Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Connecting Museums with Linked Data


Published on

When Culture Encounters Internet Conference, December 14th-15th, 2010, Taipei

  • Be the first to comment

Connecting Museums with Linked Data

  1. 1. When Culture Encounters Internet Conference, December 14th-15th, 2010, Taipei<br />Connecting Museums with Linked Data以鏈結資料連結博物館<br />Hideaki Takeda 武田英明<br /><br />National Institute of Informatics<br />国立情報学研究所<br />With LODAC project team<br />I. Ohmukai, F. Kato, T. Kamura, T. Takahashi, H. Ueda<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Information Cycle <br />Linked Dataand Museum Data<br />LODAC Museum <br />
  3. 3. Information Cycle<br />Information can be created only based on existing information<br />No information can be created out of nothing<br />Collect – Use & Create<br />Value of information is how much it is used<br />No value for information without use<br />Use & Create – Publish<br />Accumulation of information is the wealth of society<br />Distribution of information is the health of society<br />Publish – Share -- Collect<br />Create<br />&<br />
  4. 4. Information Cycle<br />Before Gutenberg<br />Media<br />Hand-writing books <br />Oral communication<br />Information Cycle is<br />Slow<br />Small amount<br />Few People<br />After Gutenberg, the age of Mass media arrived …<br />Create<br />&<br />
  5. 5. Two social layers on information cycle with Mass Media<br />Writer, Artist, Scholar<br />Mass media<br />Government<br />Create<br />&<br />
  6. 6. Two social layers on information cycle with Mass media<br />Writer, Artist, Scholar<br />Mass media<br />Government<br />Collect<br />Create<br />Use<br />Create<br />OrdinaryPeople<br />&<br />&<br />
  7. 7. Two social layers on information cycle with Mass Media<br />Writer, Artist, Scholar<br />Mass media<br />Government<br />Create<br />OrdinaryPeople<br />&<br />
  8. 8. Web<br />Internet<br />Open Door to Information Cycle for Ordinary People<br />Create<br />Search Engine<br />Web Server<br />&<br />Web Browser<br />HTMLEditor<br />Information Cycle with Web <br />
  9. 9. Web<br />Information Cycle<br />Web accelerate Information Cycle in<br />Speed<br />Quantity<br />People<br />Create<br />&<br />
  10. 10. Web<br />Internet<br />Create<br />Search Engine<br />Web Server<br />&<br />Web Browser<br />HTMLEditor<br />Information Cycle with Web <br />
  11. 11. Metadata is the platform of Information Cycle<br />Metadata<br />&<br />Create<br />&<br />
  12. 12. Linked Data will be the platform of Information Cycle on the content layer<br />Metadata<br />Linked Data<br />&<br />Create<br />&<br />
  13. 13. LOD Cloud(Linking Open Data)<br />
  14. 14. Linked Data – Four Rules<br />Linked Data is “Web of Data”<br />(Traditional) Web is “Web of Documents”<br />What is Linked Data?<br />RDF triples<br />Can refer others<br />Can be referred by others,<br />Four Rules for Linked Data<br />Use URIs as names for things <br />Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names. <br />When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information, using the standards (RDF*, SPARQL) <br />Include links to other URIs. so that they can discover more things<br />Linked Data, TBL,<br />
  15. 15. Importance of data in public sector as Linked Data<br />In principle, it should be shared <br />It is the basic knowledge of our society<br />Data in public sector<br />Library <br />Museum<br />Archive<br />Government<br />
  16. 16. Challenges for Linked Data in Japan<br />Lack of culture of sharing<br />Immature community for linked data<br />Lack of central data Set<br />Difficulty of multi-lingual data<br />Anyway let’s start!<br />
  17. 17. LODAC Project<br />Open Social Semantic Web Platform for Academic Resources<br />Providing platforms for Linked Data<br />Practicing data accumulation and publishing<br />Interested Areas<br />Museum information<br />Geographical information, especially geographical names<br />Local information<br />…<br />
  18. 18. Museum data as LOD<br />The state-of-the-art of museum information in Japan<br />Distributed<br />Self maintained<br />Isolated<br />Opaque<br />Self designed<br />Messy<br />Aggregating and associating museum information<br />LODAC-Museum (tentative)<br />
