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Understanding OpenRelief
Planning disaster relief is like trying to see
through fog.
Image by dicktay2000: http://www.flickr.com/photos/34094515@N00/5888974488/sizes/o/in/photostream/
OpenRelief is a project to develop better
communication tools for disaster relief: 

the tools to clear the fog.
Public domain image: http://goo.gl/ulyox
OpenRelief solutions will gather information
for relief workers on the ground.
U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Dylan McCord: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-5540847894
This information will help the right aid get to
the right places at the right time.
U.S. Navy photo: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-4317637016
Our first step is to create a robot plane to
investigate and map disaster zones.
The Plane Must Flexible
Take off from footpaths.
Recognize roads, people and smoke.
Photograph, film and map the landscape.
Measure weather, radiation and other
conditions via modular sensors.
Seeing Stuff
How The Plane Is Made
Many off-the-shelf components.
Open Hardware computer, autopilot and
sensors.
Free and Open Source Software throughout.
The First Airframe
Body: Fiberglass and balsa wood.
Wing Span: 1660mm.
Fuselage: 1190mm.
Weight: 2 - 3kg.
20 - 30 minutes endurance.
It Kinda Worked
The airframe was pretty fragile
The range was pretty low
Fixing it was pretty hard
The Second Airframe
Body: Plastic, aluminum, wood.
Wing Span: 1800mm.
Fuselage: 1400mm.
Weight: 3kg with 12kg thrust.
Endurance: 4 hours electric / 10 hours gas.
Advanced Features
Counter-rotating motors.
Variable center of gravity.
Channels to quickly reconfigure the airframe.
Fuselage has large cargo space.
Can launch by rail or conventional wheels.
Open Sourced
Released under TAPR Open Hardware
License 1.0 (http://www.tapr.org/OHL)
Download the full CAD schematics at:

http://www.openrelief.org/documents/CTOL-UAV.zip

The System
Ardupilot Mega to fly the plane.
Super HAD CDD fisheye camera to see.
Arduino-based sensors to gather
information.
Raspberry Pi to process data.
Linux-based OS to analyze the results.
Autopilot Specs
16MHz ATmega2560 processor.
256k Flash Program Memory, 

8K SRAM, 4K EEPROM.
600 3D waypoints and mission commands.
16MB Data Logger (Black Box).
Can reboot the processor in mid-flight.
Camera Module Specs
Sensor: 1/3" Sony Super HAD ii CCD.
Lens: 1.78mm170 degree view angle.
Minimum Light: 0.1Lux at F1.2.
Auto Tracking White Balance.
Operating Temp.: -10°C ~ +50°C
Computer Specs
BCM2835 700 MHz ARM11
256-MB LPDDR RAM.
1080p30 H.264 encode/decode, HDMI.
GPIO pins, Serial Bus (SPI), UART and 10/100
wired Ethernet RJ45.
SD / MMC / SDIO card support.
Software Specs
ArduPlane 2.32 (autopilot).
Debian, Fedora or OpenSuSE (OS).
OpenCV 2.3.1 (visual recognition).
Custom code for smoke, people, roads and
SfM (structure from motion).
Outside The Plane
A robot plane can record footage but has
limits.
Understanding pollution or other hazards
requires modular sensors that can be placed
on the ground.
The robot plane can then obtain detailed
geo-data from these sensors.
Radiation Module Specs
Nanode RF:
ATmega328p 8-bit RISC microprocessor.
RFM12B radio module (100 meter range).
Custom Ionization chamber or J305β Geiger
Tube.
Putting It All Together
HQ
Landscape
Senso
Mission Control
Laptop with a USB connection.
OpenSuSE, Debian,Windows or Mac OS.
Mission Planner 1.1.89.
VLC Player 2.0.1.
Disaster management software at HQ 

(Sahana Eden or similar)
Three Cool Things
OpenRelief solutions can provide GIS data to
existing disaster management platforms.
They can use OpenStreetMap as the basis
for maps and contribute back updated data.
They can work alongside existing processes
to provide next generation abilities.
Milestones
Jul 2011
Research
Jan 2012
Development
Jun 2012
Project Launch
Jul 2012
UK/Japan Testing
Dec 2012
Production Ready
We use crowd-sourcing for rapid
development, improvement and distribution.
Public domain image: http://goo.gl/thrcS
We are building a community to test and
share our solutions around the world.
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center: http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/view.php?id=57723
Eco-System!
Who We Need
Technologists who can help design, refine and
advocate the OpenRelief solutions.
Professional and volunteer emergency relief
workers who can help design, test and
advocate OpenRelief solutions.
Commercial enterprises who can put these
solutions into production.
Seriously,We NeedYou
We have an advanced airframe design.
We have the basic tools to create missions,
fly and download data.
We are struggling to get the integrated
software complete.
Be Part Of This
Visit www.openrelief.org
Join our developer list to get up to speed.
Join our outreach list to help spread the
word.
Get Our Tools
You will find our code at:

www.gitorious.org/OpenRelief
You will find our hardware schematics at:

www.solderpad.com/OpenRelief
You will find our airframe at:

http://www.openrelief.org/documents/CTOL-UAV.zip

Stay Informed
www.facebook.org/OpenRelief
www.twitter.com/OpenRelief
www.pinterest.com/OpenRelief
ThankYou!
shane@openrelief.org
http://jp.linkedin.com/in/shanecoughlan

