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Project RED
K Fi diKey Findings
www.projectred.org
The Project RED Team
• Thomas Greaves, CEO, The Greaves Group, Co-Author, America’s
Digital Schools www greavesgroup comDi...
The Project RED Mission
R h th j i l t d t U S d tiResearch three major issues related to U.S. education:
• Improving stud...
Unprecedented Scope
Unique scope, breadth, and depth:
• 997 schools, representative of the U.S. school universe
• 11 diver...
Education Success Measures (ESMs)
Wh t th t i h t i ?What are the outcomes we wish to improve?
All Schools
1. Fewer discip...
Key Implementation Factors (KIFs)
Whi h t h l ti i l i th t?Which technology practices improve learning the most?
(rank or...
Key Finding 1
Key Finding 2  ‐ An Implementation CrisisNine key implementation factors are linked
most strongly to educati...
Key Implementation Factors
Few Schools Deploy Many
Pct. of Respondents
4%
1%
8 Factors
9 Factors
13%
8%
7%
5 Factors
6 Fac...
Key Finding 2
Properly implemented technology saves money.
• Most discussions focus on the high costs of technology, not t...
1:1 Schools Have Greater Savings
50%
Pct. of Respondents
30%
40%
50%
20%
30%
0%
10%
Paperwork Copy Machine
1:1 Schools 40%...
1 1 h l l i k i l t ti f t
Key Finding 3
1:1 schools employing key implementation factors
outperform all schools and all 1...
1:1 Works When Properly Implemented
P t f R d t
100%
Pct. of Respondents
Reporting Improvement
60%
80%
40%
60%
0%
20%
Pape...
Key Finding 4
The principal’s ability to lead change is critical.
• The impact of a good principal has been widely documen...
Reduction in Disciplinary Actions
Pct. of Respondents
45%
56%
77%
45%
All other schools
All 1-1 Schools
1-1 Schools with P...
K M d l P di t
Improving Dropout Rates
Key Model Predictors
Relative
Importance
DescriptionFactor
13 Intervention classes ...
Key Finding 5
Technology-transformed Intervention improves learning.
• Technology-transformed interventions (ELL, Title I,...
Improving Test Scores
Key Model Predictors
Factor Description
Relative 
Importance
13 Intervention classes ‐ Technology in...
Key Finding 6
Online collaboration increases learning productivity
and student engagement.
• Web 2.0 social media substant...
Schools Using Online Collaboration
Pct. of Respondents
65%
56% 52%
37%
Discipinary Action Reductions Drop-out Rate Reducti...
Improving Discipline
Key Model Predictors
Factor Description
Relative 
Importance
Online Collaboration (Games/Simulations ...
Key Finding 7
Daily use of technology delivers the best
return on investment (ROI).
• The daily use of technology in core ...
Use of Digital Content in 1:1 Schools
100%
Pct. of 1:1 Respondents
60%
80%
20%
40%
0%
20%
Reading Math Science
Social
Stud...
Improving Graduation Rates  
Key Model Predictors
Factor Description
Relative 
Importance
13 Intervention classes Technolo...
Savings due to Technology
Improving our children’s learning isImproving our children s learning is
essential.
Figuring out...
Financial Impact  Per Year ‐ $25B
Category National Impact Per Student
Student Data Mapping $605,000,000  $11 
$ $Online P...
Cost of Dropouts
• Nationally, 25% of all students drop out, roughly a milliony p g y
students a year,[1], and the average...
Dropout Reduction Benefits
• The number of Project RED schools reporting a
reduction in dropouts due to technology jumps t...
The Biggest Financial Impact…
$Dropout Rate Reduction: $3.121 Trillion
D t h th hi h t• Dropouts have the highest
financia...
Thanks to Supporters & Sponsors
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Project Red: 9 Technology Practices That Improve Education the Most

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Schools are in a technology implementation crisis. While education technology best practices have a significant positive impact, they are not widely and consistently practiced. The Project Red Research documents nine key implemntation factors are linked most strongly to education success.

