<ul><li>The Tourism Industry has a huge effect on a countries economic development. How much money a country gets a year depends on two main things in the tourist industry; one being how many tourists visit that country a year and the other being who the country works with and how much money different companies get out of a countries profit. For instance, if a country had been donated a lot of money from a business so they could build landmarks that business would demand a share of the profits. Many different people are involved in the Tourism Industry such as; Advertisers, Travel Agents, Flight Attendants, Airport staff, Holiday Reps, Mangers and staff who work at the hotel/ apartment block you are staying in, Taxi drivers and also the holiday makers . </li></ul>The Tourism Industry
<ul><li>Over the past few years, there has been a tourism boom. This has been down to many factors. </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap travel. Low cost airlines such as Easy Jet and Ryan Air offer cheap flights to major cities around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap living cost. It is very cheap to stay in a villa, hotel or apartment nowadays. </li></ul><ul><li>Package deals. The internet and Travel Agents offer package deals which include flights, accommodation and insurance at a very low cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Our economic status. More people are working now and earning more money so they can afford to go on holiday abroad. </li></ul><ul><li>The climate. If holidaymakers are after a hot climate, there are many destinations which have an increasing climate. </li></ul><ul><li>When more people travel to an area, more people end up recommending it to their friends who then take their advice and go on holiday there. </li></ul>Why has tourism become so popular?
<ul><li>Tourism links different countries together in many ways. </li></ul><ul><li>The first way is different countries depend on each other for supplies such as bed linen, towels and food. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, If a holiday resort in Spain attracted many British tourists (like Benidorm or Ibiza) some British citizens would go and live in Spain so they could work in hotels and talk the language of the holiday makers. </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to my second point, people who live in poverty in L.E.D.C’s would go to a more economically developed country to find work. </li></ul>How does Tourism link countries together?
<ul><li>The advantages of tourism are as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>That tourism is the major source of income in many countries. </li></ul><ul><li>It has turned many countries which were L.E.D.C’s and in poverty into M.E.D.C’s. </li></ul><ul><li>You learn about different cultures, languages and currency. </li></ul><ul><li>It raises the profile of the area. </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable tourism could include reserves and forest building which would bring increased numbers of wildlife and animals to the country. </li></ul><ul><li>If a destination becomes a popular tourist hotspot and you live there, your house price will increase. </li></ul>The advantages of tourism
<ul><li>The disadvantages of tourism are as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution. If people fly to their holiday destination they are travelling on a plane that is releasing a lot of fumes into the air. Also noise pollution is a major problem with tourists staying out late and waking up the locals. Litter is also another sort of pollution and many tourists are bound to drop litter around. </li></ul><ul><li>Culture. Tourists from different countries could change a city completely. For example, Benidorm was a traditional fishing town but was then made into a tourist hotspot. </li></ul><ul><li>Overcrowding is also a major problem, with loads of tourists hitting hot climates in the summer, beaches become packed. Which is a bad thing for residents who want to go down to the beach and relax, not be squashed by tourists. Also if many tourists hire cars, traffic congestion will not only be annoying but it will also be regular. </li></ul><ul><li>Elderly residents. People after they have retired move to a destination for some peace and quiet. If that destination then becomes a popular tourism destination then their peace and quiet is spoiled. </li></ul><ul><li>Money. Shop prices and house prices will increase. </li></ul><ul><li>Attractive landscapes are spoilt by tourist buildings. </li></ul>Disadvantages of tourism
<ul><li>This is an example of a destination which has been changed into a tourism hotspot for the worse. </li></ul><ul><li>On average 4 million people visit Benidorm a year, 1 million of these are British. Over the past 15 years, Benidorm has gone under major changes. After the ‘Tourism Boom’ Benidorm became more and more popular. Benidorm was traditionally a historic fishing village but then was turned into and overcrowded holiday destination. Many Spanish people have moved from other cities to work in Benidorm as they know how popular it is. However many people have moved away from Benidorm back into quiet remote towns where tourism is not a problem. When Typhoid hit Salu, it was a blessing in disguise. Tourism decreased rapidly and many locals regained their old town, but many people lost their jobs. The Spanish council spent an equivalent to 300 million pounds to clean up and have since invested in a new sewerage system and spend 700 thousand pounds a year to keep beaches clear. So as well as tourism having downsides, it also has hazards. </li></ul>Tourism gone wrong: Benidorm
<ul><li>Eco-Tourism is becoming more and more popular across the world. Eco-Tourism is where tourists focus on plants and animals in an eco system and make sure they don’t do any damage to the environment e.g travel and litter. </li></ul>Eco-Tourism
<ul><li>A sustainable tourism industry is where a country gets a fair cut of the profits the country makes through tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>An example of sustainable tourism is Ese’eja in Peru. In Ese’eja local people are trained for the jobs needed in hotels and around the town so less foreigners come over and work. I think this is a really good idea so when holidaymakers travel to Peru they will learn a different language and learn the customs of that country instead of being around people from your own country. </li></ul>Sustainable Tourism
<ul><li>Conflicts happen everywhere, but is it possible they can happen over tourism? </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism conflicts can happen due to many points. For example, The Norfolk Broads which are situated in South-East England created many conflicts when the council proposed change. The fisherman who as a past time took their boats out on the broads weren’t happy with the changes the council wanted to do about the speed limit for boats. This effected the locals just like any other changes would effect anyone who lives nearby. </li></ul>Conflicts
<ul><li>Overall, I think tourism is a good thing, but with many problems which can be resolved. I think I am probably biased because I like to go on holiday, but I do believe with the right amount of funding the problems can be fixed. For instance the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by aeroplanes is phenomenal and foundations with the right equipment can reduce this, but it costs a lot of money. Also littering is a problem but can be reduced by the holiday makers just walking over to a bin! So overall I think tourism is a good thing and brings money to countries like L.E.D.C’s which need it. Also it teaches people different cultures and ways of living which can be educational. </li></ul>Conclusion