Linking Data the ALM way (Boris Zetterlund)

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  • Cutural Understanding, Also Cross- Power of place = Footfall Third place = An open non commercial alternative. A democratic right for everyone independent of income level. A free service. The values of libraries, museums and archives are often mentioned but seldom discussed. Searching Google the values of libraries you get few hits and trying Archives and Museums even fewer. There are estimates on economical value which that for example on libraries get 4-7 dollars ROI.
  • How do we present all searches and findings. What are the criteria for a succesful hunt for information. How do we build our solutions. How hold the hands of our user to make them find the treasures we offer. You cant hold hands with a central bureaucrat.
  • There are a tremendous amount of treasures out there. The potential use, especially virtually, could be rocketing. Having the right instruments we could foster the use of these objects from oblivion to exper.ience
  • In the Flickr Commons Flickr acts as a virtual shopping window but behind Flickr there is the real thing, the store, the original base is something different. LOC and Swedish National Museum use Flickr and of course a lot of smaller projects do. A very good idea in many ways because Flickr has the status it has and is used by millions of people. The challenge with this is to get the people who really know about this to comment and these comments to stand out from the generic ones (like this one). The quality comments that count should be governed by the institution of origin and not by Flickr. Comments need to be local. It gives the IMPACT that we are looking for.
  • The point – you must have full and total control over your data. Dont ever give it up!
  • .
  • These things go in waves. It is not unusual that Central is in fashion during recessions. Central solutions gives synergy but you should always be aware of the motivation for your local presence. The central plans and projects should benefit YOUR communication with your users. The government cannot foster local power. It can though build the infrastructure to interconnect the local forces. The open and formatted data infrastructure should make YOUR SITE a better place. As citizens we need our local cultural institutions live and vibrant inspiring our contributions. The local institutions can though update and interact with central soultions.
  • Linking Data the ALM way (Boris Zetterlund)

    1. 1. Linking Data the ALM way - benefitting the community - <ul><li>Boris Zetterlund, Prague, May 2011 </li></ul>If you want to change the image, you have to delete the existing one, before you add the new one. It is important to place the image at the back. Be aware that the image take up the width, but still keep its proportions . This mask is made in order to crop the image below at the top. Don’t delete the mask! This mask is made in order to crop the bottom of the image Don’t delete the mask!
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Views </li></ul><ul><li>Thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Why we should place our bets on David and not on Goliath </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Why the local librarian trumps the CEO of OCLC, Europeana … </li></ul>The Culture Portal http://www.joe-ks.com/archives_jan2004/DavidGoliath.htm
    4. 4. One search to find it all Greta Garbo Archive Museum Find Worldcat 1067 hits Swedish Film Institute 28 träffar Stockholm Library 65 hits Film Encyclopedia 121 hits Garbo- society
    5. 5. Data Layers
    6. 6. Library Services Backends Cost interest Impact WEB $
    7. 7. Overview LMS <ul><li>LMS services </li></ul><ul><li>Vendors as we know them (Ex Libris, III, Axiell) </li></ul><ul><li>Local Authority ICT Portfolio (Civica, Capita) </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source (Koha, Evergreen, OLE) </li></ul><ul><li>State or ”non-taxed” systems (OCLC, DBC, BIBSYS) </li></ul><ul><li>” NextGen Web Scale systems” (ALMA, OCLC, OLE, DBC) </li></ul><ul><li>- Cloud access </li></ul><ul><li>SOA, Web services build (WOA) </li></ul><ul><li>ERM Integrated </li></ul><ul><li>Digital from bottom up </li></ul><ul><li>Services open for external interaction </li></ul><ul><li>” Cost effective” </li></ul>Innovative Sierra WEB Ex Libris ALMA (URM) OLE Project OCLC Web-scale Management Services
    8. 8. Next Generation Public Interfaces - Find and Interact - <ul><li>Open Source (Sopac2) </li></ul><ul><li>State or ”non-taxed” institutions (DBC, ”OCLC”) </li></ul><ul><li>Vendors (LMS) (Axiell Arena, Infor Iguana, SirsiDynix Enterprise, III Encore, EL Primo) </li></ul><ul><li>CMS vendors </li></ul><ul><li>Media vendors (Overdrive, Elib, Gale, Ebsco) </li></ul>
    9. 9. The Values <ul><li>Literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heritage knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work force development </li></ul><ul><li>Business development </li></ul><ul><li>Power of Place </li></ul><ul><li>Third Place </li></ul>Not dependent on individual economy 328 million visits in UK. 80 m in Sweden 40 m in Denmark 60 m in Finland
