What is “geography”?Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία - geographia, lit. "earth describe-write")is the science that studies the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomenaof Earth. A literal translation would be "to describe or write about theEarth".
What do you think?• Why is it important to study the humanities? The Humanities: art, history, culture, language• Do you know much about the world? Should you?• Why do you think Chinese students spend less time studying geography than other subjects like math and science?
New York City New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. The home of the United Nations Headquarters, New York is an important center for international affairs and is widely deemed the cultural capital of the world.
Mumbai ɪMumbai ( /mʊmˈba/; Marathi: , Mumbaī), formerly known as Bombay inEnglish, is the capital of the Indian state ofMaharashtra. It is the most populous city inIndia, and the fourth most populous city in theworld, with a total metropolitan area population ofapproximately 20.5 million. Mumbai is thecommercial and entertainment capital of India, it isalso one of the worlds top 10 centres of commercein terms of global financial flow, generating 5% ofIndias GDP. The city also houses Indias Hindi-language film industry, known as Bollywood.
Tokyo Tokyo (東京 Tōkyō, "Eastern Capital") is the capital of Japan, the center of the Greater Tokyo Area, and the largest metropolitan area of Japan. It is the seat of the Japanese government and the Imperial Palace, and the home of the Japanese Imperial Family. Tokyo has been described as one of the three "command centers" for the world economy, along with New York City and London. In 2010 Tokyo was named the second most expensive city for expatriate employees, according to the Mercer and Economist Intelligence Unit cost-of-living surveys, and named the fourth Most Liveable City and the World’s Most Livable Megalopolis by the magazine Monocle.
Rio de JaneiroRio de Janeiro, commonly referred to simply as Rio, isthe second largest city of Brazil, and the third largestmetropolitan area in South America, boastingapproximately 6.3 million people within the cityproper, making it the 6th largest in the Americas, and26th in the world.Rio de Janeiro is the most visited city in the southernhemisphere and is known for its natural settings,carnival celebrations, samba, Bossa Nova, andbeautiful beaches such as Barra da Tijuca, Copacabana,Ipanema, and Leblon. Some of the most famouslandmarks in addition to the beaches include the giantstatue of Christ the Redeemer (Cristo Redentor) atopCorcovado mountain, named one of the “New SevenWonders of the World”.
Paris Paris is the capital and largest city in France. The city of Paris, within its administrative limits has an estimated population of 2,211,297, but the Paris metropolitan area has a population of 12,089,098, and is one of the most populated metropolitan areas in Europe. Paris was the largest city in the Western world for about 1,000 years, prior to the 19th century, and the largest in the entire world between the 16th and 19th centuries. Paris is today one of the worlds leading business and cultural centres, and its influences in politics, education, entertainment, media, fas hion, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the worlds major global cities.
Mexico CityMexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) isthe capital of Mexico. It is a federal entitywithin Mexico which is not part of any one ofthe 31 Mexican states but belongs to thefederation as a whole. Mexico City is thecountrys largest city as well as its mostimportant political, cultural, educational andfinancial center. The city was originally builton an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in1325 as Tenochtitlan, which was almostcompletely destroyed in the 1521 siege ofTenochtitlan, and subsequently redesignedand rebuilt in accordance with the Spanishurban standards. Today it is one of the largestand most important cities in NorthAmerica, and the whole of the Spanish-speaking world.
What do you think?• Which of the cities we have talked about today would you most like to visit?• How are these cities like the ones in China? How are they different?• Is it good that all of the places in the world are very different, or should they be the same?