• Very few schools implement technology properly despite knowing that technology improves learning only when deployed frequently in appropriate learning environments.
• Very few schools implement most of the key implementation factors (KIFs) despite previous large investments in infrastructure and hardware.

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Project Red: 9 Technology Practices That Improve Education the Most

  1. 1. Project RED K Fi diKey Findings www.projectred.org
  2. 2. The Project RED Team • Thomas Greaves, CEO, The Greaves Group, Co-Author, America’s Digital Schools www greavesgroup comDigital Schools, www.greavesgroup.com • Jeanne Hayes, President, The Hayes Connection, Co-Author, America’s Digital Schools, www.HayesConnection.comg , y • Leslie Wilson, President, One-to-One Institute, www.one-to- oneinstitute.org • Michael Gielniak, Ph.D., Director of Programs and Development, One-to-One Institute, www.one-to-oneinstitute.org • Eric Peterson, President, Peterson Public Sector Consulting, ppscllc@comcast.net
  3. 3. The Project RED Mission R h th j i l t d t U S d tiResearch three major issues related to U.S. education: • Improving student achievement.Improving student achievement. Unlike other segments, public education has seen only isolated benefits attributable to technology. Project RED seeks to define technology models that lead to improved student achievement. • Evaluating the financial impact of technology on budgets. Little work has been done to show the positive financial Impact ofLittle work has been done to show the positive financial Impact of educational technology. Project RED identifies cost savings, cost avoidance, and revenue enhancements. • Assessing the impact of continuous access to a computing device by every student. Does continuous access increase education outcomes? What conditions are necessary to lead to increased academic achievement and financial benefits? What are best practices regarding technology?
  4. 4. Unprecedented Scope Unique scope, breadth, and depth: • 997 schools, representative of the U.S. school universe • 11 diverse Education Success Measures (ESMs) 136 i d d t i bl i 22 t i• 136 independent variables in 22 categories • Comparison of findings by student/computer ratios (1:1, 2:1, 3:1, 4:1, or more) • Comprehensive demographic data correlated to survey results
  5. 5. Education Success Measures (ESMs) Wh t th t i h t i ?What are the outcomes we wish to improve? All Schools 1. Fewer disciplinary actionsp y 2. Lower dropout rates 3. Less paperwork 4. Lower paper and copying expenses4. Lower paper and copying expenses 5. Higher teacher attendance 6. Higher test scores High SchoolsHigh Schools 7. Higher AP course enrollment 8. Higher college attendance plans l ti t9. Higher course completion rates 10. Higher dual/joint enrollment in college 11. Higher graduation rates
  6. 6. Key Implementation Factors (KIFs) Whi h t h l ti i l i th t?Which technology practices improve learning the most? (rank order of predictive strength) 1. Intervention classes: Technology is integrated into every intervention class. 2. Change management leadership by principal: Leaders provide time for teacher professional learning and collaboration at least monthly. 3. Online collaboration: Students use technology daily for online collaboration (games/simulations and social media.) 4. Core subjects: Technology is integrated into core curriculum weekly or more frequentlyfrequently. 5. Online formative assessments: Assessments are done at least weekly. 6. Student/computer ratio: Lower ratios improve outcomes. 7 Virtual field trips: With more frequent use virtual trips are more powerful The best7. Virtual field trips: With more frequent use, virtual trips are more powerful. The best schools do these at least monthly. 8. Search engines: Students use daily. 9 Principal training: Principals are trained in teacher buy-in best practices and9. Principal training: Principals are trained in teacher buy-in, best practices, and technology-transformed learning.
  7. 7. Key Finding 1 Key Finding 2  ‐ An Implementation CrisisNine key implementation factors are linked most strongly to education success. Schools are in a technology implementation crisis. While education technology best practices have a significant positive impact, they are not widely and consistently practiced. • Very few schools implement technology properly despite knowing that technology improves learning only when deployed frequently intechnology improves learning only when deployed frequently in appropriate learning environments. • Very few schools implement most of the key implementation factorse y e sc oo s p e e t ost o t e ey p e e tat o acto s (KIFs) despite previous large investments in infrastructure and hardware.