    10. 10. <ul><li>99€ month for communication and entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>99mb Broadband </li></ul><ul><li>Telephony </li></ul><ul><li>9999 SMS </li></ul><ul><li>99 TV Channels </li></ul><ul><li>9 Movies </li></ul><ul><li>99 MP3 </li></ul><ul><li>E-books </li></ul><ul><li>1 Coffe Table Book </li></ul>The challenge ” Test TV, broadband, telephony and E-books in 3 months for 0 €”
    11. 11. The Quest <ul><li>Local Library Catalogue </li></ul><ul><li>Local Archives Database </li></ul><ul><li>Local Museum Web </li></ul><ul><li>Locality information </li></ul><ul><li>Regional alternatives </li></ul><ul><li>WorldCat </li></ul><ul><li>Europeana </li></ul><ul><li>Ebsco/Proquest/Gale Databases </li></ul><ul><li>DOAJ (free journals) </li></ul><ul><li>In one go? In two? In three? </li></ul><ul><li>From Searching to Finding </li></ul>
    12. 12. The Users <ul><li>Wisdom of crowds (James Surowiecki) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- failures like “smartest member”, conformity etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self expression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>... is the new entertainment (Arianne Huffington) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transparency/Accessibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From tip to place, weight, payments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ still wet from the shower” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self Sufficient </li></ul><ul><li>Choice (comfort and speed) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>App not web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer channels </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. The Treasures From : http://www.flickr.com/photos/sarahmae/126644558/ Photo by Oli Scarff/Getty Images Europe Diagonalthoughts.com From oblivion to experience - The Herring Tradition -
    14. 14. The ALM institutions already talk about ALM … What lies ahead and how can it be solved? Neil MacGregor, British Museum ” The future has to be, without question, the museum as a publisher and broadcaster” BAM, Germany In the information society, it is not surprising that many call for libraries, archives and museums to merge into one digital memory institution, a single platform for cultural heritage online. The Swedish Royal Library <ul><li>The purpose with ALM cooperation is: </li></ul><ul><li>To increase the access to the collections </li></ul><ul><li>To improve the quality </li></ul><ul><li>More effective extension of the existing resources </li></ul><ul><li>To make the ALM institutions more powerful </li></ul>The Heritage of Culture, DK Our goal is that you only search one place, and the search machine will find all relevant information in all culture institutions’ databases Report from Ålborg, DK The tendency on the ALM area in several countries is a development away from sector devided and seperated institutions and instead focus on the endusers and their access to the institutions ’ services.
    15. 15. But it is not just talk ... ... we can see it in tenders <ul><li>To develop the digital side of the John Gray Centre, we require: </li></ul><ul><li>A user-friendly, web-based portal linked to an interactive map, which </li></ul><ul><li>the public can use to search and cross-reference information held on </li></ul><ul><li>the databases (catalogues) of the different contributing services: </li></ul><ul><li>Archaeology, Archives, Local History and Museums. </li></ul><ul><li>An attractive and easy-to-use website to house the portal and as time </li></ul><ul><li>goes on, additional educational, informative and interactive digital </li></ul><ul><li>resources. The portal needs to be search-engine optimised and mobile </li></ul><ul><li>friendly. It is a condition of the HLF funding that the portal should allow </li></ul><ul><li>users to add their own content and comments, and for the site to have </li></ul><ul><li>strong interactive elements. </li></ul>A user-friendly, web-based portal Search and cross-reference information Search-engine optimised Mobile friendly Allow users to add their own content and comments Strong interactive elements
    16. 16. <ul><li>The national library of Finland: </li></ul><ul><li>The National Digital Library project will create a national access point, the Public Interface for libraries, museums and archives to make their information resources accessible to the end-user. </li></ul><ul><li>The National Digital Library and Europeana are working in close collaboration. Collaboration will ensure that the essential materials in Finnish libraries, museums and archives will also be available through Europeana and those available through Europeana will also be available through the Finnish Public Interface. </li></ul>But it is not just talk ... ... we can see it in tenders A national access point Make information resources accessible to the end-user Collaboration Available through Europeana
    17. 17. The Traces <ul><li>We need well formatted sources to be able to go </li></ul><ul><li>from Finding to Presenting </li></ul><ul><li>different material from </li></ul><ul><li>different sources </li></ul>Eva Maler
    18. 18. Oasis? Data Well (Discovery platforms) <ul><li>Infrastructure needs to canalize to and from </li></ul>The Well – The Kiss of Death?
