Developments in Access to Art Information: Trove. Presentation at ARLIS conference, Darwin, September 2010


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Presentation at ARLIS conference Darwin, September 2010 by Rose Holley. Demonstrates how Trove aggregrates information for Art resources and is a useful tool for researchers, artists and librarians.

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Developments in Access to Art Information: Trove. Presentation at ARLIS conference, Darwin, September 2010

  1. 1. <ul><li>Rose Holley: Trove Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Sharing and Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>National Library of Australia </li></ul><ul><li>ARLIS ANZ Conference, Darwin </li></ul><ul><li>15-17 September 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Developments in access </li></ul><ul><li>to art information (Part 2) </li></ul>[email_address] Warning: This presentation contains the names of Aboriginal people now deceased
  2. 2. DEVELOPMENTS IN ACCESS TO ART INFORMATION (Part 1) <ul><li>ARLIS ANZ Conference April 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Rose Holley </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Projects Librarian </li></ul><ul><li>University of Auckland </li></ul>
  3. 3. Overview (2002) <ul><li>How can we improve access and delivery of art resources? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a smarter way to access and manage art resources? </li></ul><ul><li>Current delivery: users have to search multiple sites, know multiple interfaces and know how resources fit together </li></ul><ul><li>Future developments in resource delivery, searching and navigation. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Digital Pie (2002)
  5. 5. Collaborative Digital Image Delivery
  6. 6. The Future: single search (2002) Search and Navigation Interface Image Collections Websites Databases E-Journals Library Catalogues
  7. 7. Welcome to the Future! 2010
  8. 8. The 2010 pie (bigger) <ul><li>Digital AND non digital </li></ul><ul><li>Galleries Libraries, archives, museums (GLAM) </li></ul><ul><li>Full-text (books, newspapers) GOOGLE </li></ul><ul><li>User-generated content Flickr, YouTube, Wikipedia </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cutting the Pie <ul><li>Regional? </li></ul><ul><li>All Australian stuff together….Trove 90 mill </li></ul><ul><li>All NZ digital stuff together…Digital NZ 2 mill </li></ul><ul><li>All Europe digital stuff together. Europeana 10 mill </li></ul><ul><li>By topic? </li></ul><ul><li>Art Libraries net </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-diversity Heritage Library </li></ul>USA National Pie Day Jan 23
  10. 10. NLA Strategic Directions 2009-2011 <ul><li>“ We will explore new models for creating and sharing information and for collecting materials, including supporting the creation of knowledge by our users . “ </li></ul><ul><li>(not just NLA resources… all Australian content) </li></ul><ul><li>“ The changing expectations of users that they will not be passive receivers of information, but rather contributors and participants in information services.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Content sources <ul><li>Australian Collaborative Services </li></ul><ul><li>ANBD – 1000 libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Pandora - websites </li></ul><ul><li>ARO - Research </li></ul><ul><li>RAAM - Archives </li></ul><ul><li>Picture Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Australian Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Open sources </li></ul><ul><li>Open Library (Internet Archive) </li></ul><ul><li>Hathi Trust </li></ul><ul><li>OAISTER </li></ul><ul><li>Targets – websites </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Google Books/Videos </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr </li></ul>90 million items
  12. 12. Picture Australia vs Trove Picture Australia Trove Format : Images only Images, sound, video, books, archives, maps, websites, biographies, journals, newspapers, research outputs. Content type : Digital only Digital and non-digital Size: 2 million 90 million User engagement: Add own images Add own images AND forum, comments, tags, rating, lists, corrections. Subject Focus: Australian pictures Anything Australian Contributors: 60 1300 Metadata display : ‘old catalogue style’ FRBR (works and grouped versions)
