Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Our Plastic Addiction:Global Plastic Production Rises, Recycling Lags [Vital Signs]

12,757 views

Published on

For more than 50 years, global production of plastic has continued to rise. Some 299 million tons of plastics were produced in 2013, representing a 4 percent increase over 2012. Recovery and recycling, however, remain insufficient, and millions of tons of plastics end up in landfills and oceans each year.

Published in: Environment
  • Hello! Get Your Professional Job-Winning Resume Here - Check our website! https://vk.cc/818RFv
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Our Plastic Addiction:Global Plastic Production Rises, Recycling Lags [Vital Signs]

  1. 1. OUR PLASTIC ADDICTION AS GLOBAL PLASTIC PRODUCTION RISES, RECYCLING LAGS Vital Signs
  2. 2. TEXT HERE Global production of plastic has continued to rise for more than 50 years. 229 million tons of plastics were produced in 2013, representing a 3.9% increase over 2012's output. PlasticsEurope, Plastics–The Facts 2014: An Analysis of European Plastics Production, Demand and Waste Data (Brussels: 2014)
  3. 3. TEXT HERE Today the global plastic industry generates revenue of about $600 billion annually. First Research, Plastic Resin & Synthetic Fiber Manufacturing Industry Profile (Austin, TX: 2014).
  4. 4. TEXT HERE 4% of the world's petroleum is used to make plastic, and another 4% is used to power plastic manufacturing processes. The European House–Ambrosetti, The Excellence of the Plastics Supply Chain in Relaunching Manufacturing in Italy and Europe (Milan: 2013) U.N. Environment Programme (UNEP), Valuing Plastics: The Business Case for Measuring, Managing and Disclosing Plastic Use in the Consumer Goods Industry (Nairobi: 2014)
  5. 5. Production of plastics is shifting towards Asia. The region produced 45.6% of global plastics in 2013, with China alone producing nearly a quarter of the world's plastic.
  6. 6. TEXT HERE Packaging is responsible for the majority of plastic use, representing 40% of the demand in Europe and 42% in the United States. PlasticsEurope, Plastics–The Facts 2014: An Analysis of European Plastics Production, Demand and Waste Data (Brussels: 2014) American Chemistry Council, Economics and Statistics Department, Plastic Resins in the United States (Washington, DC: 2013).
  7. 7. TEXT HERE While it is true that plastics help to: reduce food waste by keeping products fresher longer, allow for the manufacture of healthcare equipment, reduce packaging mass compared with other materials, improve transportation efficiency, and have large potential for renewable energy technologies... U.N. Environment Programme (UNEP), Valuing Plastics: The Business Case for Measuring, Managing and Disclosing Plastic Use in the Consumer Goods Industry (Nairobi: 2014).
  8. 8. TEXT HERE... they also have heavy environmental impacts.
  9. 9. TEXT HEREBetween 22-43% of plastic worldwide is disposed of in landfills. U.N. Environment Programme (UNEP), Valuing Plastics: The Business Case for Measuring, Managing and Disclosing Plastic Use in the Consumer Goods Industry (Nairobi: 2014). TEXT HERE Recovering plastic from the waste stream for recycling or for combustion to create energy could minimize this problem.
  10. 10. But energy recovery from incinerating plastics is often inefficient, requires air emission controls, and produces hazardous ash. U.N. Environment Programme (UNEP), Valuing Plastics: The Business Case for Measuring, Managing and Disclosing Plastic Use in the Consumer Goods Industry (Nairobi: 2014).
  11. 11. TEXT HEREAnd, in Europe, only 26% of plastic was recycled in 2012. In the US, only 9% of plastic was recycled. PlasticsEurope, Plastics–The Facts 2014: An Analysis of European Plastics Production, Demand and Waste Data (Brussels: 2014). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Plastics (updated 2014), at www.epa.gov/osw/conserve/materials/plastics.htm.
  12. 12. TEXT HERE The largest waste plastic exporters are the United States, followed by Japan, Germany, and the UK. Costas Velis, Global Recycling Markets: Plastic Waste; A Story for One Player—China (Vienna: International Solid Waste Association, 2014).
  13. 13. TEXT HERE China receives 56% of waste plastic imports worldwide. Evidence suggests the plastic waste being imported to China is being reprocessed using family-run, low tech businesses with no environmental controls. Costas Velis, Global Recycling Markets: Plastic Waste; A Story for One Player—China (Vienna: International Solid Waste Association, 2014).
  14. 14. TEXT HERE Approximately 10-20 million tons of plastic ends up in the oceans each year, and $13 billion a year is lost in environmental damage by plastics to marine ecosystems. U.N. Environment Programme (UNEP), Valuing Plastics: The Business Case for Measuring, Managing and Disclosing Plastic Use in the Consumer Goods Industry (Nairobi: 2014).
  15. 15. TEXT HERE A recent study conservatively estimated that 268,940 tons plastic particles are currently in the world's oceans. Marcus Eriksen et al., "Plastic Pollution in the World's Oceans: More than 5 Trillion Plastic Pieces Weighing over 250,000 Tons Afloat at Sea," PLOS ONE, 10 December 2014.
  16. 16. TEXT HERE The environmental and social benefits of plastics must be weighed against the problems that its durability and incredible volume worldwide constitute as a waste stream.
  17. 17. TEXT HERE Along with reducing unnecessary plastic consumption, finding more environmentally friendly packaging alternatives, and improving product and packaging design to use less plastic, many challenges associated with plastics could be addressed by improving management of the material across its lifecycle.
  18. 18. Full analysis, sources, and data available at: http://bit.ly/1uUO9jV
  19. 19. about us WORLDWATCH INSTITUTE VITAL SIGNS ONLINE Through research and outreach that inspire action, the Worldwatch Institute works to accelerate the transition to a sustainable world that meets human needs. Vital Signs Online provides business leaders, policymakers, and engaged citizens with the latest data and analysis to understand critical global trends. www.worldwatch.org vitalsigns.worldwatch.org

×