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Understanding OpenRelief

  • 2. Planning disaster relief is like trying to see through fog. Image by dicktay2000: http://www.flickr.com/photos/34094515@N00/5888974488/sizes/o/in/photostream/
  • 3. OpenRelief is a project to develop better communication tools for disaster relief: 
 the tools to clear the fog. Public domain image: http://goo.gl/ulyox
  • 4. OpenRelief solutions will gather information for relief workers on the ground. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Dylan McCord: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-5540847894
  • 5. This information will help the right aid get to the right places at the right time. U.S. Navy photo: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-4317637016
  • 6. Our first step is to create a robot plane to investigate and map disaster zones.
  • 7. The Plane Must Flexible Take off from footpaths. Recognize roads, people and smoke. Photograph, film and map the landscape. Measure weather, radiation and other conditions via modular sensors.
  • 9. How The Plane Is Made Many off-the-shelf components. Open Hardware computer, autopilot and sensors. Free and Open Source Software throughout.
  • 10.
  • 11. The First Airframe Body: Fiberglass and balsa wood. Wing Span: 1660mm. Fuselage: 1190mm. Weight: 2 - 3kg. 20 - 30 minutes endurance.
  • 12. It Kinda Worked The airframe was pretty fragile The range was pretty low Fixing it was pretty hard
  • 13. The Second Airframe Body: Plastic, aluminum, wood. Wing Span: 1800mm. Fuselage: 1400mm. Weight: 3kg with 12kg thrust. Endurance: 4 hours electric / 10 hours gas.
  • 14. Advanced Features Counter-rotating motors. Variable center of gravity. Channels to quickly reconfigure the airframe. Fuselage has large cargo space. Can launch by rail or conventional wheels.
  • 15.
  • 16. Open Sourced Released under TAPR Open Hardware License 1.0 (http://www.tapr.org/OHL) Download the full CAD schematics at:
 http://www.openrelief.org/documents/CTOL-UAV.zip

  • 17. The System Ardupilot Mega to fly the plane. Super HAD CDD fisheye camera to see. Arduino-based sensors to gather information. Raspberry Pi to process data. Linux-based OS to analyze the results.
  • 18. Autopilot Specs 16MHz ATmega2560 processor. 256k Flash Program Memory, 
 8K SRAM, 4K EEPROM. 600 3D waypoints and mission commands. 16MB Data Logger (Black Box). Can reboot the processor in mid-flight.
  • 19. Camera Module Specs Sensor: 1/3" Sony Super HAD ii CCD. Lens: 1.78mm170 degree view angle. Minimum Light: 0.1Lux at F1.2. Auto Tracking White Balance. Operating Temp.: -10°C ~ +50°C
  • 20. Computer Specs BCM2835 700 MHz ARM11 256-MB LPDDR RAM. 1080p30 H.264 encode/decode, HDMI. GPIO pins, Serial Bus (SPI), UART and 10/100 wired Ethernet RJ45. SD / MMC / SDIO card support.
  • 21. Software Specs ArduPlane 2.32 (autopilot). Debian, Fedora or OpenSuSE (OS). OpenCV 2.3.1 (visual recognition). Custom code for smoke, people, roads and SfM (structure from motion).
  • 22. Outside The Plane A robot plane can record footage but has limits. Understanding pollution or other hazards requires modular sensors that can be placed on the ground. The robot plane can then obtain detailed geo-data from these sensors.
  • 23. Radiation Module Specs Nanode RF: ATmega328p 8-bit RISC microprocessor. RFM12B radio module (100 meter range). Custom Ionization chamber or J305β Geiger Tube.
  • 24.
  • 25. Putting It All Together HQ Landscape Senso
  • 26. Mission Control Laptop with a USB connection. OpenSuSE, Debian,Windows or Mac OS. Mission Planner 1.1.89. VLC Player 2.0.1. Disaster management software at HQ 
 (Sahana Eden or similar)
  • 27. Three Cool Things OpenRelief solutions can provide GIS data to existing disaster management platforms. They can use OpenStreetMap as the basis for maps and contribute back updated data. They can work alongside existing processes to provide next generation abilities.
  • 28. Milestones Jul 2011 Research Jan 2012 Development Jun 2012 Project Launch Jul 2012 UK/Japan Testing Dec 2012 Production Ready
  • 29. We use crowd-sourcing for rapid development, improvement and distribution. Public domain image: http://goo.gl/thrcS
  • 30. We are building a community to test and share our solutions around the world. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center: http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/view.php?id=57723
  • 32. Who We Need Technologists who can help design, refine and advocate the OpenRelief solutions. Professional and volunteer emergency relief workers who can help design, test and advocate OpenRelief solutions. Commercial enterprises who can put these solutions into production.
  • 33. Seriously,We NeedYou We have an advanced airframe design. We have the basic tools to create missions, fly and download data. We are struggling to get the integrated software complete.
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36. Be Part Of This Visit www.openrelief.org Join our developer list to get up to speed. Join our outreach list to help spread the word.
  • 37. Get Our Tools You will find our code at:
 www.gitorious.org/OpenRelief You will find our hardware schematics at:
 www.solderpad.com/OpenRelief You will find our airframe at:
 http://www.openrelief.org/documents/CTOL-UAV.zip