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The Gender Budgeting in Andalusia: understanding pro-equity policies in the age of austerity

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The Gender Budgeting in Andalusia: understanding pro-equity policies in the age of austerity, by Vanessa Puig-Barrachina, Marisol Ruiz, Davide Malmusi, Esther Sánchez, Lluís Camprubí, Imma Cortès, Lucía Artazcoz, M. Mar García-Calvente, Pat O'Campo, Carles Muntaner, Carme Borrell. Presented at the 7th European Public Health Conference: "Mind the gap: Reducing inequalities in health and health care". Glasgow, 20th to 22nd November 2014.

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The Gender Budgeting in Andalusia: understanding pro-equity policies in the age of austerity

  1. 1. • Results* • Conclusions • In a context of austerity, the existence & maintenance of a strong left-wing government together with a strong female leadership allow that gender redistributive low cost policies resist. • In this context, the maintenance of the Gender Budgeting has to do with the capacity to institutionalise a complex mainstreaming strategy & to overcome related barriers. THE GENDER BUDGETING IN ANDALUSIA: understanding pro-equity policies in the age of austerity Vanessa Puig-Barrachina1, Marisol Ruiz2, Davide Malmusi1, Esther Sánchez1, Lluís Camprubí1, Imma Cortès1, Lucía Artazcoz1, M. Mar García-Calvente3, Pat O'Campo4, Carles Muntaner5, Carme Borrell1 Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona1 ; Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona2; Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública3; Center for Research in Inner City Health, Toronto4; University of Toronto5 - e-mail: vpuig@aspb.cat • Austerity measures have a negative impact on health equity. Identifying different European pro-equity policies that resist austerity measures and understanding how and why have resisted is key to promote them. • Gender equality policies contribute to improve women’s health. Spain has taken important backward steps in Gender Equality policies with few exceptions: Gender Budgeting in the Regional Community of Andalusia implemented in 2003. • What is Gender Budgeting in Andalusia (GBA)? Output-oriented budget. Incorporation of gender mainstreaming in public budgeting. Systematic evaluation of budget programmes regarding their potential impact on gender equality to further concentrate credit on those with greater gender equality impact. • Objective • Explanatory case study part of a multi-site study on European pro-equity policies that resist austerity, belonging to the European Sophie project. • Theory driven evaluation applying Realist Methodology: to understand how & why policies work (causal relationship), i.e. how setting specific conditions or CONTEXTS can facilitate or hinder the effect of MECHANISMS that trigger the OUTCOME (C-M-O). • Data sources: 15 semi-structured interviews with stakeholders & systematic literature review to triangulate results • Data analysis: • Scoping review to write a case description & initial propositions • Strategies to analyse & organise data: pattern matching, explanation building & creation of logic models • Analysis by pairs & group consensus to verify & modify initial propositions • Introduction • Methodology • To evaluate how and why the Gender Budgeting in Andalusia has been maintained in an austerity context (2010-2014). Initial Propositions 1. Historically strong left- wing governments (C) – ideology (M)- maintenance of redistributive policies (O) 2. Critical mass of women in power & feminist women in leadership positions (C) – capacity of influence & alliance (M)- prioritisation of gender equality policies 3. Left-left coalition (C) – process of convergence (M) – maintenance of redistributive & gender policies (O) 4. Policy cycle (already designed, implemented & few economic costs) (C) - decrease of reluctance & increase of gender lenses among managers (M) - maintenance of Gender Budgeting (O). 5. Women do not accept backward steps in gender policies (C) - Fear of female’s protest vote - (M) maintenance of gender equality policies (O). 6. Coalition of actors (C) – synergies (M) strengthen political will in maintaining GB (O). Most relevant according to interviews Critical mass of women in power Strong left-wing government More likely to recruit women Support female leaders Political will Social & pro- equity policies Empower women in leadership position Barrier/ threat to GB continuity (context 1) Strategy to overcome barriers (context 2) Mechanism High ranking government official: high rotation + reluctance to introduce gender equity 1. Training courses on gender equity 2. Invitation from the regional Vice-Minister to the training (successful depends on willingness of superiority) 1. Gender Inequality awareness 2. “The call of superiority” (Stick): courses become compulsory Reluctance among officials to introduce gender equity in regular procedures 1. Training courses on gender equity 2. Implementation of Gender Units in each Department providing technical support to incorporate gender equity in budget programmes 1. Gender Inequality awareness 2. Building practical capacity Change of political leaders (2013) puts in danger political willingness to maintain GB 1. Technician leadership, supported by law, protocols... 2. High ranking officials who are already convinced of the goodness of GB 1. Willingness to defend its maintenance (as GB strategy became ingrained in some technicians and high ranking officials) Barriers to the maintenance of GBA – related to the institutionalisation of a mainstreaming strategy (proposition 4) Gender inequality awareness Prioritise gender equality in political agenda, specifically Gender Budgeting , Capacity of influence & alliance Gender equality political will Context Mechanism Outcome/context Mechanism Outcome Incapacity to implement social class policies Need to be identified as left- wing party Proposition 2 Proposition 1 Logic model for propositions 1 & 2 * Preliminary results Project funded by the European Community's FP7, Sophie Project (grant agreement n° 278173) www.sophie-project.eu

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