used in tyres • Aside from elastomers, the remaining 40% of butadiene use is in plastics and latexes
  7. 7. Major End Users • Polybutadiene Rubber 28% • Styrene-Butadiene Rubber 25% • Styrene-Butadiene Latexes 12% • ABS Resins 12 % • HMDA 4% • Others 19%
  8. 8. More Information • Take a look at