  13. 13. Significant art resources in Trove <ul><li>From OAISTER e.g. VADS, Brigham Young Museum of Art </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionary of Australian Artists Online - Biographies </li></ul><ul><li>NGA – Australian Art and Artists File </li></ul><ul><li>Full text historic Australian newspapers – art reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Australian research outputs - art </li></ul><ul><li>The ANBD including non-digitised picture records </li></ul><ul><li>Digitised pictures from Picture Australia </li></ul>
  14. 14. Methods of data collection <ul><li>Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Galleries </li></ul><ul><li>Museums </li></ul><ul><li>Archives </li></ul><ul><li>(Deep web hidden in collection databases…) </li></ul><ul><li>Open Archives Initiative (OAI) </li></ul><ul><li>Application Programmers Interface (API) </li></ul><ul><li>FTP/HTTP </li></ul><ul><li>Sitemaps </li></ul>
  15. 15. IT Development <ul><li>Learning the ‘art of with’ Charles Leadbeater </li></ul><ul><li>Not to people </li></ul><ul><li>Not for people </li></ul><ul><li>WITH PEOPLE (USERS) </li></ul><ul><li>Public feedback drives the development: </li></ul><ul><li>CRITICAL, RELEVANT, INTERESTING </li></ul>
  16. 16. Topic based art searches <ul><li>Hans Heysen </li></ul><ul><li>Queenie McKenzie </li></ul><ul><li>Albert Namatjira </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur Streeton </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbit proof fence </li></ul><ul><li>Teapots </li></ul><ul><li>Find and get information about artists and their artworks </li></ul><ul><li>Background research on topics by artists </li></ul><ul><li>Collecting art </li></ul>
  17. 17. browse groups/ zones Single search Restrict search
  18. 18. Hans Heysen (1877-1968) Refine/limit search results Get item groups/zones results
  19. 20. Is it in copyright? How do I refer to it?
  20. 21. How can I get it? Online Borrow Buy Copy
  21. 22. Hidden archives
  22. 23. Full text newspapers
  23. 24. Interviews, oral history, video, music
  24. 25. Biographies
  25. 27. Wikipedia, Flickr, YouTube
  26. 28. Pictures – digitised and not Minimise zones
  27. 29. Objects
  28. 30. Queenie McKenzie (1915-1998) press clippings, invitations, ephemera
  29. 31. Conversations with women- finding aid
  30. 32. Archived websites
  31. 33. 10 years of indigenous art for sale in Ochre Gallery
  32. 34. 2009 2001
  33. 35. Background research for film
  34. 36. Collecting art – teapots on exhibition
  35. 37. Interaction at article level
  36. 38. Fix text – power edit mode
  37. 39. Show all corrections
  38. 40. Context – Tools - Lists
  39. 42. User generated content via Flickr
  40. 43. Tagging- useful for display adverts and images
  41. 44. User profile Your settings and history
  42. 45. User Forum
  43. 46. View user activity from homepage Saturday August 21, 10am
  44. 47.
  45. 48. Hall of Fame Total of 17 million lines corrected July 2010
  46. 49. 10,000 an hour
  47. 50. Trove activity in an average day August 2010: Searching peaks at 11,000 per hour, text correction at 9,000 lines per hour, average number of unique users per day is 10,000.
  48. 51. Family historians Librarians Recreational researchers students
  49. 52.
  50. 53. Important <ul><li>Connections </li></ul><ul><li>Linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Related </li></ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Re-purposing </li></ul><ul><li>Mashing </li></ul><ul><li>Adding </li></ul><ul><li>Giving users </li></ul><ul><li>Access to resources </li></ul><ul><li>Tools to do stuff </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom and choices </li></ul><ul><li>Ways to work collaboratively together </li></ul>
  51. 54. Trove: Future developments <ul><ul><li>Updating content – existing contributors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expanding content – new contributors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing content – API </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving e-journal access and authentication </li></ul></ul>
  52. 55. Trove dependant on… <ul><li>Collaboration across cultural heritage institutions (digitisation, storage, service delivery, crowdsourcing, standards). </li></ul><ul><li>Data sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Being ‘open’ e.g. OAI, API’s </li></ul><ul><li>Changing institutional strategic thinking from power/control to freedom </li></ul><ul><li>New ideas and revisiting old ideas </li></ul>
  53. 56. [email_address] [email_address] Finding the pieces and putting them together for you. Questions?