  8. 8. Key Implementation Factors Few Schools Deploy Many Pct. of Respondents 4% 1% 8 Factors 9 Factors 13% 8% 7% 5 Factors 6 Factors 7 Factors 15% 21% 15% 2 Factors 3 Factors 4 Factors 5% 11% None 1 Factor Number of KIFs in Use
  9. 9. Key Finding 2 Properly implemented technology saves money. • Most discussions focus on the high costs of technology, not theg gy, potential for savings. • Project RED shows that properly implemented technology can provide immediate short-term savings at all levels. • For example, LMS features can reduce copy machine and bubble sheet expenses (through the switch to online formative assessment). T th t t th t h l t illi t h ti• To the extent that school systems are willing to change practices and states are willing to change policy, the savings can grow substantially over time. • For example longer term state level savings can come from• For example, longer-term state-level savings can come from reduced dropouts and dual/joint enrollment. The projected savings in 13 areas average $448/student/year.The projected savings in 13 areas average $448/student/year.
  10. 10. 1:1 Schools Have Greater Savings 50% Pct. of Respondents 30% 40% 50% 20% 30% 0% 10% Paperwork Copy Machine 1:1 Schools 40% 24% All Other Schools 22% 11% Reduction Expense Reduction All Other Schools 22% 11%
  11. 11. 1 1 h l l i k i l t ti f t Key Finding 3 1:1 schools employing key implementation factors outperform all schools and all 1:1 schools. A 1:1 student/computer ratio has a higher impact on studentA 1:1 student/computer ratio has a higher impact on student outcomes and financial benefits than other ratios, and the key implementation factors (KIFs) increase both benefits. • In general, schools with a 1:1 student/computer ratio outperformg , p p non-1:1 schools on both academic and financial measures. The lower the student/computer ratio, the better the student outcomes. • Performance of all schools can be improved by adherence to known• Performance of all schools can be improved by adherence to known best practices. The chart on the next slide illustrates the positive impact of the Top Four of our key technology implementation factors: Technology is deployed: – Intervention Classes Every Period – Principal Leads Change management O– Online collaboration Daily – Core Curriculum weekly
  12. 12. 1:1 Works When Properly Implemented P t f R d t 100% Pct. of Respondents Reporting Improvement 60% 80% 40% 60% 0% 20% Paperwork Disciplinary High- Drop-out Paper and Graduation Proper 1:1* 100% 92% 90% 89% 83% 63% All 1:1 88% 65% 70% 58% 68% 57% 77% 50% 69% 45% 65% 51% Paperwork Reduction action reduction stakes test scores rate reduction Copy Machine Graduation Rates All Other Schools 77% 50% 69% 45% 65% 51% •Proper 1:1: Those schools practicing the top 4 Key Implementation Factors (13 schools) Rev. Intervention Classes Every Period, Principal Leads Change management, Online collaboration Daily, Core Curriculum weekly
  13. 13. Key Finding 4 The principal’s ability to lead change is critical. • The impact of a good principal has been widely documented. P j t RED h th t th i i l i th i l t i t tProject RED shows that the principal is the single most important variable across many of the 11 ESMs. • Change management training for principals involved in large scale• Change management training for principals involved in large-scale technology implementations is of paramount importance. • All schools benefit from technology with more benefits in 1:1All schools benefit from technology, with more benefits in 1:1 schools. • When principals receive specialized training and technology isp p p g gy properly implemented, the benefits increase even more. • The goal is systemic change, not dependent on an individual, so collaboration at all levels from supt. and school board to classrooms is key.