  19. 19. Over 1.4 billion collections<br />Over 1,000 organizations<br />
  20. 20. (open on December 11)<br />
  21. 21. LODAC Museum – Main work<br />Gathering of data<br />Thesaurus, museum collections, etc<br />Standardization of data<br />Representing data from different sources in a unique form<br />Integration of data<br />Identifying data<br />Associating the same data<br />Publishing and share of data<br />
  22. 22. Data sources<br />Thesaurus and authority sources<br />日本美術シソーラスDB絵画編(Thesaurus of Japanese Art)<br />国指定文化財データベース(DB for National Designated Cultural Property)<br />文化遺産オンライン(Cultural Heritage Online)<br />Museum Collection (14 museums)<br />国立美術館所蔵作品総合目録検索システム(国立国際美術館,京都国立近代美術館,東京国立近代美術館) (4 Nat’l Museums)<br />国立西洋美術館 (Nat’l M. Western Art)<br />京都国立博物館 (Kyoto Nat’l Museum)<br />奈良国立博物館 (Nara Nat’l Museum)<br />福島県立美術館 (Fukushima Pref. M. of Art)<br />Other sources<br />DBPedia Japan<br />GIS data<br />栃木県立美術館<br />秋田県立近代美術館<br />岩手県立美術館<br />徳島県立近代美術館<br />山梨県立美術館<br />東京都現代美術館<br />香川県立東山魁夷せとうち美術館<br />
  23. 23. Metadata design<br />Basic Structure<br />Work – Creator – Museum<br />Interoperability is more considered than correctness in the domain<br />DC> DCTerm> FOAF> iCal >SKOS>NDLSH> RDA> CIDOC CRM<br />Keep it flat as long as possible<br />Metadata elements<br />Work: 46<br />Person: 23<br />Org. 13<br />Bib. 12<br />
  24. 24. Integration Policy<br />How to integrate data from different sources <br />sharing of responsibility<br />Each source is responsible for its data <br />Identifying IDs for data and managing data with the IDs <br />LODAC is only responsible for integration<br />Assigning original IDs and associating other IDs to them<br />Data from Source B<br />Integrated data<br />Data from Source A<br />crm:P55_has_current_location<br />dc:creator<br />Work<br />dc:references<br />dc:references<br />crm:P55_has_current_location<br />crm:P55_has_current_location<br />Museum<br />dc:creator<br />dc:references<br />dc:references<br />dc:creator<br />Creator<br />dc:references<br />dc:references<br />24<br />
  25. 25. Integration of Person Data<br />Matching of Creators<br />Base: List of Artists from Thesaurus of Japanese Art<br />Target: Creators of collection in museums + Dbpedia<br />Method: String match of names<br />Results: Links from artist nodes to work nodes are added <br />Links<br />LODAC data<br />Link to Work<br />DBpedia<br />Basic Informationfor Creators<br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
  30. 30.
  31. 31. 徳島県立美術館 Tokushima Pref. Museum<br />
  32. 32. 東京近代美術館 National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo<br />
  33. 33. 国指定文化財データベース DB for National Designated Cultural Property<br />
  34. 34. Tokushima Pref. Museum<br />Thesaurus for Japanese Art<br />DB for National Designated Cultural Property<br />National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo<br />Fukui Pref. Museum<br />
  35. 35. Data size and Integration Results<br />Museum collections<br />
  36. 36. What can LOD give Museum Data?<br />Connectivity!!<br />Open Connectivity makes new values for museum data<br />Connect to data in other areas<br />Connect to UGC (User Generated Contents)<br />
  37. 37. Local Information with Museum data<br />Museum LOD + Local LOD / Sightseeing LOD / Geo LOD<br />e.g., <br />Tour visiting museums with a focus<br />Joint event with local festivals<br />Tour for food related historical events<br />…<br />37<br />
  38. 38. User Generated Contents for Museum Information<br />1. Statue of Sarasvati<br />2. Ryohoji Temple<br />弁財天像<br />3. Theme Song for Ryohoji<br />4. Event<br />Contributions by non-experts<br />e.g.,<br />Personal comments for Buddha statues<br />Records of visiting museums<br />Media-mix events<br />
  39. 39. Publish museum data as LOD<br />Let’s make museum data open and shareable<br />Change “cultural heritage” to “cultural resources”<br />(art/culture) * information = Promotion of the Nation<br />Beyond collaboration of Museum Library Archives(MLA)<br />MLA3(Museum Library Archives, Arts and Academia)<br />More users, more various types of usage<br />
  40. 40. Make arts and culture more dynamic and more energetic<br />Pop Culture<br />