Universal precautions

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Universal precautions

  1. 1. Universal Precautions
  2. 2. Standard Precautions in Health Care • Meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. • Basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.
  3. 3. Standard Precautions in Health Care • Hand hygiene is a major component of standard precautions • One of the most effective methods to prevent transmission of pathogens associated with health care
  4. 4. Personal Protective Equipment • Use is guided by: –The extent of contact anticipated with blood and body fluids, or pathogens
  5. 5. Standard Precautions in Health Care • Practices carried out by health workers when providing care • All individuals (including patients and visitors) should comply with infection control practices in health-care settings
  6. 6. • The use of standard precautions would reduce unnecessary risks associated with health care. • Standard precautions should be the minimum level of precautions used when providing care for all patients
  7. 7. Personal protective equipment (PPE) • ASSESS THE RISK of exposure to body substances or contaminated surfaces BEFORE any health-care activity. • Make this a routine!
  8. 8. • Select PPE basedon the assessment of risk: •  clean non-sterile gloves. •  clean non-sterile fluid-resistant gown. •  mask and eye protection or a face shield.

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