  14. 14. Reduction in Disciplinary Actions Pct. of Respondents 45% 56% 77% 45% All other schools All 1-1 Schools 1-1 Schools with Principal Change Management training
  15. 15. K M d l P di t Improving Dropout Rates Key Model Predictors Relative Importance DescriptionFactor 13 Intervention classes - Technology integrated into every class period 29.4 9 Principal enabling Professional Learning, Collaboration and leading Change Management 23.4 5 Core Subjects: Technology integrated into curriculum at least weekly 17.25 Core Subjects: Technology integrated into curriculum at least weekly 17.2 17 Virtual Field Trips Occur (and effect strengthens with frequency) 15.0 Ratio 1:1 Student to Computing Device ratio 8.4 6 Principal trained in Teacher Buy-in, Best Practices and Technology-transformed Classroom 6.8 80% 100% Dropout Rates Improvement By Predicted Model Quintile Top Quintile Middle Quintiles Bottom Quintile %Improved 72% 48% 25% 0% 20% 40% 60% 15 % Improved 72% 48% 25%
  16. 16. Key Finding 5 Technology-transformed Intervention improves learning. • Technology-transformed interventions (ELL, Title I, special ed and reading intervention) are the top-model predictor of improved high t k t t d t t d ti d i dstakes test scores, dropout rate reduction, and improved discipline. • The only other top model predictor for more than one ESM is the• The only other top-model predictor for more than one ESM is the student/computer ratio, with lower ratios (1:1) being preferable. • A student-centric approach enabled by technology allows studentsA student centric approach enabled by technology allows students to work at their own pace and teachers to spend more time with individual students and small groups.
  17. 17. Improving Test Scores Key Model Predictors Factor Description Relative  Importance 13 Intervention classes ‐ Technology integrated into every class period 28.0 9 Principal enabling Professional Learning, Collaboration and leading Change Management 21.9 19 Online Formative and Summative Assessment frequency 19.2 5 Core Subjects Technology integrated into curriculum at least weekly 12 85 Core Subjects: Technology integrated into curriculum at least weekly 12.8 18 Online Collaboration (Games/Simulations and Social Media) – Students  utilizing  technology daily 11.2 Ratio 1:1 Student to Computing Device ratio 7.0 60% 80% 100% High Stakes Test Improvement By Predicted Model Quintile Top Quintile Middle Quintiles Bottom Quintile % I d 86% 71% 45% 0% 20% 40% 60% 17 % Improved 86% 71% 45%
  18. 18. Key Finding 6 Online collaboration increases learning productivity and student engagement. • Web 2.0 social media substantially enhance collaboration productivity, erasing the barriers of time, distance, and money. C ll b ti t d b d th i di t i l f f i d t• Collaboration can now extend beyond the immediate circle of friends to include mentors, tutors, and experts worldwide. R l ti ll b ti i t d t t f th• Real-time collaboration increases student engagement, one of the critical factors for student success. • One result of increased engagement and buy in is a reduction in• One result of increased engagement and buy-in is a reduction in disciplinary actions. • Online discussion boards and tutoring programs can extend the school• Online discussion boards and tutoring programs can extend the school day and connectivity among learners and teachers.
  19. 19. Schools Using Online Collaboration Pct. of Respondents 65% 56% 52% 37% Discipinary Action Reductions Drop-out Rate Reductions Using Online Collaboration All Other Schools
  20. 20. Improving Discipline Key Model Predictors Factor Description Relative  Importance Online Collaboration (Games/Simulations and Social Media) ‐ Students 18 Online Collaboration (Games/Simulations and Social Media)   Students  utilizing technology daily 35.2 13 Intervention classes ‐ Technology integrated into every class period 24.8 19 Online Formative and Summative Assessment frequency 14.1 Principal enabling Teacher Professional Learning, Collaboration and leading  9 p g g g Change Management 13.5 Ratio 1:1 Student to Computing Device ratio 12.3 40% 60% 80% 100% Discipline Improvement by Predicted Model Quintile Top Quintile Middle Quintiles Bottom Quintile % Improvement 72.8% 53.0% 35.4% 0% 20% 40% 20
  21. 21. Key Finding 7 Daily use of technology delivers the best return on investment (ROI). • The daily use of technology in core classes correlates highly to the ESMs. • Daily technology use is one of the top five indicators of better discipline, better attendance, and increased college attendance. • In 1:1 schools, daily use in core curriculum classes ranges from 57% to 62%. • Unfortunately, many schools report using technology only weekly or less frequently for many classes.