    19. 19. The Superior Knowledge The local knowledge will always trump the generic Really nice!!! Compliments ( 2 months ago | )
    20. 20. The Power of Control <ul><li>What metadata does the library want to present? </li></ul><ul><li>… and how? </li></ul><ul><li>What local services does the library want to couple (mash up) with external metadata.. </li></ul><ul><li>..and what external services with local metadata? </li></ul><ul><li>What metadata.. </li></ul><ul><li>..should be coupled to searches in the libraries website… </li></ul><ul><li>..and to external or local Social Media functionality? </li></ul><ul><li>..should be available in the libraries mobile phone solutions? </li></ul><ul><li>..does the library want to stream to services in the local civil society? </li></ul><ul><li>..should be searchable together with metadata from other cultural institutions in the locality? </li></ul><ul><li>..can be used by the library patrons? </li></ul><ul><li>..is available to partners </li></ul><ul><li>..should be presented? in which order, which form? Physical media, own digital collection, chosen electronic media, externally available media, national collections etc... </li></ul><ul><li>The local web </li></ul><ul><li>The only place where the locals and the local professionals can meet interactively and change ideas and competence </li></ul><ul><li>on local needs </li></ul>
    21. 21. Together Cultural Services are stronger more value for less money increased visibility more customers stronger position better exposure Archive Museum Other Library
    22. 22. Local Community Cooperation for Synergy CHILDREN ' S LIBRARY CULTURE CENTER MUSEUM READING GROUPS SCHOOL LIBRARY PUBLIC LIBRARIES ARCHIVE “ ANYTHING” WITH A PROFILE CULTURENET (Powered by ?)
    23. 23. Combine multi content with Community Competence Interaction with Community AUTHOR BIO OTHER TITLES BY SAME AUTHOR TOC SIMILAR TITLES/ SERENDIPITY TITLE REVIEWS FIRST CHAPTER TAGS BUY THIS BOOK
    24. 24. Web Portal eContent Management
    25. 25. Web Portal Access Layers
    26. 26. Axiell Arena Internet Integration Techniques Mashups Gadgets, Widgets I-Frames RSS Apps Arena Cloud Services Arena Local Services Web Layer Adapter Adapter Adapter Adapter Business Logic Index Logic Facets Relevance 0-hit ” Title match” Presentation Logic/Data Well Web Layer Administration (CMS) PORTLET PORTLET Portlet PORTLET PORTLET PORTLET PORTLET PORTLET PORTLET PORTLET PORTLET Tags Comments Ratings Alias MyCollection Articles Images Local and External records (Lokal Collections, Links ...) LI BRA WEB SERVICES WEB SERVICES Axiell ALMA Web Services OG CALM ???????? OAI <ul><li>Digital Repository </li></ul><ul><li>Fedora SW </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud HW </li></ul>WEB SERVICES
    27. 31. -Level Item -Repository City of Westminster Archives Centre -RefNo A05A2188 -AltRefNo T138 Stratford Place (005) -UserText1-Accruals -Arrangement -Subject Street traders -Subject Women workers -Subject Womens employment -Subject Women -Subject Costume -Subject Occupations -Subject Trade -Subject Food -Subject Fruit -PersonCode NA315 -PersonCode DS/UK/927 -Location PersonKey Phillips; Richard -PersonKey Craig; William Marshall -PlaceKey -Extent -Title Street cries, baking or boiling apples - Shows a woman selling apples from a wheelbarrow in Stratford Place -Date 1802 -CONTENT -Description Published by Richard Phillips, 72 St Paul's Church Yard. Engraver William Marshall Craig -Type Art print (line engraving) -RCN R64745 -MgtGroup Local studies -MgtSubGroup -Thumbnail A05A2188.jpg -Image A05A2188.jpg -Notes -Appraisal Part of archival record
    28. 32. <ul><li>... </li></ul><ul><li>arr name=&quot; targetAudience_view &quot;> </li></ul><ul><li>  <str> a </str> </li></ul><ul><li>  </arr> </li></ul><ul><li>- <arr name=&quot; titleMain_index &quot;> </li></ul><ul><li>  <str> Who controls the Internet? </str> </li></ul><ul><li>  </arr> </li></ul><ul><li>- <arr name=&quot; titleMain_view &quot;> </li></ul><ul><li>  <str> Who controls the Internet? </str> </li></ul><ul><li>  </arr> </li></ul><ul><li>- <arr name=&quot; title_index &quot;> </li></ul><ul><li>  <str> Who controls the Internet? illusions of a borderless world / </str> </li></ul><ul><li>  </arr> </li></ul><ul><li>  <str name=&quot; title_sort &quot;> who controls the internet?/goldsmith, jack l </str> </li></ul><ul><li>- <arr name=&quot; title_uberkey &quot;> </li></ul><ul><li>  <str> who controls the internet? </str> </li></ul><ul><li>  </arr> </li></ul><ul><li>- <arr name=&quot; title_view &quot;> </li></ul><ul><li>  <str> Who controls the Internet? </str> </li></ul><ul><li>  </arr> </li></ul><ul><li>  <str name=&quot; uberkey &quot;> ff808181-2ff7ef73-012f-f80df223-0001 </str> </li></ul><ul><li>  </doc> </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>Internal XML representation
