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  1. 1. Introduction to the family Test Define the following terms…. Family Household Nuclear family Extended family Polygamous Cereal packet family Norms Kibbutz 4 functions of the family according to Murdock Vertical extended family
  2. 2. <ul><li>Functionalism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why would the functionalist view of the family sometimes be referred to as the ‘warm bath theory’?
  4. 4. Functionalist view The isolated and ‘private’ nuclear family The functionalist view suggests that the nuclear family has become           Socially isolated from extended kin           More reliant on the Welfare State           Geographically separated from wider kin   The family is self-contained, inward looking with little contact with neighbours and community. Home leisure via TV, Video, Internet etc. have made the family more home-centred .
  5. 5. Talcott Parsons <ul><li>Parsons (1902-79) – there are two basic irreducible functions of the family </li></ul><ul><li>Primary socialisation – through which children learn to accept the norms and values of society </li></ul><ul><li>The stabilisation of adult personalities – the family gives adults the emotional support necessary to cope with the stresses of everyday life </li></ul>
  6. 6. AS Level Sociology: Webb et al <ul><li>P39 – 41 </li></ul><ul><li>Read information in pairs and make notes on the following areas </li></ul><ul><li>Summary of Functionalist view </li></ul><ul><li>Parsons ‘fit theory’ </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence against Parsons </li></ul>
  7. 7. Functionalist summary: <ul><li>Parsons ‘fit theory’ </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear family Is the ideal family, against other family structures as will not provide male and female role model. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideally man will take the INSTRUMENTAL ROLE – economic and bread winner </li></ul><ul><li>Women take on EXPRESSIVE ROLE – nurturing and caring role </li></ul><ul><li>Murdock – family has 4 functions: sexual; reproductive; education (socialisation); economic </li></ul>
  8. 8. Application of functionalism <ul><li>Devise a caption/ phrase that explains each picture from a functionalist viewpoint. </li></ul><ul><li>Try and include key sociological terms and studies. </li></ul>
  9. 14. Functionalism: An evaluation It’s a race…. Criticisms Strengths Dark side of family Feminist: patriarchy Do not consider alternatives Diversity of family types Interpretivists : Fail to consider meaning of family life for ind members Highlight importance of family Family is a central Life interest Other perspectives eg New right have highlighted importance of nuclear family Structuralist app
  10. 15. Functionalism: An evaluation using other sociological research <ul><li>Read the information on </li></ul><ul><li>- Fletcher </li></ul><ul><li>- Leach </li></ul><ul><li>- Cooper </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize each sociologist in no more than 30 words (unlimited pictures) </li></ul>
  11. 16. Plenary <ul><li>(a ) Explain what is meant by the term ‘dysfunctional’ (2 marks) </li></ul><ul><li>(b ) suggest 2 functions of the family (4 marks) </li></ul><ul><li>(c) Suggest 3 criticisms to the functionalist approach to the family (6 marks) </li></ul>
  12. 17. Essay Practice <ul><li>(d ) examine the different functions performed by families for individual members and for society. (24 marks) </li></ul>