  22. 22. Use of Digital Content in 1:1 Schools 100% Pct. of 1:1 Respondents 60% 80% 20% 40% 0% 20% Reading Math Science Social Studies English/Lang uage Arts Daily Use 57% 57% 62% 62% 60% Weekly 38% 34% 31% 28% 35% Monthly 4% 7% 6% 9% 5% Not At All 1% 2% 1% 1% 0%
  23. 23. Improving Graduation Rates   Key Model Predictors Factor Description Relative  Importance 13 Intervention classes Technology integrated into every class period 25 713 Intervention classes – Technology integrated into every class period   25.7 5 Core Subjects: Technology integrated into curriculum at least weekly 22.2 9 Principal enabling Professional Learning, Collaboration and leading Change Management 15.4 19 Online Formative and Summative Assessment frequency 14.3 32 Search Engines: Students using daily 13.4g g y 18 Online Collaboration (Games/Simulations and Social Media) ‐ Students utilizing technology daily 10.9 Ratio 1:1 Student to Computing Device ratio 6.9 Graduation Rates Improvement By Predicted Model Quintile 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Top Quintile Middle Quintiles Bottom Quintile % Improved 71% 57% 26% 0% 20% 23
  24. 24. Savings due to Technology Improving our children’s learning isImproving our children s learning is essential. Figuring out how to pay for it is the h llchallenge.
  25. 25. Financial Impact  Per Year ‐ $25B Category National Impact Per Student Student Data Mapping $605,000,000  $11  $ $Online Professional Learning $654,000,000  $12  Teacher attendance increase $718,200,000  $13  Power savings $861,666,667  $16  Digital core curriculum savings $935,000,000  $17  Disciplinary action reduction $1,100,000,000  $20  Post‐secondary remedial education $1,660,000,000  $30  Digital supplemental materials vs. print $1,700,000,000  $31  Copy machine cost calculations $2,200,000,000  $40  Online assessment savings $2,392,500,000  $44  Dual/joint/AP course enrollment $3,180,343,000  $58  Paperwork reduction $3,300,000,000  $60  End of course failure $5,865,200,000  $107  Total Per Student excluding Dropout Savings $25,171,909,667 $448
  26. 26. Cost of Dropouts • Nationally, 25% of all students drop out, roughly a milliony p g y students a year,[1], and the average dropout fails at least six classes before dropping out.[2] Given an average cost per class of $1,333, the direct avoidable cost isp approximately $8,000. • The human cost is incalculable and can span• The human cost is incalculable and can span generations. [1] NCES, Public School Graduates and Dropouts, 2010 [2]Project RED estimate
  27. 27. Dropout Reduction Benefits • The number of Project RED schools reporting a reduction in dropouts due to technology jumps to 89% h k i l t ti f t (KIF ) l dwhen key implementation factors (KIFs) are employed. • A student who graduates from high school could $ $ g g generate $166,000 to $353,000 in increased tax revenues compared with a dropout. • A dropout who would have gone on to college could have generated $448,000 to $874,000 in tax revenue over a career of 40 years.
  28. 28. The Biggest Financial Impact… $Dropout Rate Reduction: $3.121 Trillion D t h th hi h t• Dropouts have the highest financial impact of any of the variables discussed in this report. • Students who complete high school and go on to college have substantially increased earning power and consequently paypower and consequently pay more taxes. • The increased tax payments continue throughout their careers.
  29. 29. Thanks to Supporters & Sponsors

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