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Types of
Maps
Political
 Political maps show how people have
divided places on the Earth into countries,
states, cities and other units for the purpose
of governing them.
Political Maps
 Usually colored by country or by state
 Colors make it easy to compare size,
shape, and location
 Symbols make it easy to tell capitals from
other cities
 Political maps also name certain physical
features, such as rivers and lakes
World Political Map
Physical Map
 Physical maps show what the surface of
the Earth looks like.
Physical Map
 Colors that make natural patterns stand out
 Colors stand for types of vegetation,
mountain, and natural features
 Names of big natural features are easy to
see
 Physical maps also include some political
information, such as boundaries
Physical Maps
 There are different types of physical maps.
• Relief Maps – Show the difference in height
between land
• Elevation Maps – Show the elevation, or height
above sea level.
Special Purpose Maps
These maps show many different
things. Sometimes called Thematic
Maps. Examples are:
 Land form
 Climate
 Agricultural
 Natural Resources
 Population Density
Contour / Topographic
Contour lines represent the elevation at
that line.
 Shows land elevation
 Contour lines-one line for each major level
of elevation
 If lines are close together, surface is steep
 If lines are far apart, surface is flat or rises
slowly
Contour map
Topographic Map
Types of Maps
1. This map represents a small area with lots of detail. It has
contour lines as well as natural and man-made features.
_______________
2. This map uses colors to show height above sea level.
____________________________
3. These colorful maps show lines that people use to divide
countries and states. They also show major cities.
_____________________
4. These maps show physical features on the Earth like rivers,
mountains, and deserts. ____________________________
5. These maps show how land is being used. For example,
they might show which crops are being grown or what
animals are being raised. __________________________
6. These maps show climate regions. ___________________
Navigation Maps
 Road or street maps
 Navigation/GPS
 Nautical Charts
Historical Maps
 Shows how a historical event affected an
area

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Types of Global Maps and geostrategic.ppt

  • 2. Political  Political maps show how people have divided places on the Earth into countries, states, cities and other units for the purpose of governing them.
  • 3. Political Maps  Usually colored by country or by state  Colors make it easy to compare size, shape, and location  Symbols make it easy to tell capitals from other cities  Political maps also name certain physical features, such as rivers and lakes
  • 5. Physical Map  Physical maps show what the surface of the Earth looks like.
  • 6. Physical Map  Colors that make natural patterns stand out  Colors stand for types of vegetation, mountain, and natural features  Names of big natural features are easy to see  Physical maps also include some political information, such as boundaries
  • 7. Physical Maps  There are different types of physical maps. • Relief Maps – Show the difference in height between land • Elevation Maps – Show the elevation, or height above sea level.
  • 8. Special Purpose Maps These maps show many different things. Sometimes called Thematic Maps. Examples are:  Land form  Climate  Agricultural  Natural Resources  Population Density
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11. Contour / Topographic Contour lines represent the elevation at that line.  Shows land elevation  Contour lines-one line for each major level of elevation  If lines are close together, surface is steep  If lines are far apart, surface is flat or rises slowly
  • 14. Types of Maps 1. This map represents a small area with lots of detail. It has contour lines as well as natural and man-made features. _______________ 2. This map uses colors to show height above sea level. ____________________________ 3. These colorful maps show lines that people use to divide countries and states. They also show major cities. _____________________ 4. These maps show physical features on the Earth like rivers, mountains, and deserts. ____________________________ 5. These maps show how land is being used. For example, they might show which crops are being grown or what animals are being raised. __________________________ 6. These maps show climate regions. ___________________
  • 15. Navigation Maps  Road or street maps  Navigation/GPS  Nautical Charts
  • 16. Historical Maps  Shows how a historical event affected an area