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# BAEB601 Chapter 8: SPSS

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### BAEB601 Chapter 8: SPSS

1. 1. BAEB601 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY CHAPTER 8 SPSSPREPARED BY:Nur Suhaili RamliSchool of Marketing andEntrepreneurship (SoME)FACULTY OF BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT
2. 2. CHAPTER 8: SPSS Chapter Aims TOPIC This chapter aims to: 1.Understand SPSS 2.Know how to use the SPSS 3.Applying SPSS in research Slide 2 of 17 Topics
3. 3. CHAPTER 8: SPSSWhat Is SPSS? TOPIC  Definition  SPSS is know as Statistical Package for Social Science  Statistic – a brief research sometime not accurate. For example: to get the min, mod, median in statistic for analysis that belongs to a sample group.  Package – the combination of various functions in one program. For example: the calculation package for min, mod, median, etc at one time.  Social Science – the study about people. For example: the wide field in medicine, economic field, education field, etc.  There are other than SPSS program such as SPSSx and SAS which are the same function. Slide 3 of 17
4. 4. CHAPTER 8: SPSSThe Use of SPSS TOPIC  The SPSS is used to process data collected and the output produced will be used to analyze the research/study for more accurate figure, fast, and easy with various statistic functions offer by this SPSS.  Using SPSS can save cost, and time because the output gotten from data analyzed will be more accurate for the whole study Slide 4 of 17
5. 5. CHAPTER 8: SPSSWhen to use SPSS? TOPIC  It is use after you got all complete data.  How to get data? There are various of methods such as distribute questionnaires, interviews, observations, etc.  However, in SPSS, usually the data to be used in this program is collected from the questionnaire distribution.  Why? Because the data gotten is more specific compare to other method and systematic. Slide 5 of 17
6. 6. CHAPTER 8: SPSSWhat do we learn in SPSS? TOPIC  In this course we will learn only 2 things in SPSS.  Data View  Variable View  Please download the SPSS software. Now we’re using version 17. If you got below version it still acceptable. Slide 6 of 17
7. 7. CHAPTER 8: SPSSSPSS – Data View TOPIC  Once you double click the icon, it will open the workspace that call Data View.  In Data View screen, you will see the following:  Title Bar  Menu Bar  Cell and active variables  Row that indicates respondent feedback  Column that indicates variables. Slide 7 of 17
8. 8. CHAPTER 8: SPSSSPSS – Variable Vew TOPIC  Row is indicates numbers of variables  Column indicates the characteristic of variables such as name, gender, type, etc.  For both selection in Bar Menu for Data View and Variable View are same. Slide 8 of 17
9. 9. CHAPTER 8: SPSSMenu File TOPIC  File - It is use to open and save SPSS data fail.  Edit –this selection will assist you for editing, finding data value, changing option setting and etc.  View – it is use to show and hide the status bar, toolbar, grid lines, etc.  Data – to modify data, cases, insert variables, etc.  Transform – can exchange the variables. E.g from the old variables to new variables  Analyze – Can assist to generate statistic procedure that you want  Graph – Can generate graphs based on data you key in Slide 9 of 17
10. 10. CHAPTER 8: SPSSCreating Variables in SPSS TOPIC  SPSS – refer to the variables and cases  Variables is situated in column  Cases is situated in row  For each of column shows one variables, and each of row shows one respondent (one case). Slide 10 of 17
11. 11. CHAPTER 8: SPSSCreating Variables in SPSS TOPIC  The maximum label you can put is 8 only.  Start with an alphabet, follow with numbers or symbols EXCEPT ! ? “” *  Can not ended with fullstop (.)  Must be UNIQUE and NOT REDUNDANT  Not influent with capital letters or small  Avoid using:  ALL NE EQ TO LE LT BY OR GT AND NOT GE WITH Slide 11 of 17
12. 12. CHAPTER 8: SPSSCreating Variables in SPSS TOPIC  Row Name  1) Activate Variable View screen  2) Click on row Name to give a suitable name for your variables (make sure follow the guideline). Slide 12 of 17
13. 13. CHAPTER 8: SPSSHow to use SPSS in your resarch? TOPIC  Do the questionnaires based on the hypothesis designed.  For example: Variable: Technology Resource Hypothesis: H1: There is a relationship between technology resource and useful of elearning. H0: There is no relationship between technology resource and useful of elearning. Questionnaires: 1)How do you grade the technology resource at school? Not at all satisfies 1 2 3 4 5 totally satisfies 2) How sequences the student use the computer? Not at all satisfies 1 2 3 4 5 totally satisfies Slide 13 of 17
14. 14. CHAPTER 8: SPSSClass Activity TOPIC  Design questionnaires according to your hypotheses  Install SPSS software  Get familiar with the screen (Refer to handout)  Data collected, then can start key in your feedback Slide 14 of 17