    29. 34. External Web Service
    30. 35. External Web Service
    31. 36. External Web Service
    32. 37. Where do we go from here? If you want to change the image, you have to delete the existing one, before you add the new one. It is important to place the image at the back. Be aware that the image take up the width, but still keep its proportions . This mask is made in order to crop the image below at the top. Don’t delete the mask! This mask is made in order to crop the bottom of the image Don’t delete the mask!
    33. 38. We are all connected - Linked Data will show it <ul><li>Internet as a gigantic relational database </li></ul><ul><li>Everything related via ”field names” </li></ul><ul><li>Algorithms for interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Agreements? </li></ul><ul><li>Killer app? </li></ul><ul><li>No hands? </li></ul><ul><li>Interactivity? </li></ul>Library catalogues and encyclopedias can go hand in hand inthis
    34. 39. <ul><li>Location awareness LAN – help with building orientation </li></ul>Library Services Add/See ratings, reviews, similar titles Bar Code Scanning cheapest available 1:st chapter of E-book alternative Music recognition – Does my library have this song on record New books on previous search (via RSS) Cover/Barcode scanning Nearest library/branch QR code facilities (smart phones can use QR codes as is, for example on library leaflets and other library materials, we are here thinking of other useful implementations of it) Geotagging - tag and read other tags about a location “ in this place Joanna Doe murdered John Doe in Mrs N. Smiths novel “The Anonymous”. BookDesire
    35. 40. First Choice (Libraries) <ul><li>First choice for literacy (learn to read) </li></ul><ul><li>First choice for reading experiences (read) </li></ul><ul><li>First choice for learning support (educational development) </li></ul><ul><li>First choice for digital competence </li></ul><ul><li>Primary guide to information (at least when Google chokes) </li></ul><ul><li>Creates contacts and knowledge with and about its community </li></ul>
    36. 41. Digital Central <ul><li>Media </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Choice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ERM external media </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digitizing Local Media </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Harvesting” metadata </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Repository” metadata </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Linked Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dialogue - Forum </li></ul></ul></ul>
    37. 42. <ul><li>Local collection </li></ul><ul><li>Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Document Community Life </li></ul><ul><li>Present </li></ul>Publishing Role DIGITIZE The Libraries, Museums and Archives carry the Now into the Future
    38. 43. From Library to Culture Portal Servicing the city - a culture shop with interactivity, indexed and catalogue integrated, thematically orientated … .
    39. 44. Your town has it!!
    40. 45. The Times They Are a-Changin’ <ul><ul><li>Richard Florida (i “The Great Reset”, 2010) points out that local creativity among local people will be a decisive force in building strong communities/cities for the future economy. </li></ul></ul>http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mute.swan.flaps.arp.750pix.jpg Centrally you create infrastructure. Locally you create.
    41. 46. Thanks for listening <ul><li>Call me “Anytime at all” </li></ul><ul><li>Boris Zetterlund, bz@axiell.com </li></ul>If you want to change the image, you have to delete the existing one, before you add the new one. It is important to place the image at the back. Be aware that the image take up the width, but still keep its proportions . This mask is made in order to crop the image below at the top. Don’t delete the mask! This mask is made in order to crop the bottom of the image Don’t delete the mask!

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