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Vital Signs 
Global Trends 
in Chronic 
Hunger
Although the proportion of 
people experiencing chronic 
hunger is decreasing TEXT HERE 
globally, 1 
in 9 individuals still don't get 
enough to eat 
U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), The State of Food and Agriculture (Rome: 2013).
Undernourishment is defined 
as an inability to take in 
enough calories over at least 1 
year to meet dietary energy 
TEXT HERE 
requirements 
802 million living with undernourishment in 
2012-2014, down more than 100 million 
over the last decade 
U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), The State of Food and Agriculture (Rome: 2013).
This leads to undernutrition; 
a condition caused by a 
deficient or imbalanced diet, 
or by poor absorbtion and 
biological use of nutrients 
TEXT HERE 
within the body 
Accounts for $1.4-$2.1 trillion per year, or 
2-3% of gross world product 
World Food Programme, "Hunger Glossary," at www.wfp.org/hunger/glossary. 
U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), The State of Food and Agriculture (Rome: 2013).
The vast majority of 
undernourished people live in 
developing countries 
TEXT HERE 
Here, 791 million people, or 1 in 8, were 
chronically hungry in 2012-2014 
FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme 
(WFP), The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for 
Food Security and Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
Women and children are 
particularly vulnerable to 
nutritional deficiencies due 
to biological and social 
TEXT HERE 
inequalities 
Globally, undernutrition contributes to 
more than 1/3 of child deaths 
UNICEF, Improving Child Nutrition: The Achievable Imperative for Global Progress (New York: 2013).
The Millennium Development 
Goal 1c (MDG-1c) aims to halve 
the proportion of the population 
in developing TEXT HERE 
countries who 
are hungry from the 1990 base 
year to the 2015 target year. 
This goal is within reach. 
FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme (WFP), The 
State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and 
Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
Since 1990-92, the prevalence 
of 18.7% TEXT chronic hunger fell from 
to 11.3% in HERE 
2012-2014, less 
than 2% above the MDG-1c 
target 
FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme (WFP), The 
State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and 
Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
Latin America and the Caribbean 
have shown the greatest 
TEXT HERE 
reduction in undernourishment 
and have already reached the 
MDG-1c target 
FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme (WFP), 
The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food 
Security and Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
The sub-Saharan region has by 
far the highest prevelance of 
chronic hunger of any region 
TEXT HERE 
1 in 4 people here are chronically hungry 
FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme 
(WFP), The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment 
for Food Security and Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
Asia as a whole is close to 
reaching the MDG-1c target 
Yet because of their large population, 2 
out of 3 undernourished people in the 
TEXT HERE 
world live in this region 
In west Asia the prevalence of chronic 
hunger actually increased due to 
political and economic instability 
FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme (WFP), The 
State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and 
Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
Climate change increases 
breakdown TEXT food insecurity and the 
of food HERE 
systems. 
This disproportionately affects 
poorer populations. 
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change 2014: Impacts, 
Adaptation and Vulnerability (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2014).
World food prices have begun 
to come down since the 
all-time peak in August 2012, 
but they remain high, and poor 
TEXT HERE 
households still spend a 
significant portion of their 
incomes on food. 
FAO, FAO Statistical Yearbook 2014: Africa Food and Agriculture (Accra: 2014).
Full analysis, sources, 
and data available at: 
http://bit.ly/16073jA
about us 
WORLDWATCH 
INSTITUTE 
VITAL SIGNS 
ONLINE 
Through research and outreach 
that inspire action, the Worldwatch 
Institute works to accelerate the 
transition to a sustainable world 
that meets human needs. 
www.worldwatch.org 
Vital Signs Online provides business 
leaders, policymakers, and engaged 
citizens with the latest data and 
analysis to understand critical global 
trends. 
vitalsigns.worldwatch.org

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Chronic Hunger Trends

  • 1. Vital Signs Global Trends in Chronic Hunger
  • 2. Although the proportion of people experiencing chronic hunger is decreasing TEXT HERE globally, 1 in 9 individuals still don't get enough to eat U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), The State of Food and Agriculture (Rome: 2013).
  • 3. Undernourishment is defined as an inability to take in enough calories over at least 1 year to meet dietary energy TEXT HERE requirements 802 million living with undernourishment in 2012-2014, down more than 100 million over the last decade U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), The State of Food and Agriculture (Rome: 2013).
  • 4. This leads to undernutrition; a condition caused by a deficient or imbalanced diet, or by poor absorbtion and biological use of nutrients TEXT HERE within the body Accounts for $1.4-$2.1 trillion per year, or 2-3% of gross world product World Food Programme, "Hunger Glossary," at www.wfp.org/hunger/glossary. U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), The State of Food and Agriculture (Rome: 2013).
  • 5. The vast majority of undernourished people live in developing countries TEXT HERE Here, 791 million people, or 1 in 8, were chronically hungry in 2012-2014 FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme (WFP), The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
  • 6. Women and children are particularly vulnerable to nutritional deficiencies due to biological and social TEXT HERE inequalities Globally, undernutrition contributes to more than 1/3 of child deaths UNICEF, Improving Child Nutrition: The Achievable Imperative for Global Progress (New York: 2013).
  • 7. The Millennium Development Goal 1c (MDG-1c) aims to halve the proportion of the population in developing TEXT HERE countries who are hungry from the 1990 base year to the 2015 target year. This goal is within reach. FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme (WFP), The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
  • 8. Since 1990-92, the prevalence of 18.7% TEXT chronic hunger fell from to 11.3% in HERE 2012-2014, less than 2% above the MDG-1c target FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme (WFP), The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
  • 9. Latin America and the Caribbean have shown the greatest TEXT HERE reduction in undernourishment and have already reached the MDG-1c target FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme (WFP), The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
  • 10. The sub-Saharan region has by far the highest prevelance of chronic hunger of any region TEXT HERE 1 in 4 people here are chronically hungry FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme (WFP), The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
  • 11. Asia as a whole is close to reaching the MDG-1c target Yet because of their large population, 2 out of 3 undernourished people in the TEXT HERE world live in this region In west Asia the prevalence of chronic hunger actually increased due to political and economic instability FAO, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and World Food Programme (WFP), The State of Food Insecurity in the World: Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Food Security and Nutrition (Rome: FAO, 2014).
  • 12. Climate change increases breakdown TEXT food insecurity and the of food HERE systems. This disproportionately affects poorer populations. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2014).
  • 13. World food prices have begun to come down since the all-time peak in August 2012, but they remain high, and poor TEXT HERE households still spend a significant portion of their incomes on food. FAO, FAO Statistical Yearbook 2014: Africa Food and Agriculture (Accra: 2014).
  • 14. Full analysis, sources, and data available at: http://bit.ly/16073jA
  • 15. about us WORLDWATCH INSTITUTE VITAL SIGNS ONLINE Through research and outreach that inspire action, the Worldwatch Institute works to accelerate the transition to a sustainable world that meets human needs. www.worldwatch.org Vital Signs Online provides business leaders, policymakers, and engaged citizens with the latest data and analysis to understand critical global trends. vitalsigns.worldwatch.org